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Dr Wanming Hao


My publications

Publications

Chu Zheng, Hao Wanming, Xiao Pei, Zhou Fuhui, Mi De, Zhu Zhengyu, Leung Victor C.M. (2018) Energy Efficient Hybrid Precoding in Heterogeneous Networks with Limited Wireless Backhaul Capacity,Proceedings of the IEEE Global Communications Conference, Abu Dhabi, UAE, 9-13 Dec 2018 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
This paper investigates a two-tier heterogeneous networks (HetNets) with wireless backhaul, where millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency is adopted at the macro base station (MBS), and the cellular frequency is considered at small cell BS (SBS) with orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA). Subarray structure based hybrid analog/digital precoding scheme is investigated to reduce the hardware cost and energy consumption. Our goal is to maximize the energy efficiency (EE) of the HetNets with limited wireless backhaul capacity and all users? quality of service (QoS) constraints. The formulated problem is non-convex mixed integer nonlinear fraction programming (MINLFP), which is non-trivial to solve directly. In order to circumvent this issue, we propose a two-loop iterative resource allocation algorithm. Specifically, we transform the outer-loop problem into a difference of convex programming (DCP) by employing integer relaxation and Dinkelback method. In addition, the first-order approximation is considered to linearize this inner-loop DCP problem into a convex optimization framework. Lagrange dual method is adapted to achieve the optimal closed-form power allocation. Furthermore, we analyze the convergence of the proposed iterative algorithm. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate our proposed schemes.
Hao Wanming, Chu Zheng, Zhou Fuhui, Xiao Pei, Leung Victor C. M., Tafazolli Rahim (2019) Hybrid Precoding Design for SWIPT Joint Multicast-Unicast mmWave System with Subarray Structure,IEEE ICC Conference Proceedings
In this paper, we investigate the hybrid precoding design for joint multicast-unicast millimeter wave (mmWave) system, where the simultaneous wireless information and power transform is considered at receivers. The subarray-based sparse radio frequency chain structure is considered at base station (BS). Then, we formulate a joint hybrid analog/digital precoding and power splitting ratio optimization problem to maximize the energy efficiency of the system, while the maximum transmit power at BS and minimum harvested energy at receivers are considered. Due to the difficulty in solving the formulated problem, we first design the codebook-based analog precoding approach and then, we only need to jointly optimize the digital precoding and power splitting ratio. Next, we equivalently transform the fractional objective function of the optimization problem into a subtractive form one and propose a two-loop iterative algorithm to solve it. For the outer loop, the classic Bi-section iterative algorithm is applied. For the inner loop, we transform the formulated problem into a convex one by successive convex approximation techniques, which is solved by a proposed iterative algorithm. Finally, simulation results are provided to show the performance of the proposed algorithm.
Chu Zheng, Hao Wanming, Xiao Pei, Zhou Fuhui, Hu Rose Qingyang (2019) Low-Latency Driven Energy Efficiency for D2D Communications,IEEE ICC Conference Proceedings IEEE
Low latency and energy efficiency are two important performance requirements in various fifth-generation (5G) wire-less networks. In order to jointly design the two performance requirements, in this paper a new performance metric called effective energy efficiency (EEE) is defined as the ratio of the effective capacity (EC) to the total power consumption in a cellular network with underlaid device to device (D2D) communications. We aim to maximize the EEE of the D2D network subject to the D2D device power constraints and the minimum rate constraint of the cellular network. Due to the non-convexity of the problem, we propose a two-stage difference-of-two-concave (DC) function approach to solve this problem. Towards that end, we first introduce an auxiliary variable to transfer the fractional objective function into a subtractive form. We then propose a successive convex approximation (SCA) algorithm to iteratively solve the resulting non-convex problem. The convergence and the global optimality of the proposed SCA algorithm are both analyzed. The numerical results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
Hao Wanming, Zhou Fuhui, Chu Zheng, Xiao Pei, Tafazolli Rahim, Al Dhahir Naofal (2019) Beam Alignment for MIMO-NOMA Millimeter Wave Communication Systems,IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) Conference Proceedings
Abstract?Millimeter wave (mmWave) communication is a promising technology in future wireless networks because of its wide bandwidths that can achieve high data rates. However, high beam directionality at the transceiver is needed due to the large path loss at mmWave. Therefore, in this paper, we investigate the beam alignment and power allocation problem in a nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) mmWave system. Diýerent from the traditional beam alignment problem, we consider the NOMA scheme during the beam alignment phase when two users are at the same or close angle direction from the base station. Next, we formulate an optimization problem of joint beamwidth selection and power allocation to maximize the sum rate, where the quality of service (QoS) of the users and total power constraints are imposed. Since it is diýcult to directly solve the formulated problem, we start by fixing the beamwidth. Next, we transform the power allocation optimization problem into a convex one, and a closed-form solution is derived. In addition, a one-dimensional search algorithm is used to find the optimal beamwidth. Finally, simulation results are conducted to compare the performance of the proposed NOMA-based beam alignment and power allocation scheme with that of the conventional OMA scheme.
