I joined the Department of Sociology as a lecturer in criminology in January 2018. I was previously a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at the Centre for Criminology at the University of Oxford.
I am interested in mechanisms of social control, urban regulatory regimes and models of governance, policing and comparative research. My current research project looks at the local governance of crime prevention in England and Wales and Italy.
Here at Surrey, I teach both undergraduate and postgraduate modules in criminology. I am also the Programme Director for the Criminology BSc.
University roles and responsibilities
- Programme Director BSc Criminology
Affiliations and memberships
The PRISMS project analyses the traditional trade-off model between security and privacy
and devises a more evidence-based perspective for reconciling security, privacy and trust. It
examines how technologies aimed at enhancing security are subjecting citizens to an increasing
amount of security measures and, in many cases, causing infringements of privacy and
fundamental rights. It conducts both a multidisciplinary inquiry into the concepts of security
and privacy and their relationships and a EU-wide survey to determine whether or not people
evaluate the introduction of security technologies in terms of a trade-off. As a result, the project
determines the factors that affect the public assessment of the security and privacy implications
of a given security technology. The project has used these results to devise a decision
support system providing users (those who deploy and operate security systems) insight into
the pros and cons, constraints and limits of specific security investments compared to alternatives
taking into account a wider society context.
The criminological work package (WP4) included within PRISMS aims to contribute in two
significant ways to the general remit of the overall project. As outlined in deliverable 4.1, the
first goal was to arrive to a formulation of a conceptualisation of the notions of security and
privacy from a criminological perspective that could be and were used to provide input for the
development of the survey, its concepts, questions and hypotheses. The second objective of
WP4 was the contextualisation of the results of the survey in light of a qualitative research
case study conducted at Brussels airport, in order to further feed with its insights the development
of the decision support system, one of the final outcomes of the project. The latter is
what is detailed in the present deliverable.
The main goal of the second research task of WP4 is to explore citizens? attitudes and evaluations
of security. This means that our leading question is: How do people experience securityprivacy
practices or situations? To get insight people?s experiences with security practices we
can only rely on how people frame and account (narrate) these experiences and events. Accounts
or narratives are tools that individuals use in a sort of radical reflexivity connecting
actions and accounts.1 As announced in the work package description, a qualitative case
study can precisely focus on the analysis of accounts or narratives concerning the experience
of participants of security practices. That way we can access how participants make sense of
the situation they are part of.
This deliverable is structured as follows: first, we will discuss the Brussels airport case study
afterwards, we will shortly evoke the normative framework for aviation security in place before
and after 9/11; then we will very briefly describe the governance of this field, with particular
emphasis on the Belgian case. Finally, we will present the main empirical findings of
our qualitative study, which will be used as the basis for the conclusions advanced in the final
section of the report.
Rob Kitchin?s latest book is an important addition to the emerging field of critical data studies, in that it manages to both make a clear, convincing and reasonably detailed case for why it is necessary to look critically at what data are?and, just as crucially, what they do in the world?and provide stimulating insights and suggestions for further research in this area.
Kitchin?s central claim is that we are in the midst of a revolution that is radically changing how data are produced, managed, stored and analysed, with far reaching implications for governments, businesses, civil society and science. The book charts the data revolution currently underway, providing in the process a conceptual and critical analysis of data and their modes of production and use.
connettivo della nostra regione. Non solo a significare la tradizionale attenzione delle
politiche regionali alla tutela e alla conservazione del nostro patrimonio artistico, ma anche
la consapevolezza di come ragionare di politiche per il territorio ? in una Regione come
l?Umbria î significhi in realtà fare ?politiche di beni culturali?. Negli anni Settanta, la
conseguenza di tale percezione ? nella neonata istituzione regionale î fu la convinzione
che il settore dei beni culturali potesse diventare non solo una sorta di ?principio
fondativo? della ritrovata identità umbra, ma un settore trainante anche sotto il profilo
strettamente economico-produttivo. È a questo punto che il restauro viene declinato nei
termini di politiche di formazione di nuovi profili professionali e di possibile creazione di
nuovo mercato e valore aggiunto per l?economia regionale.
The purpose of this paper is to challenge the traditional placement of CCTV within the realm of crime prevention technologies and to propose a conceptualisation of surveillance cameras that takes into account how different elements interact to shape how these are understood, defined and used in the day-to-day practices of the police.
Methodologically, the research draws on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in two medium-sized Italian cities where open-street CCTV systems have been recently implemented and is based on a combination of non-participant observations and interviews with police officers in both forces.
Overall, two main findings emerge from the fieldwork. First, cameras are rarely used and not for reasons pertaining to crime control; rather, they have become a tool for the efficient management of scarce policing resources, with particular emphasis on the co-ordination and real-time tracking of patrolling personnel. Second, this shift is understood in radically different ways by officers in the two cities, so that what is experienced as a benign form of peer-to-peer co-ordination in Central City becomes a form of undue surveillance on the part of higher ranks in Northern City.
The value of the present work is twofold. On one hand, it provides relevant information to police practitioners on how organisational and structural factors impact on the use of surveillance cameras in policing. On the other, embracing the idea that CCTV is constructed through the interaction of several distinct, yet related, processes can explain why the same technology is implemented, defined and used in different ways in comparable organisations.