Marialaura Di Domenico

Professor MariaLaura Di Domenico


Director of Research & Professor (Chair) of Entrepreneurship, Work and Organization
PhD, MRes, PGCert HE, BA(Hons), MCIPD, FHEA
16 MS 02
Student feedback & consultation hours: Please email me to arrange a meeting

Biography

Biography

MariaLaura Di Domenico is Director of Research & Professor of Entrepreneurship, Work and Organization at Surrey Business School, University of Surrey.

She has held various leadership positions at the University of Surrey including Deputy Head of Surrey Business School and Head of Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovation.

Previously she held academic positions at the Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, the Open University Business School, and the University of Westminster.

MariaLaura holds a PhD from the University of Strathclyde, is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (HEA), and a Full Member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (MCIPD).

Research 

MariaLaura is a leading international researcher known for her cutting edge research. Her research is focussed on social/ sustainable enterprise; entrepreneurship and new working practices in the digital age; work and wellbeing/ the work-life interface; and the sociology of work and organizations.

Her research interests and expertise centre on the following key areas:

  • Entrepreneurship; new working practices, mobile working and technological innovation; wellbeing, the work-life interface and the changing nature of work;
  • Sustainable enterprise; social entrepreneurship and social enterprises;
  • Socio-theoretical approaches to entrepreneurship, work and organizations.

MariaLaura's research is published in the leading management and social science journals including Journal of Management Studies; Human Relations; Organization Studies; Organization; Entrepreneurship, Theory and Practice; British Journal of Management; Journal of Business Ethics; International Small Business Journal; Journal of Management Inquiry; Regional Studies; Annals of Tourism Research; Tourism Management; Journal of Small Business ManagementNew Technology, Work and Employment; and Gender, Work and Organization. Her research is also published in books and monographs.

She is a member of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Market Research and serves as a regular reviewer for many of the leading management and social science journals.

Her work has been funded by a range of bodies including the British Academy, RCUK, ESRC, EEUK, the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, as well as Third Sector organizations. She is currently leading and researching a number of exciting and impactful research projects.

Teaching

Experienced at teaching a range of subjects including entrepreneurship and research methods (qualitative) at Doctoral, PG (including MBA) and UG levels.

Experienced PhD Supervisor and PhD Examiner.

University roles and responsibilities 

Previously:

- Deputy Head of Surrey Business School (Research)

- Head of Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Currently: 

- Director of Research, Surrey Business School 

- PhD Supervisor

- PhD Examiner/ Viva Chair

- Personal Tutor (UG and PG students)

 

My publications

Publications

We advance both mobility and paradox theorizing by advocating the new concepts of “mobility-isolation paradox” and “paradoxical imagination”. These emerged from examining the nuanced, multifaceted conceptualizations of the mobility-isolation tensions facing homebased, self-employed, online knowledge-workers. We thereby enhance current conceptual understandings of mobility, isolation and paradox by analyzing knowledge-workers’ interrelated, multidimensional experiences within restrictive home-based working contexts. We compare the dearth of research and theorizing about these autonomous online knowledgeworkers with that available about other types of knowledge-workers, such as online homebased employees, and the more physically/corporeally mobile self-employed. This research into an increasingly prevalent knowledge-worker genre addresses these knowledge gaps by analyzing home-based knowledge-workers’ views, and tensions from paradoxical pressures to be corporeally mobile and less isolated. Despite enjoying career, mental and virtual mobility through internet-connectedness, they were found to seek face-to-face social and/or professional interactions, their isolation engendering loneliness, despite their solitude paradoxically often fostering creativity and innovation.

Daniel Nunan, MariaLaura Di Domenico (2021)Theorizing piratical innovation: Regulatory illegitimacy and firm growth, In: Journal of Small Business Management59(4)pp. 575-600 Taylor & Francis

This article examines the growing phenomenon of firms in ‘winner takes all’ markets which adopt business models that prioritize exceptional levels of growth over other financial metrics. Often this growth results in firms breaking with regulatory norms, despite regulatory legitimacy being theorized as essential for resource acquisition in small firms. The article explores this apparent paradox. We propose piratical innovation as a firm level process built upon disrupting regulatory norms in a way that avoids negative legitimacy judgments. Extending labelling theory, we develop a conceptual model where piratical innovation blends a range of symbolic and substantive actions to enable these firms to maintain legitimacy amongst stakeholders, even when growth is underpinned by illegitimate acts. We conclude by considering the wider applicability of piratical innovation as a model for small firm growth, and the consequences for other firms which must compete against such innovations.

