Academic Profiles

Research Interests

I have worked on various theoretical aspects of Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis and Computer Vision, and on many applications including System Identification, Automatic Inspection, ECG diagnosis, Mammographic Image Interpretation, Remote Sensing, Robotics, Speech Recognition, Character Recognition and Document Processing, Image Coding, Biometrics, Image and Video Database Retrieval, Surveillance. Contributions to statistical pattern recognition include k-nearest neighbour methods of pattern classification, feature selection, contextual classification, probabilistic relaxation and most recently to multiple expert fusion. In computer vision my major contributions include robust statistical methods for shape analysis and detection, motion estimation and segmentation, and image segmentation by thresholding and edge detection.

I have co-authored a book with the title `Pattern Recognition: a statistical approach' published by Prentice-Hall and  published more than 500 papers.

Departmental Duties

  •  Course Organiser for the MSc Course in Signal Processing and Machine Intelligence. 
  •  Teaching includes Machine Intelligence, Pattern Recognition and Advanced Signal Processing

Affiliations

Served as a member of the Editorial Board of IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence during 1982-85. Currently serves on the Editorial Boards of Pattern Recognition Letters, Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Pattern Analysis and Applications.

Served on the Governing Board of the International Association for Pattern Recognition (IAPR) as one of the two British representatives during the period 1982-2005. President of the IAPR during 1994-1996. Currently a member of the KS Fu Prize Committee of IAPR.

Achievements and Honours

Received Best Paper awards from the Pattern Recognition Society, the British Machine Vision Association and IEE.

Received ``Honorary Medal'' from the Electrotechnical Faculty of the Czech Technical University in Prague in September 1995 for contributions to the field of pattern recognition and computer vision.

Elected Fellow of the International Association for Pattern Recognition in 1998

Elected Fellow of Institution of Electrical Engineers in 1999

Received Honorary Doctorate from the Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland, for contributions to Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision in 1999

Elected Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, 2000

Received Institution of Electrical Engineers Achievemments Medal 2002 for outstanding contributions to Visual Information Engineering

Elected BMVA Distinguished Fellow 2002

Received, from the Czech Academy of Sciences, the 2003 Bernard Bolzano Honorary Medal for Merit in the Mathematical Sciences

Awarded the title Distinguished Professor of the University of Surrey in 2004

Appointed as Series Editor for Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2004

Awarded the KS Fu Prize 2006, by the International Association for Pattern Recognition, for outstanding contributions to Pattern Recognition (the prize awarded biennially)

Received Honorary Doctorate from the Czech Technical University in Prague in 2007, on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of its foundation.

Awarded the IET Faraday Medal 2008.

Contact Me

E-mail:
Phone: 01483 68 9294

Find me on campus
Room: 38 AB 05

Publications

Highlights

  • Ortega-Garcia J, Fierrez J, Alonso-Fernandez F, Galbally J, Freire MR, Gonzalez-Rodriguez J, Garcia-Mateo C, Alba-Castro J-L, Gonzalez-Agulla E, Otero-Muras E, Garcia-Salicetti S, Allano L, Ly-Van B, Dorizzi B, Kittler J, Bourlai T, Poh N, Deravi F, Ng MWR, Fairhurst M, Hennebert J, Humm A, Tistarelli M, Brodo L, Richiardi J, Drygajlo A, Ganster H, Sukno FM, Pavani S-K, Frangi A, Akarun L, Savran A. (2010) 'The Multiscenario Multienvironment BioSecure Multimodal Database (BMDB)'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, 32 (6), pp. 1097-1111.
  • Kim T-K, Kittler J, Cipolla R. (2010) 'On-line Learning of Mutually Orthogonal Subspaces for Face Recognition by Image Sets'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING, 19 (4), pp. 1067-1074.
  • Yan F, Christmas W, Kittler J. (2008) 'Layered data association using graph-theoretic formulation with applications to tennis ball tracking in monocular sequences'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, Minneapolis, MN: 30 (10), pp. 1814-1830.
  • Ilonen J, Kamarainen J-K, Paalanen P, Hamouz M, Kittler J, Kalviainen H. (2008) 'Image feature localization by multiple hypothesis testing of Gabor features'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING, 17 (3), pp. 311-325.

Journal articles

  • Barnard M, Wang W, Kittler J, Koniusz P, Naqvi SM, Chambers J. (2014) 'Robust multi-speaker tracking via dictionary learning and identity modeling'. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 16 (3), pp. 864-880.
  • Liu Q, Wang W, Jackson PJB, Barnard M, Kittler J, Chambers J. (2013) 'Source separation of convolutive and noisy mixtures using audio-visual dictionary learning and probabilistic time-frequency masking'. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 61 (22) Article number 99 , pp. 5520-5535.
  • McIntyre AH, Hancock PJB, Kittler J, Langton SRH. (2013) 'Improving Discrimination and Face Matching with Caricature'. WILEY-BLACKWELL APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, 27 (6), pp. 725-734.
  • Kittler J, Christmas W, de Campos T, Windridge D, Yan F, Illingworth J, Osman M. (2013) 'Domain Anomaly Detection in Machine Perception: A System Architecture and Taxonomy.'. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell,
  • Chan CH, Tahir MA, Kittler J, Pietikäinen M. (2013) 'Multiscale local phase quantization for robust component-based face recognition using kernel fusion of multiple descriptors.'. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell, United States: 35 (5), pp. 1164-1177.
  • Mendez-Vázquez H, García-Reyes E, Kittler J, Chan CH. (2013) 'Photometric normalization for face recognition using local discrete cosine transform'. International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, 27 (3)
  • Poh N, Ross A, Li W, Kittler J. (2013) 'Corrigendum to "A user-specific and selective multimodal biometric fusion strategy by ranking subjects" [Pattern Recognition 46 (2013) 3341-3357] (DOI:10.1016/j.patcog.2013.03.018)'. Pattern Recognition,
  • Snell V, Christmas W, Kittler J. (2013) 'HEp-2 fluorescence pattern classification'. Pattern Recognition,

    Abstract

    Automation of HEp-2 cell pattern classification would drastically improve the accuracy and throughput of diagnostic services for many auto-immune diseases, but it has proven difficult to reach a sufficient level of precision. Correct diagnosis relies on a subtle assessment of texture type in microscopic images of indirect immunofluorescence (IIF), which has, so far, eluded reliable replication through automated measurements. Following the recent HEp-2 Cells Classification contest held at ICPR 2012, we extend the scope of research in this field to develop a method of feature comparison that goes beyond the analysis of individual cells and majority-vote decisions to consider the full distribution of cell parameters within a patient sample. We demonstrate that this richer analysis is better able to predict the results of majority vote decisions than the cell-level performance analysed in all previous works. © 2013.

