Dr Pol Massana Zapata

Postgraduate Research Student

Academic and research departments

Department of Physics, Astrophysics Research Group.


My research project


A Drlica-Wagner, P. S. Ferguson, M. Adamów, M Aguena, F Andrade-Oliveira, D Bacon, K Bechtol, Eric F. Bell, E Bertin, P Bilaji, S Bocquet, C. R Bom, D Brooks, DL Burke, Julio A. Carballo-Bello, J. L. Carlin, AC Rosell, MC Kind, J Carretero, FJ Castander, W. Cerny, Chao-Hsi Chang, Y. Choi, C Conselice, M Costanzi, D. Crnojević, LN da Costa, J. De Vicente, S Desai, J Esteves, S. Everett, I Ferrero, MF Fitzpatrick, B Flaugher, D Friedel, J Frieman, J. Garcia-Bellido, M Gatti, E Gaztanaga, DW Gerdes, D Gruen, RA Gruendl, J. Gschwend, W Hartley, D. Hernandez-Lang, S. R Hinton, D.L Hollowood, K Honscheid, ASHLEY KATE HUGHES, A Jacques, DEBORAH JAMES, M. D Johnson, K Kuehn, N Kuropatkin, O Lahav, TIANRU LI, C. Lidman, Hong Lin, M March, J. L. Marshall, D Martinez-Delgado, C. E. Martínez-Vázquez, POL MASSANA ZAPATA, S Mau, M. McNanna, P Melchior, F. Menanteau, A. E Miller, R Miquel, J Mohr, R Morgan, B. Mutlu-Pakdil, Ricardo R. Muñoz, E Neilsen, David L Nidever, R Nikutta, J. L. Nilo Castellon, NOELIA ESTELLA DONATA NOEL, R L C Ogando, K. A. G Olsen, A.B Pace, A. Palmese, F. Paz-Chinchon, M. E. S Pereira, A Pieres, A. A. Plazas Malagón, J Prat, A. H. Riley, M Rodriguez-Monroy, AK Romer, A Roodman, M Sako, Joanna D Sakowska, E Sanchez, F. J Sánchez, D. J. Sand, L. Santana-Silva, B Santiago, M Schubnell, S. Serrano, I Sevilla-Noarbe, Joshua D. Simon, MATTHEW LLOYD SMITH, M Soares-Santos, G Stringfellow, E Suchyta, DJ Suson, C. Y Tan, G Tarle, K. Tavangar, DR Thomas, Cheryl To, E. J. Tollerud, M. A Troxel, D Tucker, T. N Varga, AK Vivas, Alistair Walker, JODIE WELLER, Ryan Wilkinson, J. Wu, B Yanny, E Zaborowski, A. Zenteno (2022)The DECam Local Volume Exploration Survey Data Release 2, In: The Astrophysical journal Supplement series261(2) IOP Publishing

We present the second public data release (DR2) from the DECam Local Volume Exploration survey (DELVE). DELVE DR2 combines new DECam observations with archival DECam data from the Dark Energy Survey, the DECam Legacy Survey, and other DECam community programs. DELVE DR2 consists of ~160,000 exposures that cover >21,000 deg^2 of the high Galactic latitude (|b| > 10 deg) sky in four broadband optical/near-infrared filters (g, r, i, z). DELVE DR2 provides point-source and automatic aperture photometry for ~2.5 billion astronomical sources with a median 5{\sigma} point-source depth of g=24.3, r=23.9, i=23.5, and z=22.8 mag. A region of ~17,000 deg^2 has been imaged in all four filters, providing four-band photometric measurements for ~618 million astronomical sources. DELVE DR2 covers more than four times the area of the previous DELVE data release and contains roughly five times as many astronomical objects. DELVE DR2 is publicly available via the NOIRLab Astro Data Lab science platform.

