Dr Mohammed Sanduk

Associate Lecturer

Qualifications: Diploma (Baghdad), BSc (Baghdad), PhD (UMIST), CPhys, MIntP

Phone: Work: 01483 68 6579
Room no: 28 BC 02

Further information


Dr. Sanduk received his BSc degree in Physics from Baghdad University, and his PhD in Plasma physics (transport of charged particle) from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) in 1990. Dr. Sanduk worked in industry as research team leader, in a project for vacuum tube rehabilitation technology (x-ray, Microwave, and electronic tubes), and was director of R&D department in the Specialised Institute for Engineering Industry in Baghdad. He was an associate staff in University of Baghdad and academic staff in Al Nahrain University. Within his work in academia, Dr. Sanduk has high potential in design and lecturing modules for under and postgraduate studies in physics and engineering, in addition to his supervision for PhD and MSc projects. He was assistant professor and undergraduate Programme director then head of Laser and Opto-electronic Engineering Department, Al Nahrain University, in Baghdad-Iraq. At that time and within his interest in the transport of charged particle Dr. Sanduk worked in free electron laser.

In addition to his specialty in physic, Dr. Sanduk is interested in philosophy of science & technology and painting. He was an associate academic member in the Pontifical Babel College for Philosophy and Theology in Baghdad (1999-2007), and was lecturing in philosophy of cosmology. He was a member of Philosophy board in Bayt al-Hikma (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad.  In art, he won two times postage stamp design prize.

In 2008, Dr. Sanduk joined the University of Surrey, Centre for Osmosis Research and Applications (CORA) as a visiting staff. During this period, he was interested in physical aqueous ion separation, magneto-electrochemistry, and renewable energy. In 2010, he joined the Renewable Energy System Engineering programme (MSc) of Process and Information Systems Engineering (PISE). He is coordinator and lecturer of renewable energy technology modules and supervisor of postgraduate studies. In 2015, he contributed in Transitions to Low Carbon Energy Economy programme of the Centre for Environmental Strategy (CES).
Dr. Sanduk acts as expert reviewer to Cambridge University Press, and refereed journals. He is member and chartered physicist of the Institute of Physics, and was member of Engineering Physics Group committee (2007-2012). He is member of the British Society For the Philosophy of Science, and member of the Byfleet art Society. His scientific specialty influences his philosophical and artistic interests. Dr. Sanduk’s exhibition of 2012 in Lewis Elton Gallery reflects his interdisciplinary interests. In some of his interdisciplinary researches, Dr. Sanduk used statistical technique to study science development, and that throw a light on the historical origins of the present problems of the Arab-Muslim societies.  He considered domination of technology in our present time as a fourth stage to be added to the Three Stages model of social development that has been developed by Auguste Comte.

Research Interests

  • Renewable energy technology: Improvement of the technology and its utilisation.
  • Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD): Transport of charged particles within MHD model. With same scope of MHD, Dr Sanduk is interested in Magneto-Electrochemistry, to  study the effect of magnetic and electric fields on aqueous ions.
  • Foundation of Quantum Mechanics: A consideration on the wave function foundation within the frame of quantum mechanics completeness.     


Journal articles

The most recent journal articles

1- Meshaal F. Alebrahim, I. A. Khattab, Qiong Cai, and Mohammed Sanduk,  Practical Study on the Electrochemical Simultaneous Removal of Copper and Zinc from Simulated Binary- Metallic Industrial Wastewater Using a Packed-Bed cathode,   the Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, will be published in vol. 25, (2016)

2- Triada Vlasakoudi,, Mohammed Sanduk, Requirements and Design a Small Wind Rotor for a Small House in Guildford, International Journal of Information Technology and Web Engineering, (2014), Vol. 9, No. 1. DOI: 10.4018/ijitwe.2014010101

3- Adnan Al-Anezi, Adel Sharif, Mohammed Sanduk, Abdul Rehman Khan,  Potential of membrane distillation: a comprehensive review, International Journal of Water, Vol. 7, No. 4 (2013).
4- Mohammed Sanduk, Is the Technology a New Way of Thinking?, The Journal of Technology Studies, Volume XXXVIII, Number 2,  (2012). Available in:  http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JOTS/v38/v38n2/pdf/sanduk.pdf

5- M. I. Sanduk , A kinematic model for a partially resolved dynamical system in a Euclidean plane, Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Application, Vol. 1, No.6, 40-51 (2012). Available in:  http://proxy.furb.br/ojs/index.php/modelling/article/view/2427
6- Adnan Al-Hathal Al-Anezi, Adel O. Sharif, M. I. Sanduk, and A. R. Khan, Experimental Investigation of Heat and Mass Transfer in Tubular Membrane Distillation Module for Desalination, ISRN Chemical Engineering, Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 738731.
7- Mohammed Sanduk, Growth of science under the social influence in Arabic-Islamic and Western Civilisations, 700-1900 (Statistical Models), University of Pittsburgh, Philosophy of science archive (2012). Available in:  http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/9012/
8- M. I. Sanduk, A `Hypothetical Gear Model' and its Relativistic Consideration, Galilean Electrodynamics; 22, 2; 29-32 (2011).

9- M. I. Sanduk, The Hypothetical Gear Model and the Complex Wave Function Part II, Galilean Electrodynamics, Vol.22, No. 3, P. 54 01 (2011).

10- M. I. Sanduk, Three Wave Hypothesis, Gear Model and the Rest Mass, arxiv. 2009. Available in: http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0904/0904.0790.pdf

11- M. I. Sanduk, Does the Three Wave Hypothesis Imply a Hidden Structure?, Apeiron, 14, No.2, (April 2007). Available in:

Conference papers

The most recent conference publications

1- H. Green and M. Sanduk, Development of a Wind Turbine System With Energy Storage in the Form of Hydropower, IT-DREPS Conference (2013). DOI: 10.1109/IT-DREPS.2013.6588140
2- T. Vlasakoudi and M. Sanduk, Requirements and Design a Small Wind Rotor For a Small House in Guildford, IT-DREPS Conference (2013). DOI: 10.1109/IT-DREPS.2013.6588142
3- P. Panousis, M. Sanduk, Technical and Economic Analysis for an onshore wind grid connection (case study, Greece), IT-DREPS Conference (2013). DOI: 10.1109/IT-DREPS.2013.6588152
4- Adel O. Sharif, Ali. A. Merdaw, Mohammed. I. Sanduk, Sami. M. Al-Aibi, Zena Rahal. The potential of chemical-osmotic energy for renewable power generation. World Renewable Energy Congress ( 2011 ) Sweden. Available in:
5- M. I. Sanduk and A. Sharif, "Problems of Technology Transfer and Science Development In the Arab World" International Conference on Science in Society, Cambridge, 5-7 August 2009.
6- M. I. Sanduk, Physics Limitations and the Philosophy of Technology, Workshop on Philosophy & Engineering, WPE2008, The Royal Academy of Engineering London, November 10th-12th 2008. Available in:
7- M. I. Sanduk, Modulated x-ray tube using velocity modulation, Photon06 conference Abstract book, UK, 63 (2006), Available in: http://www.Photon06.org/EUV&X-RayOptics Thurs 14.30.doc


A- Coordinator and Lecturer of:
1-Renewable Energy Technology: MSc (ENGM211)
2-Solar Energy Technology: MSc (ENGM245)
3-Wind Energy Technology: MSc (ENGM246)

B- Supervision / co-supervision of a number of PhD and M.Sc.

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