  • Tahir M, Yan F, Koniusz P, Awais M, Barnard M, Mikolajczyk K, Kittler J. (2012) 'A Robust and Scalable Visual Category and Action Recognition System using Kernel Discriminant Analysis with Spectral Regression'. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia,
    [ Status: Accepted ]
  • Sidiropoulos P, Mezaris V, Kompatsiaris IY, Kittler J. (2012) 'Differential Edit Distance: A Metric for Scene Segmentation Evaluation'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, 22 (6), pp. 904-914.
  • Tahir MA, Kittler J, Bouridane A. (2012) 'Multilabel classification using heterogeneous ensemble of multi-label classifiers'. PATTERN RECOGNITION LETTERS, 33 (5), pp. 513-523.
  • Chan CH, Goswami B, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2012) 'Local ordinal contrast pattern histograms for spatiotemporal, lip-based speaker authentication'. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 7 (2), pp. 602-612.

    Abstract

    Lip region deformation during speech contains biometric information and is termed visual speech. This biometric information can be interpreted as being genetic or behavioral depending on whether static or dynamic features are extracted. In this paper, we use a texture descriptor called local ordinal contrast pattern (LOCP) with a dynamic texture representation called three orthogonal planes to represent both the appearance and dynamics features observed in visual speech. This feature representation, when used in standard speaker verification engines, is shown to improve the performance of the lip-biometric trait compared to the state-of-the-art. The best baseline state-of-the-art performance was a half total error rate (HTER) of 13.35% for the XM2VTS database. We obtained HTER of less than 1%. The resilience of the LOCP texture descriptor to random image noise is also investigated. Finally, the effect of the amount of video information on speaker verification performance suggests that with the proposed approach, speaker identity can be verified with a much shorter biometric trait record than the length normally required for voice-based biometrics. In summary, the performance obtained is remarkable and suggests that there is enough discriminative information in the mouth-region to enable its use as a primary biometric trait. © 2006 IEEE.

  • Merati A, Poh N, Kittler J. (2012) 'User-specific cohort selection and score normalization for biometric systems'. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 7 (4), pp. 1270-1277.
  • Tahir MA, Kittler J, Yan F. (2012) 'Inverse random under sampling for class imbalance problem and its application to multi-label classification'. Elsevier Pattern Recognition, 45 (10), pp. 3738-3750.
  • Chan CH, Kittler J. (2012) 'BLUR KERNEL ESTIMATION TO IMPROVE RECOGNITION OF BLURRED FACES'. IEEE 2012 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IMAGE PROCESSING (ICIP 2012), Lake Buena Vista, FL: , pp. 1989-1992.
  • Yan F, Kittler J, Mikolajczyk K, Tahir A. (2011) 'Non-Sparse Multiple Kernel Fisher Discriminant Analysis'. Microtome Publishing Journal of Machine Learning Research, 13, pp. 607-642.

    Abstract

    Sparsity-inducing multiple kernel Fisher discriminant analysis (MK-FDA) has been studied in the literature. Building on recent advances in non-sparse multiple kernel learning (MKL), we propose a non-sparse version of MK-FDA, which imposes a general `p norm regularisation on the kernel weights. We formulate the associated optimisation problem as a semi-infinite program (SIP), and adapt an iterative wrapper algorithm to solve it. We then discuss, in light of latest advances inMKL optimisation techniques, several reformulations and optimisation strategies that can potentially lead to significant improvements in the efficiency and scalability of MK-FDA. We carry out extensive experiments on six datasets from various application areas, and compare closely the performance of `p MK-FDA, fixed norm MK-FDA, and several variants of SVM-based MKL (MK-SVM). Our results demonstrate that `p MK-FDA improves upon sparse MK-FDA in many practical situations. The results also show that on image categorisation problems, `p MK-FDA tends to outperform its SVM counterpart. Finally, we also discuss the connection between (MK-)FDA and (MK-)SVM, under the unified framework of regularised kernel machines.

