Athanasios Nikolaou

Postgraduate Research Student
I have graduated with a BSc (Hons) Biomedical Science degree in the University of Sunderland in 2016 and then I further studied an MSc Medical Microbiology (Euromasters) degree in the University of Surrey (2018).

Academic and research departments

Department of Chemistry.


Research interests

My publications


Foroutan Farzad, McGuire Jamie, Gupta Priyanka, Nikolaou Athanasios, Kyffin Benjamin, Kelly Nicole L., Hanna John V., Gutierrez-Merino Jorge, Knowles Jonathan C., Baek Song-Yi, Velliou Eirini, Carta Daniela Antibacterial Copper-Doped Calcium Phosphate Glasses for Bone Tissue Regeneration, In: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering American Chemical Society
Calcium phosphate glasses are a promising new generation of biomaterials that can simultaneously induce tissue regeneration and controlled release of therapeutic molecules. In this work, novel calcium phosphate glasses containing 0, 2, 4, and 6 mol % Cu2+ were synthesized via room temperature precipitation reaction in aqueous solution. The effect of Cu2+ addition on the glass properties and structure was investigated using thermal analysis, 31P solidstate MAS NMR, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. All glasses crystallize at temperature >500 °C and are mainly formed by Q1 groups. The release of P, Ca, and Cu in solution over time was monitored via inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy. It was found that with increasing Cu content, the amount of P and Ca released decreases whereas the amount of Cu released increases. The effect of Cu2+ release on the antibacterial activity against S. aureus, a bacterial strain commonly found in postsurgery infections, has been investigated. The addition of copper has been shown to infer the glasses antibacterial properties. As expected, the antibacterial activity of the glasses increases with increasing Cu2+ content. Cytocompatibility was assessed by seeding human osteoblast-like osteosarcoma cells Saos-2 (HTB85) on the glass particles. A significant increase in cell number was observed in all the glasses investigated. The copper-doped calcium phosphate glasses have proven to be multifunctional, as they combine bone regenerative properties with antibacterial activity. Therefore, they have great potential as antibacterial bioresorbable materials for hard tissue regeneration.