Dr Malte Philipp Kaeding

Lecturer in International Politics

Qualifications: PhD Political Science (HKBU); Magister Political Science and Chinese Studies (Heidelberg)

Phone: Work: 01483 68 6196
Room no: 08 AC 05

Further information


I am Lecturer in International Politics in the Department of Politics. Previously I was a part-time lecturer at the University of Heidelberg and lectured at Hong Kong Baptist University.

I finished my PhD at the Department of Government and International Studies (GIS) at Hong Kong Baptist University in 2010. I obtained my prior degrees (Magister Artium) in Political Science and Chinese Studies at the University of Heidelberg (Germany) and studied Political Science, Film Studies and Comparative Literature at Hong Kong University and Chinese language (Mandarin) in Taiwan at National Sun Yat-sen University (Kaohsiung) and National Cheng Kung University (Tainan).

I am a member of the Hong Kong Transition Project (Hong Kong) and an Associate Fellow of the European Research Center on Contemporary Taiwan (ERCCT), University of Tübingen (Germany).

Research Interests

My research area covers international politics and includes topics such as identity and social movements,elections and democratisation with a regional focus on East Asia and particularly the so-called 'Greater China area' with China, Macau, Hong Kong and Taiwan. I gave evidence to the Foreign Affairs Committee on the UK’s relations with Hong Kong and organised the Taiwan Spotlight Project at the University of Surrey. 


Journal articles

  • Kaeding M . (2017) 'The rise of "Localism" in Hong Kong'. Journal of Democracy, 28 (1), pp. 157-171.
  • Kaeding MP. (2015) 'Resisting Chinese Influence: Social Movements in Hong Kong and Taiwan'. CURRENT HISTORY, 114 (773), pp. 210-216.


    Last year will be remembered as a year of protests in the Chinese-speaking world. They ranged from frequently occurring smaller incidents in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and rare protests in Singapore and Macao to large-scale movements in Taiwan and Hong Kong. Early in 2014, the world was surprised by the occupation of Taiwan’s national legislature by the March 18 Movement, later dubbed the Sunflower Movement. In the fall, the Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong made history and captured international attention by occupying sections of the city for weeks. Both were revolts against the growing influence of Beijing. While specific conditions vary among these societies, the protest movements that blossomed in 2014 clearly have some things in common, including shared inspirations. The Sunflower and Umbrella Movements stand out for their duration, strategies, and impact on democratization in the region. It is therefore crucial to analyze the reasons for their emergence, and to examine the extent of collaboration between them, before exploring their implications. An analysis of the movements in Taiwan and Hong Kong reveals that they are essentially about the reaffirmation of a distinct local identity. This identity is articulated by the younger generation and subscribed to by large sections of both societies. It stands in direct opposition to the Chinese identity that the PRC government has promoted and employed in an attempt to bind Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan to mainland China. Although the form and scale of the movements were surprising, they were a culmination of years of expanding civil society activities and increasing protests. This trend is linked to three factors: the rising importance of the post-1980s generation, the consequences of globalization (intensified by the global financial crisis), and concerns about the effects of socioeconomic integration with mainland China. The protest movements also must be understood in the context of political developments since the early 2000s in Taiwan and Hong Kong.

  • Kaeding MP. (2014) 'Challenging Hongkongisation: The Role of Taiwan's Social Movements and Perceptions of Post-Handover Hong Kong'. Taiwan in Comparative Perspective, 5, pp. 120-133.
  • Kaeding MP. (2013) 'Politicized Society: The Long Shadow of Taiwan's One-Party Legacy'. CHINA JOURNAL, 69, pp. 209-212.
  • Kaeding MP. (2010) 'The evolution of Macao's identity: Toward ethno-cultural and civic-based development'. Journal of Comparative Asian Development, 9 (1), pp. 133-168.


    It has been taken for granted that a very unique Macao identity has been evolving after more than 450 years of Portuguese rule and cultural influence. Quantitative research, however, shows that in fact the majority of the Macao people are identifying themselves as Chinese. This paper analyzes the evolution of Macao’s identity along the lines of the ethno-cultural versus civic identity theoretical framework. A pilot study among some Macao students provides preliminary insights into the question of what constitutes Macao’s cultural identity. The structural difficulties of the development of the Macao identity and the possibility of an emerging civic identity are examined.

  • Kaeding MP. (2009) 'Taiwanized "New Taiwanese": The effect of Taiwanization on the 2008 presidential election campaign of Ma Ying-jeou'. Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, 9 (2), pp. 19-34.


    This article argues that the 2008 Presidential election campaign of the KMT candidate Ma Ying-jeou witnessed a shift in the identity content of the KMT concept of “New Taiwanese” from the civic side of the spectrum towards the ethnic side. In order to become electable, Ma Ying-jeou had to portray a very “Taiwanized” image. This suggests the strong impact of two decades of Taiwanization policies, focused on the ethnic and cultural realm, on the political market of Taiwan. The emergence of the “culturally enhanced” concept of “New Taiwanese” emphasizes the importance of cultural and ethnical discourses in national identity formation. After Ma’s election, his stance towards China has lacerated once again the conflict of identities that will continue to shape the future of the islands.

Book chapters

  • Kaeding MP, Wang HNK. (2014) 'NGOs in the EU-China Environmental Diplomacy'. in Reuter E (ed.) China-EU Green Cooperation World Scientific Publishing Company , pp. 155-163.


    This book offers a selection of views from Chinese and European experts and scholars on the most pressing environmental challenges — air quality, global warming, climate change, energy security, urbanisation — faced by Europe and China ...

  • Kaeding MP. (2014) 'Post-Colonial Macao's Changing Identity'. in Yu EWY, Chan MK (eds.) China's Macao Transformed: Challenge & Development in the 21st Century City University of Hong Kong Press Article number 9 , pp. 181-229.
  • Kaeding M. (2011) 'Identity Formation in Taiwan and Hong Kong – How Much Difference, How Many Similarities?'. in Schubert G, Damm J (eds.) Taiwanese Identity in the 21st Century. Domestic, Regional and Global Perspectives London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group , pp. 258-279.


  • Kaeding M. (2012) The promise of democratization in Hong Kong: The 2011 District Council Elections and the 2012 Chief Executive Elections. in (ed.) NDI Hong Kong report number 15 Washington : National Democratic Institute Article number 15
  • Kaeding M. (2011) The Hong Kong land lease reform, the real estate market and the financial industry. in (ed.) The Hong Kong land lease reform, the real estate market and the financial industry Hong Kong : Community Development Initiative


I currently teach three BA modules (POL2038 International Political Economy, POL3063 Case Studies in Globalisation, POL 3072 States and Markets in East Asia) and one MA module (POLM019 International Political Economy).

Departmental Duties

Examination Officer and Academic Integrity Officer

Recent Conference Papers

Hong Kong localism: The politics of hope and despair in International Relations paper presented at the International Studies Association, International Conference, Hong Kong, 15-18 June 2017.

Translating the Taiwan experience: localism and independence in Hong Kong paper presented at the European Association of Taiwan Studies, Annual Conference, Venice, Italy, 2-4 March 2017.

The Question of Hong Kong Identity and the Rise of Localism paper presented at the New Religious Nationalism in Chinese Societies Seminar, Leiden, Netherlands, 21-22 April 2016.

Sunflowers and Umbrellas: In the (In)Visibility of Taiwan’s Social Movements paper presented at the European Association of Taiwan Studies, Annual Conference, Krakow, Poland, 8-10 April 2015.

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