Our initial studies explored NPS use prior to the recent UK legislation change. Influenced by the concept of ‘assemblages of context’ initial qualitative research has argued that NPS use emerges and is sustained by way of complex assemblages of physical and nonphysical, distant and proximate and individual and social factors which come together at specific places and at specific times.
The early findings suggest that – even with legislation change- drivers for NPS consumption will remain. Regulation will alter patterns of NPS use but will not eliminate them. This reinforces the need to consider social and environmental factors which influence choices to use drugs and alcohol and features of the immediate social contexts in which substance use occurs.