Dr Luke Antwis

Ion Beam Operations Manager
BSc (Hons) PhD MInstP MIET
20 NC 01

Academic and research departments


ELEANOR BEATRICE SCHNEIDER, JONATHAN GERALD ENGLAND, LUKE ANTWIS, ALEX FRASER ROYLE, ROGER PAUL WEBB, Russell Gwilliam (2021)A Study of the Formation of Isotopically Pure 28Si Layers for Quantum Computers using Conventional Ion Implantation, In: Journal of Physics D: Applied physics54(35)355105 IOP Publishing

We have investigated the use of conventional ion implantation to fabricate enriched 28 Si layers for use in quantum computers. The final compositions of samples enriched using ultra-low energy (800 eV and 2 keV) and low energy (20 keV) 28 Si implants of varying fluences (1x10 16-3.8x10 17 cm-2) using two different implanters were measured using channelled Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy. The dynamic, binary collision approximation program TRIDYN was used to model the implantation profiles to guide the analysis of the RBS spectra. It was found that ultra-low energy implants achieved high 28 Si enrichment levels but were heavily contaminated with oxygen due to poor vacuum in the implanter wafer end station. It was shown that oxidation could be reduced by using an accelerator with an end station with better vacuum and increasing the implant energy to 20 keV. However, TRIDYN simulations predict that the best 28 Si enrichment levels that could be achieved under these conditions would saturate at ~99.2 % due to self-sputtering. We modelled a range of conditions with TRIDYN and so recommend low energies (99.9 %) with the lowest possible fluences (~5-10x10 17 cm-2).

Additional publications