Dr Ioannis Laliotis
Phone: Work: 01483 68 6686
Room no: 68 AP 02
Ioannis has received two undergraduate degrees, the first in Business Administration and the second in Economics from the University of Patras, Greece. Whilst completing his second degree, he moved to the UK where he received an MSc with distinction in Economics from Cardiff University. He was awarded a PhD in Economics from the University of Patras in 2014, for his thesis “Essays on the Institutional Framework and the Structure of Wages in the Greek Labour Market”.
Applied microeconometrics, Labour economics, Labour relations, Public sector labour markets, Health economics
- 'Cancelled procedures in the English NHS: Evidence from the 2010 tariff reform'.
Health Economics, doi: 10.1002/hec.3486Repository URL: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/813185/
This paper explores the role of incentives in the English NHS. Until financial year 2009/10, elective procedures that were cancelled after admission received a fixed reimbursement associated with a specific healthcare resource group code. We in- vestigate whether this induced trusts to admit and then cancel, rather than cancel before admission and/or to cancel low fee over high fee work. As the tariff was ended in April 2010 we conduct an interrupted time series analysis to examine if their behaviour was affected after the tariff removal. The results indicate a small, yet statistically significant, decline in the probability of a last minute cancellation in the post-tariff period, especially for certain types of patients and diagnoses.
- 'Total and Cause-Specific Mortality Rates Before and During the Greek Economic Crisis: An Interrupted Time-Series Analysis'.
Lancet Public Health, Repository URL: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/812584/
Background: In recent years, Greece has been in the spotlight as one of the countries hit the hardest by the European financial crisis. Yet evidence on the impact of the crisis on total and cause-specific mortality remains unclear. The paper explores whether the economic crisis has interrupted the level and/or the trend of mortality rates. Methods: We use regional panel data for the period 2001-2013 and adopt an interrupted time-series approach in order to test for any changes in a series of gender, age and cause-specific mortality trends. Findings: Our results show that overall mortality has continued to decline during the years of the financial crisis but at a slower pace (-0∙13 vs. -0∙065) and the trend difference is statistically significant (0∙062, p<0∙001). The trend difference is more evident for women (0∙087, p<0∙001) than for men (0∙040, p<0∙01). Older age groups have experienced more negative effects than the younger population, who have even seen some improvements in mortality trends. Deaths by diseases of the circulatory system have declined more slowly, while deaths from vehicular accidents have declined faster during the crisis, most prominently among young men. On the other hand, deaths from suicides, diseases of the nervous system and mental disorders have followed a positive upward trend during the crisis. We also find evidence that deaths due to medical errors during treatment have increased considerably during the crisis, affecting mainly older adults. Comparing the expected values of the during-crisis versus extrapolated before-crisis fitted, one estimates an extra 241 deaths per month during the crisis period with the largest contributor being an excess of 153 deaths per month from circulatory causes. Interpretation: The findings suggest that mortality trends have been interrupted during the years of the crisis, but that the changes vary by age, gender and cause of death. The increase of deaths due to medical errors may reflect the effects of quality deterioration during economic recessions.
- 'The 2011 Industrial Relations Reform and Nominal Wage Adjustments in Greece'.
Journal of Labor Research, 37 (4), pp. 460-483.Repository URL: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/811742/
This study investigates nominal contractual base-wage adjustments in Greece associated with the 2011 industrial relations reform which re-defined the limits within which base wages could oscillate and allowed workers’ associations to negotiate for wages at the firm level. The assessment covers the period 2010–2013 and is based on information extracted from the universe of firm-level contracts signed in this period. We found that firm-level contracts increased dramatically shortly after the reform, now covering a larger pool of workers, especially in larger firms, and are associated with higher base-wage reductions in the post-reform period. At the firm level, wage reductions are higher when workers are represented by a workers’ association rather than a typical trade union. In addition, a heterogeneous effect is uncovered regarding the factors that shape base-wage adjustments (firm size, profitability, structure of bargaining body and aggregate unemployment) between new and traditional forms of workers’ representation in collective bargaining.
- 'Crime and unemployment in Greece: Evidence before and during the crisis'.
