- Aerodynamics, turbulence and boundary layer meteorology
- Wind-tunnel simulation of neutral, stable and convective atmospheric boundary layer flows
- Wind turbine wakes, wake-wake and wake turbine interactions
- Structure of complex turbulent flows, boundary layers, separated flows and wakes
- Aerodynamic and bluff body flows, wind power aerodynamics.
This work was presented at WESC 2019 in Cork.
Four cases of an overlying inversion imposed on a stable boundary layer are investigated, extending the earlier work of Hancock and Hayden (Boundary-Layer Meteorol 168:29–57, 2018), where no inversion was imposed. The inversion is imposed to one or other of two depths within the layer: midway or deep. Four cases of changed surface condition are also investigated, and it is seen that the surface and imposed conditions behave independently. A change of imposed inversion condition leaves the bottom 1/3 of the layer almost completely unaffected; a change of the surface condition leaves the top 2/3 unaffected. Comparisons are made against two sets of local-scaling systems over the full height of the boundary layer. Both show some influence of the inversion condition. The surface heat flux and the reduction in surface shear stress, and hence the ratio of the boundary-layer height to surface Obukhov length, are determined by the temperature difference across the surface layer (not the whole layer), bringing all cases together in single correlations as functions of a surface-layer bulk Richardson number.