  • Arashloo SR, Kittler J, Christmas WJ. (2011) 'Pose-invariant face recognition by matching on multi-resolution MRFs linked by supercoupling transform'. ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE COMPUTER VISION AND IMAGE UNDERSTANDING, 115 (7), pp. 1073-1083.
  • Poh N, Kittler J. (2011) 'A Unified Framework for Multimodal Biometric Fusion Incorporating Quality Measures.'. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell,
  • Kittler J, Poh N, Merati A. (2011) 'Cohort based approach to multiexpert class verification'. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 6713 LNCS, pp. 319-329.
  • Kim T-K, Stenger B, Kittler J, Cipolla R. (2011) 'Incremental Linear Discriminant Analysis Using Sufficient Spanning Sets and Its Applications'. SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION, 91 (2), pp. 216-232.
  • Poh N, Chan CH, Kittler J, Marcel S, Mc Cool C, Argones Rua E, Alba Castro JL, Villegas M, Paredes R, Struc V, Pavesic N, Salah AA, Fang H, Costen N. (2010) 'An Evaluation of Video-to-Video Face Verification'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION FORENSICS AND SECURITY, 5 (4), pp. 781-801.
  • Rahimzadeh Arashloo S, Kittler J. (2010) 'Energy Normalization for Pose-Invariant Face Recognition Based on MRF Model Image Matching.'. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell,
  • Bourlai T, Kittler J, Messer K. (2010) 'On design and optimization of face verification systems that are smart-card based'. SPRINGER MACHINE VISION AND APPLICATIONS, 21 (5), pp. 695-711.
  • Arturo Olvera-Lopez J, Ariel Carrasco-Ochoa J, Francisco Martinez-Trinidad J, Kittler J. (2010) 'A review of instance selection methods'. SPRINGER ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE REVIEW, 34 (2), pp. 133-143.
  • Ortega-Garcia J, Fierrez J, Alonso-Fernandez F, Galbally J, Freire MR, Gonzalez-Rodriguez J, Garcia-Mateo C, Alba-Castro J-L, Gonzalez-Agulla E, Otero-Muras E, Garcia-Salicetti S, Allano L, Ly-Van B, Dorizzi B, Kittler J, Bourlai T, Poh N, Deravi F, Ng MWR, Fairhurst M, Hennebert J, Humm A, Tistarelli M, Brodo L, Richiardi J, Drygajlo A, Ganster H, Sukno FM, Pavani S-K, Frangi A, Akarun L, Savran A. (2010) 'The Multiscenario Multienvironment BioSecure Multimodal Database (BMDB)'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, 32 (6), pp. 1097-1111.
  • Poh N, Kittler J, Bourlai T. (2010) 'Quality-Based Score Normalization With Device Qualitative Information for Multimodal Biometric Fusion'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS MAN AND CYBERNETICS PART A-SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, 40 (3), pp. 539-554.
  • Kim T-K, Kittler J, Cipolla R. (2010) 'On-line Learning of Mutually Orthogonal Subspaces for Face Recognition by Image Sets'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING, 19 (4), pp. 1067-1074.
  • Poh N, Bourlai T, Kittler J. (2010) 'A multimodal biometric test bed for quality-dependent, cost-sensitive and client-specific score-level fusion algorithms'. ELSEVIER SCI LTD PATTERN RECOGNITION, 43 (3), pp. 1094-1105.
  • Sadeghi MT, Samiei M, Kittler J. (2010) 'Fusion of PCA-Based and LDA-Based Similarity Measures for Face Verification'. HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION EURASIP JOURNAL ON ADVANCES IN SIGNAL PROCESSING, Article number ARTN 647597
  • Tahir MA, Yan F, Barnard M, Awais M, Mikolajczyk K, Kittler J. (2010) 'The University of Surrey visual concept detection system at ImageCLEF@ICPR: Working notes'. Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Recognising Patterns in Signals, Speech, Images and Videos, 6388, pp. 162-170.
  • Windridge D, Kittler J. (2010) 'Perception-Action Learning as an Epistemologically-Consistent Model for Self-Updating Cognitive Representation'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN BRAIN INSPIRED COGNITIVE SYSTEMS 2008, Sao Luis, BRAZIL: 657, pp. 95-134.
  • Poh N, Bourlai T, Kittler J, Allano L, Alonso-Fernandez F, Ambekar O, Baker J, Dorizzi B, Fatukasi O, Fierrez J, Ganster H, Ortega-Garcia J, Maurer D, Salah AA, Scheidat T, Vielhauer C. (2009) 'Benchmarking Quality-Dependent and Cost-Sensitive Score-Level Multimodal Biometric Fusion Algorithms'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION FORENSICS AND SECURITY, 4 (4), pp. 849-866.
  • Shevchenko M, Windridge D, Kittler J. (2009) 'A linear-complexity reparameterisation strategy for the hierarchical bootstrapping of capabilities within perception-action architectures'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV IMAGE AND VISION COMPUTING, 27 (11), pp. 1702-1714.
  • Bourlai T, Kittler J, Messer K. (2009) 'Designing a smart-card-based face verification system: empirical investigation'. SPRINGER MACHINE VISION AND APPLICATIONS, 20 (4), pp. 225-242.
  • Granai L, Tena JR, Hamouz M, Kittler J. (2009) 'Influence of compression on 3D face recognition'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV PATTERN RECOGNITION LETTERS, 30 (8), pp. 745-750.
  • Olvera-Lopez JA, Martinez-Trinidad JF, Carrasco-Ochoa JA, Kittler J. (2009) 'Prototype selection based on sequential search'. IOS PRESS INTELLIGENT DATA ANALYSIS, 13 (4), pp. 599-631.
  • Loog M, Wu X-J, Lu J-P, Yang J-Y, Wang S-T, Kittler J. (2008) 'A note on an extreme case of the generalized optimal discriminant transformation'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV NEUROCOMPUTING, 72 (1-3), pp. 664-665.
  • Yan F, Christmas W, Kittler J. (2008) 'Layered data association using graph-theoretic formulation with applications to tennis ball tracking in monocular sequences'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, Minneapolis, MN: 30 (10), pp. 1814-1830.
  • Ilonen J, Kamarainen J-K, Paalanen P, Hamouz M, Kittler J, Kalviainen H. (2008) 'Image feature localization by multiple hypothesis testing of Gabor features'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING, 17 (3), pp. 311-325.
  • Poh N, Kittler J. (2008) 'Incorporating model-specific score distribution in speaker verification systems'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, 16 (3), pp. 594-606.
  • Roh M-C, Christmas B, Kittler J, Lee S-W. (2008) 'Gesture spotting for low-resolution sports video annotation'. PATTERN RECOGNITION, 41 (3), pp. 1124-1137.
  • Gonzalez-Jimenez D, Argones-Rua E, Alba-Castro JL, Kittler J. (2007) 'Evaluation of point localisation and similarity fusion methods for Gabor jet-based face verification'. INST ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY-IET IET COMPUTER VISION, 1 (3-4), pp. 101-112.
  • Kim T-K, Kittler J, Cipolla R. (2007) 'Discriminative learning and recognition of image set classes using canonical correlations'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, 29 (6), pp. 1005-1018.
  • Prabhakar S, Kittler J, Maltoni D, O'Gorman L, Tan T. (2007) 'Introduction to the special issue on biometrics: Progress and directions'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, 29 (4), pp. 513-516.
  • Kittler J, Poh N, Fatukasi O, Messer K, Kryszczuk K, Richiardi J, Drygajlo A, Prabhakar S, Ross AA. (2007) 'Quality dependent fusion of intramodal and multimodal biometric experts'. SPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY FOR HUMAN IDENTIFICATION IV, Orlando, FL: 6539 Article number ARTN 653903
  • Chan C-H, Kittler J, Messer K. (2007) 'Multispectral local binary pattern histogram for component-based color face verification'. IEEE 2007 FIRST IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMETRICS: THEORY, APPLICATIONS AND SYSTEMS, Crystal City, VA: , pp. 306-312.
  • Kim T-K, Kittler J. (2006) 'Design and fusion of pose-invariant face-identification experts'. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, 16 (9), pp. 1096-1106.

