David Frohlich is Director of Digital World Research Centre at the University of Surrey and Professor of Interaction Design. He joined the Centre in January 2005 to establish a new research agenda on user-centred innovation in digital media technology. Current work includes a mixture of PhD and Research Council projects exploring a variety of new media futures relating to digital storytelling, personal media collections, and community news and arts. His most recent book with Risto Sarvas charts the history of domestic photography From snapshots to social media: The changing picture of domestic photography.
Prior to joining Digital World, David worked for 14 years as a senior research scientist at HP Labs, conducting user studies to identify requirements and test new concepts for mobile, domestic and photographic products. This allowed him to pursue ongoing research interests in tangible interfaces to computing, new media design, and the global digital divide. Some of this work was documented in two books entitled Audiophotography: Bringing photos to life with sounds and Contextual Innovation: Creative approaches to innovation in emerging markets. It also resulted in a variety of patent applications and innovations, most notably in the support of sound capture and playback in HP’s digital photography products.
David has a PhD in psychology from the University of Sheffield and post-doctoral training in Conversation Analysis from the University of York. He also worked as a Human Factors Consultant and Research Psychologist, and held visiting positions at the Helen Hamlyn Research Centre, Royal College of Art, and the Department of Psychology, University of York. He is currently Visiting Professor at Manchester Business School and is founding editor of the international journal Personal and Personal and Ubiquitous Computing.
Golsteijn C, Van Den Hoven E, Frohlich D, Sellen A.
(2014) 'Reflections on craft research for and through design'. Proceedings of the NordiCHI 2014: The 8th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Fun, Fast, Foundational, , pp. 421-430.
Golsteijn C, Van Den Hoven E, Frohlich D, Sellen A.
(2014) 'Hybrid crafting: Towards an integrated practice of crafting with physical and digital components'. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 18 (3), pp. 593-611.
Spence J, Andrews S, Frohlich DM.
(2012) 'Now, where was I? Negotiating time in digitally augmented autobiographical performance'. Taylor & Francis Journal of Media Practice, 13 Article number 3 , pp. 269-284.
Durrant A, Frohlich D, Sellen A, Uzzell D.
(2011) 'The secret life of teens: online versus offline photographic displays at home'. TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD VISUAL STUDIES, 26 (2) Article number PII 938524200 , pp. 113-124.
Durrant A, Frohlich DM, Sellen A, Lyons E.
(2009) 'Home Curation versus Teenage Photography: Photo Displays in the Family Home'. Elsevier International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 67 (12), pp. 1005-1023.
In this paper we report an empirical study of the photographic portrayal of family members at home. Adopting a social psychological approach and focusing on intergenerational power dynamics, our research explores the use of domestic photo displays in family representation. Parents and their teenagers from eight families in the south of England were interviewed at home about their interpretations of both stored and displayed photos within the home. Discussions centred on particular photographs found by the participants to portray self and family in different ways. The findings show that public displays of digital photos are still curated by mothers of the households, but with more difficulty and less control than with analogue photos. In addition, teenagers both contribute and comply with this curation within the home, whilst at the same time developing additional ways of presenting their families and themselves online that are ‘unsupervised’ by the curator. We highlight the conflict of interest that is at play within teen and parent practices and consider the challenges that this presents for supporting the representation of family through the design of photo display technology.
Frohlich DM, Jones M, Dearden A, Dunckley L, Light A.
(2009) 'Stepping in: an outsiders guide to crossing the digital divide'. User Experience Magazine, 8 (3)
Frohlich DM, Bhat R, Jones M, Lalmas M, Frank M, Rachovides D, Tucker R, Riga K.
(2009) 'Democracy, design and development in community content creation: lessons from the StoryBank project'. University of Southern California, Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism Information Technologies and International Development, USA: 5 (4), pp. 19-35.
Mobile and Web 2.0 technology have the very real potential to democratize
the creation and sharing of multimedia content in developing communities,
even beyond the levels currently seen in community radio and television. In
this article, we report the ªndings of an exercise to test this potential in partnership
with a Budikote village in southern India. We show how a system
called StoryBank supported the creation of short digital stories on a text-free
camera phone, and how these stories could be shared through a community
repository and touch-screen display. Despite the success of a ªeld trial in which
137 stories were created and shared over a one-month period, various technical
and social factors meant that the devices and content were more hierarchically
managed and controlled than expected. The implications of these experiences
for rural development and community-centered design are discussed.
