Corruption Research Group

The aim of this network is to bring academics, early career researchers, doctoral students, policy makers, international organisations, legal practitioners, enforcement and investigative authorities, business representatives, and non-governmental organisations together to exchange research findings, set up new lines of enquiry for further research into corruption, organise periodic seminars and workshops, and explore funding opportunities for further research. 

The network will disseminate information about new publications through a recent publications page on the website as a tool for those researching on corruption and corruption related issues.

The interdisciplinary aspect of this network is a unique feature since corruption, an endemic problem in many parts of the world, needs to be understood from different disciplinary perspectives and experiences to enable a holistic solution.

The inspiration to establish this international interdisciplinary corruption research network came from the participants of  the second of the series of workshops on corruption held on 6 and 7 July 2010 by the Faculty of Management and Law at the University of Surrey.

Recent studies

Combating Corruption in International Business: Limitations of Law

In a competitive business environment, it is not unknown for international businesses, be they small, multinational or transnational to engage in corrupt practices. Bribes and kickbacks to public officials and politicians are used to obtain lucrative contracts, licences, and tax concessions. Various studies establish that such practices harm a nation's economic wealth and contribute to poverty. Only since the 1990s has corruption been openly acknowledged as a hindrance to economic development, resulting in a number of corruption related international treaties from, among others, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the United Nations.

The purpose of the study is to extend the understanding and analysis of the current international legal and non-legal framework to combat corruption. Establishing the limitations by identifying specific gaps and shortcomings in the current framework the study explores whether CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility), and engagement of the MNCs/TNCs (Multinational/ Transnational Corporations) with the right to development are effective and integral tools in tackling corruption. A combination of doctrinal, contextual and inter-disciplinary approach is proposed to throw light on these issues.

The focus of this research is the building of a framework for combating corruption in the international business environment that takes into account both legal and extra-legal factors. This will involve:

  • Critical analysis of international treaties drafted by a variety of international and regional organisations and assessment of their limitations
  • The impact of the current anti-corruption strategies on businesses
  • In-depth exploration of whether CSR could be used as an integral tool in the fight against corruption
  • Critical examination of whether the emerging ‘right to development', and allied economic rights, impinge on the issue of corruption and the extent to which these rights impose duties on MNCs/TNCs.


Indira Carr and Opi Outhwaite, Controlling Corruption through Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance: Theory and Practice, to be published in Journal of Corporate Law Studies, November 2011

Indira Carr & Miriam Goldby, Recovering the Proceeds of Corruption: UNCAC And Anti-
Money Laundering Standards. 2011 issue 2 Journal of Business Law pp 170 - 193

Antoine Martin, Implementation as the best way to tackle corruption: a study of the UNCAC and the AUC 2003. Surrey Law Working Papers 07/2011 (February 2011) Available at SSRN:

Susan Breau (Flinders University) and Indira Carr (University of Surrey), Humanitarian Aid, Human Rights and Corruption, in Marco Odello & Sofia Cavandoli (eds) Emerging Areas of Human Rights in the 21st Century, Oxon and New York: Routledge, 2011 pp 149 - 175

Indira Carr (University of Surrey) and David Lewis (Middlesex University), Combating Corruption through Employment Law and Whistle Blower Protection, To be published in Industrial Law Journal, March 2010

Indira Carr and Opi Outhwaite,  Corruption and Business Integrity: Law, Policy and Company Practices, Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 6, Issue 3: 16-64, 2009

Indira Carr and Opi Outhwaite, Investigating the Impact of Anti-Corruption Strategies on International Business: an Interim Report, (May 27, 2009). Also available at SSRN: 

Indira Carr & Opi Outhwaite, Corruption in International Business. Understanding the impact of anti-corruption measures on company practices and attitudes, Agora Without Frontiers 2009, 14(2) pp 346 – 381

Indira Carr, Corruption, the Southern African Development Community: Anti-Corruption Protocol and the Principal-Agent-Client Model, International Journal of Law in Context, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 147-177, 2009

Indira Carr, The public rules for private enterprise: corporate anti-corruption legislation in comparative and international perspective, in Transparency International Global Corruption Report 2009. Cambridge: Cambridge University press pp 116 - 122

Indira Carr & Miriam Goldby, Laundering the Proceeds of Corruption: An Assessment of Articles 23 and 14 UNCAC in Light of International Anti-Money Laundering Standards, Agora Without Frontiers 2009, 14(2) pp 324 – 345.

