Catalysing self-sustaining sanitation chains in informal settlements (3K-SAN)
Start date: 1 July 2011
End date: 30 June 2014
The 3K-SAN project aims to identify and evaluate strategies for catalysing self-sustaining sanitation chains in low-income informal settlements in African cities.
The 3K-SAN project is developing and evaluating strategies for catalysing self-sustaining sanitation chains in low-income informal settlements in Kisumu (Kenya), Kampala (Uganda) and Kigali (Rwanda). Identification of commonalities and differences between these areas is being used to develop broader best-practice guidelines for comparable interventions in similar settlements throughout sub-Saharan Africa.
The projects aims are being achieved through:
1. mapping and analysis of sanitation-related financial flows, stakeholder roles, regulatory frameworks and communication pathways
2. engaging stakeholders to address social and economic barriers to sanitation provision
3. building capacity for research in sanitation in East Africa and for poverty reduction through facilitated sanitation development in low-income and vulnerable communities
4. production and dissemination of appropriate guidance packages.
The activities to achieve these objectives will include:
1. Rapid Participatory Appraisal (RPA) in communities and with vulnerable members, to identify their needs, options and problems
2. deliberative forums (DFs) with users, technology providers, and financiers to provide a means to facilitate affordable sanitation provision
3. interviews with stakeholders from civil society (Community-based Organisations (CBOs), non-governmental organisation (NGOs), faith groups, etc.) to government (local to national) to identify perceived and real barriers
4. work as a multi-disciplinary group to bring together the results and ensure their introduction into the communities using a range of communication strategies
The major outputs from the project are being compiled into best practice guidance targeted principally at African stakeholders, but also at a wider international audience. Capacity building at African partner institutions is including training of three PhD students. Dissemination to communities and stakeholders is occurring via television, local radio, newspapers, posters, workshops and interviews.
The successful completion of the project will have measurable impact on the selected communities through the identification of barriers to self-sustaining sanitation service chains and the provision of tools to overcome the barriers. On a broader scale the project will contribute directly towards achieving target 7c of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and indirectly to the other goals. 3K-SAN will create a dialogue between communities, service providers and the local administration, clarifying the financial and legal framework for improved sanitation.
To develop and evaluate strategies for catalysing self-sustaining sanitation chains in low-income informal settlements in Kisumu (Kenya), Kampala (Uganda) and Kigali (Rwanda)
Institute of Policy Analysis and Research – Rwanda
Makerere University, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Victoria Institute for Research on Environment and Development, Kisumu, Kenya