David Uzzell

Professor David Uzzell


Professor (Emeritus) of Environmental Psychology
BA MA PhD FBPsS, CPsychol

Academic and research departments

School of Psychology.

My qualifications

1973
BA Geography
University of Liverpool
1980
PhD Psychology
University of Surrey
1983
MSc in Social Psychology
London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London

Affiliations and memberships

Research

Research interests

Research projects

Research collaborations

Indicators of esteem

  • Invited to give the 2010 Joint British Academy/British Psychological Society Annual Lecture 2010 at the Royal Society (Psychology and Climate Change: Collective Solutions to a Global Problem)

  • Invited by the American Psychological Association to represent the Association at the Second Annual Psychology Day at the United Nations, on the subject of Psychology and Social Justice Related to the UN Global Agenda, United Nations Headquarters, New York, 2010 (Human Behavior and Climate Change: A Social Justice Issue).

  • Invited to make a presentation to the Commission for the Study of Climate Change of the Congress of Deputies of the Spanish Parliament (November 2017) 

  • Invited to represent the British Psychological Society at the European Commission Psychology Day 2019 (30th January 2019), with a presentation on Climate Change, Europe and Psychology’s Role in Behavioural Change. This was the first time that the EU Commission has dedicated a day to highlighting the impact of psychology.

