Professor Changhao Wu

Professor in Cell Physiology
+44 (0)1483 682960

Academic and research departments

School of Biosciences.



Research interests



New mode of action identified for bisphenol A caused metabolic dysfunction in obesity. 

  • Liu Z, Zhou S, Wang F, Xie H, Zhang J, Wu C, Xu D, Zhu Q (2024). C5b-9 promotes ferritinophagy leading to ferroptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells of trichloroethylene-sensitized mice. Science of The Total Environment Volume 923, 171378.
  • Zhang C, Zhang X, Feng C, Yang Y, Xie M, Feng Y, Wu Z, Xu H, C Wu, ...(2024). Bone metastasis is a late-onset and unfavorable event in survivors of gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy: Results from a clinical observational cohort.
    Cancer Pathogenesis and Therapy 2 (01), 50-57
  • Wang G, Hong X, Yu J, Zhang Y, Li Y, Li Z, Zhu Z, Yuan S, Zhang X, Wang S Zhu F, Wang Y, Wu C, Su P, Shen T. (2023). Enhancing de novo ceramide synthesis induced by bisphenol A exposure aggravates metabolic derangement during obesity. Molecular Metabolism 73, 101741.
  • Frara N, Giaddui D, Braverman AS, Jawawdeh K, Wu C, Ruggieri MR, & Barbe MF (2023). Mechanisms involved in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (Nox)-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) modulation of muscle function in human and dog bladders. Plos one 18, e0287212
  • Gurpinar A, Wu R, Roberts M, Wu Q, Wu Q, Sun H, Ruggieri SrM, Farbe M & Wu C (2023). Identification of inflammatory factor-mediated signalling pathways for Nox activation in the urothelium by exploration of angiotensin II actions - pathological implications. Continence 7, 100826
  • Zhang X, Xie H, Liu Z, Zhang J, Deng L, Wu Q, Duan Y, Wang F, Wu C, & Zhu Q (2023b). HMGB 1 acetylation mediates trichloroethylene-induced immune kidney injury by facilitating endothelial cell-podocyte communication. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 259, 115042.
  • Bi S, Zhang Y, Zhou J, Yao Y, Wang J, Fang M, Li B, Wu C, & Ren C (2023). miR-210 promotes hepatocellular carcinoma progression by modulating macrophage autophagy through PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 662, 47-57.
  • Liu Z, Ma J, Zuo X, Zhang X, Xie H, Wang F, Wu C, Zhang J, & Zhu Q (2023). IP3R-dependent mitochondrial dysfunction mediates C5b-9-induced ferroptosis in trichloroethylene-caused immune kidney injury. Frontiers in Immunology 14, 1106693.
  • Wu Q, Ross AJ, Ipek T, Thompson GH, Johnson RD, Wu C, & Camelliti P (2023). Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin alter the contractility of living porcine heart slices. Frontiers in pharmacology 14, 1127388.
  • Li W, Gillies RM, Liu C, Wu C, Chen J, Zhang X, Cheng B, Dai J, Fu N, & Li L (2023). Specialty preferences of studying-abroad medical students from low-and middle-income countries. BMC Medical Education 23, 158.
  • Zhang X, Hu X, Zhang Y, Liu B, Pan H, Liu Z, Yao Z, Zhu Q, Wu C, & Shen T (2023a). Impaired autophagy-accelerated senescence of alveolar type II epithelial cells drives pulmonary fibrosis induced by single-walled carbon nanotubes. Journal of nanobiotechnology  21, 69
  • Wu C (2023). Sensor and Transducer Function of the Urothelium: Pathological Implications. In Handbook of Neurourology: Theory and Practice pp. 1-10. Springer Nature Singapore Singapore.
  • Jiao Y, Gao P, Dong L, Ding X, Meng Y, Qian J, Gao T, Wang R, Jiang T, Zhang YDexu Kong D, Yi Wu Y, Chen S, Xu S, Tang D, Luo P, Wu M, Meng L, Wen D, Wu C, Zhang G, Shi X, Yu W, Rong W (2023). Molecular identification of bulbospinal ON neurons by GPER, which drives pain and morphine tolerance. The Journal of Clinical Investigation 133.