Indira Carr and Opi Outhwaite, Surveying Corruption in International Business, Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 5, Issue 2: 3-70, 2008

Indira Carr and Opi Outhwaite, The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention Ten Years On, Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 5, Issue 1: 3-35, 2008

Indira Carr, Corruption in Africa: Is the African Union Convention on Combating Corruption the Answer? Journal of Business Law, pp. 111-136, March 2007

Indira Carr, Fighting Corruption Through Regional and International Conventions: A Satisfactory Solution? European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2007 pp 121 - 154

Indira Carr, Strategic Improvements in the Fight Against Corruption in International Business Transactions, Journal of Business Law, June 2006, pp 375-395

Indira Carr, The United Nations Convention on Corruption: Making a Real Difference to the Quality of Life of Millions? Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, Vol 3 Issue 3 2006

Our staff

Group leaders

Name Title
Professor Indira Carr Research Professor
Professor David Goss Professor of Entrepreneurship


Name  Title
Dr Norman Abjorensen N/A
Wendy Addison Senior Advisor to Ethicability on Anti Bribery and Corruption
Bertrand de Speville de Speville & Associates, Anti-Corruption Review and Risk Analysis Consultants
Binoy Krishna Mallick Executive Director
Dr Collete Schulz-Herzenberg Senior Researcher, Corruption & Governance Programme
Dr Darko Datzer N/A
Dr Rachel Doern Lecturer in Entrepreneurship and International Business
Mr Donald Amaeshi Senior Forensic Auditor
Elio Pereira Guimaraes Budget Transparency Officer
Eugenio Zaniboni Researcher in International Law
Ezequiel Nino Co-director
Fernando Di Lascio N/A
Francois Vincke Chair of the Anti-Corruption Commission
Gilbert Musinguzi Capacity Building Programme Manager
Inês Godinho PhD Student
Dr Ioannis Androulakis Lecturer of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure
Jackie Cain Policy Director, Chartered Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA)
Professor Jeremy Horder Edmund-Davies Professor of Criminal Law
Professor John Hatchard Professor of Law, The Open University and Vice-President of the Commonwealth Legal Education Association
Laurence Cockcroft Board Member
Luís de Sousa Director of ANCORAGE-NET, Instituto de Ciências Sociais form the University of Lisbon
Lydia Medland Project coordinator
Dr Manuel Branco Assistant Professor
Martin Leibrock Political Scientist and Researcher
Dr Bryane Michael N/A
Dr Michel van Hulten Human Geographer from the University of Amsterdam
Milton Ponson N/A
Professor Miriam Golden N/A
Professor Peter Allridge Professor of Law and Head of the Department of Law
Dr Priscilla Schwartz Senior Lecturer, School of Law and Social Sciences (LSS), University of East London
Purba Chownill Student Researcher
Dr Ralf Barkemeyer Lecturer in Corporate Social Responsibility at the Sustainability Research Institute, University of Leeds
Robert Palmer N/A
Mrs Ruxandra Mitica N/A
Shireen Mukadam Researcher in the Corruption and Governance Programme
Simon Turner Senior Researcher, research unit on Migration, Danish Institute for International Studies, DIIS
Mr Mathieu Tromme N/A
Mr Victor Alistair Executive Director
Dr Yuanyuan Wang Research Associate
Dr Willeke Slingerland Lecturer in International and European Law

Contact us

For further information please email Prof Indira Carr.