Conference papers

  • Barnard M, Wang W, Kittler J, Naqvi SM, Chambers JA. 'A Dictionary Learning Approach to Tracking'. International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing,
  • Barnard M, Wang W, Kittler J. (2013) 'Audio head pose estimation using the direct to reverberant speech ratio'. ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings, , pp. 8056-8060.
  • Kilic V, Barnard M, Wang W, Kittler J. (2013) 'Audio constrained particle filter based visual tracking'. ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings, , pp. 3627-3631.
  • Zor C, Windeatt T, Kittler J. (2013) 'ECOC Pruning using Accuracy, Diversity and Hamming Distance Information'. IEEE 2013 21ST SIGNAL PROCESSING AND COMMUNICATIONS APPLICATIONS CONFERENCE (SIU), CYPRUS: 21st Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU)
  • Campos TED, Khan A, Yan F, FarajiDavar N, Windridge D, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2013) 'A framework for automatic sports video annotation with anomaly detection and transfer learning'. Proceedings of Machine Learning and Cognitive Science, Palma de Mallorca: 3rd EUCogIII Members Conference
  • Hu G, Mortazavian P, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2013) 'A Facial Symmetry Prior for Improved Illumination Fitting of 3D Morphable Model'. Proceedings of the 6th IAPR International Conference on Biometrics,
  • Yan F, kittler J, mikolajczyk K, windridge D. (2012) 'Automatic Annotation of Court Games with Structured Output Learning'. Tsukuba Science City, JAPAN: International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR) 2012
  • Mortazavian P, Kittler J, Christmas WJ. (2012) '3D Morphable Model Fitting For Low-Resolution Facial Images'. New Delhi, India: 5TH IAPR International Conference on Biometrics
  • FarajiDavar N, de Campos TE, Windridge D, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2011) 'Domain Adaptation in the Context of Sport Video Action Recognition'. Sierra Nevada, Spain: NIPS 2011 Domain Adaptation Workshop
  • Goswami D, Chan CH, Windridge D, Kittler J. (2011) 'Evaluation of face recognition system in heterogeneous environments (visible vs NIR)'. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision, , pp. 2160-2167.

    Abstract

    Performing facial recognition between Near Infrared (NIR) and visible-light (VIS) images has been established as a common method of countering illumination variation problems in face recognition. In this paper we present a new database to enable the evaluation of cross-spectral face recognition. A series of preprocessing algorithms, followed by Local Binary Pattern Histogram (LBPH) representation and combinations with Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) are used for recognition. These experiments are conducted on both NIR→VIS and the less common VIS→NIR protocols, with permutations of uni-modal training sets. 12 individual baseline algorithms are presented. In addition, the best performing fusion approaches involving a subset of 12 algorithms are also described. © 2011 IEEE.

  • Awais M, Yan F, Mikolajczyk K, Kittler J. (2011) 'Novel fusion methods for pattern recognition'. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 6911 LNAI (PART 1), pp. 140-155.
  • Huang Q, Cox S, Yan F, deCampos TE, Windridge D, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2011) 'Improved Detection of Ball Hit Events in a Tennis Game Using Multimodal Information'. Volterra, Italy : KTH Computer Science and Communication 11th International Conference on Auditory-Visual Speech Processing (AVSP), Volterra, Italy: International Conference on Auditory-Visual Speech Processing

    Abstract

    We describe a novel framework to detect ball hits in a tennis game by combining audio and visual information. Ball hit detection is a key step in understanding a game such as tennis, but single-mode approaches are not very successful: audio detection suffers from interfering noise and acoustic mismatch, video detection is made difficult by the small size of the ball and the complex background of the surrounding environment. Our goal in this paper is to improve detection performance by focusing on high-level information (rather than low-level features), including the detected audio events, the ball’s trajectory, and inter-event timing information. Visual information supplies coarse detection of the ball-hits events. This information is used as a constraint for audio detection. In addition, useful gains in detection performance can be obtained by using and inter-ballhit timing information, which aids prediction of the next ball hit. This method seems to be very effective in reducing the interference present in low-level features. After applying this method to a women’s doubles tennis game, we obtained improvements in the F-score of about 30% (absolute) for audio detection and about 10% for video detection.