Frohlich D, Jones M.
(2008) 'Audiophoto narratives for semi-literate communities'. Interactions, 15 (6), pp. 61-64.
A study was conducted on the exploration of possibilities of semiliterate communities using the camera as a new kind of pen and paper for creating and sharing audio-visual stories. Networking and power-management innovations and large-scale investment mean that even very remote rural locations are getting connected. But one cannot necessarily deeply in-built phone interfaces and applications for populations that do not have exposure to computing or the levels of textual literacy. The study suggests that phones and other technologies will continue to be shared resources rather than personal ones because of price sensitivity and the community orientation of life in developing communities. Western designers also should shift from a user-centered design approach to a 'community-centered design' approach, involving different elements of a community in the design of shared technology for community benefit.
Jones M, Frohlich DM.
(2008) 'Mobile ethics'. Oxford Journals ITNOW, 50 (3)
Rachovides D, Frohlich D, Frank M.
(2007) 'Interaction design in the wild'. People and Computers XXI HCI.But Not as We Know It - Proceedings of HCI 2007: The 21st British HCI Group Annual Conference, 2
Luff P, Adams G, Bock W, Drazin A, Frohlich D, Heath C, Herdman P, King H, Linketscher N, Murphy R, Norrie M, Sellen A, Signer B, Tallyn E, Zeller E.
(2007) 'Augmented paper: Developing relationships between digital content and paper'. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 4500 LNCS, pp. 275-297.
Drazin A, Frohlich D.
(2007) 'Good intentions: Remembering through framing photographs in English homes'. Ethnos, 72 (1), pp. 51-76.
This paper contributes to the current debate about the nature of beauty and aesthetics as they apply to interactive products. Current disagreement centres around the question of whether beauty should be viewed as a continuous property of objects or as a rare emotional response to object encounters (Hassenzahl 2004, Frohlich 2004). Here we develop a new perspective of beauty as a complex psychological construct, subject to competing influences from visible object properties such as shape and colour, and invisible object associations such as perceived ease of use and brand. We introduce a new methodology for examining such constructs based on a card sorting procedure, and use it to show how 36 participants think about the beauty of 35 MP3 players. One major finding is that participants tended to evaluate the players holistically, applying similar categorisations to free sorts, beauty sorts and preference sorts. This involved a common polarisation between modern and post-modern forms as they have been found to apply to architectural styles (Wilson 1996).
(2004) 'Beauty as a design prize'. Human-Computer Interaction, 19 (4), pp. 359-366.
Boneva B, Kraut R, Frohlich D.
(2001) 'Using e-mail for personal relationships: The difference gender makes'. American Behavioral Scientist, (3), pp. 530-549.
Frohlich DM, Dray SM, Silverman A.
(2001) 'Breaking up is hard to do: family perspectives on the future of the home PC.'. Int. J. Hum.-Comput. Stud., 54 Article number 5 , pp. 701-724.
Frohlich DM, Elliott JM.
(1984) 'The schematic representation of effector function underlying perceptual-motor skill.'. J Mot Behav, United States: 16 (1), pp. 40-60.
Frohlich DM, Armstrong T, Calic J, Yuan H, Knights T, Desbrulais S.
(2015) 'Com-Note: Designing a composer's notebook for collaborative music composition'. DRHA2014 Conference Proceedings of DRHA2014, University of Greenwich: Digital Research in the Humanities and Arts DRHA 2014, pp. 41-48.
Zargham S, Calic J, Frohlich DM.
(2015) '4streams: an ambient photo sharing application for extended families.'. ACM BCS HCI, , pp. 165-174.
Golsteijn C, Van Den Hoven E, Frohlich DM, Sellen A.
(2012) 'Towards a more cherishable digital object'. New York, New York : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Proceedings of the Designing Interactive Systems Conference (DIS, 2012), Newcastle, UK: Designing Interactive Systems Conference 2012, pp. 655-664.
Zargham S, Calic J, Frohlich DM.