Hao Wanming, Sun Gangcan, Chu Zheng, Xiao Pei, Zhu Zhengyu, Yang Shouyi, Tafazolli Rahim (2019) Beamforming Design in SWIPT-Based Joint Multicast-Unicast mmWave Massive MIMO with Lens-Antenna Array,IEEE Wireless Communications Letterspp. 1-1 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
In this letter, we study the beamforming design in a lens-antenna array-based joint multicast-unicast millimeter wave massive MIMO system, where the simultaneous wireless information and power transfer at users is considered. First, we develop a beam selection scheme based on the structure of the lens-antenna array and then, the zero forcing precoding is adopted to cancel the inter-unicast interference among users. Next, we formulate a sum rate maximization problem by jointly optimizing the unicast power, multicast beamforming and power splitting ratio. Meanwhile, the maximum transmit power constraint for the base station and the minimum harvested energy for each user are imposed. By employing the successive convex approximation technique, we transform the original optimization problem into a convex one, and propose an iterative algorithm to solve it. Finally, simulation results are conducted to verify the effectiveness of the proposed schemes.
Xiao Lixia, Xiao Pei, Xu Chao, Hemadeh Ibrahim A., Mi De, Hao Wanming (2019) Generalized Space Time Block Coded Spatial Modulation Systems,Proceedings of the 2019 Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (IEEE PIMRC 2019) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
In this paper, Generalized Space-Time Block Coded Spatial Modulation (GSTBC-SM) is proposed for Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output (MIMO) system, which can be extended into an arbitrary even number of Transmit Antennas (TAs). The proposed GSTBC-SM scheme employs the hybrid concepts of Generalized Space-Time Block Coding (GSTBC) and Spatial Modulation (SM) to further exploit the diversity benefits of GSTBC using sparse Radio Frequency (RF) chains. To be more specific, the information bits are divided into Nu groups and each group is modulated by SM scheme. Finally, the Nu symbols are invoked for GSTBC structure. In order to demonstrated the advantages of our proposed GSTBCSM schemes, the theoretical Average Bit Error Probability (ABEP) of our proposed GSTBC-SM is derived. Both our analytical and simulation results demonstrated that the proposed GSTBC-SM scheme is capable of providing considerable performance gains over the corresponding GSTBC schemes at the same transmit rate associated with the same number of RF chains.
Hao Wanming, Sun Gangcan, Zhou Fuhui, Mi De, Shi Jia, Xiao Pei, Leung Victor C. M. (2019) Energy-Efficient Hybrid Precoding Design for Integrated Multicast-Unicast Millimeter Wave Communications with SWIPT,IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
In this paper, we investigate the energy-efficient hybrid precoding design for integrated multicast-unicast millimeter wave (mmWave) system, where the simultaneous wireless information and power transform is considered at receivers. We adopt two sparse radio frequency chain antenna structures at the base station (BS), i.e., fully-connected and subarray structures, and design the codebook-based analog precoding according to the different structures. Then, we formulate a joint digital multicast, unicast precoding and power splitting ratio optimization problem to maximize the energy efficiency of the system, while the maximum transmit power at the BS and minimum harvested energy at receivers are considered. Due to its difficulty to directly solve the formulated problem, we equivalently transform the fractional objective function into a subtractive form one and propose a two-loop iterative algorithm to solve it. For the outer loop, the classic Bi-section iterative algorithm is applied. For the inner loop, we transform the formulated problem into a convex one by successive convex approximation techniques and propose an iterative algorithm to solve it. Meanwhile, to reduce the complexity of the inner loop, we develop a zero forcing (ZF) technique-based low complexity iterative algorithm. Specifically, the ZF technique is applied to cancel the inter-unicast interference and the first order Taylor approximation is used for the convexification of the non-convex constraints in the original problem. Finally, simulation results are provided to compare the performance of the proposed algorithms under different schemes.