EM Daniel, M Di Domenico, S Sharma (2014)Effectuation and home-based online business entrepreneurs, In: International Small Business Journal

This article explores effectual processes within home-based online businesses. Our empirical evidence provides a number of refinements to the concept of effectuation in this specific domain. First, the ubiquity of non-proprietary online trading platforms encourages the adoption of effectual approaches and removes the importance of forming proprietary strategic alliances and pre-commitments. Second, the notion of affordable loss – a central tenet of effectuation – should be extended beyond the notion of economic to social affordable loss, including loss of status and reputation, and finally, home-based online businesses allow effectuation to be associated with low levels of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and experience.

Kirstie Ball, MariaLaura Di Domenico, Daniel Nunan (2016)Big Data Surveillance and the Body-subject, In: Body and Society22(2)pp. 58-81 Sage

This paper considers the implications of big data practices for theories about the surveilled subject who, analysed from afar, is still gazed upon, although not directly watched as with previous surveillance systems. We propose this surveilled subject be viewed through a lens of proximity rather than interactivity, to highlight the normative issues arising within digitally mediated relationships. We interpret the ontological proximity between subjects, data flows and big data surveillance through Merleau-Ponty’s ideas combined with Levinas’ approach to ethical proximity and Coeckelberg’s work on proximity in the digital age. This leads us to highlight how competing normativities, and normative dilemmas in these proximal spaces, manipulate the surveilled subject’s embodied practices to lead the embodied individual towards experiencing them in a local sense. We explore when and how the subject notices these big data practices and then interprets them through translating their experiences into courses of action, inaction or acquiescence.

This paper aims to critique the process of corporate-owned, high-tech start-up strategizing through an inductive, longitudinal, case study of ‘UK-Research-Tech’. Insights are given through the combined ‘dialectical–paradox’ concept, thereby focusing on where ‘dialectic’ and ‘paradox’ theorizing overlap. This linked iterative, ‘dialogical–dialectic’ research approach also reflects chief executive officer/top management team (CEO/TMT) start-up dynamics over time. These foci fill important gaps that impede better understanding of dialectical, dialogical and paradoxical forces within strategic decision-making. As an interpretative tool, they illuminate CEO/TMT strategizing and changing interrelationships affected by broader, volatile, techno-economic contexts and parent-company influences on ventures. In this case study, it was found that the CEO's relatively autocratic, parent-framed approach combined with TMT members' contradictory reactions to create ‘dialectical–paradox’ oppositional forces, eventually only resolved through ‘eleventh hour’ business strategy changes to rescue the venture. This research contributes to more nuanced understandings of corporate-constrained ventures during early business development from start-up strategic decisions at parent-company level to subsequent conditions of more independent dynamic equilibrium. The ‘dialectical–paradox’ conceptual lens contributes an innovative critique of processes affecting strategic decision-making dynamics. Another important contribution is the empirically inspired conceptual model, developed for use both to guide subsequent case-study research analyses and as a reflective tool for CEO/TMT strategic decision-making, especially within corporate-inspired start-ups.

M Di Domenico, N Phillips (2008)Symbolic interactionism, In: International encyclopedia of organization studies Sage Publications, Inc
M Di Domenico, EM Daniel, D Nunan (2014)'Mental mobility' in the digital age: Entrepreneurs and the online home-based business, In: New Technology, Work and Employment29(3)pp. 266-281 Wiley

Home-based online business ventures are an increasingly pervasive yet under-researched phenomenon. The experiences and mindset of entrepreneurs setting up and running such enterprises require better understanding. Using data from a qualitative study of 23 online home-based business entrepreneurs, we propose the augmented concept of ‘mental mobility’ to encapsulate how they approach their business activities. Drawing on Howard P. Becker's early theorising of mobility, together with Victor Turner's later notion of liminality, we conceptualise mental mobility as the process through which individuals navigate the liminal spaces between the physical and digital spheres of work and the overlapping home/workplace, enabling them to manipulate and partially reconcile the spatial, temporal and emotional tensions that are present in such work environments. Our research also holds important applications for alternative employment contexts and broader social orderings because of the increasingly pervasive and disruptive influence of technology on experiences of remunerated work.