  • Liu Z, Ma J, Zuo X, Zhang X, Y Hong Y, Cai S, Huang H, Wang F, Wu C,  Jiaxiang Zhang J, Qixing Zhu Q. C5b-9 mediates ferroptosis of tubular epithelial cells in trichloroethylene-sensitization mice. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2022, 244, 114020
  • Liu Z, Ma J, Ding Y, Cai S, Wu C, Zhang J, Zhu Q. Wnt 5a mediated inflammatory injury of renal tubular epithelial cells dependent on calcium signaling pathway in Trichloroethylene sensitized mice. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2022, 243, 114019
  • Wu Q, Gurpinar A, Roberts M, Camelliti P, Ruggieri Sr MR, Wu C. Identification of the NADPH Oxidase (Nox) Subtype and the Source of Superoxide Production in the Micturition Centre. Biology 2022, 11 (2), 183
  • Wang F, Huang M, Wang Y, Hong Y, Zang D, Yang C, Wu C, Zhu Q. Membrane Attack Complex C5b-9 Promotes Renal Tubular Epithelial Cell Pyroptosis in Trichloroethylene-Sensitized Mice. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2022, 1411
  • Zhang W, Ding T, Zhang H, Chen Y, Liu L, Jiang J, Song S, Cheng H, Wu C, Jihu Sun J, Qin Wu. Clostridium butyricum RH2 Alleviates Chronic Foot Shock Stress-Induced Behavioral Deficits in Rats via PAI-1. Frontiers in pharmacology 2022, 13
  • Ren C, Zhou D, Fan Y, Li B, Zhang W, Shen Y, Yu S, Jiang L, Yu F, Duan Y, Peng D, Cheng X, Wu L, Wu C, Ye D. Prevalence and influencing factors of anxiety and depression symptoms among surgical nurses during COVID‐19 pandemic: A large‐scale cross‐sectional study. Nursing open 2022. 9 (1), 752-764
  • Li W, Gillies R, He M, Wu C, Liu S, Gong Z, Sun H. Barriers and facilitators to online medical and nursing education during the COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives from international students from low- and middle-income countries and their teaching staff. Human Resources for Health, 2021, 19(1), 1-14.
  • Gao T, Dong L, Qian J,Ding X, Zheng Y, Wu M, Meng L, Jiao Y, Gao P, Luo P, Zhang G, Wu C, Shi X, Rong W. G-Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor (GPER) in the Rostral Ventromedial Medulla Is Essential for Mobilizing Descending Inhibition of Itch. Journal of Neuroscience 2021, 41 (37), 7727-7741
  • Ruan l, Yang P, Chen S, Wu C, Zhu Q. Vitamin E attenuates the development of bleomycin‐induced skin fibrosis in mice. Australasian Journal of Dermatology 2021, 62 (2), e298-e300Wen Li, Robyn Gillies, Mingyu He, Changhao Wu, Shenjun Liu, Zheng Gong, Hong Sun. Barriers and facilitators to online medical and nursing education during the COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives from international students from low- and middle-income countries and their teaching staff. Human Resources for Health, 2021, 19: 1-14.
  • Ting Gao, Li Dong, Jiahong Qian, Xiaowei Ding, Yi Zheng, Meimei Wu, Li Meng, Yingfu Jiao, Po Gao, Ping Luo, Guohua Zhang, Changhao Wu, Xueyin Shi, Weifang Rong (2021). GPER in the rostral ventromedial medulla is essential for mobilizing descending inhibition of itch. Journal of Neuroscience JN-RM-2592-20.
  • Wu, Y., Qi, J., Wu, C., and Rong, W. Emerging roles of the TRPV4 chasnnel in bladder physiology and dysfunction. The Journal of physiology, 2021, 599: 39-47. 