(2012) 'User experience study of multiple photo streams visualization.'. BISL / ACM BCS-HCI '12 Proceedings of the 26th Annual BCS Interaction Specialist Group Conference on People and Computers, Birmingham, UK: 26th Annual BCS Interaction Specialist Group Conference on People and Computers, pp. 416-421.
With the expansion of digital photographic content stored online and concurrent proliferation of
capturing devices, the management and visualization of personal photo collections have become
very challenging tasks. In order to gain insight into novel ways of handling and representing large
personal photo collections, this paper presents results of a user experience study into novel
visualizations of multiple photo streams, sourced from different individuals or capture devices. A
web-based application prototype was designed and implemented offering synchronized
visualization of photo streams in a single- or multi-window display layout. An experimental study
was conducted with 20 users, and the results demonstrate high user demand for concurrent
presentation of multiple media streams as well as recommends methods for leveraging its
Taylor N, Marshall J, Blum-Ross A, Mills J, Rogers J, Egglestone P, Frohlich DM, Wright P, Olivier P.
(2012) 'Viewpoint: Empowering communities with situated voting devices'. ACM Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Austin Texas: Computer-Human Interaction (CHI 2012), pp. 1361-1370.
Frohlich DM, Eglinton K, Robinson S, Jones M, Vartiainen E.
(2012) 'Creative cameraphone use in rural developing regions'. New York, USA : Association for Computing Machinery MobileHCI '12 Proceedings of the 14th international conference on Human-computer interaction with mobile devices and services, San Francisco, CA, USA: 14th International Conference on Human-computer interaction with mobile devices and services, pp. 181-190.
Lim, C , Frohlich DM, Ahmed, A .
(2011) 'Supporting memory and identity in older people: Findings from a sandpit process.'. London: Include 2011
Frohlich DM, Sarvas R.
(2011) 'HCI and innovation'. New York, USA : Association for Computing Machinery, ACM Press ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Vancouver, BC, Canada: CHI 2011 - Session: Innovation & Design, pp. 713-728.
The user-centered design (UCD) process in HCI has
recently been criticized for not delivering breakthrough
innovations in technology. In this paper we consider
this critique through a literature review and two case
studies of innovation. Our conclusions suggest that
there is nothing wrong with the attitude of usercentered
design which has probably been present in all
major innovations down the centuries. Rather, the
practice of UCD in HCI lacks attention to business
factors and long term uptake of technology in society.
This compromises its impact on products and should be incorporated into the study of HCI itself.
Van Erve D, Vos G-W, Van Den Hoven E, Frohlich DM.
(2011) 'Cueing the past: Designing embodied interaction for everyday remembering'. New York, New York : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Proceedings of the DESIRE'11 Conference on Creativity and Innovation in Design (CIKM), Eindhoven, the Netherlands: Second Conference on Creativity and Innovation in Design, pp. 335-345.
Frohlich DM, Smith, K , Blum-Ross, A , Egglestone, P , Mills, J , Smith, S , Rogers, J , Shorter, M , Marshall, J , Olivier, P , Woods, J , Wallace, J , Wood, G , Blythe M. .
(2011) 'Crossing the digital divide in the other direction: Community-centred design on the Bespoke project. Proceedings of Include 2011.'. London : Royal College of Art London: Include 2011
Al-Azzawi, A , Frohlich DM, Wilson, M .
(2010) 'Stability of user experience: Changes in constructs as users transition from anticipated to actualised interaction.'. Dublin, Ireland : Dublin City University Proceedings of the Fourth Irish Human Computer Interaction Conference, iHCI 2010, Dublin, Ireland: iHCI-2010 Conference, pp. 21-28.
In order to understand the effects of interaction on User Experience with a range of MP3 players, we used a Personal Construct Theory Approach (Kelly, 1955) to elicit users’ anticipations and interpretations of their experience with technology. Sixteen participants rated four different MP3 players on a variety of user-generated constructs in the form of rating scales before and after interaction. The data revealed stability to be a dimension of constructs on a continuum between stable and volatile. The data also revealed qualitative aspects of the dynamics of User Experience as users transition between pre- to post-interaction. The implications of these findings for theory, methodology and design are discussed.
Wong R, Poh N, Kittler J, Frohlich DM.
