Chen M, Wang W, Barnard M, Chambers J (2017) Wideband DoA Estimation Based on Joint Optimisation of Array and Spatial Sparsity,Proceedings of the 2017 25th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO)pp. 2106-2110 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
We study the problem of wideband direction of arrival (DoA) estimation by joint optimisation of array and spatial sparsity. Two-step iterative process is proposed. In the first step, the wideband signal is reshaped and used as the input to derive the weight coefficients using a sparse array optimisation method. The weights are then used to scale the observed signal model for which a compressive sensing based spatial sparsity optimisation method is used for DoA estimation. Simulations are provided to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method for both stationary and moving sources.
Chen Mingyang, Gan Lu, Wang Wenwu (2019) A New Sparse Linear Array With Three-Level Nested Structure,Xplore Digital Library IEEE
Mutual coupling, which is caused by a tight intersensor spacing in uniform linear arrays (ULAs), will, to a certain extent, affect the estimation result for source localisation. To address the problem, sparse arrays such as coprime array and nested array are considered to achieve less mutual coupling and more uniform degrees-of-freedom (DoFs) than ULAs. However, there are holes in coprime arrays leading to a decrease of uniform DoFs and in a nested array, some sensors may still be located so closely that the influence of mutual coupling between sensors remains significant. This paper proposes a new Loosely Distributed Nested Array (LoDiNA), which is designed in a three-level nested configuration and the three layers are linked end-to-end with a longer inter-element separation. It is proved that LoDiNA can generate a higher number of uniform DoFs with greater robustness against mutual coupling interference and simpler configurations, as compared to existing nested arrays. The feasibility of the proposed LoDiNA structure is demonstrated for Direction-of-Arrival (DoA) estimation for multiple stationary sources with noise.