My publications

Publications

Uzzell David (2016) Families in an Environmental Context, Families, Relationships and Societies 5 (3) pp. 481-485 Policy Press
Research on children's learning in museums, children's attempts to change their parents' environmental practices, and how the different 'logics' of home and the workplace affect offshore oil workers' transfer of environmental practices between the two, all focus on the critical role of the family in environmental change. This Open Space piece reflects on how environmental practices are strongly influenced by the family and the other institutions with which the family interacts
Frantzeskaki N, Dumitru A, Anguelovski I, Avelino F, Bach M, Best B, Binder C, Barnes J, Carrus G, Egermann M, Haxeltine A, Moore ML, Mira RG, Loorbach D, Uzzell David, Omman I, Olsson P, Silvestri G, Stedman R, Wittmayer J, Durrant R, Rauschmayer F (2017) Elucidating the changing roles of civil society in urban sustainability transitions, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 22 pp. 41-50 Elsevier
Understanding the diversifying role of civil society in Europe?s
sustainability pathway is a valid proposition both scientifically
and socially. Civil society organisations already play a
significant role in the reality of cities, what remains to be
explored is the question: what is the role of civil society in the
future sustainability of European cities? We first examine the
novelty of new forms of civil society organization based on a
thorough review of recent case studies of civil society initiatives
for sustainable transitions across a diversity of European
projects and an extensive literature review. We conceptualize a
series of roles that civil society plays and the tensions they
entail. We argue that, civil society initiatives can pioneer new
social relations and practices therefore be an integral part of
urban transformations and can fill the void left by a retreating
welfare state, thereby safeguarding and servicing social needs
but also backing up such a rolling back of the welfare state. It
can act as a hidden innovator?contributing to sustainability
but remaining disconnected from the wider society. Assuming
each of these roles can have unintended effects, such as being
proliferated by political agendas, which endanger its role and
social mission, and can be peeled off to serve political agendas
resulting in its disempowerment and over-exposure. We
conclude with a series of implications for future research on the
roles of civil society in urban sustainability transitions
Murtagh N, Gatersleben BCM, Uzzell D (2014) A qualitative study of perspectives on household and societal impacts of demand response, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 26 (10) pp. 1131-1143 Taylor & Francis
Despite the importance of demand response, there has been little exploration of its potential impact on the individual or society. To address this gap, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 households in the south of England, in which two demand response vignettes were presented: peak pricing and remote demand control during critical peaks. Peak pricing was seen as inequitable, burdening the less affluent, the less healthy, families and working mothers. Adverse societal outcomes may result from peak pricing, with potential for disruption of time-dependent household routines including the socially vital ritual of family mealtimes. Householders perceived their peak-time consumption to be determined by society?s temporal patterns and not within their control to change. Third-party control in demand side management was perceived to contravene householders? rights of control inside their homes. Alternative approaches to shifting peak demand, which combine technological, economic and socio-psychological insights, are considered.
A year ago, it was possible to claim that climate change is no longer a contested issue: what is contested is what we can do about it. The limited success of COP15 (Copenhagen marketed itself as ?Hopenhagen?) and the rise in public scepticism about both the evidence in support of climate change and the role of humans in causing it has the potential to undo all the advances made over the last decade to raise the public?s level of concern so that they engage in more sustainable lifestyles. While technological fixes and financial instruments have an important part to play, their effectiveness is usually mediated by the way the public understands, interprets, engages with or responds to such actions. Moreover, these strategies alone will not suffice: changing the public?s social, economic and environmental behaviours and everyday practices is also essential. Already psychology is making a significant contribution to this work ? whether it is devising mitigation and adaptation strategies and interventions, gathering of evidence about the potential and actual effectiveness of policies and practical actions, or challenging common or taken for granted ways of thinking about these issues. This Joint British Academy/British Psychological Society Annual Lecture will examine some of the exciting and influential work being undertaken by psychologists. While encouraging individuals to change their attitudes and behaviours is clearly important, we know that climate change is a collective problem requiring collective solutions. Considerable emphasis will be placed in this lecture on the role and importance of social context, collective action and community cooperation. How have people come to lead unsustainable lifestyles through developments of changes in the wider society? How can community initiatives be made more effective? What can we learn from the international trade union movement which is working across the North-South divide to link environmental measures with social justice?
Murtagh N, Gatersleben Birgitta, Uzzell David (2014) Identity Threat and Resistance to Change: Evidence and Implications from Transport-Related Behaviour, In: Breakwell G, Jaspal R (eds.), Identity Process Theory: Identity, Social Action and Social Change pp. 335-356 Cambridge University Press
Uzzell D, Räthzel N, Lumsden D (2008) The Importance of Context in the Interpretation of Cross-Cultural Environmental Attitudes, IAPS 20 Conference Proceedings: URBAN DIVERSITIES, BIOSPHERE AND WELL-BEING: DESIGNING AND MANAGING OUR COMMON ENVIRONMENT IAPS
Ten years ago a series of international studies were undertaken (DU) to assess the public?s concern about a number of environmental problems at the local, national and global level (Uzzell, 2000). This paper reports on an exploratory study with a sample of 94 UK students (University of Surrey) and 39 Swedish students (University of Ume:) which sought to assess whether there has been any change in environmental attitudes within the last decade. Respondents were asked to indicate in how good or poor a state the environment is at the local, country and global levels, whether the environment would be in a better or poorer state in 20 years time, their attitudes towards consumerism and their attributions of responsibility for bringing about change. Furthermore, a series of open ended questions sought to elicit their ?unstructured? views about their environmental concerns, the perceived causes and their suggestions for solutions. Not only did the qualitative responses indicate different priorities, but they demonstrated the need for contextual/local knowledge to make sense of cross-cultural comparisons. International and cross-cultural studies not only require the collaboration of data-collectors, but also data-interpreters.
Uzzell D (2014) Reflection 2: Where is the change in sustainability transitions?, In: Frantzeskaki N, Bach M, Spira F (eds.), The Role of Civil Society in Sustainability Transitions pp. 17-18 DRIFT, Erasmus University
Uzzell D (2008) The ?Ecologization? of Psychology?: Carl Graumann as an Influential Figure in Environmental Psychology,
Carl Graumann was an influential figure in my early career. I always enjoyed his writings and found the genealogical intellectual links he made with the early German psychologists stimulating. His work and ideas always had a resonance for me and I found myself sitting comfortably in its philosophical and theoretical positioning. Several years ago Gabriel Moser and I had the idea of undertaking a research project looking at influential figures in environmental psychology. Our aim has been to explore how those psychologists and other researchers who were influential in the early years of people-environment relationships became interested in the subject and who had influenced them such that environmental psychology was the offspring of their efforts. Carl was an obvious person to invite. In my paper I will talk briefly about who had influenced Carl, and how he developed his ideas in phenomenology, identity and the social construction of environmental problems, and sought to promote the ?ecologisation? of psychology
Clark C, Uzzell DL (2006) The Socio-Environmental Affordances of Adolescents' Environments, In: Spencer C, Blades M (eds.), Children and their Environments pp. 176-198 Cambridge University Press
Uzzell David, Räthzel N (2012) Mending the breach between labour and nature: A case for environmental labour studies, In: Räthzel N, Uzzell D (eds.), Trade Unions in the Green Economy Routledge
In the past, environmental movements and labour movements have seen each other as opponents. Where labour movements have taken an interest in nature it has been in the early movements as a space of recreation, later as a necessary condition for a healthy life. In both cases nature has been constructed as ?the Other? of labour. The same can be said for environmental movements, which have aimed to defend, often conserve nature ?against labour?. This opposition has been mirrored in the academic field in as much that environmental studies have not taken any account of labour, whereas labour studies have largely ignored the environment. The authors argue that these oppositions are started to being tackled within the respective movements and within academic research as well. As the contributions in this volume demonstrate, there is a need for a new area of research: environmental labour studies.
Uzzell D (2009) When and Where Memory and History Meet,
Uzzell D (2010) ?Not ?Who Done It? but Where? The Affordance of Place in Fear of Crime and Criminal Activity?,
Research on product life-spans tends to link the causes of psychological obsolescence with end-users and product designers, and posits the consequences of obsolescence in terms of increasing e-waste and energy use. Drawing upon qualitative fieldwork conducted with employees of a global computer firm and users of its laptop computers this article brings together the poles of production and consumption to explore the dynamics of de-stabilization in product qualities, connecting the intensification of this process to psychological obsolescence and unsustainable patterns of consumption. First, we demonstrate that consumer-facing functions within the firm such as user research, sales and marketing play a key role in driving the pace of technological change within the firm by specifying consumer demand. We argue that by distilling an imaginary demanding consumer from various sources, the firm justifies and drives rapid de-stabilization in product qualities and specifications. We show how this prompts end consumers to constantly re-evaluate product qualities, devaluing existing products and contributing to psychological obsolescence and disposal of functioning products. We then go on to discuss the environmental implications of this process, suggesting that whilst premature disposal due to perceived obsolescence may not increase waste in the short term, it is still likely to contribute to an increase in material and energy use in manufacturing.
Spence A, Pidgeon N, Uzzell D (2009) Climate Change: Sparking off Debate about the Hot Topic, The Psychologist 22 (2) pp. 118-121
Uzzell D (2009) Where is the discipline in heritage studies? A view from environmental psychology, In: Sorensen MLS, Carman J (eds.), Heritage Studies: methods and approaches pp. 326-333 Routledge
Murtagh N, Gatersleben B, Uzzell D (2014) A qualitative study of perspectives on household and societal impacts of demand response, Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 26 (10) pp. 1131-1143
