Professor Paul Sowden
I am a Visiting Professor in Cognition and Creativity at Surrey and Professor of Psychology, Cognition & Creativity at the University of Winchester. My current research is focused on understanding the cognitive and affective mechanisms of creative thinking processes and how they can be influenced and enhanced. I also have a long history of work on on how people perceive, categorise and interact with the world, especially visually, and particularly on how vision can be enhanced by learning, training and experience.
Publications in Creativity and Aesthetics
Pringle, A. & Sowden, P. T. (in press). Unearthing the Creative Thinking Process: Fresh Insights from a Think Aloud Study of Garden Design. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity & the Arts.
Pringle, A. & Sowden, P. T. (2017). The Mode Shifting Index (MSI): A new measure of the creative thinking skill of shifting between associative and analytic thinking. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 23, 17-28. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2016.10.010. Download
Ratcliffe, E., Gatersleben, B., & Sowden, P. T. (2016). Associations with bird sounds: How do they relate to perceived restorative potential? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 47, 136-144. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2016.05.009
Sowden, P.T., Eves, A., & Raats, M. (2016). A Feast of Creativity. Introduction to the Special Issue on Creativity and Food. Journal of Creative Behavior, 50, 169-170. DOI: 10.1002/jocb.151
Pringle, A., Sowden, P.T., Deeley, C., & Sharma, S. (2016). Shifting between modes of thought: a domain-general creative thinking skill? In F. K. Reisman (Ed.) Creativity in Arts, Science and Technology.
Sowden, P.T., Clements, L., Redlich, C., & Lewis, C. (2015). Improvisation facilitates divergent thinking and creativity: Realising a benefit of primary school arts education. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts, 9, 128-138. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/aca0000018
Sowden, P. T., Pringle, A., & Gabora, L. (2015). The Shifting Sands of Creative Thinking: Connections to Dual Process Theory. Thinking & Reasoning, 21, 40-60. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2014.885464
Ratcliffe, E., Gatersleben, B., & Sowden, P. T. (2013). Bird sounds and their contributions to perceived attention restoration and stress recovery. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 36, 221-228.
Sowden, P. T. & Dawson, L. (2011). Creative feelings: The effect of mood on creative ideation and evaluation. ACM: Creativity and Cognition 2011, 393-394.
Publications in Perception, Learning and Training
Wimshurst, Z., Sowden, P.T., & Wright, M. (2016). Expert-Novice Differences in Brain Function of Field Hockey Players. Neuroscience, 315, 31-44. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2015.11.064
Casey, M.C. & Sowden, P.T. (2012). Modelling Learned Categorical Perception in Human Vision. Neural Networks, 33, 114-126. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neunet.2012.05.001
Sowden, P.T. (2012) Psychophysics, in H. Cooper, P. Camic, R. Gonzalez, D. Long, A. Panter and K. Sher (Ed's) APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology. American Psychological Association. Vol. 1, Chapt. 23.
Wimshurst, Z., Sowden, P.T. & Cardinale, M. (2012) Visual skills and playing positions of Olympic field hockey players. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 114, 204-216. doi: 10.2466/05.22.24.PMS.114.1.204-216
Jehoel, S., Sowden, P.T., Ungar, S. and Sterr, A. (2009) Tactile elevation perception in blind and sighted participants and its implications for tactile map creation. Human Factors, 51, 208-223.
Myers, A. and Sowden, P.T. (2008) Your hand or mine? The Extrastriate Body Area. NeuroImage, 42, 1669-1677.
Özgen, E., Payne, H.E., Sowden, P.T. and Schyns, P.G. (2006) Retinotopic sensitisation to spatial scale: evidence for flexible spatial frequency processing in scene perception. Vision Research, 46, 1108-1119.
Sowden, P.T. and Barrett, P. (2006) Psychophysiological Methods, in G.M. Breakwell, C. Fife-Schaw, S. Hammond and J. Smith (Ed's) Research Methods in Psychology 3E. Sage: London. pp. 146-159
Sowden, P.T. and Schyns, P.G. (2006) Channel surfing in the visual brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10, 538-545.
McCotter, M., Gosselin, F., Sowden, P.T. and Schyns, P.G. (2005) The use of visual information in natural scenes. Visual Cognition, 12, 938-953.
Notman, L., Sowden, P.T. and Özgen, E. (2005) The nature of learned categorical perception effects: a psychophysical approach. Cognition, 95, B1-B14.
Özgen, E., Sowden, P.T., Schyns, P. and Daoutis, C. (2005) Top-down attentional modulation of spatial frequency processing in scene perception. Visual Cognition, 12, 925-937.
Sowden, P.T., Özgen, E., Schyns, P. and Daoutis, C. (2003) Expectancy effects on spatial frequency processing. Vision Research, 43, 2759-2772.
Sowden, P.T., Rose, D. and Davies, I.R.L. (2002) Perceptual learning of luminance contrast detection: specific for spatial frequency and retinal location but not orientation. Vision Research, 42, 1249-1258.
Barrett, P and Sowden, P.T. (2000) Psychophysiological Methods, in G.M. Breakwell, S. Hammond and C. Fife-Schaw (Ed's) Research Methods in Psychology 2E. Sage: London. pp. 211-223.