  • Yang, X., Jiang, W., Huang, M. et al. Intracellular complement activation in podocytes aggravates immune kidney injury in trichloroethylene-sensitized mice. The Journal of Toxicological Sciences, 2020, 45: 681-693.
  • Wang, G., Li, Y., Li, Y. et al. Maternal vitamin D supplementation inhibits bisphenol A-induced proliferation of Th17 cells in adult offspring. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2020, 144: 111604. 
  • Nadim, R., Tang, J., Dilmohamed, A. et al. Influence of periodontal disease on risk of dementia: A systematic literature review and a meta-analysis. European Journal of Epidemiology, 2020, 1-13. 
  • Peng, W., Ma, T., Xu, H. et al. Survival benefits of palliative gastrectomy in stage IV gastric cancer: a propensity score matched analysis. Journal of gastrointestinal oncology, 2020, 11: 376.
  • Schroder, A., Aitken, K. J., Jiang, J. et al. Persistent myopathy despite release of partial obstruction: in vivo reversal of dysfunction and transcriptional responses using rapamycin. The FASEB Journal, 2020, 34: 3594-3615. Roberts, M. W., Sui, G., Wu, R. et al. TRPV4 receptor as a functional sensory molecule in bladder urothelium: Stretch-independent, tissue-specific actions and pathological implications. The FASEB Journal, 2020, 34: 263-286. 
  • Wang, F., Huang, L. p., Yang, P. et al. Inflammatory kidney injury in trichloroethylene hypersensitivity syndrome mice: Possible role of C3a receptor in the accumulation of Th17 phenotype. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 2019, 186: 109772. 
  • Ma, T., Wu, Z. j., Xu, H. et al. Nomograms for predicting survival in patients with metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma who undergo palliative gastrectomy. BMC cancer, 2019, 19: 1-11.
  • Lu, X., Li, M., Wu, C. et al. Bisphenol A promotes macrophage proinflammatory subtype polarization via upregulation of IRF5 expression in vitro. Toxicology in Vitro, 2019, 60: 97-106.
  • Wu, Changhao. Sensor and Transducer Function of the Urothelium. In Neurourology. Springer, Dordrecht. 2019: 19-26.
  • Zhang, J., Li, N., Yang, L. et al. Bradykinin contributes to immune liver injury via B2R receptor-mediated pathways in trichloroethylene sensitized mice: A role in Kupffer cell activation. Toxicology, 2019, 415: 37-48. 
  • Zhang, T. P., Zhao, Y. L., Li, X. M. et al. Altered mRNA expression levels of vaspin and adiponectin in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Clinical and experimental rheumatology, 2019, 37: 458-464.
  • Liang, Y., Xie, S. B., Wu, C. H. et al. Coagulation cascade and complement system in systemic lupus erythematosus. Oncotarget, 2018, 9: 14862. 
  • Zhao, W., Wu, C., Li, L. J. et al. RNAi silencing of HIF-1+¦ ameliorates lupus development in MRL/lpr mice. Inflammation, 2018, 41: 1717-1730.
  • Li, S. l., Yu, Y., Yang, P. et al. Trichloroethylene alters Th1/Th2/Th17/Treg paradigm in mice: a novel mechanism for chemically induced autoimmunity. International journal of toxicology, 2018, 37: 155-163.
  • Zhang, C., Yu, Y., Yu, J. f. et al. Viral mimic polyinosine-polycytidylic acid potentiates liver injury in trichloroethylene-sensitized mice - Viral-chemical interaction as a novel mechanism. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 2018, 155: 101-108. First quartile journal, supervisor
  • Zhang, J., Wu, Z., Fan, Z. et al. Pericardial application as a new route for implanting stem-cell cardiospheres to treat myocardial infarction. The Journal of physiology, 2018, 596: 2037-2054. 
  • Liu, M., Wang, H., Zhang, J. et al. NF-kB signaling pathway-enhanced complement activation mediates renal injury in trichloroethylene-sensitized mice. Journal of immunotoxicology, 2018, 15: 63-72.
