Professor Angela F Danil de Namor

Emeritus Professor Physical Chemistry
+44 (0)1483 689581
05 AZ 02

Academic and research departments

Department of Chemistry.



Research interests

Indicators of esteem

  • I)Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, Chartered Chemist 1987

    II) Academician, National Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences of Argentina, elected in 1999.

    III)Fellow of the International Union of Pure & Applied Chemistry

    IV) Honorary Professor, Universities of San Agustín (UNSA), Catholic University of Santa Maria (UCSM) and Altiplabo (UNA), Perú

    V) Doctor Honoris Causa, UCSM, Perú.

    VI) Doctor Honoris Causa, University “Alas Peruanas”, Perú.

    VII) Doctor Honoris Causa, University of San Agustin, Peru.

    VIII)  Biography  included in ‘Great Women of the XXI Century’. Volume published by the American         Bibliographic Institute, USA, 2004.

     IX) Member of the Management Committee of the Specialist Group on Water and Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilization of IWA (International Water Association ) since May 2008

      X) Leverhulme Emeritus Fellow 1/8/14-31/1/17)


My publications


List of Publications for the 2000-2018 Period

1.        The Various Factors Involved in the Extraction of Alkali Metal Picrates by Calixarene Ester Derivatives in the Mutually Saturated Water-Dichloromethane Solvent System. A.F. Danil de Namor, A. Pugliese, A.R. Casal, M. Barrios Llerena, P.J. Aymonino and F.J. Sueros Velarde. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.2000, 2, 4355.

2.        Thermodynamics of Complexation of a Lower Rim Calix(4)arene Ketone Derivative and the Sodium Cation in N, N-Dimethylformamide/Acetonitrile Mixtures. A.F. Danil de Namor, D.Kowalska, Y. Marcus, and J. Villanueva-Salas. J. Phys. Chem. B2001, 105, 7542.

3.        Complexation of Calixarene Derivatives and Lanthanide Cations in Nonaqueous Media. A.F. Danil de Namorand O. Jafou. J. Phys. Chem. B2001, 105, 8018..

4.        Lower rim calix(4)arene ketone derivatives and their interaction with alkali metal cations. Structural and thermodynamic (solution and complexation) characterisation of the tetraphenyl ketone derivative and its sodium complex. A.F. Danil de Namor, D. Kowalska, E.E. Castellano, O.E. Piro, F.J. Sueros Velarde and J. Villanueva-Salas. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.2001, 3, 4010.

5.        Extraction of silver (I) by calixarene amine derivatives: The medium effect on the stoichiometry of the phase transfer extraction process. A. F. Danil de Namor, M. T. Goitia, A. R. Casal and J. Villanueva-Salas. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.2001, 3, 5242.

6.        New lower rim calix(4)arene derivatives with mixed pendent arms and their complexation properties for alkali-metal cations. Structural, electrochemical and thermodynamic characterisation. A. F. Danil de Namor, N. Al Rawi, O. E. Piro, E. E. Castellano and E. Gil. J. Phys. Chem. B2001, 106, 779.

7.        Chapter of Book Thermodynamics of Calixarene-Ion Interactions. A. F. Danil de Namor, Chapter 19 in Calixarenes 2001, p.346. Eds. Z. Asfari, V. Böhmer, J. Harrowfield, J. Vicens. Kluwer Academic Publisher, 2001.

8.        Supramolecular Chemistry: Thermodynamic Aspects. A.F. Danil de NamorAnales Academia Nacional Cs. Ex. Fis. y Nat. Buenos Aires, tomo 52, 2001.

9.        The Selective Interaciton of Lower Rim Calix(4)arene Derivatives and Bivalent Cations in Solution. Crystallographic Evidence of the Versatile Behaviour of Acetonitrile in Lead (11) and Cadmium (11) complexes. A. F. Danil de Namor, S. Chahine, D. Kowalska, E. E. Castellano and O. E. Piro; J. Amer. Chem. Soc.; 2002, 124,12824.

10.     Novel Separation of Thallium - 2001 Using a p-text-butylcalix(4)arene Derivative. I. Al Jammaz, J. K. Amartey, A. F. Danil de Namor, M. Mora, R. M. Lambrecht, Radiochimica Acta2000, 88.