© 2014, © 2014 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis.Despite the importance of demand response (DR), there has been little exploration of its potential impact on the individual or society. To address this gap, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 households in the south of England, in which two DR vignettes were presented: peak pricing and remote demand control during critical peaks. Peak pricing was seen as inequitable, burdening the less affluent, the less healthy, families and working mothers. Adverse societal outcomes may result from peak pricing, with potential for disruption of time-dependent household routines including the socially vital ritual of family mealtimes. Householders perceived their peak-time consumption to be determined by society's temporal patterns and not within their control to change. Third-party control in demand-side management was perceived to contravene householders' rights of control inside their homes. Alternative approaches to shifting peak demand, which combine technological, economic and socio-psychological insights, are considered.
Acuña-Rivera M, Uzzell David, Brown J (2014) Risk perception as mediator in perceptions of neighbourhood disorder and safety about victimisation, Journal of Environmental Psychology 40 pp. 64-75 Elsevier
This paper tested a new conceptual model suggesting that risk perception is a significant mediator between perceived neighbourhood disorder and a sense of (un)safety. Three components of risk perception were evaluated: perceived vulnerability, controllability and probability of occurrence of specific offences. Using photo-simulation, three places with different levels of physical and social disorder were created and 120 British students rated the level of disorder, risk and safety of each place. Results showed that risk perception partially mediated the relationship between perceived disorder and safety. Perceived vulnerability was the strongest predictor and mediator in all three places but most significantly in the degraded place. Findings indicated that the more disordered a place is perceived the more a person relies on the perception of risk to estimate how safe she or he might be. Investigating the interpretive processes that occur when people estimate risk and safety, is crucial.
Uzzell D (2006) The Impact of Environmental Psychology and IAPS,
Uzzell D (2010) Trade unions and climate change, Report: Trade Unions and Climate Change. Conference News No. 1 ILO-ITUC-GURN
Trade unions and researchers need to press for criteria other than Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to be taken into account for measuring social progress. International solidarity between unions is critical to be able to counterbalance the huge financial power of international companies in Small Island States and unions need to rethink the nature of the latter?s involvement in the ITUC. Climate change policies must be clear, evidence-based, transparent and free from any gender-distorting effects. In turn, academic research must be multifaceted, actiondriven, interdisciplinary, theory-driven and be the voice of the workers of the world.
Ballantyne R, Uzzell D (2011) Looking back ? looking forward: the rise of the visitor-centred museum, Curator: The Museum Journal 54 (1) pp. 85-92 Wiley-Blackwell
This paper presents some personal perceptions about ?drivers of change,? which have impacted the role and nature of museums since the 1980s, leading to the rise of the visitor-centered museum. Such changes mirror developments occurring in society. In the case of museums, a decline in public funding has occurred at a time when increased resources are required to enable museums to successfully compete for the visitor dollar in the expanding ?experience economy.? The authors suggest that the role and nature of museums in the future will be shaped by their responses to many challenges, the most important being: how to increase visitor numbers without negatively impacting on visitor satisfaction; how to adjust policy and practice as museums approach the limits of visitor growth; how to start to reverse the trend of declining public funding by demonstrating museums? value to society through the adoption of community-centered policies and practice; and perhaps the most unpredictable, how museums will adjust their policies and practices in the face of possible climate change.
Uzzell D, Muckle R (2005) Simulating traffic engineering solutions to predict changes in driving behaviour, Transportation Research Part F-Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 8 (4-5) pp. 311-329
The growth in motorised traffic on rural lanes in the UK has increased the dangers of, and dissuades people from, walking, cycling or horse riding on roads in the countryside. A UK Government initiative, "Quiet Lanes", aims to address this contra-sustainability development and make rural lanes safe and attractive for non-motorised users. Although traffic calming measures have been employed in urban areas, their translation into more environmentally sensitive rural areas has been problematic, largely on aesthetic grounds as they often have an urban appearance. Innovative solutions are necessary to reduce traffic speed but it would be prudent to assess experimentally the likely effectiveness and acceptability of any new measures before they are built. This paper discusses the use of simulated environments by means of manipulated colour photographs to predict changes in driving behaviour associated with changing road environments. It was found that respondents were able to differentiate between the different simulated engineering solutions and their suggested driving behaviour accurately reflected that associated with road use under similar conditions elsewhere. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uzzell D (2008) Changing Climate, Changing Lifestyles, Changing Psychology,
Uzzell D (2008) The challenge of climate change; the challenge for psychology, APS
Uzzell D, Horne N (2006) The influence of biological sex, sexuality and gender role on interpersonal distance., Br J Soc Psychol 45 (Pt 3) pp. 579-597
This research reports on a conceptually and methodologically innovative study, which sought to measure the influence of gender on interpersonal distance. In so doing, we argue for an important distinction to be made between biological sex, gender role, and sexuality. To date, however, progress in the study of interpersonal distance (IPD) has been inhibited by poor operational definitions and inadequate measurement methodologies. For our own investigation, we innovated on methodology by devising the digital video-recording IPD method (DiVRID) that records interpersonal spatial relationships using high quality digital video equipment. The findings highlighted not only the validity of our innovative method of investigation, but also that a more sophisticated conceptualization of the impact of gender on IPD is warranted than can be accounted for by biological sex differences. In this study, we found that gender role accounts for more of the variation in IPD than the conventionally reported gender variable, sex.
Uzzell D, Leach R, Kelay T (2005) "What about us?" Diversity Review evidence changing perceptions: provider awareness of under-represented groups, Report to the Countryside Agency, Cheltenham.
Uzzell D (2008) Changing Climate, Changing Lifestyles, Changing Psychology,
Marcu A, Uzzell D, Barnett J (2010) Denial of risk in a restorative environment: The case of Lyme disease, Forestry Commission
Many people take great pleasure in spending time in the great outdoors and still more are being encouraged to visit green spaces to improve their health and well-being. Although considerable evidence supports the benefits of spending time in the countryside, little is known about how best to warn visitors of potential risks and encourage appropriate behaviour without causing alarm. With a focus on Lyme disease, an interdisciplinary research team is exploring the possible impact of zoonotic diseases on the development of recreation in rural areas, within an overarching framework of risk communication. Lyme disease (also known as Lyme borreliosis) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. Lyme disease is found in a number of wild animal hosts and can be transferred to humans by infected ticks. It is important to understand how individuals, groups and organizations respond to the risk of zoonotic diseases in order to improve the provision of risk information and the strategies of risk communication. The presentations in this symposium will focus on visitors? actual behaviour in the countryside, visitors? perceptions of zoonotic risk, and on organizations? communication strategies in relation to zoonoses. Overall, this session will advance our understanding of risk perceptions and risk behaviour among visitors and organizations strategies of risk communication. How does visitors? behaviour expose them to risk of Lyme disease? The first presentation will focus on people?s risk awareness and landscape preference assessed via GPS tracking and behavioural observations. This research explores the spatial use by recreational users and associated levels of preventative behaviour, and will lead to the development of an agent-based model of potential risk of contact between users and ticks. Are visitors aware of Lyme disease and where do they place ticks among other countryside hazards? The second presentation will draw on individual interviews conducted with visitors in the countryside to explore visitors? perceptions of risk of Lyme disease and their attitudes towards risk communication. This research maps the visitors? denial of hazards in restorative environments such as parks and countryside, and their optimistic bias regarding their own invulnerability to Lyme disease. The implications of the visitors? lack of receptivity to risk communication will be discussed. How do forest and countryside organizations provide information about zoonotic risks to their visitors? An analysis of leaflets on ticks and Lyme disease and 20 semi-structured interviews with organization representatives give insight into the current understanding of the disease and preferred methods for information provision. Overall, the results indicate a lack of clarity within organisations as to where risk information is held and how it is provided. The implications for the communication of zoonotic risk will be discussed.
Uzzell D, Marcu A, Barnett J (2009) Managing Risks in a Restorative Environment, Pabst Science Publishers
The countryside is simultaneously a working environment and a place with recreational and
restorative benefits. This poses a range of dilemmas for those responsible for managing potential
risks both to those that work and those that visit. One key dilemma relating to visitors in particular
concerns the requirement to warn and to encourage appropriate behaviour, without causing
alarm.
The present research explored the perception and management of hazards in the countryside
from the perspective of forest managers who have responsibility for staff and public safety. Individual
telephone interviews with 17 forest managers from across the UK explored their perception
of forest hazards and risk, and their experience of communicating these to staff and the
public. The analysis was informed by thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) and discursive
psychology (Edwards & Potter, 1992) as we were interested in the construction of ?forest hazards
and risks? in talk and in strategies of justification and attribution. Participants distinguished
between different categories of hazard, such as natural vs. man-made. Both patterns of responsibility
for risk management and constructions of likely responsiveness to risk communication
varied between staff and the public. Public facing risk communications strategies were underpinned
by a balancing act between managing risks and informing the public without causing unnecessary
alarm.
O'Brien L, Marcu A, Marzano M, Barnett J, Quine C, Uzzell D (2012) Situating risk in the context of a woodland visit: a case study on Lyme Borreliosis, Scottish Forestry 66 (4) pp. 14-24
Uzzell David, White E (2015) Changing Tastes: Meat in Our Life Histories, In: Jackson T, Christie I (eds.), Lifestyles Values and the Environment Routledge
Uzzell D (2010) La Sostenibilitat vista per empreses i sindicats del Nord i del Sud,
Uzzell D (2008) Challenging Issues for the Psychology of Climate Change, APA

