Dr Suryakanta Biswal joined the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering as a Research Fellow, and is working in Structural Health Monitoring, a project funded by the Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council.
Suryakanta has a PhD along with a Masters degree from Indian Institute of Science Bangalore. His thesis was on “Uncertainty based damage identification and prediction of long-time deformation in concrete structures”. In this work algorithms were developed for identifying different types of damages in concrete structures, when various types of uncertainties (both aleatory and epistemic) were present in the measurement, in the finite element model, and in the prior distribution of the parameters in the finite element model. The damages considered in this work were loss of stiffness, loss of mass, and loss of bond between concrete and steel. The other major section of this work dealt with predicting the long-time prestress losses in post-tensioned concrete beams and slabs, given the uncertainties in the measurements taken during the short-time period.
Suryakanta has worked as a Research Fellow in the BRNS/DAE, India Project entitled “Development of a Model for Evaluating Prestress Losses Considering Creep & Shrinkage Losses in Concrete & Relaxation Losses in Steel over 100 Years”, from SEPTEMBER 2012 TO March 2015. The last one year he has been working as Lecturer at SSN College of Engineering, Chennai.
Suryakanta has years of experience in scientific programming (mainly Matlab), and commercial software for finite element analysis (mainly ANSYS and ABAQUS), and is happy to help other colleagues with this.
Areas of specialism
Affiliations and memberships
Offshore Wind Farms have established themselves as a matured technology to decarbonize energy sources to achieve net-zero. Offshore wind farms are currently being constructed in many seismic-prone zones and the codes/best practice guidelines are not fully developed. The aim of the paper (which is based on the keynote lecture presented at the 7th International Conference on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering) is as follows: (a) discuss the potential seismic risks to the offshore wind farm system and its components such as turbines, cables, and offshore substations; (b) present the different analysis and design methods for offshore wind turbine foundations; (c) highlight the performance-based design considerations and how to assess risks. Future research needs are highlighted.
The deep learning technologies have transformed many research areas with accuracy levels that the traditional methods are not comparable with. Recently, they have received increasing attention in the structural health monitoring (SHM) domain. In this paper, we aim to develop a new deep learning algorithm for structural condition monitoring and to evaluate its performance in a challenging case, bolt loosening damage in a frame structure. First, the design of a one-Dimensional Convolutional Neural Network (1DCNN) is introduced. Second, a series of impact hammer tests are conducted on a steel frame in the laboratory under ten scenarios, with bolts loosened at different locations and quantities. For each scenario, ten repeated tests are performed to provide enough training data for the algorithm. Third, the algorithm is trained with different quantities of training data (from one to seven test data for each scenario), and then is tested with the rest test data. The results show that the proposed 1D-CNN with three convolutional layers provide reliable identification results (over 95% accuracy) with sufficient training data sets. It has the potential to transform the SHM practice.
Vibration-based condition identification of bolted connections can benefit the effective maintenance and operation of steel structures. Existing studies show that modal parameters are not sensitive to such damage as loss of preload. In contrast, structural responses in the time domain contain all the information regarding a structural system. Therefore, this study aims to exploit time-domain data directly for condition identification of bolted connection. Finite element (FE) model updating is carried out based on the vibration test data of a steel frame, with various combinations of bolts with loss of preload, representing different damage scenarios. It is shown that the match between the numerically simulated and measured acceleration responses of the steel frame cannot be achieved. The reason is that time-dependent nonlinearity is generated in bolted connections during dynamic excitation of the steel frame. To capture the nonlinearity, a virtual viscous damper is proposed. By using the proposed damper alongside the updated system matrices of the FE model, the time domain acceleration responses are estimated with great consistency with the measured responses. The results demonstrate that the proposed virtual damper is not only effective in estimating the time domain acceleration responses in each damage case, but also has the potential for condition identification of bolted connections with such small damage as just one bolt with loss of preload. It can also be applied to other challenging scenarios of condition identification, where modal parameters are not sensitive to the damage.
Large scale offshore wind farms are relatively new infrastructures and are being deployed in regions prone to earthquakes. Offshore wind farms comprise of both offshore wind turbines (OWTs) and balance of plants (BOP) facilities, such as inter-array and export cables, grid connection etc. An OWT structure can be either grounded systems (rigidly anchored to the seabed) or floating systems (with tension legs or catenary cables). OWTs are dynamically-sensitive structures made of a long slender tower with a top-heavy mass, known as Nacelle, to which a heavy rotating mass (hub and blades) is attached. These structures, apart from the variable environmental wind and wave loads, may also be subjected to earthquake related hazards in seismic zones. The earthquake hazards that can affect offshore wind farm are fault displacement, seismic shaking, subsurface liquefaction, submarine landslides, tsunami effects and a combination thereof. Procedures for seismic designing OWTs are not explicitly mentioned in current codes of practice. The aim of the paper is to discuss the seismic related challenges in the analysis and design of offshore wind farms and wind turbine structures. Different types of grounded and floating systems are considered to evaluate the seismic related effects. However, emphasis is provided on Tension Leg Platform (TLP) type floating wind turbine. Future research needs are also identified.
Failure of bolted connections in steel structures may result in catastrophic effects. Many algorithms in existing literature use modal information of a structure to identify damage in that structure, based on the data acquired from accelerometers which record the vibration time histories at different points on the structure. The location of these points may have significant effects on the quality of the acquired data, and thus the identified modal information. In this paper, a distance measure based Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm is proposed to determine the optimal locations for the accelerometers, and the optimal location of the impact hammer if need. Different damage cases with various combinations of bolt failures are considered in this study. Failures at various levels are simulated by loosening the bolts in a predefined order. To compare the efficiency of the proposed method, the total effect of various damage cases on the accelerations at the optimal locations are calculated for the proposed method and a state-of-the-art method from the existing literature. The results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed strategy in locating the accelerometers, which can produce data that are more sensitive to the bolted connection failures.
Deep learning algorithms are transforming a variety of research areas with accuracy levels that the traditional methods cannot compete with. Recently, increasingly more research efforts have been put into the structural health monitoring domain. In this work, we propose a new deep convolutional neural network, namely SHMnet, for a challenging structural condition identification case, that is, steel frame with bolted connection damage. We perform systematic studies on the optimisation of network architecture and the preparation of the training data. In the laboratory, repeated impact hammer tests are conducted on a steel frame with different bolted connection damage scenarios, as small as one bolt loosened. The time-domain monitoring data from a single accelerometer are used for training. We conduct parametric studies on different layer numbers, different sensor locations, the quantity of the training datasets and noise levels. The results show that the proposed SHMnet is effective and reliable with at least four independent training datasets and by avoiding vibration node points as sensor locations. Under up to 60% additive Gaussian noise, the average identification accuracy is over 98%. In comparison, the traditional methods based on the identified modal parameters inevitably fail due to the unnoticeable changes of identified natural frequencies and mode shapes. The results provide confidence in using the developed method as an effective structural condition identification framework. It has the potential to transform the structural health monitoring practice. The code and relevant information can be found at https://github.com/capepoint/SHMnet.