11.     Solution Thermodynamics of Lanthanide-Cryptand 222 Complexation Processes. A.F. Danil de Namor, S. Chahine, O. Jafou, K. Baron, J. Coord. Chem. 200356, 1245. Special Issue, Invited paper.

12.     Selective Complexation of Anions (Chloride, Bromide, Iodide) by a Calix(4)pyrrole, A.F. Danil de Namor, M. Shehab, J.Phys.Chem., 2003107, 6462.

13.     The Complexation of Calix(4)arene Derivatives and Trivalent Cations in Dipolar Aprotic Media. A.F. Danil de Namor, K.Baron, S.Chahine, O.Jafou, J. Phys Chem. B2004108, 1082.

14.     Ethyl p-tert-butylcalix(4)arene ethanoate: The Role of acetonitrile in the Extraction of Alkali-Metal Picrates and on the X Ray Structures of the Sodium Complexes. A. F. Danil de Namor, M. A. Pugliese, A R. Casal, W. B. Aparicio-Aragon, O. E. Piro and E. E. Castellano. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 20046, 3286.

15.     Recognition of a Biologically and Environmentally Important Anion (Dihydrogen Phosphate) By Calix[4]Pyrrole: Thermodynamic Aspects", A.F. Danil de Namor and M Shehab, J. Phys. Chem. B2004108, 7324.

16.     Thermodynamics of Host-Guest Interactions in Lower Rim Functionalised Calixarenes and Metal Cations: The Medium Effect, A.F. Danil de Namor, S. Chahine, E. E. Castellano and O. E. Piro, J. Phys. Chem B2004108, 11384.

17.     Solvent Effect on the H NMR spectra of a Pyridinocalix(4)arene Derivative and its Protonation Constants In Methanol, A.F. Danil de Namor, A. F. Aguilar Cornejo, S. Chahine and K. B. Nolan, J.Arg. Chem. Soc200492, 155.

18.     A Partially Substituted Lower Rim Cali(4)arene Derivative and its Interaction with Metal Cations.Structural, Electrochemical and Thermodynamic Studies. A.F. Danil de Namor, W. Aparicio-Aragon, M. T. Goitia and A. R. Casal, Supramolecular Chemistry, 200416, 423.

19.     Lower Rim p-tert-Butylcalix[4]arene derivatives containing galactitol pendants. Complexation of 5,11,17,23-tetrakis-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-25,27-dihydroxy-26,28-bis-2-N-(1-deoxy-D-galactity)-aminoethoxycalix[4]arene with Pb(II) and F(-I). P J. Caceres, J Costamagna, A.F. Danil de Namor, and B Matsihiro, Soc. .Quim. Chile, 2004 ,.49, 281.

20.     Sol-Gel Chemistry for Ba(II) Sensors to Allow Oil Production Engineered Nanometrically. L.Courtney, P.A.Sermon, J. Towers, D. Halepoto, A.F. Danil de Namor and I.R.Collins, J. Sol-Gel Sci. and Technol.; 200432, 1.

21.     Ligninocellulose Based Products for Enhancing Mineralization of Pesticide 2,4-D by Soil-Indigenous Microflora. T.Dizhbite, G.Telysheva, A.Skujima and A.F. Danil de Namor,- Proceedings 2nd World Conference on Biomass, for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection, Rome, Italy, Eds: W.P.M.van Swaaij, T.Fjallstrom, P.Helm, A.Grassi 2004, Volume II, 2033.

22.     Solvent Control on the Selective, Non-selective and Absent Response of a Partially Substituted Lower Rim Calix[4]arene Derivative for Soft Metal Cations (Hg(II) and Ag(I)). Structural and Thermodynamic Studies. A.F. Danil de Namor, S Chahine, E E. Castellano and O E. Piro, J. Phys. Chem.,2005109, 6743.

23.     Synthesis and Properties of Supramolecular Systems Based on Silica, L. A. Belyakova, K. A.Kazdobin, V. N.Belyakov, S.V.Ryabov, A.F. Danil de NamorJ. Colloidal & Interface Science, 2005, 285, 488.