  • Awais M, Yan F, Mikolajczyk K, Kittler J. (2011) 'Two-stage augmented kernel matrix for object recognition'. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 6713 LNCS, pp. 137-146.
  • Yan F, Mikolajczyk K, Kittler J. (2011) 'Multiple Kernel Learning via Distance Metric Learning for Interactive Image Retrieval'. International Workshop on Multiple Classifier Systems
  • Goswami B, Chan CH, Kittler J, Christmas B. (2011) 'Speaker Authentication using Video-based Lip information'. ICASSP,
  • Goswami B, Chan C, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2011) 'Speaker authentication using video-based lip information'. ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings, , pp. 1908-1911.
  • FarajiDavar N, deCampos TE, Kittler J, Yan F. (2011) 'Transductive Transfer Learning for Action Recognition in Tennis Games'. 3rd International Workshop on Video Event Categorization, Tagging and Retrieval for Real-World Applications (VECTaR), in conjunction with ICCV,
  • Chan CH, Goswami B, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2011) 'Kernel-based Speaker Verification Using Spatiotemporal Lip Information'. Japan : MVA Organization Proceedings of MVA 2011 - IAPR Conference on Machine Vision Applications, Nara, Japan: IAPR Conference on Machine Vision Applications, pp. 422-425.
  • Chan CH, Goswami B, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2010) 'Local Ordinal Contrast Pattern Histograms for Spatiotemporal, Lip-Based Speaker Authentication'. IEEE Transactions on Information, Forensics and Security, 7, pp. 602-612.
  • Almajai I, Kittler J, De Campos T, Christmas W, Yan F, Windridge D, Khan A. (2010) 'BALL EVENT RECOGNITION USING HMM FOR AUTOMATIC TENNIS ANNOTATION'. Proceedings of Intl. Conf. on Image Proc.,
  • Taya S, Windridge D, Kittler J, Osman M. (2010) 'Rule-based modulation of visual attention allocation'. PION LTD PERCEPTION, 39, pp. 81-81.
  • Khan A, Windridge D, Campos TD, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2010) 'Lattice-based Anomaly Rectification for Sport Video Annotation'. Proceedings of ICPR 2010,
  • Shaukat A, Windridge D, Hollnagel E, Macchi L, Kittler J. (2010) 'Adaptive, Perception-Action-based Cognitive Modelling of Human Driving Behaviour using Control, Gaze and Signal inputs'. Madrid, Spain: Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems
  • Shaukat A, Windridge D, Hollnagel E, Macchi L, Kittler J. (2010) 'Induction of the Human Perception-Action Hierarchy Employed in Junction-Navigation Scenarios'. Zurich, Switzerland: International Conference on Cognitive Systems, CogSys
  • Yan F, Mikolajczyk K, Kittler J, Tahir MA, El Gayar N, Kittler J, Roli F. (2010) 'Combining Multiple Kernels by Augmenting the Kernel Matrix'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN MULTIPLE CLASSIFIER SYSTEMS, PROCEEDINGS, Cairo, EGYPT: 9th International Workshop on Multiple Classifier Systems 5997, pp. 175-184.
  • Yan F, Mikolajczyk K, Barnard M, Cai H, Kittler J. (2010) 'Lp Norm Multiple Kernel Fisher Discriminant Analysis for Object and Image Categorisation'. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Chan CH, Kittler J. (2010) 'SPARSE REPRESENTATION OF (MULTISCALE) HISTOGRAMS FOR FACE RECOGNITION ROBUST TO REGISTRATION AND ILLUMINATION PROBLEMS'. IEEE 2010 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IMAGE PROCESSING, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA: IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, pp. 2441-2444.
  • Chan C-H, Kittler J, Tahir MA, Hancock ER, Wilson RC, Windeatt T, Ulusoy I, Escolano F. (2010) 'Kernel Fusion of Multiple Histogram Descriptors for Robust Face Recognition'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN STRUCTURAL, SYNTACTIC, AND STATISTICAL PATTERN RECOGNITION, Izmir, TURKEY: Joint IAPR International Workshop on SSPR & SPR 6218, pp. 718-727.
  • Almajai I, Yan F, de Campos TE, Khan A, Christmas W, Windridge D, Kittler J. (2010) 'Anomaly Detection and Knowledge Transfer in Automatic Sports Video Annotation'. Proceedings of DIRAC Workshop, European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases (ECML PKDD 2010),
  • Tahir MA, Kittler J, Mikolajczyk K, Yan F, El Gayar N, Kittler J, Roli F. (2010) 'Improving Multilabel Classification Performance by Using Ensemble of Multi-label Classifiers'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN MULTIPLE CLASSIFIER SYSTEMS, PROCEEDINGS, Cairo, EGYPT: 9th International Workshop on Multiple Classifier Systems 5997, pp. 11-21.
  • Almajai I, Yan F, de Campos T, Khan A, Christmas W, Windridge D, Kittler J. (2010) 'Anomaly Detection and Knowledge Transfer in Automatic Sports Video Annotation'. Proceedings of DIRAC Workshop on Detection and Identification of Rare Audivisual Cues, Barcelona, Spain: DIRAC Workshop on Detection and Identification of Rare Audivisual Cues, European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases
  • Yan F, Kittler J, Mikolajczyk K, Tahir A. (2009) 'Non-sparse multiple kernel learning for fisher discriminant analysis'. Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, ICDM, , pp. 1064-1069.

    Abstract

    We consider the problem of learning a linear combination of pre-specified kernel matrices in the Fisher discriminant analysis setting. Existing methods for such a task impose an l norm regularisation on the kernel weights, which produces sparse solution but may lead to loss of information. In this paper, we propose to use l norm regularisation instead. The resulting learning problem is formulated as a semi-infinite program and can be solved efficiently. Through experiments on both synthetic data and a very challenging object recognition benchmark, the relative advantages of the proposed method and its l counterpart are demonstrated, and insights are gained as to how the choice of regularisation norm should be made. © 2009 IEEE.

