Oral cancer test discovered at Surrey
A new early diagnostic test for oral cancer has been developed by researchers at the University.
The team, featuring Professor Michael Hughes and Dr Fatima Labeed from the Centre for Biomedical Engineering, in conjunction with academics at the Eastman Dental Institute at University College London and the University of Loughborough, has devised a new method of diagnosing oral cancer using electric fields.
In a paper published in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal, Analyst, Professor Hughes outlines the methodology of the test and the advantages of offering a low cost-per-test detection method for oral cancer with further potential cost reductions.
Professor Hughes said: “The test uses a brush to collect cells which are then posted to a lab (in this case Surrey) for analysis. It is low-cost (about £5 per test) and simple to perform; in our first study, we were accurate 81 per cent of the time – but since then, improving our methods has raised this to above 90 per cent, which we’re preparing to publish.”
Head and neck cancer, including the oral cavity, represents the sixth most common cancer worldwide.
Professor Hughes added: “There is no early diagnostic method for oral cancer available to dentists and GPs, and this could provide that – potentially saving over 1,000 lives a year in the UK - and substantially more in countries like India, where it kills 45,000 people a year.”
Despite the accessibility of the oral cavity to clinical examination, difficulties in identifying and diagnosing oral cancers occur frequently, leading to discovery of the tumour at an advanced – and usually untreatable - stage.
“Our study has shown for the first time that it’s possible to detect oral cancer from brush samples using dielectrophoresis (DEP) – a phenomenon in which Surrey has world-leading expertise. The analysis machine can sit in a hospital lab, and all dentists and GPs need is a brush, test tube and envelope.”