Combating climate change will increasingly impact on production industries and the workers they employ as production changes and consumption is targeted. Yet research has largely ignored labour and its responses. This book brings together sociologists, psychologists, political scientists, historians, economists, and representatives from international and local unions based in Australia, Brazil, South Africa, Taiwan, Spain, Sweden, the UK and the USA. Together they open up a new area of research: Environmental Labour Studies.

The authors ask what kind of environmental policies are unions in different countries and sectors developing. How do they aim to reconcile the protection of jobs with the protection of the environment? What are the forms of cooperation developing between trade unions and environmental movements, especially the so-called Red-Green alliances? Under what conditions are unions striving to create climate change policies that transcend the economic system? Where are they trying to find solutions that they see as possible within the present socio-economic conditions? What are the theoretical and practical implications of trade unions? "Just Transition", and the problems and perspectives of "Green Jobs"? The authors also explore how food workers? rights would contribute to low carbon agriculture, the role workers? identities play in union climate change policies, and the difficulties of creating solidarity between unions across the global North and South.

Trade Unions in the Green Economy opens the climate change debate to academics and trade unionists from a range of disciplines in the fields of labour studies, environmental politics, environmental management, and climate change policy. It will also be useful for environmental organisations, trade unions, business, and politicians.

Räthzel N, Uzzell D (2008) Changing Relations in Global Environmental Change,
This presentation was published as "Rathzel, N and Uzzell, D (2009). Changing relations in global environmental change. Global Environmental Change, 19 (3). 326 - 335. Available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/7421/
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378009000399

We discuss a cross-national pilot study in Sweden and the UK examining young people's environmental concerns and their perceptions of the causes and solutions. The study demonstrates that evaluations of the causes of environmental degradation are partly contingent upon the manner in which questions are framed leading to quite different interpretations of the findings. Moreover, attitudes also differ significantly between the British and the Swedish sample: in the UK environmental degradation is seen as more serious but also more distant from the respondents? everyday experiences when answering pre-formulated questions. The causes of environmental degradation are located in both countries in government and industry policies promoting economic growth on the one hand. On the other, respondents identify distant developments in emerging economies as problems, without connecting their local experiences to the global effects they describe. In the open-ended part of the survey, individual behaviour is seen as the most important cause of environmental degradation. But while British respondents describe individuals as selfish, lazy and consumerist, Swedish respondents emphasise also structural causes like Western lifestyles and the market society. We present possible explanations for these differences and discuss the relationships between the global and the local in relation to constructions of the Other as well as the relationship of individualism and authoritarianism that emerge from the results.

Uzzell D, Brown J (2007) Conceptual progress in understanding fear of crime in railway stations, Psicologia 21 (2) pp. 119-137
Uzzell DL (2000) The psycho-spatial dimension of global environmental problems, Journal of Environmental Psychology 20 (4) pp. 307-318 Elsevier
There has been little research on the differential aspects of the local/global dichotomy, yet there is every suggestion that such a distinction could be crucially important in terms of understanding the public's perceptions and attitudes towards environmental problems as well as understanding their subsequent behaviour. This research sought to address three questions. First, are people only able to relate to environmental issues if they are concrete, immediate and local? Second, do people consider environmental problems to be more serious at a global or a local level? Third, what is the effect of the public's perceptions of the seriousness of environmental problems on their sense of responsibility for taking action? Three studies were undertaken in Australia, England, Ireland and Slovakia. The results of each study con sistently demonstrate that respondents are not only able to conceptualize problems at a global level, but an inverse distance effect is found such that environmental problems are perceived to be more serious the farther away they are from the perceiver. An inverse relationship was also found between a sense of responsibility for environmental problems and spatial scale resulting in feelings of powerlessness at a global level. The paper concludes with a discussion of various psychological theories and perspectives which informs our analysis and understanding of what might be seen as environmental hyperopia. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
Durrant A, Frohlich DM, Sellen A, Uzzell D (2011) The secret life of teens: online versus offline photographic displays at home, Visual Studies 26 (2) pp. 113-124 Taylor & Francis
In this article we describe findings from a recent study in which we interviewed four British teenage girls about their photo display practices, online and offline, in family homes. We adopted a phenomenological approach to inquiry, with a particular interest in exploring how photographic representations of self and family signal self-development in emerging adulthood. Findings reveal how teens portrayed themselves differently to friends, online, and family, offline. Self-presentation to peers through photographs was managed separately from the family and largely free from parental control. The separate, online domain was used to explore alternative self-representations with real friends. Our findings appear to signal changing politics of photograph ownership and family representation between the generations.
Gatersleben B, Clark C, Reeve A, Uzzell D (2007) The impact of a new transport link on residential communities, JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 27 (2) pp. 145-153 ACADEMIC PRESS LTD ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Marcu A, Barnett J, Uzzell D (2010) Information sufficiency and the timing of precautions: the case of Lyme disease,
Using the model of risk information seeking and
processing (Griffin, Dunwoody, & Neuwirth, 1999),
the present survey investigated the information
needs and the motivations for precautionary
behaviour from the perspective of those who have
been affected by Lyme disease, an infectious
disease caused by ticks infected with the bacterium
Borrelia burgdorferi. Of the 130 Lyme disease
patients (M age S.15) recruited via the Lyme
disease unit at the HPA, 74.80% had heard of Lyme
disease before contracting the disease, and of
these, 59% were aware of precautions against tick
bites. The patients? information sufficiency was
predicted by their knowledge of Lyme disease, but
this relationship was mediated by the belief that the
risks of tick bites are well-known and controllable
(Aroian?s z =99, p precautionary behaviour loaded on two factors, representing precautions before and after the visit
to the countryside (e.g. covering sk! in vs. checking
skin for ticks). Intentions for pre-precautions were
related to worry and to the perceived severity of tick
bites, as well as to information sufficiency: the less
the patients felt they knew about their health
condition, the more motivated they were to take
precautions. The patients? preference for post visit
precautions (Ms =10 vs. 3.34, t (1, 104) =82, p .001) suggests that previous experience of risk can
diminish perceptions of risk or, equally, that
restorative environments such as the countryside
can inhibit precautionary behaviour. The
implications for risk communication will be
discussed
Uzzell D, Rathzel N (2010) La contextualisation de la psychologie environnementale: La nécessaire évolution de la psychologie environnementale, In: Weiss K, Girandola F (eds.), Psychology and Sustainable Development (Psychologie et développement durable) pp. 247-277 In-Press
Murtagh N, Nati M, Headley WR, Gatersleben Birgitta, Gluhak A, Imran MA, Uzzell David (2013) Individual energy use and feedback in an office setting: A field trial, Energy Policy 62 pp. 717-728 Elsevier
Despite national plans to deploy smart meters in small and medium businesses in the UK, there is little knowledge of occupant energy use in offices. The objectives of the study were to investigate the effect of individual feedback on energy use at the workdesk, and to test the relationship between individual determinants, energy use and energy reduction. A field trial is presented, which monitored occupant energy use and provided individual feedback to 83 office workers in a university. The trial comprised pre- and post-intervention surveys, energy measurement and provision of feedback for 18 weeks post-baseline, and two participant focus groups. The main findings were: statistically significant energy reduction was found, but not for the entire measurement period; engagement with feedback diminished over time; no measured individual variables were related to energy reduction and only attitudes to energy conservation were related to energy use; an absence of motivation to undertake energy reduction actions was in evidence. The implications for energy use in offices are considered, including the need for motivations beyond energy reduction to be harnessed to realise the clear potential for reduced energy use at workdesks. © 2013 The Authors.
Meader N, Uzzell D, Gatersleben B (2006) Cultural theory and quality of life, EUROPEAN REVIEW OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-REVUE EUROPEENNE DE PSYCHOLOGIE APPLIQUEE 56 (1) pp. 61-69 ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER
Räthzel N, Uzzell D (2014) Environmental engagements of trade unions and the North-South divide, Mouvements 80 pp. 106-110 La Découverte
Uzzell D (2007) Environmental Psychology for a Sustainable City,
Uzzell D (2007) How to Succeed? Factors to Consider When Encouraging Behaviour Change,
Acuna-Rivera Marcela, Uzzell David, Brown J (2011) Perceptions of disorder, risk and safety: The method and framing effects, Psyecology: Revista Bilingüe de Psicología Ambiental - Bilingual Journal of Environmental Psychology 2 (2) pp. 167-177 Fundación Infancia y Aprendizaje
Several research studies have argued that people evaluate incivilities of places as part of the process of estimating how safe they might be. The study presented here examined whether such an assumption is upheld when people are allowed to express their thoughts about places before rating how disordered a place seems to them. British students evaluated three residential areas with different levels of disorder. First, participants had to write their impressions about the places and then rate how disordered, risky and unsafe the places seemed to them. The qualitative analysis showed that despite participants referred to physical disorder, only few participants mentioned crime and safety. Results from the quantitative analysis revealed that as the more disordered a place was rated the more unsafe it was considered. Findings suggest both that disordered places not always elicit unsafe concerns and that the so predicted relationship between disorder and safety maybe method dependant.
Ravenscroft N, Uzzell D, Leach R (2002) Danger ahead? The impact of fear of crime on people's recreational use of nonmotorised shared-use routes, Environment and Planning C-Government and Policy 20 (5) pp. 741-756
In this paper we discuss the incidence of actual and perceived victimisation in people's recreational use of nonmotorised shared-use routes. Using the findings from eight focus groups, we show that, despite encountering very few conflictual situations when on shared-use routes, the fear of accidents and assaults has a significant impact on some people in some environments. The findings lend support to broader theorisations about people's insecurity when outside the home, where fear is an increasingly systemic reaction to the ways in which understandings of the public domain are shifting.
Youn S, Uzzell D (2011) Colonial Architecture and Reconstruction of National Identity: People?s Perception of Colonial Architecture and Its Transformation,
Based on the ideas of social and environmental psychology, this study explored the way colonial architecture affects people?s sense of national identity, with an emphasis on people?s perception and its transformation. For this study, Japanese colonial architecture built between 1910 and 1945 in Seoul, South Korea?s capital, was taken as a case study. By employing a life history approach as a methodology, this study found that colonial architecture and its relation to identity would be perceived from the various levels of context, such as personal, community and an institutional context. It also identified that various events in people?s lives and in the broader social context also play a crucial role in their perception of the architecture in relation to national identity today. This finding will be useful to scholars and cultural heritage and to urban practitioners who are concerned with historic architecture as a mediator of national identity.
Twigger-Ross C, Uzzell D (1996) Place identity and place attachment, Journal of Environmental Psychology 16 (2) pp. 205-220
Pepper M, Jackson T, Uzzell D (2009) An examination of the values that motivate socially
conscious and frugal consumer behaviours,
International Journal of Consumer Studies 33 (2) pp. 126-136
Uzzell D (2012) Blind Men, Elephants and Foreign Countries: Challenging Assumptions in Heritage Studies and Interpretation,
The School of Tourism?s Visitor Research Forum took place at the St Lucia campus on 18th January 2012, and provided the opportunity for those working in visitor research in museums, zoos, botanic gardens, national parks, heritage sites and ecotourism settings to come together around the theme Interpreting our Heritage and Understanding our Visitors.