(2010) 'Interactive quality-driven feedback for biometric systems'. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Biometrics: Theory Applications and Systems (BTAS), 2010 Fourth IEEE International Conference on, Washington DC, USA: BTAS 2010
The application of biometric technology has so far been top-down, driven by governments and law enforcement agencies. The low demand of this technology from the public, despite its many advantages compared to the traditional means of authentication is probably due to the lack of human factor considerations in the design process. In this work, we propose a guideline to design an interactive quality-driven feedback mechanism. The mechanism aims to improve the quality of biométrie samples during the acquisition process by putting in place objective assessment of the quality and feeding this information back to the user instantaneously, thus eliminating subjective quality judgement by the user. We illustrate the feasibility of the design methodology using face recognition as a case study. Preliminary results show that the methodology can potentially increase efficiency, effectiveness and accessibility of a biométrie system.
Wong R, Poh N, Kittler J, Frohlich DM.
(2010) 'Towards inclusive design in mobile biometry'. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) IEEE Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Human System Interaction, Rzeszów, Poland: HSI 2010, pp. 267-274.
As mobile devices are becoming more ubiquitous, it is now possible to enhance the security of the phone, as well as remote services requiring identity verification, by means of biometric traits such as fingerprint and speech. We refer to this as mobile biometry. The objective of this study is to increase the usability of mobile biometry for visually impaired users, using face as biometrics. We illustrate a scenario of a person capturing his/her own face images which are as frontal as possible. This is a challenging task for the following reasons. Firstly, a greater variation in head pose and degradation in image quality (e.g., blur, de-focus) is expected due to the motion introduced by the hand manipulation and unsteadiness. Second, for the visually impaired users, there currently exists no mechanism to provide feedback on whether a frontal face image is detected. In this paper, an audio feedback mechanism is proposed to assist the visually impaired to acquire face images of better quality. A preliminary user study suggests that the proposed audio feedback can potentially (a) shorten the acquisition time and (b) improve the success rate of face detection, especially for the non-sighted users.
Al-Azzawi A, Frohlich DM, Wilson M.
(2010) 'Eliciting Users' experience with Technology'. Norderstedt, Germany : Books on Demand GmbH Construing PCP: New Contexts and Perspectives, Queen Mary University of London, UK: 9th European Personal Construct Association (EPCA)Conference Proceedings
Durrant A, Taylor AS, Frohlich DM, Sellen A, Uzzell D.
(2009) 'Photo Displays and Intergenerational Relationships in the Family Home'. The British Computer Society HCI 2009 – People and Computers XXIII – Celebrating people and technology, Cambridge, UK.: The 23rd BCS conference on Human Computer Interaction (HCI), pp. 10-19.
In this paper we describe a design-orientated field study in which we deploy a novel digital display device to explore the potential integration of teenage and family photo displays at home, as well as the value of situated photo display technologies for intergenerational expression. This exploration is deemed timely given the contemporary take-up of digital capture devices by teenagers and the unprecedented volume of photographic content that teens generate. Findings support integration and the display of photos on a standalone device, as well as demonstrating the interventional efficacy of the design as a resource for provoking reflection on the research subject. We also draw upon the theoretical concept of Dialogism to understand how our design mediates intergenerational relationships and interaction aesthetics relating to the notion of ‘constructive conflict’.
Jones M, Thom E, Bainbridge D, Frohlich DM.
(2009) 'Mobility, digital libraries and a rural Indian village'. New York, NY, USA : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Proceedings of the 9th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries, Austin, Texas: The 9th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital libraries, pp. 309-312.
Millions of people in developed countries routinely create and share digital content; but what about the billions of others in on the wrong side of what has been called the 'global digital divide'? This paper considers three mobile platforms to illustrate their potential in enabling rural Indian villagers to make and share digital stories. We describe our experiences in creating prototypes using mobile phones; high-end media-players; and, paper. Interaction designs are discussed along with findings from various trials within the village and elsewhere. Our approach has been to develop prototypes that can work together in an integrated fashion so that content can flow freely and in interesting ways through the village. While our work has particular relevance to those users in emerging world contexts, we see it also informing needs and practices in the developed world for user-generated content.