  • Meng, F. Y., Sun, Y., Shen, Y. G. et al. Safety of measles-containing vaccines in post-marketing surveillance in Anhui, China. PloS one, 2017, 12: e0172108. 
  • Ren, C. X., Leng, R. X., Fan, Y. G. et al. Intratumoral and peritumoral expression of CD68 and CD206 in hepatocellular carcinoma and their prognostic value. Oncology reports, 2017, 38: 886-898. 
  • Ren CX, Leng RX, Fan YG, Pan HF, Wu CH and Ye DQ (2016). MicroRNA-210 and its theranostic potential. Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2016 Jul 12:1-14. [Epub ahead of print]. 
  • Luo S, Li Y, Li Y, Zhu Q, Jiang J, Wu C, Tong Shen T (2016). Gestational and lactational exposure to low-dose bisphenol A increasesmTh17 cells in mice offspring. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 47: 149–158.
    Contreras-Sanz A, Krska L, Balachandran AA, Curtiss NL, Khasriya R, Kelley S, Strutt M, Gill HS, Taylor KM, Mansfield KJ, Wu C, Peppiatt
  • Wildman CM, Malone-Lee J, Duckett J, Wildman SS (2016). Altered urothelial ATP signaling in a major subset of human overactive bladder patients with pyuria. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2016 Oct 1;311(4):F805-F816. 
  • Wang H, Zhang JX, Ye LP, Li SL, Wang F, Zha WS, Shen T, Wu C, Zhu QX. (2016). Plasma Kallikrein-Kinin system mediates immune-mediated renal injury in trichloroethylene-sensitized mice. J Immunotoxicol. 2016 Jul;13(4):567-79.
  • Zhang J, Xu J, Wang J, Wu C, Xu Y, Wang Y, Deng F, Wang Z, Chen X, Wu M, Chen Y (2016). Prognostic Usefulness of Serum Cholesterol Efflux Capacity in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease. Am J Cardiol 117:508-514. 
  • Zhang JX, Zha WS, Ye LP, Wang F, Wang H, Shen T, Wu CH, Zhu QX (2016). Complement C5a-C5aR interaction enhances MAPK signaling pathway activities to mediate renal injury in trichloroethylene sensitized BALB/c mice. J Appl Toxicol 36(2):271-284.
  • Wang F, Zha WS, Zhang JX, Li SL, Wang H, Ye LP et al. Complement C3a 18. Wang H, Zhang JX, Li SL, Wang F, Zha WS, Shen T, Wu C,
  • Zhu QX (2015). An Animal Model of Trichloroethylene-Induced Skin Sensitization in BALB/c Mice. Int J Toxicol 34(5):442-453.
  • Wu, C, Sui, G, Archer, SN, Sassone-Corsi, P, Aitken, K, Bagli, D, Chen, Y. (2014) Local receptors as novel regulators for peripheral clock expression. FASEB J. 28:4610-6
  • Zhou CF, Zhou DC, Zhang JX, Wang F, Cha WS, Wu CH et al (2014). Bleomycin-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in sclerotic skin of mice: Possible role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis. Toxicol.Appl.Pharmacol. 277: 250-258.
  • Sui G, Fry CH, Montgomery B, Roberts M, Wu R, Wu C (2014). Purinergic and muscarinic modulation of ATP release from the urothelium and its paracrine actions (2014). Am.J.Physiol Renal Physiol 306, F286-298.9.
  • Wang F, Zha WS, Zhang JX, Li SL, Wang H, Ye LP, Shen,T, Wu, CH and Zhu,QX (2014). Complement C3a binding to its receptor as a negative modulator of Th2 response in liver injury in trichloroethylene-sensitized mice. Toxicol.Lett. 229:229-39.
  • Zhang, J, Tu, K, Xu, Y, Pan, L, Wu, C, Chen, X, Wu, M et al (2013). Sphingomyelin in erythrocyte membranes increases the total cholesterol content of erythrocyte membranes in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Coron Artery Dis 24, 361-367.