24.     Supramolecular Structures on Silica Surfaces and Their Adsorptive Properties. V.N.Belyakov, L. A..Belyakova, A. M.Varvarin, O. V.Khora, S.L.Vasilyuk, K.A.Kazdobin, T. V.Maltseva, A. G.Kotvitskyy, A.F. Danil de Namor.,J. Colloid and Interface Science2005, 285,18-26.

25.     The Use of a Novel Oxime Derivative [Phenyl(N-methylaniline)Ketoxime;] as Leach Reagent in the Copper (II) Hydromelallurgy.F. J. Sueros-Velarde, H.Oporto-Sile, A.F. Danil de NamorMinerals Engineering, 2005, 18, 213.

26.     Calix(4)arene Pyridine Derivative and Its Monomeric Component: Structural and Thermodynamic Aspects of Their Complexation with Metal Cations,, A.F. Danil de Namor, A. Aguilar-Cornejo, R. Soualhi, M. Shehab, K.B. Nolan, N.Ouazzani and L. Mandi, J. Phys. Chem,2005, 109, 14795.

27.     Partition and Transfer of Chlorophenoxyacids (herbicides) in Water-NonAqueous Media.,A.F. Danil de Namor*, J. A. Zvietcovich-Guerra, V. Grachev, W. B. Aparicio-Aragón and K. Zegarra-Fernandez., New Journal of Chemistry2005, 29, 1072.

28.     A Preliminary Observation of Additive Thermodynamic Contribution of Pendant Arms to the Complexation of Calixarene Derivatives with Mercury (II) A.F. Danil de Namor, S. Chahine, E.E. Castellano, O.E.Piro and H.D.Jenkins, J.Chem. Soc; Chem.Comm2005, 3844.

29.     The Effect of Solvation of Guest, Supramolecular Host and Host-Guest Complex on the Thermodynamic Selectivity of Calix(4)arene Derivatives and Soft Metal Cations. A.F. Danil de Namor and S. Chahine, 2005J. Phys. Chem.; 109, 2096.

30.     Peculiarities of interaction of silica with tosyl-b-cyclodextrins. A.Belyakova, D.Yu.Lyashenko, A.M.Varvarin, S.V.Ryabov, Yu.Yu.Kercha, A.F. Danil de NamorUkrainian Chemical Journal200571, N5, 51.

31.     A Resorcarene Based Receptor: Versatile Behaviour in its Interaction with Heavy and Soft Metal Cations. A.F.Danil de Namor, J.K. Chaaban, O E Piro and E E Castellano, J. Phys. Chem. 2006, 110, 2442.

32.     Enhanced Recognition of the Fluoride Anion by a Double Cavity Calix(4)pyrrole Derivative. A.F. Danil de Namor and M. Shehab, J. Phys. Chem; 2005, 107, 17440.

33.     Speciation, Stability Constants and Structures of Complexes of Copper(II), Nickel(II), Silver(I) and Mercury(II) with PAMAM Dendrimer and Related Tetraamide Ligands. K.A.Krot, A.F. Danil de Namor, A.Aguilar-Cornejo and K B Nolan, Inorg. Chim.Acta2005, 358, 3497.

34.     Copolymers Based on Butyl Methacrylate and beta-cyclodextrin: Synthesis and Structure. S.V.Riabov, V.I.Shtompel, A,F.Maslyuk,Yu. Y.. Kercha and A.F. Danil de NamorPolymer Science , Ser. A ,2006, 48 , No 4, 367.

35.     Anion Complexation by Calix[3] Thieno [1] Pyrrole: The Medium Effect. A.F. Danil de Namor, I. Abbas and H. Hammud, J. Phys. Chem. B2006 , 110, 2142

36.     Cation/Anion Recognition by a Partially Substituted Lower Rim Calix(4)arene Hydroxyamide. A Ditopic Receptor ; A.F. Danil de Namor , J K. Chaaban and I. Abbas, J.Phys. Chem.; 2006,110, 9575

37.     Extraction of Alkali-Metal Picrates by Calixarene Esters in the Water-Nitrobenzene Solvent System. The Medium Effect on the Partition and Extraction Processes. M.A. Pugliese, Maria T. Goitia, M. E. Montero, A R. Casal and A.F. Danil de NamorSupramolecular Chemistry; 2006 18, 575

38.     Calixpyrrole-Fluoride Interactions . From Fundamental Research to the Applications in the Environmental Field , A.F. Danil de Namor and I. Abbas. Chapter 3, in Advances in Fluorine Science ., Volume II, Ed. A.  Tressaud, Elsevier, 2006..

