Ahmed Almradi

Dr Ahmed Almradi


Biography

Areas of specialism

Modelling, design, and performance analysis of wireless communication systems.; MIMO half-duplex and full-duplex relaying systems.; Wireless information and power transfer (energy harvesting) systems.; Hybrid analogue and digital beamforming for Massive MIMO mmWave systems.

My qualifications

2017
PhD Degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering.
The University of Manchester
2012
M.Sc. Degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering.
Rochester Institute of Technology
2004
B.Sc. Degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering.
The University of Tripoli

My publications

Publications

Ahmed Almradi and Khairi Ashour Hamdi (2017). ''MIMO Full-Duplex Relaying in the Presence of Co-Channel Interference'', Published in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 4874-4885, June 2017.
View abstract
This paper studies the deployment of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) full-duplex (FD) relaying systems in a multicell environment, where the source and destination nodes are equipped with a single antenna and communicating via a dual-hop amplify-and-forward (AF) relay station with multiple receive and transmit antennas in the presence of co-channel interference (CCI). This paper addresses the fundamental challenges of loopback self-interference (LI) and CCI when incorporating FD relaying in cellular systems. Due to the higher frequency reuse in FD relaying compared to its half-duplex (HD) relaying counterpart, the CCI is expected to double as the FD relay station simultaneously schedule uplink and downlink transmission on the same channel. The optimal design of relay receive and transmit precoding weight vectors, which maximizes the overall signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) is formulated by a proper optimization problem, and then, a closed-form suboptimal solution based on null space projection is proposed. The proposed precoding vectors are based on the added receive and transmit zero-forcing (ZF) constraints used to suppress the CCI and LI, respectively. To this end, exact closed-form expressions for the outage probability and ergodic capacity are derived, where simpler lower bound expressions are also presented. In addition, the asymptotic high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) outage probability approximation is also considered, through which the diversity order of the null space projection (ZF/ZF) scheme is found to achieve min(NR - M, NT - 1), where NR and NT are the number of relay receive and transmit antennas, respectively, and M is the number of CCI interferers. Numerical results sustained by Monte Carlo simulations show the exactness of the proposed analytical expressions, as well as the tightness of the proposed lower bound expressions. In addition, simulation results for the minimum mean square error (MMSE)/ZF scheme is also considered for comparison purposes. Our results reveal that MIMO FD relaying could substantially boost the system performance, compared to its conventional MIMO HD relaying counterpart.
Ahmed Almradi and Khairi Ashour Hamdi (2017). ''On the Outage Probability of MIMO Full-Duplex Relaying : Impact of Antenna Correlation and Imperfect CSI'', Published in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 3957-3965, May 2017.
View abstract
This paper analyzes the performance of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) full-duplex (FD) relaying systems, where the source and destination nodes are equipped with single antenna and communicate via a dual-hop amplify-and-forward (AF) relay with multiple receive and transmit antennas. The system performance due to practical wireless transmission impairments of spatial fading correlation and imperfect channel state information (CSI) is investigated. At the relay, the loopback self-interference (LI) is mitigated by using the receive zero-forcing (ZF) precoding scheme, then steering the signal to the destination by using a maximum and ratio transmission (MRT) technique. To this end, new exact closed-form expressions for the outage probability are derived, where the case of arbitrary, exponential, and no correlations are considered. Meanwhile, for better system performance insights, simpler outage probability lower bound expressions are also included, through which the achievable diversity order of the receive ZF/MRT scheme is shown to be min(NR - 1, NT), where NR and NT are the number of relay receive and transmit antennas, respectively. Numerical results sustained by Monte Carlo simulations show the exactness and tightness of the proposed closed-form exact and lower bound expressions, respectively. In addition, it is seen that the outage probability performance of FD relaying outperforms that of the conventional half-duplex (HD) relaying at low to medium signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). However, at high SNR, the performance of HD relaying outperforms that of the FD relaying. Furthermore, in the presence of channel estimation errors, an outage probability error floor is seen at high SNR. Therefore, for optimum outage performance, hybrid relaying modes that switches between HD and FD relaying modes is proposed.
Ahmed Almradi and Khairi Ashour Hamdi (2016). ''The Performance of Wireless Powered MIMO Relaying with Energy Beamforming'', Published in IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 4550-4562, Nov. 2016.
View abstract
This paper analyzes the performance of energy-constrained dual-hop amplify-and-forward relaying systems with multi-antenna nodes in the presence of multiple co-channel interferers at the destination. To maximize the overall signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio, as well as the harvested energy so as to mitigate the severe effects of fading and enable long-distance wireless power transfer, hop-by-hop information and energy beamforming is proposed where the transmitted signal is steered along the strongest eigenmode of each hop. The wirelessly powered relay scavenges energy from the source information radio frequency signal through energy beamforming, where both the time-switching receiver and power-splitting receiver are considered, and then uses the harvested energy to forward the source message to the destination. To this end, tight lower and upper bound expressions for the outage probability and ergodic capacity are presented in closed form. These are employed to investigate the throughput of the delay-constrained and delay-tolerant transmission modes. In addition, the asymptotic high signal-to-noise ratio outage probability and ergodic capacity approximations are derived, where the achievable diversity order is also presented. Numerical results sustained by Monte Carlo simulations show the tightness of the proposed analytical expressions. The impact of various parameters, such as energy harvesting time, power-splitting ratio, source transmit power, and the number of antennas on the system throughput, is also considered.
4. Ahmed Almradi and Khairi Ashour Hamdi (2015). ''Spectral Efficiency of OFDM Systems With Random Residual CFO'', Published in IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol.63, no.7, pp. 2580-2590, July 2015.
View abstract
Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) over wireless channels is sensitive to carrier frequency offset (CFO), which destroys orthogonality amongst sub-carriers, giving rise to inter-carrier interference (ICI). Different techniques are available for estimating and compensating for the CFO at the receiver. However, in practice, a residual CFO remains at the receiver after CFO estimation, where the estimation accuracy depends primarily on the fractions of time and power used by the estimator. In this paper, we propose to measure the efficiency of OFDM systems with CFO estimation errors in terms of the spectral efficiency, which accounts for both, the degradation in signal-to-interference plus noise ratio (SINR) due to the residual CFO, and the penalty of the extra power and spectral resources allocated to achieve the desired CFO estimation accuracy. New accurate expressions are derived for the spectral efficiency of wireless OFDM systems in the presence of residual CFO and frequency-selective multipath fading channel. These are used to compare between two common CFO estimation methods in wireless OFDM systems, namely, the cyclic prefix based and the training symbols based CFO estimation techniques for fixed and variable pilot power. These results are further extended to include OFDM systems with transmit diversity techniques. In addition, the impact of imperfect channel estimation on the overall spectral efficiency is also included. Numerical results reveal that the cyclic prefix based CFO technique is more efficient than the training symbols based CFO technique when perfect channel state information (CSI) is known blindly at the receiver. Furthermore, fixed pilot power results in a spectral efficiency ceiling as SNR increases, whereas spectral efficiency increases with SNR without bound in the equal pilot and signal powers case.