  • Ma, T., Li, Y. Y., Zhu, J., Fan, L. L., Sun, G. P., Li, J. B., Du, W. D. & Wu, C. H. (2013) Enhanced autophagic flux by endoplasmic reticulum stress in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells contributes to the maintenance of cell viability. Oncology Reports 30, 433-440.
  • Zhang J, Zha W, Wang F, Jiang T, Xu S, Yu J, Zhou, C, Shen, T, Wu, C and Zhu,Q (2013). Complement activation and liver impairment in trichloroethylene-sensitized BALB/c mice. 32:431-41.
  • Liu, C. C., Huang, Y., Zhang, J. H., Xu, Y. & Wu, C. H. (2013) Effect of carvedilol on cardiac dysfunction 4 days after myocardial infarction in rats: role of toll-like receptor 4 and β-arrestin 2. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 17, 2103-2110.
  • Liu Q, Zhang J, Xu Y, Huang Y, Wu C (2013). Effect of carvedilol on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in a rat model of myocardial infarction: A role for toll-like receptor 4. 45:458-63.
  • Wu C, Guiping Sui G, Archer S and Chen Y (2012). Expression of circadian clock gene Period2 in the mammalian bladder identified by real-time imaging with luciferase reporter gene. AUA News 2012 September: 13-15.
  • Wu C, Sui G and Fry CH (2011). Intracellular Ca2+ regulation and electrophysiolgical properties of bladder urothelium subjected to stretch and exogenous agonists. Cell Calcium 49:395-9.
  • Zhang J, Pan L, Xu Y, Wu C, Wang C, Cheng Z, Zhao R (2011). Total cholesterol content of erythrocyte membranes in acute coronary syndrome: correlation with apolipoprotein A-I nd lipoprotein (a). Coron Artery Dis 2011; 22: 145-152.
  • Sui G, Fry CH, Malone-Lee J and Wu C (2009). Aberrant Ca2+ oscillations in smooth muscle cells from overactive human bladders. Cell Calcium 45: 456-464
  • Roosen, A, Sui GP, Fry CH and Wu, C. (2009). Adreno-muscarinic synergy in the bladder trigone: calcium-dependent and independent mechanisms. Cell Calcium 45: 11-17.
  • Roosen A, Wu C, Sui G, Chowdhury RA, Patel PM, Fry CH (2009). Characteristics of Spontaneous Activity in the Bladder Trigone. Eur Urol 56: 237-406
  • Fry CH, Roosen A, Wu C, Sui GP, AJ Kanai AJ. The pathophysiology of the overactive bladder (OAB): recent developments in the understanding of aetiology and mechanisms. A book chapter in Key Advances in Medicine (in press).
  • Sui G, Wu C, Roosen A, Ikeda Y, Kanai KJ, Fry CH (2008). Modulation of bladder myofibroblast activity: implications for bladder function. Am J Physiol (Renal Physiol) 295: F688-97.
  • Shen T, Zhu QX, Yang S, Wu CH, Zhang HF, Zhou CF, Zhang XJ (2008). Trichloroethylene induced cutaneous irritation in BALB/c hairless mice: histopathological changes and oxidative damage. Toxicology. 248:113-20.
  • Roosen, A, Wu, C, Sui GP, and Fry CH. (2008). Synergistic effects in neuromuscular activation and calcium sensitization in the bladder trigone. BJU International 101(5):610-4.
  • Fry CH, Sui G.-P , Kanai AJ, Wu C. (2007). The function of suburothelial myofibroblasts in the bladder. Neurourol and Urodyn 26 (S6): 914-919.
  • Wu, C, Thiruchelvam, N, Sui, G., Woolf, AS, et al (2007). Ca2+ regulation in detrusor smooth muscle from ovine fetal bladder after in utero bladder outflow obstruction. J Urol 177(2): 776-780.
  • Sui, G, Wu, C., Severs, N, Newgreen D., and Fry, CH. (2007). The association between T-type Ca2+ current and outward current in isolated human detru sor cells from stable and overactive bladders. BJU International. 99(2), 436-441.