39.     New Insights on Anion Recognition by Isomers of a Clalix Pyrrole Derivative; A.F D.anil de Namor, M.Shehab , I.Abbas, M.V. Withams and J. Zvietcovich; J.Phys.Chem.; 2006, 110, 12653.

40.     A New Calix(4) Pyrrole Derivative and its Anion (Fluoride) / Cation ( Mercury and Silver) Recognition. A. F Danil de Namor, I. Abbas and H. Hammud. J. Phys. Chem.,2007,111,5803.

41.     The Fluoride Dilemma .Thermodynamics of Anion Recognition by Calixpyrroles, A.F. Danil de NamorJ. d Thermal Analysis & Calorimetry, 2007, 87,7.

42.     Water Purification: From Ancient Civilization to the XXi Century , A. F Danil de Namor2006, J.Water Sci  and Techn., 2007, 7, 3.3..

43.     “Water Quality Survey of the Mediterranean Sea, Coastal and Inland Regions of Lebanon”, A.H. Hammoud, A.F. Danil de Namor and H.H. Hammoud, Res. J. Chem. & Environm.,2007,

44.     Thermodynamics of Ethyl p-tert-butylcalix[5]arene Pentanoate and its Cation Complexes in Non-Aqueous  Media, A. F. Danil de Namor and K. Zegarra  Fernandez , J. Phys. Chem; 2007, 111,7321.

45.     A Modified Calix[4]pyrrole Receptor ; Solution Thermodynamics of Anion Complexation and a Preliminary Account on the Phosphate Extraction Ability of its Polymer. A. F Danil de Namor, M. Shehab, R. Khalife and I. Abbas, J. Phys. Chem.; 2007,  111, 12177

46.     Litany, Ibahim and Damour Rivers of Lebanon. H.Hammud and A.F.Danil de Namor; J.Ultra Chem; 2007, 3,17.

47.     A Partially Substituted Calix[4]resorcarene  Receptor and Its Selective Recognition for Soft Metal Cations (Silver and Mrcury). A.F.Danil de Namor  and J. Chaaban, J. Phys.Chem. B, 2008, 112,2070.

48.     A Calix[4]pyrrole Derivative. Recognition of Fluoride a nd Mercury Ions and Extracting Properties of the Receptor Based Material. A.F.Danil de Namor and R Khalife , J.Phys.Chem. B,  2008, 112, 15766..

49.     Combined Crystallographic and Solution Molecular Dynamics.Study of Allosteric Effects in Ester and Ketone p-tert- butylcalix[4]arene derivatives and their complexes with acetonitrile, Cd(II) and Pb(II).A.S de Araujo, O.E.Piro, E.E.Castellano and A.F.Danil de Namor, J.Phys. Chem.A, 2008,  112, 11885.

50.     Ionic Recognition by 7-Nitro-1,3,5-Triaza Adamantine : First Thermodynamic Study, A.F.Danil de Namor,N.Nwogu, J.A.Zvietcovich, O.E.Piro and E.E.Castellano,  J.Phys.Chem.;B, 2009, 113,4775

51. Diethyl sulfide modified silica and calix[4]pyrrole chelating resin: Synthesis and mercury (II) cation retention properties. A  F Danil de Namor and Ismail Abbas,  Anal. Methods20102, 63

52. A New Calix[4]arene Deivative and Its Ionic Recognition for Silver (I0 and Mercury (II) in Dipolar Aprotic Media.A F Danil de Namor and T. Pawlowski, 2010, New  J. Chem., 2011, 35, 375-384

53. Calixarene and Resorcarene Based Receptors: From Structural and Thermodynamic Studies to the Synthesis of a New Mercury(II) Selective Material.  A F. Danil de Namor, W.Aparicio-Aragon, N Nwogu, A. El Gamouz, O E. Piro, and E.E. Castellano, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2011, 115 (21), 6922-34

54. Column Studies by Agitation on the Removal of 2-nitrophenolate and 4-nitrophenolate pollutants in water by grafted cyclodextrins. H.Hammud, A F Danil de Namor, A.Falah and NN. Yahfoufi,  Canadian J .Chem. Eng. & Technol.2011, 2, No 9, 171-75.