Cameron P. M. Bell, Maria-Rosa L. Cioni, A H Wright, Stefano Rubele, David L Nidever, Ben L Tatton, Jacco Th van Loon, Dennis Zaritsky, Yumi Choi, Samyaday Samyaday, Gisella Clementini, Richard de Grijs, Valentin D Ivanov, Steven R Majewski, Marcella Marconi, David Martínez-Delgado, POL MASSANA ZAPATA, Ricardo R. Muñoz, Florian Niederhofer, NOELIA ESTELLA DONATA NOEL, Joana M Oliveira, Knut Olsen, Clara M Pennock, V Ripepi, Smitha Subramanian, A Katherina Vivas (2020)The intrinsic reddening of the Magellanic Clouds as traced by background galaxies – II. The Small Magellanic Cloud, In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society499(1)pp. 993-1004 OUP

We present a map of the total intrinsic reddening across ≃34 deg2 of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) derived using optical (ugriz) and near-infrared (IR; YJKs) spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of background galaxies. The reddening map is created using a subsample of 29 274 galaxies with low levels of intrinsic reddening based on the LEPHARE χ2 minimization SED-fitting routine. We find statistically significant enhanced levels of reddening associated with the main body of the SMC compared with regions in the outskirts [ΔE(B − V) ≃ 0.3 mag]. A comparison with literature reddening maps of the SMC shows that, after correcting for differences in the volume of the SMC sampled, there is good agreement between our results and maps created using young stars. In contrast, we find significant discrepancies between our results and maps created using old stars or based on longer wavelength far-IR dust emission that could stem from biased samples in the former and uncertainties in the far-IR emissivity and the optical properties of the dust grains in the latter. This study represents one of the first large-scale categorizations of extragalactic sources behind the SMC and as such we provide the LEPHARE outputs for our full sample of ∼500 000 sources.

David L Nidever, Knut Olsen, Yumi Choi, Tomas Ruiz-Lara, Amy E Miller, L. Clifton Johnson, Cameron P. M Bell, Robert D Blum, Maria-Rosa L Cioni, Carme Gallart, Steven R Majewski, Nicolas F Martin, Pol Massana, Antonela Monachesi, Noelia E. D Noel, Joanna D Sakowska, Roeland P van der Marel, Alistair R Walker, Dennis Zaritsky, Eric F Bell, Blair C Conn, Thomas J. L de Boer, Robert A Gruendl, Matteo Monelli, Ricardo R Munoz, Abhijit Saha, A. Katherina Vivas, Edouard Bernard, Gurtina Besla, Julio A Carballo-Bello, Antonio Dorta, David Martinez-Delgado, Alex Goater, Vadim Rusakov, Guy S Stringfellow (2020)The Second Data Release of the Survey of the MAgellanic Stellar History (SMASH), In: The Astronomical journal161(2)74 IOP

The Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (LMC and SMC) are the largest satellite galaxies of the Milky Way and close enough to allow for a detailed exploration of their structure and formation history. The Survey of the MAgellanic Stellar History (SMASH) is a community Dark Energy Camera (DECam) survey of the Magellanic Clouds using ~50 nights to sample over ~2400 deg2 centered on the Clouds at ~20% filling factor (but with contiguous coverage in the central regions) and to depths of ~24th mag in ugriz. The primary goals of SMASH are to map out the extended stellar peripheries of the Clouds and uncover their complicated interaction and accretion history as well as to derive spatially resolved star formation histories of the central regions and create a "movie" of their past star formation. Here we announce the second SMASH public data release (DR2), which contains all 197 fully calibrated DECam fields including the main body fields in the central regions. The DR2 data are available through the Astro Data Lab hosted by the NSF's National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory. We highlight three science cases that make use of the SMASH DR2 data and will be published in the future: (1) preliminary star formation histories of the LMC, (2) the search for Magellanic star clusters using citizen scientists, and, (3) photometric metallicities of Magellanic Cloud stars using the DECam u-band.

