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Ben Hammond


Postgraduate Research Student
+44 (0)1483 684708
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My publications

Publications

Hammond Benjamin, Jackson Philip (2017) Full-Sphere Binaural Sound Source Localization by Maximum-Likelihood Estimation of Interaural Parameters,AES E-Library Audio Engineering Society
Binaural recording technology offers an inexpensive, portable solution for spatial audio capture. In this paper, a
full-sphere 2D localization method is proposed which utilizes the Model-Based Expectation-Maximization Source
Separation and Localization system (MESSL). The localization model is trained using a full-sphere head related
transfer function dataset and produces localization estimates by maximum-likelihood of frequency-dependent
interaural parameters. The model?s robustness is assessed using matched and mismatched HRTF datasets between
test and training data, with environmental sounds and speech. Results show that the majority of sounds are estimated
correctly with the matched condition in low noise levels; for the mismatched condition, a ?cone of confusion? arises
with albeit effective estimation of lateral angles. Additionally, the results show a relationship between the spectral
content of the test data and the performance of the proposed method.
Hammond Benjamin, Jackson Philip (2018) Robust Full-Sphere Binaural Sound Source Localization,ICASSP 2018 Proceedings IEEE
We propose a novel method for full-sphere binaural sound
source localization that is designed to be robust to real world recording
conditions. A mask is proposed that is designed to remove
diffuse noise and early room reflections. The method makes use of
the interaural phase difference (IPD) for lateral angle localization
and spectral cues for polar angle localization. The method is tested
using different HRTF datasets to generate the test data and training
data. The method is also tested with the presence of additive
noise and reverberation. The method outperforms the state of the art
binaural localization methods for most testing conditions.
Hammond Benjamin, Jackson Philip (2019) ROBUST FULL-SPHERE BINAURAL SOUND SOURCE LOCALIZATION USING
INTERAURAL AND SPECTRAL CUES
,
ICASSP 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)
A binaural sound source localization method is proposed that uses
interaural and spectral cues for localization of sound sources with
any direction of arrival on the full-sphere. The method is designed to
be robust to the presence of reverberation, additive noise and different
types of sounds. The method uses the interaural phase difference
(IPD) for lateral angle localization, then interaural and spectral cues
for polar angle localization. The method applies different weighting
to the interaural and spectral cues depending on the estimated lateral
angle. In particular, only the spectral cues are used for sound sources
near or on the median plane.
Hammond Benjamin, Jackson Philip (2018) ROBUST MEDIAN-PLANE BINAURAL SOUND SOURCE LOCALIZATION,Detection and Classification of Acoustic Scenes and Events 2018
For a sound source on the median-plane of a binaural system, interaural localization cues are absent. So, for robust binaural localization
of sound sources on the median-plane, localization methods need to be designed with this in consideration. We compare four median-plane binaural sound source localization methods. Where appropriate, adjustments to the methods have been made to improve their robustness to real world recording conditions. The methods are
tested using different HRTF datasets to generate the test data and training data. Each method uses a different combination of spectral
and interaural localization cues, allowing for a comparison of the effect of spectral and interaural cues on median-plane localization.
The methods are tested for their robustness to different levels of additive noise and different categories of sound.