55. Turning the Volume Down on Heavy Metals using Tuned Diatomite. A Review on Diatomite and Modified Diatomite for the Extraction of Heavy Metals from Water.. A F Danil de Namor*, A El Gamouz, S Frangie, V Martinez, L Valiente and O A Webb, Invited Review, J. Hazardous Materials,2012, 241-242, 14-31

56. Removal of Chromium, Copper, Cadmium and Lead Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Diatomaceous Earth. U E Al-Karam, A F Danil de Namor, G. A W Derwish, A H Al- Dujaili, Environm. Eng. And Manag. J, 2012, 11, No 4, 813-21.

57. Low Temperature Water based Electrolytes for MnO2/carbon Supercapacitors  A J Roberts, A F Danil de Namor, R C T Slade,: Phys.ChemChem. Phys., 2013, 15, 3518-26

58.  An Enchiridion of Supramolecular Thermodynamics: Calix[n]arenes  (n=4,5,6) Tertiary Amide Derivatives and Their Ionic Recognition A F. Danil de Namor*, T T. Matsufuji-Yasuda, K Zegarra-Fernandez, O A. Webb and A El Gamouz , Feature Article, (invited) Croat. Chem. Acta 86 (1) (2013) 1–19.

59....Calixpyrrole: From Fundamental Studies to the Development of Ion Selective Electrodes. A. F Danil de Namor,O A Webb, A El Gamouz, W Abou Hamdan, M Al-Nuaim; Chapter 6 , pages 172-196 in Advanced Synthetic Materials in Detection Science, Ed. S M Reddy, Royal Society of Chemistry,2014

60. Calix[4]arene Amine Modified Silica: From Fundamentals to New Recyclable Materials for the Removal of Chlorophenoxy acids from water. A F Danil de Namor, J A Zvietcovich-Guerra, J A Villanueva Salas, O E Piro, O A Webb, A El Gamouz, W Abou Hamdan, E E Castellano, RSC Advances,2015, 5, 33524-36

61. A Ditopic Calix[4]pyrrole Amide Derivative: Highlighting the Importance of Fundamental Studies and the Use of NaPh4B as Additive in the Design and Applications of Mercury(II) Ion Selective Electrodes.A F Danil de Namor. A El Gamouz, S Alharthi, N Al Hakawati, J R Varcoe, J. Mater. Chem. A , 2015, 3, 13016-13030.

62. Calix[4]pyrrole for the removal of arsenic (III) and arsenic (V) from water. A F Danil de Namor, N AL Hakawati, W. Abou Hamdan, R Bance-Soualhi, S Korfali, L Valiente, J Hazard. Mater., 2017, 326, 61-68.

63. A calix[4]arene derivative and its selective interaction with drugs (clofibric acid, diclofenac and aspirin). A F Danil de Namor, M AL Nuaim, J A Villanueva-Salas, S Bryant, B Howlin, Eur. J. Pharm Sci., 2017, 100, 1-8.

64. Calix[4]arene Urea Derivatives: The pathway from fundamental studies to the selective removal of fluorides and phosphates from water. A F Danil de Namor, W Abou Hamdan, O. Webb, R Bance-Soualhi, B Howlin, N AL-Hakawati, J Hazard. Mater., 2018, In Press. Version available online

65.Removal of Phosphate and Arsenate from Aqueous Solution Using Silica Based Materials. R khalife, J Chaaban, N Al Hakawati, A F Danil de Namor , Internat. J Green  Technol. 2018, 4,29-37

Plenary and Keynote  Lectures given at International Conferences in the 2000-2016 period

i).        Plenary Lecture, The Medium Effect on the Complexation of Cations by Partially and Totally Lower Rim Functionalized Calixarenes. A. F. Danil de Namor, 2nd International Conference on Supramolecular Science & Technology, Leuven - Belgium , 2000.

ii).       Plenary Lecture, Supramolecular Chemistry: The Design of Selective Receptors for Water Decontamination. A. F. Danil de Namor, Int. Conf. On Pharmaceutical Sciences & Biotechnology, Arequipa , Perú, 2002. Book of Abstracts, p.18.