A Drlica-Wagner, Jeffrey L Carlin, David L Nidever, P. S. Ferguson, N Kuropatkin, M. Adamów, W. Cerny, Yumi Choi, J Esteves, C. E. Martínez-Vázquez, S Mau, A. E Miller, B. Mutlu-Pakdil, E Neilsen, K Olsen, A.B Pace, A. H. Riley, Joanna D Sakowska, DJ Sand, L. Santana-Silva, EJ Tollerud, D Tucker, AK Vivas, E Zaborowski, A. Zenteno, T Abbott, S Allam, K Bechtol, C Bell, Eric F. Bell, P Bilaji, C. R Bom, Julio A. Carballo-Bello, D. Crnojević, Maria-Rosa L. Cioni, A Diaz-Ocampo, T. L de Boer, DENIS ERKAL, RA Gruendl, D. Hernandez-Lang, ASHLEY KATE HUGHES, DEBORAH JAMES, L Johnson, TIANRU LI, Y.-Y. Mao, D Martinez-Delgado, POL MASSANA ZAPATA, M. McNanna, R Morgan, E. O. Nadler, NED Noël, A. Palmese, AHG Peter, ES Rykoff, JLG Sanchez, N. Shipp, Joshua D. Simon, A Smercina, M Soares-Santos, G Stringfellow, K. Tavangar, Roeland van der Marel, Alistair Walker, RH Wechsler, J. Wu, B Yanny, MF Fitzpatrick, Luan Huang, A Jacques, R Nikutta, AMY SCOTT (2021)The DECam Local Volume Exploration Survey: Overview and First Data Release, In: The Astrophysical journal. Supplement series256(2) IOP Publishing

The DECam Local Volume Exploration survey (DELVE) is a 126-night survey program on the 4 m Blanco Telescope at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile. DELVE seeks to understand the characteristics of faint satellite galaxies and other resolved stellar substructures over a range of environments in the Local Volume. DELVE will combine new DECam observations with archival DECam data to cover ~15,000 deg2 of high Galactic latitude (|b| > 10°) southern sky to a 5σ depth of g, r, i, z ~ 23.5 mag. In addition, DELVE will cover a region of ~2200 deg2 around the Magellanic Clouds to a depth of g, r, i ~ 24.5 mag and an area of ~135 deg2 around four Magellanic analogs to a depth of g, i ~ 25.5 mag. Here, we present an overview of the DELVE program and progress to date. Furthermore, we also summarize the first DELVE public data release (DELVE DR1), which provides point-source and automatic aperture photometry for ~520 million astronomical sources covering ~5000 deg2 of the southern sky to a 5σ point-source depth of g = 24.3 mag, r = 23.9 mag, i = 23.3 mag, and z = 22.8 mag. DELVE DR1 is publicly available via the NOIRLab Astro Data Lab science platform.

Pol Massana, Noelia E D Noël, David L Nidever, Denis Erkal, Thomas J L de Boer, Yumi Choi, Steven R Majewski, Knut Olsen, Antonela Monachesi, Carme Gallart, Roeland P van der Marel, Tomás Ruiz-Lara, Dennis Zaritsky, Nicolas F Martin, Ricardo R Muñoz, Maria-Rosa L Cioni, Cameron P M Bell, Eric F Bell, Guy S Stringfellow, Vasily Belokurov, Matteo Monelli, Alistair R Walker, David Martínez-Delgado, A Katherina Vivas, Blair C Conn (2020)SMASHing the low surface brightness SMC, In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society498(1)pp. 1034-1049 Oxford University Press

The periphery of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) can unlock important information regarding galaxy formation and evolution in interacting systems. Here, we present a detailed study of the extended stellar structure of the SMC using deep colour–magnitude diagrams, obtained as part of the Survey of the MAgellanic Stellar History (SMASH). Special care was taken in the decontamination of our data from Milky Way (MW) foreground stars, including from foreground globular clusters NGC 362 and 47 Tuc. We derived the SMC surface brightness using a ‘conservative’ approach from which we calculated the general parameters of the SMC, finding a staggered surface brightness profile. We also traced the fainter outskirts by constructing a stellar density profile. This approach, based on stellar counts of the oldest main-sequence turn-off stars, uncovered a tidally disrupted stellar feature that reaches as far out as 12 deg from the SMC centre. We also serendipitously found a faint feature of unknown origin located at ∼14 deg from the centre of the SMC and that we tentatively associated with a more distant structure. We compared our results to in-house simulations of a 1 × 109 M⊙ SMC, finding that its elliptical shape can be explained by its tidal disruption under the combined presence of the MW and the Large Magellanic Cloud. Finally, we found that the older stellar populations show a smooth profile while the younger component presents a jump in the density followed by a flat profile, confirming the heavily disturbed nature of the SMC.