  • Mortazavian P, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2009) 'A 3-D assisted generative model for facial texture super-resolution'. IEEE 2009 IEEE 3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMETRICS: THEORY, APPLICATIONS AND SYSTEMS, Washington, DC: 3rd IEEE International Conference on Biometrics - Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS 2009), pp. 452-458.
  • Goswami B, Christmas W, Kittler J, Araujo H, Mendonca AM, Pinho AJ, Torres MI. (2009) 'Robust Statistical Estimation Applied to Automatic Lip Segmentation'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN PATTERN RECOGNITION AND IMAGE ANALYSIS, PROCEEDINGS, Povoa de Varzim, PORTUGAL: 4th Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis 5524, pp. 200-207.
  • Mortazavian P, Kittler J, Christmas W. (2009) '3D-assisted Facial Texture Super-Resolution'. Proceedings of BMVC 2009,
  • Poh N, Kittler J, Tistarelli M, Nixon MS. (2009) 'A Biometric Menagerie Index for Characterising Template/Model-Specific Variation'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCES IN BIOMETRICS, Comp Vis Lab, Alghero, ITALY: 3rd IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Advances in Biometrics 5558, pp. 816-827.
  • Poh N, Merati A, Kittler J. (2009) 'Adaptive Client-Impostor Centric Score Normalization: A Case Study in Fingerprint Verification'. IEEE 2009 IEEE 3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMETRICS: THEORY, APPLICATIONS AND SYSTEMS, Washington, DC: 3rd IEEE International Conference on Biometrics - Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS 2009), pp. 245-251.
  • Tahir MA, Kittler J, Yan F, Mikolajczyk K. (2009) 'Kernel Discriminant Analysis using Triangular Kernel for Semantic Scene Classification'. IEEE CBMI: 2009 INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON CONTENT-BASED MULTIMEDIA INDEXING, Chania, GREECE: International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing, pp. 1-6.
  • Yan F, Mikolajczyk K, Kittler J, Tahir M. (2009) 'A Comparison of l(1) Norm and l(2) Norm Multiple Kernel SVMs in Image and Video Classification'. IEEE CBMI: 2009 INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON CONTENT-BASED MULTIMEDIA INDEXING, Chania, GREECE: International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing, pp. 7-12.
  • Tahir MA, Kittler J, Mikolajczyk K, Yan F, Benediktsson JA, Kittler J, Roli F. (2009) 'A Multiple Expert Approach to the Class Imbalance Problem Using Inverse Random under Sampling'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN MULTIPLE CLASSIFIER SYSTEMS, PROCEEDINGS, Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, ICELAND: 8th International Workshop on Multiple Classifier Systems 5519, pp. 82-91.
  • Poh N, Wong R, Kittler J, Roli F, Tistarelli M, Nixon MS. (2009) 'Challenges and Research Directions for Adaptive Biometric Recognition Systems'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCES IN BIOMETRICS, Comp Vis Lab, Alghero, ITALY: 3rd IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Advances in Biometrics 5558, pp. 753-764.
  • Poh N, Chan CH, Kittler J, Marcel S, Mc Cool C, Argones Rua E, Alba Castro JL, Villegas M, Paredes R, Struc V, Pavesic N, Salah AA, Fang H, Costen N, Tistarelli M, Nixon MS. (2009) 'Face Video Competition'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCES IN BIOMETRICS, Comp Vis Lab, Alghero, ITALY: 3rd IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Advances in Biometrics 5558, pp. 715-724.
  • Arashloo SR, Kittler J, Cremers D, Boykov Y, Blake A, Schmidt FR. (2009) 'Pose-Invariant Face Matching Using MRF Energy Minimization Framework'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ENERGY MINIMIZATION METHODS IN COMPUTER VISION AND PATTERN RECOGNITION, PROCEEDINGS, Univ Bonn, Bonn, GERMANY: 7th International Conference on Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 5681, pp. 56-69.
  • Poh N, Kittler J. (2008) 'On Using Error Bounds to Optimize Cost-Sensitive Multimodal Biometric uthentication'. IEEE IEEE Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Florida, USA: ICPR 2008, pp. 684-687.
  • Zou X, Wang W, Kittler J. (2008) 'Non-negative Matrix Factorization for Face Illumination Analysis'. Proc. ICA Research Network International Workshop, Liverpool, UK: ICARN 2008, pp. 52-55.
  • Poh N, Kittler J. (2008) 'A Family of Methods for Quality-based Multimodal Biometric Fusion using Generative Classifiers'. IEEE 2008 10TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONTROL AUTOMATION ROBOTICS & VISION: ICARV 2008, VOLS 1-4, Hanoi, VIETNAM: 10th International Conference on Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision, pp. 1162-1167.
  • Fatukasi O, Kittler J, Poh N. (2008) 'Estimation of Missing Values in Multimodal Biometric Fusion'. IEEE 2008 IEEE SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMETRICS: THEORY, APPLICATIONS AND SYSTEMS (BTAS), Washington, DC: 2nd IEEE International Conference on Biometrics - Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS 2008), pp. 117-122.
  • Zou X, Kittler J, Hamouz M, Tena JR, Kumar BVKV, Prabhakar S, Ross AA. (2008) 'Robust albedo estimation from face image under unknown illumination'. SPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY FOR HUMAN IDENTIFICATION V, Orlando, FL: Conference on Biometric Technology for Human Identification V 6944
  • Windridge D, Shevchenko M, Kittler J, Caputo B, Vincze M. (2008) 'An Entropy-Based Approach to the Hierarchical Acquisition of Perception-Action Capabilities'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN COGNITIVE VISION, Santorini, GREECE: 4th International Cognitive Vision Workshop (ICVW 2008) 5329, pp. 79-92.
  • Kittler J, Windridge D, Goswami D. (2008) 'Subsurface Scattering Deconvolution for Improved NIR-Visible Facial Image Correlation'. IEEE 2008 8TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTOMATIC FACE & GESTURE RECOGNITION (FG 2008), VOLS 1 AND 2, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS: 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 889-894.
  • Poh N, Kittler J. (2008) 'A METHODOLOGY FOR SEPARATING SHEEP FROM GOATS FOR CONTROLLED ENROLLMENT AND MULTIMODAL FUSION'. IEEE 2008 BIOMETRICS SYMPOSIUM (BSYM), Tampa, FL: 6th Biometrics Symposium (BSYM 2008), pp. 17-22.
  • Poh N, Kittler J, Smith R, Tena JR, Rueda L, Mery D, Kittler J. (2007) 'A method for estimating authentication performance over time, with applications to face biometrics'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN PROGRESS IN PATTERN RECOGNITION, IMAGE ANALYSIS AND APPLICATIONS, PROCEEDINGS, Valparaiso, CHILE: 12th Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition 4756, pp. 360-369.