The one-day conference featured presentations by Professor David Uzzell from the University of Surrey, a W. James Whyte Visiting Research Fellow at the UQ School of Tourism.

Räthzel N, Uzzell D (2010) Trade Unions Facing Globalising Work Division and Environmental Degradation,
Pepper M, Jackson T, Uzzell D (2010) A Study of Multidimensional Religion Constructs and Values in the United Kingdom, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49 (1) pp. 127-146 WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
A growing number of studies have systematically examined the relationships between religiousness and value priorities. However, few studies have utilized multidimensional constructs of religiousness or attempted to distinguish among the value priorities of the religious. Using a general public sample and a churchgoer sample in the United Kingdom, this article examines the associations between Schwartz's values, several general religion measures, and conceptualization of God. Religiousness aligns most strongly along the conservation/openness to change value dimension, and spirituality is rotated further toward self-transcendence values. Findings suggest a shift among the religious away from an emphasis on security. God concepts are uniquely related to some value types. Particularly among the churchgoers, for whom God concepts may be especially formative, characteristics attributed to God are reflected in value priorities. These findings support the theoretical assertion that conceptualization of God is a foundational religious belief implicated in more specific values, attitudes, and beliefs.
Nigbur D, Uzzell D, Lyons E (2006) Increasing Recycling Through Community Action,
Räthzel N, Uzzell D, Elliott D (2010) Can trade unions become environmental innovators?, Soundings: A journal of Politics and Culture 46 pp. 76-87 Lawrence and Wishart
Lessons can be learned from the actions of the workers and shop stewards at Lucas Aerospace in the 1970s, who fought redundancies by developing a plan for alternative production to turn swords into ploughshares - to transform Lucas Aerospace from a company producing aeronautical and military systems to a company producing socially-useful products. The Lucas Alternative Plan failed for a variety of reasons, but the idea that workers can put forward alternative proposals for sustainable development - for a just transition - are suggestive of new ways for unions to participate in combating climate change. Recent developments of trade union policies towards climate change are discussed, with possible answers offered to some of the conflicts with which unions struggle in their attempt to garner more widespread support for their ambitious environmental policies.
Räthzel N, Uzzell D (2011) Natur oder Arbeit? Dilemata und Perspektiven Gewerkschaftlicher Umweltpolitik, Das Argument (The argument: Journal of Philosophy & Social Sciences) 294 (5) pp. 734-744 Berlin Institute of Critical Theory
The article discusses the ways in which international trade unions are conceptualising the
relationship between jobs and the environment. On the basis of interviews with union representatives,
four such ways are discerned: »technological fi x«, »transformation of social identities«,
»rearticulation of immediate interests« and »engagement for general interests«. All four ways of
reasoning imply a re-invention of unions as social movements but reduce nature to an environment
providing the conditions for human health/illness. The authors argue that Marx? notion
of labour and nature as the two sources of wealth and of work as the process in which humans
develop their capabilities can provide a point of departure for unions to conceptualise production
as a process in which nature and labour form an alliance. This implies challenging the private
appropriation of nature.
Murtagh N, Gatersleben Birgitta, Uzzell David (2012) Multiple identities and travel mode choice for regular journeys, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 15 (5) pp. 514-524 Elsevier
Growing evidence supports a range of non-instrumental factors influencing travel mode. Amongst these, identity has been proposed. However, to date, the relationship has not been systematically investigated and few investigations have harnessed a theoretical framework for identity. Drawing on role theory (Stryker, S., 1980, Symbolic interactionism: A social structural version. CA: Benjamin Cummings), we hypothesised that multiple identities, of varying importance, are related to travel mode choice. The study of 248 UK urban/suburban, working, car-owning parents used survey-based data to test the influence of seven identities on travel mode choice in regular travel. Multiple and logistic regression analyses found multiple identities to be significantly related to travel mode to work, on escort education and on other regular journeys. The study demonstrated different patterns of relationship between identity on different types of journey and found evidence for travel mode choice as embedded within social identities. In addition to the study?s contribution of new empirical findings, its application of a theoretical focus on identity offers additional strategies in attempting to change travel behaviours towards sustainability.
Räthzel N, Uzzell David (2013) Lokal plats, globalt rum. Solidaritet över gränserna och frågan om miljön, In: Lindberg I, Neergaard A (eds.), Bortom Horisonton. Fackets vägval i globaliseringens tid pp. 343-373 Premiss Förlag
García-Mira R, Real JE, Uzzell DL, San Juan C, Pol E (2006) Coping with a threat to quality of life: The case of the Prestige disaster, Revue Europeene de Psychologie Appliquee 56 (1) pp. 53-60
The Prestige disaster occurred off the Galician coast (North-West Spain), after the sinking of Prestige oil tanker in November 2002. The breaking up and sinking of the ship in heavy seas resulted in the discharge of thousands of tones of toxic and heavy oil. The oil was washed up not only on the Galician coast, but also along the North coast of Spain, and the West of France. A year later, the consequences of this accident on the quality of life of Galician people are only beginning to become apparent. The present study evaluates the inhabitants' and volunteers' perceptions and evaluations of the social impact of the disaster and its effect on the population. This paper also provides a diagnosis of the changing relationship between a damaged environment and a human community, both immediately and a year after the catastrophe. A total of 1491 and 1504 interviews were undertaken in Galicia in two phases of the research amongst people over 18 years old. This paper reports on the changes in the attitudes of the population in several respects: the degree to which they were affected by the catastrophe, their understanding of what happened, their attribution of responsibility and the assessment of the consequences, and finally, their feelings and assessment of satisfaction and credibility of the political institutions, organizations, and the media. © 2006 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.
Uzzell D (2009) The Futility of Resistance: Changing Attitudes to Waste,
What does psychology tell us about attitude
and behaviour change?
" Overcoming traditional consumer resistance
to change
" Re-branding the waste management
initiative and the public perception of
recycling and recyclers
Uzzell D (2010) Carl Graumann and the ?Ecologization? of Psychology, Bulletin of the International Association of People-Environment Studies 36 pp. 2-3 International Association for People-Environment Studies
Räthzel N, Uzzell D, Lundström R, Leandro B (2015) The Space of Civil Society and the Practices of Resistance and Subordination, Journal of Civil Society 11 (2) pp. 154-169