Frohlich DM, Rachovides D, Riga K, Bhat R, Frank M, Edirisinghe E, Wickramanayaka D, Jones M, Harwood W.
(2009) 'StoryBank: Mobile Digital Storytelling in a Development Context'. New York, NY, USA : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) CHI '09 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Boston, MA: 27th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1761-1770.
The paper reports a new paradigm for audiovisual information sharing in developing communities with low levels of textual and computer literacy. This was informed by ethnographic studies of a community radio station in Budikote village, India and involves the creation of audiophoto narrative stories on a mobile phone which are shared through a physical community repository (or ‘Story-bank’). The paper reports the design and evaluation of the sociotechnical system in a trial, laying the foundation for subsequent work in South Africa resulting in the Com-Me community media open source toolkit: http://digitaleconomytoolkit.org/
This work was funded by the EPSRC Bridging the Global Digital Divide initiative and led by David. . The Computer Human Interaction Conference (CHI) is the premier annual conference in the field, with full paper acceptance rates of between 10 and 15%.
Blythe M, Robinson J, Frohlich DM.
(2008) 'Interaction design and the critics: What to make of the "weegie"'. New York, NY, USA : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Proceedings of the 5th Nordic conference on Human-computer interaction: building bridges, Lund, Sweden: 5th NordiCHI: Building bridges 358, pp. 53-62.
This paper describes the development and evaluation of "weegie" an audio-photography desk featuring sounds and images inspired by the Govan area of Glasgow. It was intended to be an interactive artwork that would challenge negative preconceptions about the area. The paper describes two techniques used to consider the extent to which the piece achieved these aims. The first technique is the "personal meaning map" and taken from museum studies. The second is cultural critique drawn from the arts. Building on Gaver's  strategy of using cultural commentators for 'polyphonic' assessment it considers the extent to which perspectives drawn from the humanities and the arts can be useful in evaluating design. It argues that a more rigorous understanding of critical theory is necessary to the development of interaction design criticism.
Durrant AC, Taylor AS, Taylor S, Molloy M, Sellen A, Frohlich DM, Swan L.
(2008) 'Speculative devices for photo display'. New York, NY, USA : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Proceedings of the 26th Annual SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, Florence, Italy: 26th CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 2297-2302.
In this paper, we describe three purposefully provocative, digital photo display technologies designed for home settings. The three devices have been built to provoke questions around how digital photographs might be seen and interacted with in novel ways. They are also intended for speculation about the expressive resources afforded by digital technologies for displaying photos. It is hoped interactions with the devices will help researchers and designers reflect on new design possibilities. The devices are also being deployed as part of ongoing home-oriented field research.
Land V, Lumkin M, Frohlich DM.
(2008) 'Conveying availability and capability to communicate in naturalistic interaction.'. Swinton, UK : British Computer Society BCS-HCI '08 Proceedings of the 22nd British HCI Group Annual Conference on People and Computers: Culture, Creativity, Interaction, Liverpool, UK: 22nd British HCI Group Annual Conference on HCI 2008 2, pp. 43-46.
This paper investigates the basis for social awareness; analysing naturalistic data to understand how people convey availability and capability to communicate in everyday interaction and how they use existing presence systems. The findings show that people in close personal relationships provide intermittent information about their activities and plans which are used to infer and negotiate future contact and communication decisions. The implications for more sophisticated cross-media communication systems are discussed.
Oleksik G, Frohlich DM, Brown LM, Sellen A.
(2008) 'Sonic Interventions: Understanding and Extending the Domestic Soundscape'. New York, NY, USA : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) CHI 2008 Proceedings of the 26th Annual SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Florence, Italy: 26th CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1419-1428.
The paper reports the first study of the domestic soundscape and the ways in which it is used by British families. It culminates in a series of novel audio design ideas, which were also published in catalogue form and resulted in four granted patents owned by the University. The catalogue and patents are available as adjunct materials for this submission. The work was carried out in collaboration with Microsoft Research Cambridge who subsequently prototyped and tested several concepts
Jones M, Harwood W, Bainbridge D, Buchanan G, Frohlich DM, Rachovides D, Frank M, Lalmas M.