S. Power, M. Di Domenico, Graham Miller (2020)Risk-types and coping mechanisms for ethical tourism entrepreneurs: A new conceptual framework, In: Journal of Travel Research59(6)pp. 1091-1104 SAGE Publications

Risk is a widely accepted entrepreneurial construct and entrepreneurship is a key feature of the tourism industry. Yet, investigating types of risks and calls for research on ethical entrepreneurship in tourism have largely been neglected. This research provides an original contribution to academia about risk-types and subsequent coping mechanisms as faced by ethical tourism entrepreneurs. Using methods from Personal Construct Theory, 15 in-depth interviews with self-defined ethical tourism entrepreneurs were conducted. An existing consumer risk-framework (monetary, functional, social and psychological risk) provided a priori themes for analysis. Through constant comparison of data, different forms of intelligence (survival, system, emotional and spiritual) have emerged as coping mechanisms. These in vivo themes have been paired with risk-types to develop an original conceptual framework for risk faced by ethical tourism entrepreneurs. The implications of this framework are significant in providing support to nascent entrepreneurs, government start-up initiatives and entrepreneurial incubator programs.

M Di Domenico, S Vangen, N Winchester, DKB Boojihawon, J Mordaunt (2011)Organizational Collaboration: Themes and Issues Routledge

Many organizations today operate across boundaries - both internal and external to the organization. Exploring concepts and theories about different organizational, inter-organizational and international contexts, this student reader aids understanding of the individual’s experience of working within and across such boundaries. The book adopts a critical approach to individual experience and highlights the complexities inherent in these different layers and levels of organizing. Comprising a collection of key articles and extracts presented in a readable accessible way, this book also features an introductory chapter which provides an overall critique of the book. Each part features a brief introduction before analyzing the following key themes: managing aims power and politics cultural diversity international management perspectives the darker side of collaborative arrangements Some of the readings will specifically address collaboration ‘head on’ whilst others will provide an important context or highlight significant theoretical and practical issues that are considered relevant and interesting within the framework of the themes presented. As such, this book differs from existing titles as it sits bestride collaboration and organizational behaviour / theory in order to inform learning of exchange relationships on inter-personal, intra-organizational, and inter-organizational levels. The articles included are selected as critical in approach, straddling and addressing the central contexts described above, and highlighting the experience-centred nature of learning that can be derived from the content presented. This comprehensive reference will be useful supplementary reading for organizational behaviour courses as well as core reading for those students undertaking research on collaboration.

There has been little research into how organizations modify their identities in response to the various ethical and cultural changes that occur in wider society. This qualitative investigation of recent museum approaches to handling human remains is situated within a critique of “museum identity” dynamics in history, archaeological, and science museums in the U.K. public sector. The theoretical framework encapsulates various paradoxes inherent in museum response strategies to such identity challenges. This study reveals the discursive practices museums use to legitimate and privilege their historical identities, while simultaneously engaging with different alternative identities in processes defined here as “organizational sensitivization.” These involve either amalgamating identity challenges or diffusing them, usually by means of open dialogue. Those challenges perceived to be identity threats are marginalized by the museums to protect their articulated identities through engagement in self-legitimization processes. This can leave museums with paradoxically unresolved tensions and identity ambiguities.

M Di Domenico, F Di Domenico (2004)Space and leisure as regenerative elements of an urban cityscape: The case of the Centre for Dundee Contemporary Arts (DCA), In: Leisure, Space and Visual Culture: practices and meaningspp. 151-173 Leisure Studies Association
P Lynch, M Di Domenico, M Sweeney (2007)Resident hosts and mobile strangers: Temporary exchanges within the topography of the commercial home, In: Mobilizing hospitality: the ethics of social relations in a mobile worldpp. 121-143 Ashgate Pub Co

Drawing on research from the fields of anthropology, geography, sociology and tourism studies, this volume examines the intersection between mobility and ...