We argue that the majority of civil society conceptualizations employ a narrow concept of the state and a narrow concept of civil society. The life history of a Brazilian woman demonstrates that as individuals travel through state institutions and civil society organizations (CSOs), they carry conflicting worldviews with them which bear on the practices of CSOs. With Gramsci we recognize civil society as a space where movements and the state struggle for hegemony; beyond him we conceptualize CSOs as contradictory, being simultaneously of and against the state, while the state is simultaneously outside and within them.
Spinney J, Green N, Burningham K, Cooper G, Uzzell David (2012) 'Are we sitting comfortably? Domestic imaginaries, laptop practices, and energy use', Environment and Planning A: international journal of urban and regional research 44 (11) pp. 2629-2645 Pion
The considerable literature on domestic energy consumption practices has tended to focus on either the (re)production and contestation of normative imaginaries, or the links between escalating standards and energy use. Far less has been written which links these related areas together. Accordingly, this paper is positioned at the intersection of debates on domestic consumption, energy use, and home cultures. Through a qualitative study of laptop use in the home, we illustrate how energy-intensive practices, such as ?always-on-ness?, and changing computer ecologies and infrastructures, are intimately bound up with the reproduction of particular domestic imaginaries of family and home. A key insight in this paper is that a purely physiological conception of comfort would fail to explain fully why practices such as always-on-ness emerge, and thus we theorise comfort as an accomplishment comprised of inseparable temporal, bodily, spatial, and material elements. Ultimately, we argue here that comfort needs to be understood as a multivalent imaginary that is itself bound up in broader idealised notions of family and home in order to comprehend shifting practices, computing ecologies, and rising energy consumption.
Pepper M, Jackson T, Uzzell D (2006) Christianity and Sustainable Consumption: An Investigation of Religiosity and Consumer Behaviours,
The life histories methodology is a form of oral history which involves the recording of people?s memories and experiences across their lifespan. A life history interview typically examines the interviewee?s family background, memories and experiences of childhood, school, marriage, parenthood, and retirement (if older participants are recruited), as well as present day activities. In the past it has been used as an effective tool by historians to add personal narratives to the more traditional historical content of important events and dates in time (e.g. Portelli, 1991, 1997). But it is a tool which is also beginning to generate excitement within the social sciences, given the depth of data that it can generate. In particular, the historical context which it provides enables us to understand how and when certain behaviours and attitudes may have originated or changed, in addition to information about current practices and behaviours which more traditional psychological approaches provide. The present study was therefore conducted in order to evaluate the possibilities of using the life histories methodology to examine outdoor behaviours. Specifically, the Outdoors and Health Network identified the need to understand why people use greenspace regularly, in order to find ways in which to increase the use of those who seldom utilise these psychologically and physically beneficial areas (e.g. Maas, Verheeij, Groenewegen, de Vries, & Spreeuwenberg, 2006; Ulrich, 1984). Four women aged between 40-55 years were recruited, each of whom reported to regularly carry out one of the following outdoor activities: 1) Gardening / working on allotment; 2) Walking / hiking in areas of wild or spectacular landscapes; 3) Visiting outdoor sites / gardens; 4) Running or dog walking. A variety of activities were chosen in order to test the effectiveness of the methodology at examining different types of outdoor experiences and life histories. Additionally, a woman of the same age group, who reported to use greenspace infrequently, was selected. Participants then took part in a life history interview which lasted between 1-2 hours. The present paper presents results from the study and discusses experiences and applications of using this methodology. We would suggest that this methodology has potential to add to the existing body of knowledge which examines how people interact with their environment, as well as how these interactions may be formed and changed.
Moser G, Uzzell D (2007) Environmental Psychology, In: Baumeister R, Vohs KD (eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology Sage
Räthzel N, Uzzell David (2012) How to protect jobs as well as the environment? Trade union?s environmental policies, Arbetarhistoria 143 pp. 19-23
Uzzell D, Muckle R (2006) Changing washroom behaviour,
Uzzell D (2015) Obituary: Terry Lee, Journal of Environmental Psychology
Acuña-Rivera M, Uzzell D, Brown J (2008) Disorder and perceived risk: their influence in perceived safety, IAPS
Most of the conceptual and empirical approaches that have investigated the effects that physical design and social factors have in people?s perception of safety in residential neighbourhoods (Newman 1972, 1996; Taylor and Harrel, 1996; Skogan, 1990; Van Beek Gert, 2004) do not consider risk perception as a key component of place evaluation, which is believed to significantly account for perceived safety. Research findings suggest that disorder is more strongly related to risk perception and that the latter is a better predictor of fear of crime and perceived safety in residential neighbourhoods. It seems that perceived risk is one of several important components in explaining fear (Ferraro, 1995; Jackson, 2002; Wilcox and Land 1996). A study with 120 students from a British University, was conducted to explore the role that risk perception might have in the (dis)order and perceived safety relationship. Three photographs from a deprived place in England were used. A panoramic view of The Actual Place, with no people, was taken at daytime. By modifying its physical features, two variations of the place using a computer design programme were created: A Degraded Place and an Improved Place. A questionnaire was also developed in order to measure perceived physical and social disorder, risk perception and perceived safety. Results showed that photo manipulations made to the actual place did work as they created three places with significantly different levels of physical and social (dis)order. Only few significant differences by gender were found. Using multiple regression, it was found that risk perception is a better and stronger predictor of perceived safety than perceived (dis)order, especially in the degraded and the actual places. Overall, it seems that the level of degradation is important in providing cues about the place and people living there, although there are other psycho-social factors that make people think about how vulnerable they are, their ability to face the risk and the disposition they might have to accept or reject the risk. Risk perception, as an intuitive and a subjective evaluation of the hazard, helps people to predict the level of danger they may face, and as a consequence, accept or reject the danger.
Rathzel N, Uzzell D (2011) Environmental Labour Studies: tackling the job-environment, north-south contradictions,
Environmental degradation and Climate change is rarely a subject of labour studies. Likewise, environmental studies limit themselves mostly to CSR and to changing consumption, without taking the work process and workers? rights into account. Our research project conducts an investigation of the relationship between labour and the environment and environmental policies in a north-south perspective. The proposed paper presents first results from an investigation of the ways in which trade unions in the Global North and South are developing policies towards environmental degradation and Climate Change.