Sowden, P.T., Davies, I.R.L. and Roling, P. (2000). Perceptual learning of the detection of features in X-ray images: a functional role for improvements in adults' visual sensitivity? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26, 379-390.
Sowden, P.T. (1999). Expert perceivers and perceptual learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 396-397 (commentary).
Sowden, P.T. and Watt, S. J. (1998). A Jittered Squares illusion and a proposed mechanism. Perception, 27, 439-454.
Pauli, R. and Sowden, P.T. (1997). The role of feedback in learning screening mammography. Proceedings of The International Society for Optical Engineering, 3036, 205-211.
Roling, P., Sowden, P.T., Davies, I.R.L., Özgen, E. and Lawler, M. (1997). Perceptual learning in inspection tasks, in D. Harris (Ed.) Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics Volume Two: Job Design and Product Design, Ashgate: Aldershot. pp. 121-128.
Sowden, P.T., Davies, I.R.L., Roling, P. and Watt, S.J. (1997). Acquiring skill at medical image inspection: learning localised in early visual processes. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering, 3036, 273-280.
Davies, I.R.L., Roling, P., Sowden, P., Hammond, S. and Chivers, R. (1996). Design of training schedules for medical image readers: the effects of variability and difficulty levels of the training stimuli. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering, 2712, 169-179.
Hammond, S., Davies, I.R.L., Sowden, P.T. and Davies, J. (1996). Statistical decision support in screening mammography. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering, 2712, 164-168.
Sowden, P.T., Davies, I.R.L., Lawler, M., Curry, B. and Hammond, S. (1996). Expertise at X-ray film reading: the role of attention, and identification training, in S.A. Robertson (Ed.) Contemporary Ergonomics 1996. Taylor and Francis: London. pp. 246-251.
Sowden, P.T., Davies, I.R.L., Rose, D and Kaye, M. (1996). Perceptual learning of stereoacuity. Perception, 25, 1043-1052.
Sowden, P.T., Pauli, R., Roling, P., Davies, I.R.L. and Hammond, S. (1996). Improvement in screening performance: the importance of appropriate feedback in screening mammography. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering, 2712, 180-188.
Sowden, P.T. and Davies, I.R.L. (1995). The nature of perceptual skills in screening mammography: Implications for training approaches. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering, 2436, 143-154.
Davies, I.R.L., Sowden, P.T., Hammond, S. and Ansell, J. (1994). Expertise at mammography: A perceptual or conceptual skill? Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering, 2166, 86-94.
Sowden, P.T. and Stevenson, J. (1994). Beginning reading strategies in children experiencing contrasting teaching methods. Reading and Writing, 6, 109-123.
Publications in Colour Perception
Grandison, A., Sowden, P.T., Drivonikou, V.G., Notman, L.A., Alexander, I., & Davies, I.R.L. (2016). Chromatic Perceptual Learning but no Category Effects without Linguistic Input. Frontiers in Psychology: Perception Science. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00731
Grandison, A., Davies, I.R.L., and Sowden, P.T. (2014). The Evolution of GRUE: Evidence for a new colour term in the language of the Himba. In W. Anderson, C. P. Biggam, C. Hough and C. Kay. Colour Studies: A broad spectrum. Amsterdam, NL: Benjamins, pp. 53-66.
Franklin, A. and Sowden, P.T. (2011) Colour and Autism Spectrum Disorders. In C. Bigham, C. Hough, D. Simmons and C. Kay (Ed's) New Directions in Colour Studies. Amsterdam, NL: Benjamins, pp. 281-292.
Sowden, P.T., Davies, I.R.L., Notman, L.A., Alexander, I. and Özgen, E. (2011) Chromatic Perceptual Learning. In C. Bigham, C. Hough, D. Simmons and C. Kay (Ed's) New Directions in Colour Studies. Amsterdam, NL:Benjamins, pp. 433-444.
Franklin, A., Sowden, P.T., Notman, L., West, D., Gonzales-Dixon, M., Alexander, I., Loveday, S., White, A. (2010) Reduced Chromatic Discrimination in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Developmental Science, 13, 188-200.
Franklin, A., Sowden, P.T., Burley, R., Notman, L. and Alder, E. (2008) Color perception in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 1837-1847.
Davies, I.R.L., Sowden, P.T., Jerret, D.T., Jerret, T. and Corbett, G.G. (1998). A cross cultural study of English and Setswana speakers on a colour triads task: a test of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. British Journal of Psychology, 89, 1-15.
Rollinson, J. and Sowden, P.T. (1997). The effect of colour on the recall of computer presented information, in S.A. Robertson (Ed.) Contemporary Ergonomics 1997. Taylor and Francis: London. pp. 522-527.
Davies, I.R.L., Corbett, G.G., Mtnje, A. and Sowden, P.T. (1995). The basic colour terms of Chichewa. Lingua, 95, 259-278.
Davies, I.R.L., MacDermid, C., Corbett, G.C., McGurk, H.C., Jerret. D., Jerret, T. and Sowden, P.T. (1992). Colour terms in Setswana: A linguistic and perceptual approach. Linguistics, 30, 1065-1103.