M Di Domenico (2001)Re-imaging the city: heritage tourism strategies for regeneration in Dundee, In: Boundaries and Identities: nation, politics and culture in Scotlandpp. 191-214 Abertay University Press
M Di Domenico, P Lynch (2007)Host/guest encounters in the commercial home, In: Leisure Studies26(3)pp. 321-338
M Di Domenico (2005)Producing hospitality, consuming lifestyles: Lifestyle entrepreneurship in urban Scotland, In: Tourism SMEs, Service Quality and Destination Competitivenesspp. 109-122 CABI Publishing
C Di Domenico, M Di Domenico (2005)Celebrating and reinterpreting a Scottish heroine at home and abroad: The Mary Slessor connection, In: Festivals and Events: culture and identity in leisure, sport and tourism,pp. 153-168 Leisure Studies Association
C Di Domenico, M Di Domenico, T Eneji (2006)Southern Nigerian urban mothers: Role strain and working in the formal sector of the economy, In: Global Perspectives & Local Issues: medical sociology in North-East Scotlandpp. 23-37 University of Aberdeen and The Robert Gordon University
C Di Domenico, M Di Domenico (2003)The role of 'the club' in Ibadan, Nigeria from 1960 to 2000: Exclusivity in post-colonial leisure and sports activities among members of the expatriate and Nigerian elites, In: Access and Inclusion in Leisure and Tourismpp. 155-175 Leisure Studies Association
M Di Domenico, K Ball (2011)A hotel inspector calls: exploring surveillance at the home-work interface, In: ORGANIZATION18(5)pp. 615-636 SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD

This article, which examines inspection experiences in the home-based context of the B&B, makes a distinctive contribution to surveillance theory, and specifically the concept of „exposure‟. It draws on Levinas‟s phenomenological ideas on identity and his concept of „sensibility‟, in order to better place the „exposed‟ subject at the centre of analysis. Our empirical research shows how B&B proprietors negotiate their exposure to surveillance within their homes when they take part in the tourist board‟s accommodation grading process. Their „lifestyle businesses‟ involve exposing the context of their own lives to their paying guests, and by extension to the hotel inspectors from the tourist board with its own covert inspectorial procedures. These are described from both the inspector‟s and proprietor‟s perspectives. We explore not only their subjective experiences of the inspection process, but also the power dynamics between proprietor and inspector, and the various resistance and counter-resistance strategies which each employ

C Di Domenico, M Di Domenico (2006)Conceptions of expatriate enclaves as islands: The case of Ibadan Nigeria, In: Managing Island Life: social, economic and political dimensions of formality and informality in ‘island’ communitiespp. 41-60 Abertay University Press
M Di Domenico, P Lynch (2006)Commercial home enterprises: Identity, space and setting, In: Hospitality: A social lenspp. 117-128 Elsevier Science
C Di Domenico, M Di Domenico (2007)Heritage and urban renewal in Dundee: Learning from the past when planning for the future of a post-industrial city (Reprinted in the journal of Retail and Leisure Property), In: Urban Transformations: Regeneration and renewal though leisure and tourismpp. 115-128 Leisure Studies Association
M Di Domenico, Graham Miller (2007)Are plastic cows the future for farming? Implications of an alternative diversification model, In: Tourism Research: new directions, challenges and applications (Developments in tourism research)pp. 21-32 Elsevier Science Ltd

This book aims to be a showcase for cutting edge research offering a high-edited selection of the best paper submitted to the 2006 tourism conference at the ...

Daniel Nunan, MariaLaura Di Domenico (2019)Older Consumers, Digital Marketing and Public Policy A Review and Research Agenda, In: Journal of Public Policy and Marketing38(4)pp. 469-483 SAGE Publications

Addressing the challenges created by rapidly aging populations is a topic of intense interest for marketers, policy makers and researchers. However, relatively little research has been undertaken so far into the ways that older consumers are adopting or rejecting new digital technologies. With shifting economic power and growing digital adoption rates amongst older consumers, understanding how they adopt technology and use digital channels is becoming increasingly important to marketers. In order for marketers and policymakers to fully understand the future shape of a data-driven digital society, research must take more account of its influence across different older generational cohorts. This paper focuses on identifying research gaps across key digital marketing areas in relation to older-age consumers’ adoption and use of digital technology. Through a multidisciplinary review of the literature on aging, using the theoretical lens of generational cohorts, the authors identify key research challenges, opportunities, and implications for both marketers and policy makers.

