Laura Moschini

Dr Laura Moschini

Research Fellow in Theoretical Nuclear Physics

Academic and research departments

Department of Physics.



Research interests


Postgraduate research supervision


Laura Moschini, Jiecheng Yang, Pierre Capel (2019)15C: From halo effective field theory structure to the study of transfer, breakup, and radiative-capture reactions, In: Physical Review C100(4)044615 American Physical Society

Aside from being a one-neutron halo nucleus, $^{15}$C is interesting because it is involved in reactions of relevance for several nucleosynthesis scenarios. The aim of this work is to analyze various reactions involving $^{15}$C, using a single structure model based on Halo EFT. To develop a Halo-EFT model of $^{15}$C at NLO, we first extract the ANC of its ground state by analyzing $^{14}$C(d,p)$^{15}$C transfer data at low energy. Using this Halo-EFT description, we study the $^{15}$C Coulomb breakup at high (605AMeV) and intermediate (68AMeV) energies using eikonal models with a consistent treatment of nuclear and Coulomb interactions at all orders, and proper relativistic corrections. Finally, we study the $^{14}$C(n,$\gamma$)$^{15}$C radiative capture. Our theoretical cross sections are in good agreement with experimental data for all reactions, thereby assessing the robustness of the $^{15}$C Halo-EFT model. Since a simple NLO description is enough to reproduce all data, the only nuclear-structure observables that matter are the binding energy and its ANC, showing that all the reactions considered are purely peripheral. In particular, it confirms the ANC value obtained for the $^{15}$C ground state: 1.59$\pm$0.06fm$^{-1}$. Our model provides also a new estimate of the radiative-capture cross section at astrophysical energy (23.3keV): 4.66$\pm$0.14$\mu$b. Including a Halo-EFT description of $^{15}$C within precise models of reactions is confirmed to be an excellent way to relate the nucleus reaction cross sections and structure. Its systematic expansion enables us to deduce which nuclear-structure observables are actually probed in the collision. From this, we can infer valuable information on both the structure of $^{15}$C and its synthesis through the $^{14}$C(n,$\gamma$)$^{15}$C radiative capture at astrophysical energies.

N.K. Timofeyuk, L. Moschini, M. Gómez-Ramos (2023)Single-particle spectroscopic strength from nucleon transfer reactions with a three-nucleon force contribution, In: Physics letters. B839137815 Elsevier B.V

The direct reaction theory widely used to study single-particle spectroscopic strength in nucleon transfer experiments is based on a Hamiltonian with two-nucleon interactions only. We point out that in reactions with a loosely-bound projectile, where clustering and breakup effects are important, an additional three-body force arises due to three-nucleon (3N) interaction between two nucleons belonging to different clusters in the projectile and a target nucleon. We study the effects of this force on nucleon transfer in (d,p) and (d,n) reactions on 56Ni, 48Ca, 26mAl and 24O targets at deuteron incident energies between 4 and 40 MeV/nucleon. Deuteron breakup is treated exactly within a continuum discretized coupled-channel approach. It was found that an additional three-body force can noticeably alter the angular distributions at forward angles, with consequences for spectroscopic factors' studies. Additional study of transfer to 2p continuum in the 25F(p,2p)24O reaction, involving the same overlap function as in the 24O(d,n)25F case, revealed that 3N force affects the (d,n) and (p,2p) reactions in a similar way, increasing the cross sections and decreasing spectroscopic factors, although its influence at the main peak of (p,2p) is weaker. The angle-integrated cross sections are found to be less sensitive to the 3N force contribution, they increase by less than 20%. Including 3N interactions in nucleon removal reactions makes an essential step towards bringing together nuclear structure theory, where 3N force is routinely used, and nuclear direct reaction theory, based on two-nucleon interactions only.

L. Moschini, A. M. Moro, A. Vitturi (2021)Role of continuum in nuclear direct reactions with one-neutron halo nuclei: a one-dimensional model, In: Physical Review C103014604 American Physical Society

Background: The problem of the scattering of a one-neutron halo nucleus by another nucleus might involve an extremely complicated solution, particularly when breakup and rearrangement channels are to be considered. Purpose: We construct a simple model to study the evolution of a single-particle wave function during the collision of a one-dimensional potential well by another well. Method: Our one-dimensional model provides the essential three-body nature of this problem, and allows for a much simpler application and assessment of different methods of solution. To simplify further the problem, we assume that the potential well representing the projectile moves according to a predetermined classical trajectory, although the internal motion of the “valence” particle is treated fully quantum mechanically. This corresponds to a semiclassical approach of the scattering problem, applicable in the case of heavy projectile and target. Different approaches are investigated to understand the dynamics involving one-body halo-like systems: the “exact” time-dependent solution of the Schrödinger equation is compared to a numerical continuum-discretized coupled-channels (CC) calculation presenting various model cases including different reaction channels. Results: This framework allows us to discuss the reaction mechanism and the role of the continuum, the inclusion of which in the CC calculation results to be crucial to reproduce the exact solution, even when the initial and final states are well bound. Conclusions: The dynamical situations under study can be linked to analogous problems solved in a three-dimensional (3D) CC framework, so the present model provides a simple tool to understand the main challenges experienced in the usual 3D models with the treatment of the continuum.

L Moschini, N K Timofeyuk, R C Johnson (2021)Perturbative correction to the adiabatic approximation for (d,p) reactions, In: Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics48(9) 95102

The adiabatic distorted wave approximation (ADWA) is widely used by the nuclear community to analyse deuteron stripping ($d$,$p$) experiments. It provides a quick way to take into account an important property of the reaction mechanism: deuteron breakup. In this work we provide a numerical quantification of a perturbative correction to this theory, recently proposed in [R.C. Johnson, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 41 (2014) 094005] for separable rank-one nucleon-proton potentials. The correction involves an additional, nonlocal, term in the effective deuteron-target ADWA potential in the entrance channel. We test the calculations with perturbative corrections against continuum-discretized coupled channel predictions which treat deuteron breakup exactly.

L Moschini, P Capel (2019)Reliable extraction of the dB(E1)/dE for 11Be from its breakup at 520 MeV/nucleon, In: Physics letters. B790pp. 367-371 Elsevier B.V

We analyze the breakup of the one-neutron halo nucleus 11Be measured at 520 MeV/nucleon at GSI on Pb and C targets within an eikonal description of the reaction including a proper treatment of special relativity. The Coulomb term of the projectile-target interaction is corrected at first order, while its nuclear part is described at the optical limit approximation. Good agreement with the data is obtained using a description of 11Be, which fits the breakup data of RIKEN. This solves the apparent discrepancy between the dB(E1)/dE estimations from GSI and RIKEN for this nucleus.

LAURA MOSCHINI, ALEXIS DIAZ TORRES (2021)Tracing the dynamical interplay of low-energy reaction processes of exotic nuclei using a two-center molecular continuum, In: Physics Letters B820136513 Elsevier

The competition among reaction processes of a weakly-bound projectile at intermediate times of a slow collision has been unraveled. This has been done using a two-center molecular continuum within a semiclassical, time-dependent coupled-channel reaction model. Dynamical probabilities of elastic scattering, transfer and breakup agree with those derived from the direct integration of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation, demonstrating the usefulness of a two-center molecular continuum for gaining insights into the reaction dynamics of exotic nuclei.

Additional publications