  • Poh N, Kittler J, Lee SW, Li SZ. (2007) 'On the use of log-likelihood ratio based model-specific score normalisation in biometric authentication'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN Advances in Biometrics, Proceedings, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA: International Conference on Biometrics 4642, pp. 614-624.
  • Kolonias I, Kittler J, Christmas WJ, Yan F. (2007) 'Improving the accuracy of automatic tennis video annotation by high level grammar'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC 14TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IMAGE ANALYSIS AND PROCESSING WORKSHOPS, PROCEEDINGS, Modena, ITALY: 14th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing, pp. 154-159.
  • Poh N, Heusch G, Kittler J, Haindl M, Kittler J, Roli F. (2007) 'On combination of face authentication experts by a mixture of quality dependent fusion classifiers'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN Multiple Classifier Systems, Proceedings, Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC: 7th International Workshop on Multiple Classifier Systems 4472, pp. 344-356.
  • Bourlai T, Kittler J, Messer K, Sanson LD. (2007) 'Smart-card-based face verification system: Empirical optimization of system meta-parameters'. IEEE 41ST ANNUAL IEEE INTERNATIONAL CARNAHAN CONFERENCE ON SECURITY TECHNOLOGY, PROCEEDINGS, Ottawa, CANADA: 41st Annual IEEE International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology, pp. 85-92.
  • Zou X, Kittler J, Messer K, Lee SW, Li SZ. (2007) 'Motion compensation for face recognition based on active differential imaging'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN Advances in Biometrics, Proceedings, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA: International Conference on Biometrics 4642, pp. 39-48.
  • Poh N, Kittler J, Lee SW, Li SZ. (2007) 'Predicting biometric authentication system performance across different application conditions: A bootstrap enhanced parametric approach'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN Advances in Biometrics, Proceedings, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA: International Conference on Biometrics 4642, pp. 625-635.
  • Kamarainen J-K, Hamouz M, Kittler J, Paalanen P, Ilonen J, Drobchenko A. (2007) 'Object localisation using generative probability model for spatial constellation and local image features'. IEEE 2007 IEEE 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER VISION, VOLS 1-6, Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL: 11th IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision, pp. 2784-2791.
  • Fatukasi O, Kittler J, Poh N, Rueda L, Mery D, Kittler J. (2007) 'Quality controlled multimodal fusion of biometric experts'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN PROGRESS IN PATTERN RECOGNITION, IMAGE ANALYSIS AND APPLICATIONS, PROCEEDINGS, Valparaiso, CHILE: 12th Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition 4756, pp. 881-890.
  • Wu X-J, Lu J-P, Yang J-Y, Wang S-T, Kittler J. (2007) 'An extreme case of the generalized optimal discriminant transformation and its application to face recognition'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV NEUROCOMPUTING, Hefei, PEOPLES R CHINA: International Conference on Intelligent Computing 70 (4-6), pp. 828-834.
  • Tena JR, Smith RS, Hamouz A, Kittler J, Hilton A, Illingworth J. (2007) '2D face pose normalisation using a 3D morphable model'. IEEE 2007 IEEE CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED VIDEO AND SIGNAL BASED SURVEILLANCE, London, ENGLAND: IEEE Conference on Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance, pp. 51-56.
  • Khan A, Christmas W, Kittler J, Bebis G, Boyle R, Parvin B, Koracin D, Paragios N, Tanveer SM, Ju T, Liu Z, Coquillart S, CruzNeira C, Muller T, Malzbender T. (2007) 'Lip contour segmentation using kernel methods and level sets'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCES IN VISUAL COMPUTING, PROCEEDINGS, PT 2, Lake Tahoe, NV: 3rd International Symposium on Visual Computing 4842, pp. 86-95.
  • Poh N, Kittler J, Bourlai T. (2007) 'Improving biometric device interoperability by likelihood ratio-based quality dependent score normalization'. IEEE 2007 FIRST IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMETRICS: THEORY, APPLICATIONS AND SYSTEMS, Crystal City, VA: 1st IEEE International Conference on Biometrics - Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS 2007), pp. 325-329.
  • Hamouz M, Tena JR, Kittler J, Hilton A, Illingworth J, Koschan A, Pollefeys M, Abidi M. (2007) '3D assisted face recognition: A survey'. SPRINGER 3D IMAGING FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY, San Diego, CA: Workshop on Advanced 3D Imaging for Safety and Security held in Conjunction with the International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 35, pp. 3-23.
  • Chan C-H, Kittler J, Messer K, Lee SW, Li SZ. (2007) 'Multi-scale local binary pattern histograms for face recognition'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN Advances in Biometrics, Proceedings, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA: International Conference on Biometrics 4642, pp. 809-818.
  • Zou X, Kittler J, Messer K. (2007) 'Illumination invariant face recognition: A survey'. IEEE 2007 FIRST IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMETRICS: THEORY, APPLICATIONS AND SYSTEMS, Crystal City, VA: 1st IEEE International Conference on Biometrics - Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS 2007), pp. 113-120.
  • Kittler J, Shevchenko M, Windridge D, BlancTalon J, Philips W, Popescu D, Scheunders P. (2006) 'Visual bootstrapping for unsupervised symbol grounding'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCED CONCEPTS FOR INTELLIGENT VISION SYSTEMS, PROCEEDINGS, Antwerp, BELGIUM: 8th International Conference on Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems 4179, pp. 1037-1046.
  • Kim TK, Kittler J, Cipolla R, Leonardis A, Pinz A. (2006) 'Learning discriminative canonical correlations for object recognition with image sets'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN COMPUTER VISION - ECCV 2006, PT 3, PROCEEDINGS, Graz, AUSTRIA: 9th European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV 2006) 3953, pp. 251-262.
  • Sanchez UR, Kittler J. (2006) 'Fusion of talking face biometric modalities for personal identity verification'. IEEE 2006 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, Vols 1-13, Toulouse, FRANCE: 31st IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, pp. 5931-5934.