The paper will focus on what we see as the two main contradictions facing trade union policies globally: 1. The way in which workers of the South and the North are set against each other as competitors for jobs through the relocation processes of Transnational Corporations, 2. The apparent contradiction between protecting jobs and protecting the environment with which trade unions are confronted when environmental measures are not accompanied by social measures. We will discuss the barriers unions face in overcoming these contradictions and analyse the policies they are developing to combine social and environmental sustainability: ?Green Jobs? and ?Just Transition?.

The empirical bases are 32 semi-structured interviews with unionists in international, regional, national and local trade unions from Sweden, the UK, Brazil, South Africa, and Malaysia, participant observation in several Trade Union conferences and policy documents of unions internationally and nationally.

White E, Uzzell D (2009) Using the life history approach to examine food practices and meanings, Pabst Science Publishers
The Oral History Society (2008) defines oral history as ?the recording of people?s memories. It
is the living history of everyone?s unique life experiences? which ?enables people who have been
hidden from history to be heard?. The present study used the life histories approach, a type of
oral history in which memories from points right across the lifespan are recorded. This was used
to record the experiences of participants with food, enabling an examination of their food practises
and the meanings they associated with food within the context of their lives. Female participants
were recruited from three age groups: ~70 years, ~40 years, and ~20 years, to enable
a more detailed analysis of the relationship between personal experience and historical events.
Participants were recruited from across various income levels and geographical locations (Surrey
and Northumberland). A thematic analysis was then conducted, to identify key themes within
the transcribed narratives.
Marcu A, Barnett J, Brodzinska M, Uzzell D (2009) Perceptions of risk from animals in text vs. images: A multiple sorting procedure approach,
Social representations of causes of illness can have an impact on prevention and treatment,
such as in the case of Lyme disease which is transmitted by ticks. The present research
investigated how people conceptualized ticks in relation to other arachnids and insects, and
whether presenting ticks in image vs. text would have an impact on their anchoring.
A card-sorting task was adopted, its open-ended format allowing the researchers to explore
the reasoning behind the sorting of the elements. 25 cards were generated, including ticks,
insects, mammals, and other arachnids
A pilot study had indicated that ticks were mostly associated with insects, disgust, fear,
blood-sucking, and disease. These were represented in both word and image cards, but separately.
12 participants were allocated to one of the two conditions, words vs. images, and completed
3 free and 3 structured sorts, the latter asking them to sort the elements in terms of
their dangerousness, their likelihood of transmitting disease, and the emotions they aroused.
The results provide a pictorial representation of the extent to which the elements were viewed
as similar or as different to each other.
The animals? perceived likelihood to transmit disease was underpinned by their categorization
as dirty and as scavenger in the free sorts. The insects and the arachnids perceived as
likely to transmit disease were those that feed on human blood and skin. More animals were
perceived as likely to transmit disease in the image than in the text condition.
In this talk we will reflect on the implications of using text vs. images in relation to risk
imagery research.
Uzzell D (2004) The Dialectic of Past-Present Relations, In: Barker D, Cranstone D (eds.), The Archaeology of Industrialisation, Post Medieval Archaeology Society Monograph No. 2 Maney Publishing
Uzzell D (2007) Critical Perspectives on the Psychology of Sustainability,
Gatersleben B, Uzzell D (2004) Perceptions of car users and policy makers on the effectiveness and acceptability of car travel reduction measures: An attribution theory approach, In: Rothengatter T, Huguenin RD (eds.), Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Applications pp. 469-479 Elsevier
Clark C, Uzzell DL (2002) The affordances of the home, neighbourhood, school and town centre for adolescents, Journal of Environmental Psychology 22 (1-2) pp. 95-108
Gibson's theory of affordances offers environmental psychology a method of examining the functional significance of environments for adolescents. The aim of this study was to develop rating scales that would measure the affordances of the home, neighbourhood, school and town centre for adolescents. The affordances measured related to two developmental needs in adolescence, the need for places of social interaction and for places of retreat. Five hundred and thirty-nine adolescents aged between 11 and 16 years rated the number of places available for 34 different affordances in each of the environments. The neighbourhood, school and town centre all supported both social interaction and retreat behaviours. The home environment did not support social interaction behaviours; it instead provided affordances for two different types of retreat, retreat involving close friends and retreat involving seeking out security. Gender and age differences in scale scores and how often the environments are used were also explored. In conclusion, utilising Gibson's theory of affordances enabled a systematic comparison of the affordances of adolescents' key environments to be carried out. Gibson's theory of affordances is a useful methodology for examining the functional significance of environments for different user groups. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Gatersleben Birgitta, White E, Abrahamse W, Jackson T, Uzzell D (2010) Values and sustainable lifestyles, In: Roaf S (eds.), Transforming Markets in the Built Environment pp. 37-50 Earthscan / James & James
With ever-increasing concerns about the consequences of climate change, households are an important focus for change. There is increasing pressure on households to change lifestyles and adopt behaviours that require less energy and natural resources. At the same time, retailers and producers of consumer goods aim to persuade people to consume more through commercial advertisements. Social science research examining sustainable behaviours often fails to examine the relative influence of both environmental concern and materialism simultaneously. Moreover, most of this research focuses on explaining or promoting behaviours with pro-environmental intent, thereby ignoring many consumer behaviours that may have a significant environmental impact. This article aims to address some of these shortcomings by examining the relationships between materialistic and environmental values and different consumer behaviours. Survey data from 194 individuals from 99 households were analysed. The findings show that quite a number of people express both relatively high levels of environmental concern and relatively high levels of materialism simultaneously. Moreover, materialism and environmental concern appear to be related to different types of behaviours. This raises important questions for the promotion of sustainable lifestyles, which may need to address not only environmental concerns but also materialistic concerns.
Gifford R, Scannell L, Kormos C, Smolova L, Biel A, Boncu S, Corral V, Guentherf H, Hanyu K, Hine D, Kaiser FG, Korpela K, Lima LM, Mertig AG, Garcia Mira R, Moser G, Passafaro P, Pinheiro JQ, Saini S, Sako T, Sautkina E, Savina Y, Schmuck P, Schultz W, Sobeck K, Sundblad E-L, Uzzell D (2009) Temporal pessimism and spatial optimism in environmental assessments: An 18-nation study, JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 29 (1) pp. 1-12 ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Uzzell D, Muckle R, Jackson T, Ogden J, Barnett J, Gatersleben B, Hegarty P, Papathanasopoulou E (2006) Choice Matters: Alternative Approaches to Encourage Sustainable Consumption and Production, Report to Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Uzzell D (2008) Human Behavior and Climate Change: A Social Justice Issue, Psychology International Newsletter 5 (19) APA
Prof David Uzzell "spoke on the direct and indirect effects of climate change, including psychological impacts such as stress, anxiety, interpersonal conflict, and PTSD. ?We have a serious problem, he stated. ?I think we are living on and looking over the precipice and don?t have much time. We need policies to slow down and reverse the current trajectory, and yet collectively we behave as if we believe the opposite.?

Note taken from Hassan, A. (Dec 2008). REPORT. Expert Panelists Gather at the Second Annual Psychology Day at the United Nations: Psychology and Social Justice. Psychology (19(5), December 2008.