D Nunan, MariaLaura Di Domenico (2017)Big Data: A Normal Accident Waiting to Happen?, In: Journal of Business Ethics145(3)pp. 481-491 Springer

Widespread commercial use of the internet has significantly increased the volume and scope of data being collected by organisations. ‘Big data’ has emerged as a term to encapsulate both the technical and commercial aspects of this growing data collection activity. To date, much of the discussion of big data has centred upon its transformational potential for innovation and efficiency, yet there has been less reflection on its wider implications beyond commercial value creation. This paper builds upon normal accident theory (NAT) to analyse the broader ethical implications of big data. It argues that the strategies behind big data require organisational systems that leave them vulnerable to normal accidents, that is to say some form of accident or disaster that is both unanticipated and inevitable. Whilst NAT has previously focused on the consequences of physical accidents, this paper suggests a new form of system accident that we label data accidents. These have distinct, less tangible and more complex characteristics and raise significant questions over the role of individual privacy in a ‘data society’. The paper concludes by considering the ways in which the risks of such data accidents might be managed or mitigated.

M Di Domenico, EM Daniel, D Nunan (2014)'Mental mobility' in the digital age: Entrepreneurs and the online home-based business, In: New Technology, Work and Employment29(3)pp. 266-281 Wiley

Home-based online business ventures are an increasingly pervasive yet under-researched phenomenon. The experiences and mindset of entrepreneurs setting up and running such enterprises require better understanding. Using data from a qualitative study of 23 online home-based business entrepreneurs, we propose the augmented concept of ‘mental mobility’ to encapsulate how they approach their business activities. Drawing on Howard P. Becker's early theorising of mobility, together with Victor Turner's later notion of liminality, we conceptualise mental mobility as the process through which individuals navigate the liminal spaces between the physical and digital spheres of work and the overlapping home/workplace, enabling them to manipulate and partially reconcile the spatial, temporal and emotional tensions that are present in such work environments. Our research also holds important applications for alternative employment contexts and broader social orderings because of the increasingly pervasive and disruptive influence of technology on experiences of remunerated work.

M Di Domenico, N Phillips (2009)Participant Observation, In: Encyclopedia of Case Study Research Sage

List of Entries Abduction Action-Based Data Collection Activity Theory Actor- Network Theory Agency Alienation Analysis of Visual Data Analytic ...

C Di Domenico, M Di Domenico (2009)Tourism in Rwanda: The challenges of managing and presenting a sensitive heritage, In: Leisure and Tourism: International Perspectives on Cultural Practicepp. 3-16 Leisure Studies Association

This article examines the business choices made by independent farming families, when confronting the need to diversify away from traditional agricultural activities by starting farm-based tourism businesses. Based on interviews with farm family members who have set up tourism attractions on their farms, and drawing upon the concept of experiential authenticity, the article explores their self-conceptions of their family identities. In so doing, it addresses the choices and dilemmas facing farm families who attempt diversification through the tourism attraction route, and considers how this affects their attitudes towards more traditional farming activities. Using qualitative case study data, an empirically grounded framework is proposed that expresses the choices and challenges facing tourism entrepreneurial family farm members in the UK, through the conceptual lens of experiential authenticity.

D Nunan, M Di Domenico (2016)Exploring reidentification risk Is anonymisation a promise we can keep?, In: International Journal of Market Research58(1)pp. 19-34 SAGE Publications

The anonymisation of personal data has multiple purposes within research: as a marker of ethical practice, a means of reducing regulation and as a safeguard for protecting respondent privacy. However, the growing capabilities of technology to gather and analyse data have raised concerns over the potential reidentification of anonymised data-sets. This has sparked a wide ranging debate amongst both academic researchers and policy makers as to whether anonymisation can continue to be relied upon. This debate has the potential to create important implications for market research. This paper analyses the key arguments both for and against anonymisation as an effective tool given the changing technological environment. We consider the future position of anonymisation and question whether anonymisation can remain its key role given the potential impact on both respondent trust and the nature of self-regulation within market research.