  • Zou X, Kittler J, Messer K, Zhang D, Jain AK. (2006) 'Ambient illumination variation removal by active near-IR imaging'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCES IN BIOMETRICS, PROCEEDINGS, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA: International Conference on Biometrics 3832, pp. 19-25.
  • Messer K, Kittler J, Short J, Heusch G, Cardinaux F, Marcel S, Rodriguez Y, Shan S, Su Y, Gao W, Chen X, Zhang D, Jain AK. (2006) 'Performance characterisation of face recognition algorithms and their sensitivity to severe illumination changes'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCES IN BIOMETRICS, PROCEEDINGS, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA: International Conference on Biometrics 3832, pp. 1-11.
  • Bourlai T, Kittler J, Messer K. (2006) 'Database size effects on performance on a smart card face verification system'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition - Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference, British Mach Vis Assoc, Southampton, ENGLAND: 7th International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 61-66.
  • Sadeghi MT, Kittler J, Yeung DY, Kwok JT, Fred A, Roli F, DeRidder D. (2006) 'Confidence based gating of multiple face authentication experts'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN STRUCTURAL, SYNTACTIC, AND STATISTICAL PATTERN RECOGNITION, PROCEEDINGS, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA: Joint International Workshop on Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition 4109, pp. 667-676.
  • Llano EG, Kittler J, Messer K, Vazquez HM, MartinezTrinidad JF, Ochoa JAC, Kittler J. (2006) 'A comparative study of face representations in the frequency domain'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN PROGRESS IN PATTERN RECOGNITON, IMAGE ANALYSIS AND APPLICATIONS, PROCEEDINGS, Cancun, MEXICO: 11th Iberoamerican Conference in Pattern Recognition 4225, pp. 99-108.
  • Kittler J, Shevchenko M, Windridge D, Penserini L, Peppas P, Perini A. (2006) 'Cognitive learning with automatic goal acquisition'. I O S PRESS STAIRS 2006, Riva del Garda, ITALY: 3rd Starting Artificial Intelligence Researchers Symposium 142, pp. 3-13.
  • Short J, Kittler J, Messer K. (2006) 'Photometric normalisation for component-based face verification'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition - Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference, British Mach Vis Assoc, Southampton, ENGLAND: 7th International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 114-119.
  • Smith RS, Kittler J, Hamouz M, Illingworth J, Tang YY, Wang SP, Lorette G, Yeung DS, Yan H. (2006) 'Face recognition using angular LDA and SVM ensembles'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol 3, Proceedings, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA: 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2006), pp. 1008-1012.
  • Sanchez UR, Kittler J. (2006) 'Fusion of talking face biometric modalities for personal identity verification'. IEEE 2006 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Vol V, Proceedings, Toulouse, FRANCE: 31st IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, pp. 1073-1076.
  • Guillemaut J-Y, Kittler J, Sadeghi MT, Christmas WJ, MartinezTrinidad JF, Ochoa JAC, Kittler J. (2006) 'General pose face recognition using frontal face model'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN PROGRESS IN PATTERN RECOGNITON, IMAGE ANALYSIS AND APPLICATIONS, PROCEEDINGS, Cancun, MEXICO: 11th Iberoamerican Conference in Pattern Recognition 4225, pp. 79-88.
  • Yan F, Christmas W, Kittler J, Tang YY, Wang SP, Lorette G, Yeung DS, Yan H. (2006) 'A maximum a posteriori probability Viterbi data association algorithm for ball tracking in sports video'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol 1, Proceedings, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA: 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2006), pp. 279-282.
  • Roh MC, Christmas B, Kittler J, Lee SW, Leonardis A, Bischof H, Pinz A. (2006) 'Robust player gesture spotting and recognition in low-resolution sports video'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN COMPUTER VISION - ECCV 2006, PT 4, PROCEEDINGS, Graz, AUSTRIA: 9th European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV 2006) 3954, pp. 347-358.
  • Hamouz M, Tena JR, Kittler J, Hilton A, Illingworth J. (2006) 'Algorithms for 3D-assisted face recognition'. IEEE 2006 IEEE 14TH SIGNAL PROCESSING AND COMMUNICATIONS APPLICATIONS, VOLS 1 AND 2, Antalya, TURKEY: IEEE 14th Signal Processing and Communications Applications, pp. 826-829.
  • Zou X, Kittler J, Messer K. (2006) 'Accurate face localisation for faces under active near-IR illumination'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition - Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference, British Mach Vis Assoc, Southampton, ENGLAND: 7th International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 369-374.
  • Rua EA, Kittler J, Castro JLA, Jimenez DG, Zhang D, Jain AK. (2006) 'Information fusion for local Gabor features based frontal face verification'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCES IN BIOMETRICS, PROCEEDINGS, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA: International Conference on Biometrics 3832, pp. 173-181.
  • Kittler J, Hamouz M, Tena JR, Hilton A, Illingworth J, Ruiz M, Sanfeliu A, Cortes ML. (2005) '3D assisted 2D face recognition: Methodology'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN PROGRESS IN PATTERN RECOGNITION, IMAGE ANALYSIS AND APPLICATIONS, PROCEEDINGS, Havana, CUBA: 10th Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition 3773, pp. 1055-1065.
  • Kittler J, Ghaderi R, Windeatt T, Matas J, Bigun J, Smeraldi F. (2001) 'Face identification and verification via ECOC'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN AUDIO- AND VIDEO-BASED BIOMETRIC PERSON AUTHENTICATION, PROCEEDINGS, Halmstad, SWEDEN: 3rd International Conference on Audio- and Video- Based Biometric Person Authentication 2091, pp. 1-13.

Book chapters

  • Almajai I, Yan F, de Campos TE, Khan A, Christmas W, Windridge D, Kittler J. (2012) 'Anomaly Detection and Knowledge Transfer in Automatic Sports Video Annotation'. in Weinshall D, Anemüller J, van Gool L (eds.) Detection and Identification of Rare Audiovisual Cues Springer 384, pp. 109-117.

Page Owner: ees1jk
Page Created: Thursday 5 August 2010 15:44:10 by lb0014
Last Modified: Wednesday 4 June 2014 11:08:36 by pg0016
Expiry Date: Thursday 18 August 2011 10:40:18
Assembly date: Fri Sep 19 22:31:07 BST 2014
Content ID: 32831
Revision: 10
Community: 1379