The NERID Project

The Development of National, Ethnolinguistic and Religious Identity in Children and Adolescents Living in the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union

 

The NERID project was an international research project conducted by nine teams of researchers based in the UK, Spain, Russia, Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan, between 1998 and 2001. The project was funded by the European Commission under the Fifth Framework Programme (IC-INTAS, Project No. OPEN-97-1363).

The project investigated the development of national, ethnolinguistic and religious identities in children and adolescents, using a comparative cross-national framework. One of the principal aims of the project was to investigate the development of national and state identifications, and national and state attitudes, in children and adolescents living in Russia, Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan, and to compare these identifications and attitudes with those held by children and adolescents living in England, Scotland, Catalonia, the Basque Country and Andalusia. Thus, the study explored how children and adolescents living in these various contexts think and feel about their own national and state groups, how they think and feel about other national and state groups, and how they develop a sense of belonging to their own national and state groups.

The project consisted of both a main study and a series of satellite studies. In the main study, data were collected from 2,285 6- to 15-year-old children and adolescents living in Moscow and Smolensk (Russia), Kharkov (Ukraine), Tbilisi (Georgia) and Baku (Azerbaijan). These data were amalgamated with data from a further 1,447 6- to 15-year-old children which had been collected previously in London (England), Dundee (Scotland), Girona (Catalonia), San Sebastian and Pamplona (Basque Country) and Malaga (Andalusia). These cross-national data sets were quantitative in nature, and enabled formal statistical comparisons to be made. By these means, the project was able to document the similarities and the differences which occur in the development of national and state identifications, and in the development of attitudes to national and state groups, in children and adolescents who are growing up in different national contexts.

In addition, a series of smaller satellite studies was conducted in Russia, Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan. These studies employed qualitative methods, in order to permit an examination of the subjective meanings and personal interpretations which children and adolescents hold about their own national, ethnolinguistic and religious group memberships.

The data from London, Dundee, Girona and Malaga had been collected as part of a previous cross-national research project, the CHOONGE project, which had utilised similar research methods. 

Research teams

The NERID project was conducted by the following teams of researchers:

University of Surrey, Guildford, UK

  • Martyn Barrett (NERID Project Co-ordinator and Surrey team leader)
  • Evanthia Lyons
  • Xenia Chryssochoou
  • Eithne Buchanan-Barrow

University of Dundee, Dundee, UK

  • Mark Bennett (Dundee team leader)
  • Fabio Sani

University of Girona, Girona, Spain

  • Ignasi Vila (Girona team leader)
  • Arantza del Valle Gomez
  • Santi Perera
  • Pilar Monreal

University of the Basque Country, San Sebastian, Spain

  • Jose Valencia (San Sebastian team leader)
  • Luixa Reizábal

University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain

  • Almudena Giménez de la Peña (Malaga team leader)
  • Pablo Fernandez Berrocal
  • Jesus Canto Ortiz

Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

  • Tatiana Riazanova (Moscow team leader)
  • Margarita Volovikova
  • Elena Sergienko
  • Sergei Grigoryev
  • Ludmila Grenkova-Dikevich
  • Natalia Gorodetchnaia
  • Olga Kuznetzova

Kharkov State University, Kharkov, Ukraine

  • Valentyna Pavlenko (Kharkov team leader)
  • Iryna Kryazh
  • Olga Ivanova

Institute of Psychology, Tbilisi, Georgia

  • Giorgi Kipiani (Tbilisi team leader)
  • Thea Kacharava
  • Karlo Japharidze
  • Makvala Kharshiladze
  • Ketevan Kobaladze
  • Mariana Gogava
  • Tamuna Grigolava

Azerbaijan Pedagogical Institute for Russian Language and Linguistics, Baku, Azerbaijan

  • Rauf Karakozov (Baku team leader)
  • Rena Kadirova

Publications

Detailed information about the methods and findings of the NERID project can be found in the following publications:

Barrett, M. (2007). Children’s Knowledge, Beliefs and Feelings about Nations and National Groups. Hove, UK: Psychology Press.

Barrett, M., Riazanova, T. & Volovikova, M. (Eds.) (2001), Development of National, Ethnolinguistic and Religious Identities in Children and Adolescents. Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPRAS).

Bennett, M., Barrett, M., Karakozov, R., Kipiani, G., Lyons, E., Pavlenko, V. & Riazanova, T. (2004). Young children’s evaluations of the ingroup and of outgroups: a multi-national study. Social Development, 13, 124-141.

Karakozov, R. & Kadirova, R. (2001). Socio-cultural and cognitive factors in Azeri children and adolescents' identity formation. In M. Barrett, T. Riazanova, & M. Volovikova (Eds.), Development of National, Ethnolinguistic and Religious Identities in Children and Adolescents (pp. 59-83). Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPRAS).

Kipiani, G. (2001). Ethnic identification in the structure of personal identifications and sociocultural conditions of development. In M. Barrett, T. Riazanova, & M. Volovikova (Eds.), Development of National, Ethnolinguistic and Religious Identities in Children and Adolescents (pp. 84-104). Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPRAS).

Pavlenko, V., Kryazh, I., Ivanova, O. & Barrett, M. (2001). Age characteristics of social identifications and ethno-national beliefs in Ukraine. In M. Barrett, T. Riazanova, & M. Volovikova (Eds.), Development of National, Ethnolinguistic and Religious Identities in Children and Adolescents (pp. 105-131). Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPRAS).

Reizábal, L., Valencia, J. &  Barrett, M. (2004). National identifications and attitudes to national ingroups and outgroups amongst children living in the Basque Country. Infant and Child Development, 13, 1-20.

Reizábal, L., Valencia, J., Jimenez, M. &  Barrett, M. (2002). Identitate nazionalaren garapena Euskal Herriko haur eta nerabeengan. Uztaro, 40, 75-103.

Riazanova, T., Sergienko, E., Grenkova-Dikevitch, L., Gorodetschnaia, N. & Barrett, M. (2001). Cognitive aspects of ethno-national identity development in Russian children and adolescents. In M. Barrett, T. Riazanova, & M. Volovikova (Eds.), Development of National, Ethnolinguistic and Religious Identities in Children and Adolescents (pp. 164-196). Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPRAS).

Valencia, J., Elejabarrieta, F., Perera, S., Reizábal, L., Barrett, M., Vila, I., Gil de Montes, L., Ortiz, G. & M. Larrañaga (2003). Conflictual national identities and linguistic strategies as positioning tools in children and adolescents. In M. Lavallée, S. Vincent, C. Ouellet & C. Garnier (Eds.), Les Représentations Socials: Constructions Nouvelles (pp. 17-38). Montréal: Université du Québec à Montréal.

Volovikova, M. & Kuznetzova, O. (2001). Representations about Europe and Europeans of children and adolescents who live in Moscow region and in Stanitsa Veshenskaya (on the Don river). In M. Barrett, T. Riazanova, & M. Volovikova (Eds.), Development of National, Ethnolinguistic and Religious Identities in Children and Adolescents (pp. 145-163). Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPRAS).

Volovikova, M., Riazanova, T. & Grenkova-Dikevitch, L. (2001). The specificities of religious identification in contemporary Russia: an analysis of answers given by children from Smolensk. In M. Barrett, T. Riazanova, & M. Volovikova (Eds.), Development of National, Ethnolinguistic and Religious Identities in Children and Adolescents (pp. 132-144). Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPRAS).

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