S Power, MariaLaura Di Domenico, Graham Miller (2017)The nature of ethical entrepreneurship in tourism, In: Annals of Tourism Research65pp. 36-48 Elsevier

This article examines ethical entrepreneurship in tourism by developing a Weberian Ideal-Type Construct for an ethical tourism entrepreneur, and thereby deeper understanding of ethical tourism entrepreneurship. This research contributes to the extremely scarce literature at the academic juncture of ethics, tourism and entrepreneurship, which is significant as tourism is characterised by entrepreneurial idiosyncrasies with ethical challenges. The study is methodologically rooted in Personal Construct Theory. The qualitative findings from 15 semi-structured interviews with entrepreneurs, who have been commended for their ethical business conduct, show that ethical entrepreneurship in tourism is based on intuitionism, care and relationships, future-orientation, humility and benevolence as key virtues. These findings challenge the more traditional views of entrepreneurial attributes, such as egoism, risk-taking and opportunism.

D Nunan, M Di Domenico (2013)Market research and the ethics of big data, In: International Journal of Market Research55(4)pp. 41-56
MariaLaura Di Domenico, Kirstie Ball (2011)A hotel inspector calls: Exploring surveillance at the home-work interface, In: Organization18(5)pp. 615-636 Sage

This article, which examines inspection experiences in the home-based context of the B&B, makes a distinctive contribution to surveillance theory, and specifically the concept of ‘exposure’. It draws on Levinas’s phenomenological ideas on identity and his concept of ‘sensibility’, in order to better place the ‘exposed’ subject at the centre of analysis. Our empirical research shows how B&B proprietors negotiate their exposure to surveillance within their homes when they take part in the tourist board’s accommodation grading process. Their ‘lifestyle businesses’ involve exposing the context of their own lives to their paying guests, and by extension to the hotel inspectors from the tourist board with its own covert inspectorial procedures. These are described from both the inspector’s and proprietor’s perspectives. We explore not only their subjective experiences of the inspection process, but also the power dynamics between proprietor and inspector, and the various resistance and counter-resistance strategies which each employ.

M Di Domenico, N Phillips (2009)Sustaining the Ivory Tower: Oxbridge Formal Dining as Organizational Ritual, In: JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT INQUIRY18(4)pp. 326-343 SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
M Di Domenico, P Tracey, H Haugh (2009)Social Economy Involvement in Public Service Delivery: Community Engagement and Accountability, In: REG STUD43(7)pp. 981-992 ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
M Di Domenico, P Fleming (2009)'It's a guesthouse not a brothel': Policing sex in the home-workplace, In: HUMAN RELATIONS62(2)pp. 245-269 SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
M Di Domenico (2010)The Home/Work Interface in Family Hospitality Businesses: Gender Dimensions and Constructions, In: Feminism and Hospitality: Gender in the Host/Guest Relationshippp. 207-220 Lexington Books
M Di Domenico, A Morrison (2003)Social action research and small hospitality firms, In: International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management15(5)pp. 268-273
M Di Domenico (2001)Brand images of place and new urban identities in Scotland, In: Leisure, Cultures, Consumption and Commodificationpp. 81-92 Leisure Studies Association
H Haugh, M Di Domenico, P Tracey (2009)Strategic Partnerships: Results from a Survey of Development Trusts in the UK, In: Values and Opportunities in Social Entrepreneurshippp. 203-220 Palgrave MacMillan
M Di Domenico (2010)Entrepreneurial Lives iTunes
C Di Domenico, M Di Domenico (2007)Heritage and urban renewal in Dundee: Learning from the past when planning for the future of a post-industrial city, In: Journal of Retail and Leisure Property6(4)pp. 327-339
D Nunan, M Di Domenico (2015)Shamrock and Tartan in New York: Celebrating the National Days of Ireland and Scotland and Building Identities amongst Diasporas, In: Consuming St. Patrick's Day(Four)pp. 71-93 Cambridge Scholars Publishing
N Phillips, M Di Domenico (2011)Discourse Analysis in Organizational Research: Methods and Debates, In: Handbook of Organizational Research Methods Sage
M Di Domenico, H Haugh, P Tracey (2010)Social Bricolage: Theorizing Social Value Creation in Social Enterprises, In: ENTREPRENEURSHIP THEORY AND PRACTICE34(4)pp. 681-703 WILEY-BLACKWELL
G Miller, M DiDomenico (2007)Are Plastic Cows the Future for Farming? Implications of an Alternative Diversification Model, In: Developments in tourism researchpp. 21-32 Elsevier Science Ltd

Tourism research has come a long way since the first developments in the identification and delineation of a tourism subject area in the mid 1960s.