iii).      Plenary Lecture, Supramolecular Interactions: Single Crystal X-ray Diffraciton Studies of Selected Ligands and Their Complexes. Possible Therapeutical and Environmental Applications. E. E. Castellano, O. E. Piro, S. Casas and A. F. Danil de Namor, Third International Conference on Supramolecular Science & Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Book of Abstracts, p.15 (2002).

iv).     Plenary Lecture, A.F. Danil de Namor, XIVCongreso Científico Peruano de Estudiantes de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Arequipa, Peru, 7-13 November 2004.

v).      Keynote Address, Supramolecular Chemistry : Selective Recognition of Ionic Species by Calixarenes and Calixpyrrole Derivatives. From Fundamental Science to the Applications. A. F. Danil de Namor, International Conference on 'Research Trends in Science & Technology', Beirut, Lebanon , 7-9 March 2005.

vi).     Plenary Lecture,International Conference on Calorimetry and Thermal Analysis for Environment", A.F.Danil de Namor, Poland, 5 - 11 September 2005.

vii).    Main Lecture:, The Lisardo Lecture. Thermodynamics of Anion Recognition by Calixpyrroles and Calixarenes , A. F. Danil de Namor, Calorimetry and Thermal Analysis Conference (CALCAT), Santiago de Compostela, Spain, July 2006.

viii).   Keynote Address , Supramolecular Chemistry in Water Decontamination , A.F Danil de Namor, Third International Conference on Water Resources in the Mediterranean, (WATMED 3) Tripoli (Lebanon), November 2006

ix).     Keynote Address. Calix[4]pyrrole Polymeric Materials for the Extraction of Dihydrogen Phosphate from Aqueous Medium, A.F Danil de Namor,  Technologies for Industrial Wastewater Treatment and Reuse in the Mediterranean Region, TIWATMED  International Conference, Jerba, Tunisia, May 2007

x).      Plenary Lecture. New Advances on the Chemistry and Applications of Calixpyrole Based Receptors. A..F. Danil de Namor , IV International Congress on Biotechnology and II  International Congress in  Pharmacy and Biochemistry , Arequipa Peru, June 2007.

xi).    Plenary  Lecture. Supramolecular Receptors Based on Calixarenes and Calixpyrroles and Their Environmental and Clinical Applications. A.F.Danil de Namor, XV Argentinian Congress of Toxicology, Neuquen, Argentina, September 2007.

xii).   Plenary Lecture . The Chemistry of Calixpyrroles . National Congress of Chemistry, Tucuman, Argentina, September 2008.

xiii). Plenary Lecture. Latin American Congress of Chemistry, Peru, October 2008.

xiv).  Plenary Lecture, 60th Anniversary of INIFTA, UNLP, Argentina, November 2008-11-11

xv).   Plenary Lecture,  XXIth Croatian Meeting of Chemists and Chemical Engineers, Croatia, April 2009.

xvi)    Plenary Lecture, Thermodynamics of Supramolecular Chemistry, A F Danil de Namor.International Symposium on the Chemistry of Solutions, Colombia, September 2011

xvii)   Plenary Lecture, Supramolecular Chemistry: From Fundamental Studies to the Production of New Decontaminating Agents.A F Danil de NamorVI Latinoamerican Congress on Biology, Physics and Chemistry of Environment, 11 - 15, October, 2011, Arequipa - Peru.

xviii).Plenary Lecture., Calixarenes, Resorcarenes, Pirogalolarenes  for the Selective Recognition of Contaminating Species: New Materials, A F Danil de Namor, XXV Peruvian Congress of Chemistry, 17-19 October 2012, Arequipa, Peru.

xix). Invited lecture. Quality and Quantity of Water in the World Agenda , A F Danil de Namor, Internat. Meeting on Innovation and Development, INTI, Ministry of Industry, Argentina, Buenos Aires, July 2013.

xx). Invited Lecture. From modified naturally occurring materials to the design of novel receptors for the removal of arsenic from water, A F Danil de Namor, 5th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 11-16 May 2014.

xxi) Keynote Address, Supramolecular Chemistry  and Its Industrial and Environmental  Applications. A F Danil de Namor  to be given at the VIII Palestinian International Chemistry Conference, , Bethlehem, Palestine.