Economics and Business Letters, 5 (1)Repository URL: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/810811/
This paper explores the relationship between unemployment and crime in Greece before and during the crisis using panel data at the regional level. The results indicate the operation of a positive relationship between specific crime categories and male unemployment only during the crisis, a weaker effect of long term unemployment only on the total criminal activity and they reveal the existence of significant dynamics.
- 'The wage curve before and during the Greek economic crisis'.
Empirical Economics: a quarterly journal of the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna, 52 (1), pp. 59-77.Repository URL: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/810285/
Using cross-sectional data from the Labour Force Survey, we investigate whether a wage curve, i.e. a negative relationship between real wages and regional unemployment, could be estimated in the Greek labour market and in the period 1999-2014. Adopting individual static and regional dynamic specifications, our results do not support the existence of such a relationship despite the extensive macroeconomic adjustment of real wages after 2009. However, allowing for period-specific heterogeneous slopes, we find that a negative relationship between wages and regional unemployment emerged in the period 2010Q2–2011Q4 which however was short-lived. This relationship appears to be exclusively due to the restructuring of the collective bargaining regime and the reduction in the national minimum wages, both of which were implemented in the private sector.
- 'Firm-Level Collective Bargaining and Wages in Greece: A Quantile Decomposition Analysis'.
British Journal of Industrial Relations, 51 (1), pp. 80-103.
This article analyzes the effect of firm-level contracting on the wage structure in the Greek private sector. Using a matched employer-employee dataset for 2006, unconditional quantile regressions and relevant decomposition methods, we identify a wage premium associated with firm-level contracting, which follows a hump-shaped profile across the wage distribution. Further, the wage differential between workers under firm-level and broader-level collective agreements can be primarily attributed to the differences in the regime-specific wage setting structure, for those below the median of the unconditional wage distribution, and to differences in worker and firm-specific characteristics for those in the upper tail. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/London School of Economics.
- 'Scottish Economic Society'. Perth, Scotland: Scottish Economic Society 2016 Annual Conferece . (2016)
- 'London Health Economics Group Meeting'. Imperial College London: London Health Economics Group Meeting . (2016)
- 'Cancelled Procedures in the English NHS: Evidence from the 2010 Tariff Reform'. . (2015)
- 'The Wage Curve in Greece: 1999-2013'. London School of Economics & Political Science: 2nd Greek Labour Market Research Network Workshop . (2015)
- 'The Impact of the 2011 Collective Bargaining Reform on Wage Adjustments in Greece'. Ljubljana, Slovenia: 26th European Association of Labour Economists Conference . (2014)
- 'The Impact of the 2011 Collective Bargaining Reform on Wage Adjustments in Greece'. University of Toulouse, France: 29th European Economic Association Annual Congress / 68th European Meeting of the Econometric Society . (2014)
- 'Searching for a Greek Wage Curve: Evidence Before and During the Crisis'. University of Gotheburg, Sweden: 28th European Economic Association Annual Congress/67th European Meeting of the Econometric Society . (2013)
- 'Searching for a Greek Wage Curve: Evidence Before and During the Crisis'. Bonn, Germany: 8th IZA/World Bank Conference on Employment and Development . (2013)
- 'Wage Adjustments in the Greek Labour Market: Evidence from the Pre and the During the Crisis Periods'. Bank of Greece, Athens, Greece: The Greek Labour Market During the Crisis . (2012)
- 'The Wage Curve Across the Wage Distribution and Under Different Collective Bargaining Regimes'. Perth, Scotland, UK: Scottish Economic Sociey Annual Conference . (2012)
- 'Firm-Level Contracting and Wages in Greek Manufacturing'. University of Perugia, Italy: Crises, Institutions and Labour Market Performance: Comparing Evidence and Policies . (2011)
- 'Firm Size and Wages in Greece'. in (ed.) The Greek Labour Market: Features, Developments and Challenges Athens, Greece : Bank of Greece , pp. 159-174. . (2010)
- The Cost-Effectiveness of Midwifery Staffing and Skill Mix on Maternity Outcomes. . (2014)