Song J, Fan S, Lin William, Mottet L, Wooward H, Davies Wykes M, Arcucci R, Xiao D, Debay J, ApSimon H, Aristodemou E, Birch David, Carpentieri Matteo, Fan F, Herzog M, Hunt G, Jones R, Pain C, Pavlidis D, Robins Alan, Short C, Linden P (2018) Natural ventilation in cities: the implications of fluid mechanics, Building Research & Information 46 (8) pp. 809-828
Taylor & Francis
Research under the Managing Air for Green Inner Cities (MAGIC) project uses measurements and modelling to investigate the connections between external and internal conditions: the impact of urban airflow on the natural ventilation of a building. The test site was chosen so that under different environmental conditions the levels of external pollutants entering the building, from either a polluted road or a relatively clean courtyard, would be significantly different. Measurements included temperature, relative humidity, local wind and solar radiation, together with levels of carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) both inside and outside the building to assess the indoor?outdoor exchange flows. Building ventilation took place through windows on two sides, allowing for single-sided and crosswind-driven ventilation, and also stack-driven ventilation in low wind conditions. The external flow around the test site was modelled in an urban boundary layer in a wind tunnel. The wind tunnel results were incorporated in a large-eddy-simulation model, Fluidity, and the results compared with monitoring data taken both within the building and from the surrounding area. In particular, the effects of street layout and associated street canyons, of roof geometry and the wakes of nearby tall buildings were examined.