  • Wu, C, Sui, G, Thiruchelvam, N, Cuckow, P, Fry, CH. (2006). Ca2+ regulation in detrusor smooth muscle from developing fetal sheep bladders. Cell Calcium 39(4), 367-374.
  • Sui GP, Wu C, Fry CH. (2006). Characterization of the purinergic receptor subtype on guinea-pig suburothelial myofibroblasts. BJU International 97(6), 1327-1331.
  • Fry CH, Sui G, Wu C. (2006). T-type Ca2+ channels in non-vascular smooth muscles. Cell Calcium 40(2), 231-239.
  • Besarani, D, Wu, C, Fry, CH. (2006). The influence of changes in extracellular and intracellular sodium concentration on detrusor contractility. BJU International 97(5), 1083-1086.
  • Wu, C, Fry, PM, Sui, G, Fry, CH. (2005). Intracellular Ca2+ regulation in a human prostate stromal cell culture. Neurourol Urodyn 24(1), 81-88.
  • Sui, GP, Wu, C, Fry, CH. (2004). Ca2+ currents in smooth muscle cells isolated from human prostate. Prostate 59: 275-281.
  • Wu, C, Sui, GP, Fry, CH. (2004). Purinergic regulation of guinea pig suburothelial myofibroblasts. J Physiol 559, 231-243.
  • Sui, GP, Wu, C, Fry, CH. (2004). Electrical characteristics of suburothelial cells isolated from the human bladder. J Urol 171: 938-943.
  • Fry, CH, Hussain, M, McCarthy, C, Ikeda, Y, Sui, GP, Wu, C. (2004). Recent advances in detrusor muscle function. Scand J Urol and Nephrol. Suppl 215, 20-25.
  • Fry, CH, Ikeda, Y, Harvey, R, Wu, C, Sui, GP. (2004). Control of bladder function by peripheral nerves: avenues for novel drug targets. Urology 63(3 Suppl 1), 24-31.
  • Fry, CH, Sui, GP, Severs, NJ, Wu, C. (2004). Spontaneous activity and electrical coupling in human detrusor smooth muscle: implications for detrusor overactivity? Urology 63: 3-10.
  • Sui G, Wu C and Fry CH (2003). A description Ca2+ channels in human detrusor smooth muscle. BJU Int 92: 476-482.
  • Fry, CH, Wu, C, Sui, GP. (2003). Cellular properties of human sub-urothelial myofibroblasts - their role in bladder sensation. Neurourology and Urodynamics 22, 374-375.
  • Chow K-Y, Wu C, Sui GP, Fry CH (2003). The role of the T-type Ca2+ current on the contractile performance of guinea-pig detrusor smooth muscle. Neurourol Urodyn 22: 77-82.
  • Thiruchelvam N, Wu C, David A, Woolf AS, Cuckow PM and Fry CH (2003). Neurotransmission and visco-elasticity in the ovine fetal bladder after in utero bladder outflow obstruction. Am J Physiol 284:R1296-1305.
  • Fry CH, Skennerton D, Wood DN and Wu C (2002). The cellular basis of contraction in human detrusor smooth muscle from patients with stable and unstable bladders. Urology 59, Supplement 5A: 3-12.
  • Wu C, Sui G, Mundy AR and Fry CH (2002). The role of the L-type Ca2+ channel in refilling functional intracellular Ca2+ stores in detrusor smooth muscle cells. J Physiol, 538: 357-369.
  • Wu C and Fry CH (2001). Evidence for Na+/Ca2+ exchange and its role in intracellular Ca2+ regulation in guinea-pig detrusor smooth muscle cells. Am J Physiol (Cell Physiology), 280: C1090-1096.
  • Sui G, Wu C and Fry CH (2001). The electrophysiological properties of cultured and freshly isolated detrusor smooth muscle cells. J Urol, 165: 627-632.
  • Sui G, Wu C and Fry CH (2001). Inward Ca2+ currents in cultured and freshly isolated detrusor muscle cells - evidence of a T-type Ca2+ current. J Urol, 165: 621-626.