Chu Zheng, Hao Wanming, Xiao Pei, Shi Jia (2019) Intelligent Reflecting Surface Aided Multi-Antenna Secure Transmission,IEEE Wireless Communications Letters Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
In this paper, we propose intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) aided multi-antenna physical layer security. We present a power efficient scheme to design the secure transmit power allocation and the surface reflecting phase shift. It aims to minimize the transmit power subject to the secrecy rate constraint at the legitimate user. Due to the non-convex nature of the formulated problem, we propose an alternative optimization algorithm and the semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation to deal with this issue. Also, the closed-form expression of the optimal secure beamformer is derived. Finally, simulation results are presented to validate the proposed algorithm, which highlights the performance gains of the IRS to improve the secure transmission.
Hao Wanming, Zeng Ming, Sun Gangcan, Xiao Pei (2019) Edge Cache-assisted Secure Low-Latency Millimeter Wave Transmission,IEEE Internet of Things Journal IEEE
In this paper, we consider an edge cache-assisted millimeter wave cloud radio access network (C-RAN). Each remote radio head (RRH) in the C-RAN has a local cache, which can prefetch and store the files requested by the actuators. Multiple RRHs form a cluster to cooperatively serve the actuators, which acquire their required files either from the local caches or from the central processor via multicast fronthaul links. For such a scenario, we formulate a beamforming design problem to minimize the secure transmission delay under transmit power constraint of each RRH. Due to the diffculty of directly solving the formulated problem, we divide it into two independent ones: i) minimizing the fronthaul transmission delay by jointly optimizing the transmit and receive beamforming; ii) minimizing the maximum access transmission delay by jointly designing cooperative beamforming among RRHs. An alternatively iterative algorithm is proposed to solve the first optimization problem. For the latter, we first design the analog beamforming based on the channel state information of the actuators. Then, with the aid of successive convex approximation and S -procedure techniques, a semidefinite program (SDP) is formulated, and an iterative algorithm is proposed through SDP relaxation. Finally, simulation results are provided to verify the performance of the proposed schemes.
Hao Wanming, Sun Gangcan, Zhang Jiankang, Xiao Pei, Hanzo Lajos (2020) Secure Millimeter Wave Cloud Radio Access Networks Relying on Microwave Multicast Fronthaul,IEEE Transactions on Communications Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
In this paper, we investigate the downlink secure beamforming (BF) design problem of cloud radio access networks (C-RANs) relying on multicast fronthaul, where millimeter-wave and microwave carriers are used for the access links and fronthaul links, respectively. The base stations (BSs) jointly serve users through cooperating hybrid analog/digital BF. We first develop an analog BF for cooperating BSs. On this basis, we formulate a secrecy rate maximization (SRM) problem subject both to a realistic limited fronthaul capacity and to the total BS transmit power constraint. Due to the intractability of the non-convex problem formulated, advanced convex approximated techniques, constrained concave convex procedures and semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation are applied to transform it into a convex one. Subsequently, an iterative algorithm of jointly optimizing multicast BF, cooperative digital BF and the artificial noise (AN) covariance is proposed. Next, we construct the solution of the original problem by exploiting both the primal and the dual optimal solution of the SDP-relaxed problem. Furthermore, a per-BS transmit power constraint is considered, necessitating the reformulation of the SRM problem, which can be solved by an efficient iterative algorithm. We then eliminate the idealized simplifying assumption of having perfect channel state information (CSI) for the eavesdropper links and invoke realistic imperfect CSI. Furthermore, a worst-case SRM problem is investigated. Finally, by combining the so-called S-Procedure and convex approximated techniques, we design an efficient iterative algorithm to solve it. Simulation results are presented to evaluate the secrecy rate and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms.
Chu Zheng, Hao Wanming, Xiao Pei, Khalily Mohsen, Tafazolli Rahim (2020) Resource Allocations for Symbiotic Radio with Finite Block Length Backscatter Link,IEEE Internet of Things Journal Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
This paper exploits a generic downlink symbiotic radio (SR) system, where a Base Station (BS) establishes a direct (primary) link with a receiver having an integrated backscatter device (BD). In order to accurately measure the backscatter link, the backscattered signal packets are designed to have ?nite block length. As such, the backscatter link in this SR system employs the ?nite block-length channel codes. According to different types of the backscatter symbol period and transmission rate, we investigate the non-cooperative and cooperative SR (i.e., NSR and CSR) systems, and derive their average achievable rate of the direct and backscatter links, respectively. We formulate two optimization problems, i.e., transmit power minimization and energy ef?ciency maximization. Due to the non-convex property of these formulated optimization problems, the semide?nite programming (SDP) relaxation and the successive convex approximation (SCA) are considered to design the transmit beamforming vector. Moreover, a low-complexity transmit beamforming structure is constructed to reduce the computational complexity of the SDP relaxed solution. Finally, the simulation results are demonstrated to validate the proposed schemes.