(2008) '"Narrowcast yourself": Designing for community storytelling in a rural indian context'. New York, NY, USA : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) DIS '08 Proceedings of the 7th ACM conference on Designing interactive systems, Cape Town, South Africa: Designing Interactive Systems (DIS) 2008, pp. 369-378.
Lalmas M, Bhat R, Frank M, Frohlich D, Jones M.
(2007) 'Bridging the digital divide: Understanding information access practices in an indian village community'. Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR'07, , pp. 741-742.
Tallyn E, Frohlich D, Linketscher N, Signer B, Adams G.
(2005) 'Using paper to support collaboration in educational activities'. LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC PUBL CSCL 2005: Computer Supported Collaborative Learning 2005: The Next 10 Years, Proceedings, Taipei, TAIWAN: International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, pp. 672-676.
Frohlich D, Kuchinsky A, Pering C, Don A, Ariss S.
(2002) 'Requirements for photoware.'. ACM CSCW, , pp. 166-175.
Gilbert GN, Buckland S, Frohlich D, Jirotka M, Luff P.
(1990) 'Providing advice through dialogue'. Stockholm : Sociology: Proceedings of the European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 301-307.
Gilbert GN, Luff P, Crossfield L, Frohlich DM.
(1987) 'A mixed initiative interface for expert systems: the Forms Helper'. Sociology: International Journal of Man-machine Studies
(2015) Fast Design, Slow Innovation - Audiophotography Ten Years On. Springer , pp. 1-231.
From Snapshots to Social Media describes the history and future of domestic photography as mediated by technological change. Domestic photography refers to the culture of ordinary people capturing, sharing and using photographs, and is in a particular state of flux today as photos go digital. The book argues that this digital era is the third major chapter in the 170 year history of the area; following the portrait and Kodak eras of the past.
History shows that despite huge changes in photographic technology and the way it has been sold, people continue to use photographs to improve memory, support communication and reinforce identity. The future will involve a shift in the balance of these core activities and a replacement of the family album with various multimedia archives for individuals, families and communities. This raises a number of issues that should be taken into account when designing new technologies and business services in this area, including: the ownership and privacy of content, multimedia standards, home ICT infrastructure, and younger and older users of images.
The book is a must for designers and engineers of imaging technology and social media who want a better understanding of the history of domestic photography in order to shape its future. It will also be of value to students and researchers in science and technology studies and visual culture, as a fascinating case study of the evolving use of photographs and photographic technology in Western society.
BOOK (AUTHORED & EDITED)
(2004) Audiophotography: Bringing photos to life with sound. Kluwer Academic Publishers
BOOK (AUTHORED & EDITED)
Prabhu G, Frohlich D.
(2003) Contextual Invention, 2003.
BOOK (AUTHORED & EDITED)
Luff P, Gilbert GN, Frohlich D.
(1990) Computers and conversation. London and New York : Academic Press
BOOK (AUTHORED & EDITED)
Ely P, Frohlich DM, Green NC.
(2011) 'Uncertainty, upheavals and upgrades: digital-DIY during life change'. in Pierson J, Mante-Meijer E, Loos E (eds.) New media technologies and user empowerment
Oxford : Peter lang 6, pp. 163-180.
Ankrah A, Frohlich DM, Gilbert GN.
(1990) 'Two ways to fill a bath, with and without knowing it'. in (ed.) Proceedings of Interact ’90
Cambridge : Pitman , pp. 73-78.
Frohlich DM, Crossfield LP, Gilbert GN.
(1985) 'Requirements for an intelligent form-filling interface'. in Johnson P, Cook S (eds.) People and computers: designing the interface
Cambridge University Press , pp. 102-117.
Gilbert GN, S. Buckland , Dawson P, Frohlich D, Luff P, Crossfield L, Cordingley B, Robinson P.
(1988) Functional specification for the Advice System. University of Surrey Article number 38
Armstrong T, Frohlich D, Calic J.
(2013) Com-Note the Composer's Notebook.
The composition of music is a complex, creative and collaborative act. This is currently done with a range of tools including the editing of musical notation, the playing, recording and playback of musical phrases, and their verbal discussion. In this project we will bring these activities together in a single 'composer's notebook' app called Com-Note for a smart phone. This will be based on the trial and extension of an existing multimedia narrative app called Com-Phone, during the creation of a new work for trumpet and string quartet.