Dr Stephen Bero
Dr Stephen Bero joined the School of Law in 2017 as a Lecturer in Private Law, after earning a PhD in philosophy from the University of Southern California. Prior to that, he received a JD from Columbia Law School, practiced law for several years in the litigation department of a large commercial law firm in New York, and served as a law clerk for judges at the trial and appellate levels of the U.S. federal courts. He is a Research Fellow of the Surrey Centre for Law and Philosophy.
Dr Bero's main research interests are in private law (particularly tort law), criminal law, philosophy of law, and moral philosophy.
Dr Bero is the Programme Leader for the Law School's LLB Programme and the most recent Director of the law school's JD Pathway Programme, described below.
The JD Pathway (or Senior Status) Programme
The law school’s JD Pathway (formerly, Senior Status) Programme, which was active through 2018-19, is a 2-year, graduate-entry LLB programme designed for students who already hold a university degree in a subject other than law. Students enter the programme with second-year status (that is, at level 5 rather than level 4, under the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland). They are largely taught in tutorial groups made up of other graduate-entry students, and they undertake a rigorous and comprehensive course of legal training. Both years of study are counted for purposes of classifying the resulting LLB, which is a qualifying law degree in England and Wales.
Complete information about the structure of the JD Pathway/Senior Status Programme—including compulsory and optional subjects of study, learning outcomes, assessment methods, etc.—is available in the programme catalogue and in the current programme handbook. (Please note that we are no longer accepting new applications to this programme.)
For Prospective Employers – Dr Bero (contact info above) is very happy to answer any questions that prospective employers may have about Senior Status or JD Pathway students and graduates, the course of study they pursued, or the resulting LLB degree.
For Current Students and Graduates – For the benefit of current students and graduates of the JD Pathway/Senior Status Programme, Dr Bero is available to answer any questions that prospective employers may have, or to provide a letter explaining the nature of the programme. You are also welcome to refer prospective employers directly to Dr Bero. In addition, we are always happy to hear from our Senior Status and JD Pathway graduates! Please do not hesitate to contact Dr Bero with news, comments, or questions.
This has suggested to a number of writers that shame is essentially a social emotion that involves being exposed to the view or appraisal of an audience?call this the Audience Thesis. Others reject the Audience Thesis on the basis of private experiences of shame that seem to involve no exposure. This disagreement marks a basic fault line in theorizing about shame.
I develop and explore a simple but effective way to shield the Audience Thesis from the private shame objection, by understanding the notion of an audience in a very minimal way. Rather than conceiving of the audience in terms of an other whose appraisal is an
element in shame, we can conceive of shame generally as a response to appraisals of the subject?either by others or by the subject herself. On this view, shame requires an audience in the sense that it is not a first-order self-appraisal?like disappointment in or disapproval
of oneself?but rather an appraisal of appraisals. This approach yields substantial benefits: it renders the private shame objection harmless; it explains why exposure cases strike us as particularly paradigmatic
instances of shame; it clarifies what is happening when we feel shame before appraisals with which we do not agree; it helps to understand how it may be possible to feel shame in the face of neutral or even positive appraisals; and it captures a significant but neglected sense in which shame might be considered a social emotion.