The theme of Psychology Day was particularly fitting in the context of the 60th anniversary, on December 10, 2008 of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Available online at:
http://www.apa.org/international/pi/2008/12/un.aspx

Murtagh N, Gatersleben B, Uzzell David (2014) 20660620 - Differences in Energy Behaviour and Conservation between and within Households with Electricity Monitors, PLoS One 9 (3) pp. e92019-? Public Library of Science
The introduction of electricity monitors (in-home displays; IHDs), which show accurate and up-to-the-minute energy usage, is expected to lead to reduction in consumption. Studies of feedback on domestic electricity use have generally supported this view. However, such studies also demonstrate wide variation between households. Examining the heterogeneity of responses is essential for understanding the actual and potential effectiveness of IHDs and in order to target interventions effectively. To explore differences between households? responses to IHDs, we conducted a qualitative study with 21 households who had an IHD for more than six months. Of the 21, only four households continued to refer to the IHD and the findings suggest that attempts to reduce energy consumption were situated in wider social and physical contexts. Further, the participants demonstrated energy saving behaviour before and outside of IHD usage. The patterns of energy behaviours and attempts at electricity conservation could best be understood by categorising the households into three types: the Monitor Enthusiasts (20%), the Aspiring Energy Savers (60%) and the Energy Non-Engaged (20%). The factors of importance in energy behaviour differed between the categories. Financial savings contributed to efforts to reduce energy use but only up to boundaries which varied considerably between households. Social practices and social relationships appeared to constrain what actions households were prepared to undertake, illuminating aspects of inter-household variation. Within the household, all energy users were not equal and we found that women were particularly influential on energy use through their primary responsibility for domestic labour on behalf of the household. The implications of the findings for environmental campaigning are discussed. The research was funded by the Digital Economy Programme of the Research Councils UK, a cross-council initiative led by EPSRC (www.epsrc.ac.uk) and contributed to by AHRC, ESRC and MRC, under the REDUCE project grant (no EP/I000232/1). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.
Pepper M, Jackson T, Uzzell D (2009) An examination of the values that motivate socially conscious and frugal consumer behaviours, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONSUMER STUDIES 33 (2) pp. 126-136 WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Quine CP, Barnett J, Dobson ADM, Marcu A, Marzano M, Moseley D, O'Brien L, Randolph SE, Taylor JL, Uzzell D (2011) Frameworks for risk communication and disease management: the case of Lyme disease and countryside users, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366 (1573) pp. 2010-2022 ROYAL SOC
Management of zoonotic disease is necessary if countryside users are to gain benefit rather than suffer harm from their activities, and to avoid disproportionate reaction to novel threats. We introduce a conceptual framework based on the pressure?state?response model with five broad responses to disease incidence. Influencing public behaviour is one response and requires risk communication based on an integration of knowledge about the disease with an understanding of how publics respond to precautionary advice. A second framework emphasizes how risk communication involves more than information provision and should address dimensions including points-of-intervention over time, place and audience. The frameworks are developed by reference to tick-borne Lyme borreliosis (also known as Lyme disease), for which informed precautionary behaviour is particularly relevant. Interventions to influence behaviour can be directed by knowledge of spatial and temporal variation of tick abundance, what constitutes risky behaviour, how people respond to information of varying content, and an understanding of the social practices related to countryside use. The frameworks clarify the response options and help identify who is responsible for risk communication. These aspects are not consistently understood, and may result in an underestimation of the role of land-based organizations in facilitating appropriate precautionary behaviour.
Murtagh N, Gatersleben B, Uzzell D (2010) Identity threat and resistance to change transport-related behaviour, BPS Social Psychology Section
Objectives: Theoretical linkage has been made between identity and transport-related behaviour but the extensive implications have yet to be explored empirically. The current research programme aims to provide evidence for the influence of identity on personal transportation, specifically how identity threats may affect the intention to resist or to engage with change to travel behaviour. As part of the larger research programme, this study focuses on resistance to change. Drawing on Identity Process Theory, it hypothesises that identity threat is related to resistance to change travel behaviour, over and above psychological reactance. Design: In order to evoke threat while complying with ethical guidelines, participants were asked to rate their intention to change their travel behaviour in response to 12 vignettes. Each vignette presented a short description of a travel-related situation. Half of the vignettes were designed to invoke identity threat and half were designed as neutral. Method: The study was administered nationally to 300 urban working parents. Baseline measures included intention to change travel behaviour, trait reactance, affect, salience and centrality of identities. Analyses tested for significant differences between neutral and threat-inducing vignettes and between threat-inducing vignettes that tap or do not tap reactance. In addition, intention to change was regressed onto identity salience, identity centrality and trait reactance. Results: Pilot data and initial results from the full study data are presented. Conclusions: Recommendations are suggested, based on Identity Process Theory, for reducing resistance to change travel behaviour.
Uzzell David (2016) A special introduction, Journal of Asian Behavioural Studies 1 (1) pp. 1-5 cE-Bs
Murtagh N, Gatersleben Birgitta, Uzzell David (2012) Self-identity Threat and Resistance to Change: Evidence from Regular Travel Behaviour, Journal of Environmental Psychology 32 (4) pp. 318-326 Elsevier
Despite widespread acceptance of the need to change individual behaviour towards sustainability, resistance to change remains a continuing challenge. Past behaviour or habit, and psychological reactance, have been explored as components of resistance. Growing evidence for the influence of self-identity on behaviour suggests self-identity as a further factor. The current study draws on Identity Process Theory (Breakwell, 1986) to propose that threat to self-identity contributes to resistance to change, over and above the influence of past behaviour. Using travel-related vignettes to trigger threat, a study with 295 working parents in England found evidence supporting the relationship between self-identity threat and resistance to change travel behaviour, controlling for past behaviour. The findings further suggest identity threat as an alternative theoretical perspective on reactance. The results build theoretical understanding of resistance as a barrier to behaviour change. The application of an identity theory to understanding resistance is argued to add potentially new ways to encourage change towards sustainable behaviour. In addition, the findings suggest rich avenues for future research on the theoretical and empirical implications of the relationship of identities and sustainable behaviours.
Michels R, Uzzell D, Singh T (2006) A Co-orientational Approach to Understanding Perceptions of Water Scarcity in Bhopal, India,
Räthzel N, Uzzell David (2012) Mending the breach between labour and nature: environmental engagements of trade unions and the North-South divide, Interface: a journal for and about social movements 4 (2) pp. 81-100 The Royal Society
In the past, environmental movements and labour movements have seen each other as opponents. Where labour movements have taken an interest in nature ? in the first half of the 20th century - it was in the context of campaigning for spaces of recreation, and later as a necessary condition for a healthy life. In both cases nature has been constructed as ?the Other? of labour. The same can be said for environmental movements, which have aimed to defend, if not protect na ture ?against labour?. This opposition has been mirrored in the academic field such that environmental studies have taken little account of labour; likewise, labour studies have largely ignored the environment. The authors argue that these oppositions are starting to be addressed within both the labour movement and academic research, largely as a response to the crisis of climate change which makes clear that both labour and the environment are threatened. Since environmental degradation and climate change are global issues the power relations between unions of the global North and South need to be tackled
Uzzell D (2009) Critical Issues in the Psychology of Behaviour Change for Climate Change, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Sciences 6 IOP Publishing
The desire of social scientists in general and psychologists in particular to contribute through research to
climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies and practices should not blind us to the theoretical,
methodological and ethical issues such research raises. The emphasis by governments on reducing carbon
emissions and arresting climate change has largely focussed on consumption i.e., those who are consuming
goods and services rather than those who are producing them. As a consequence consumer focussed
behaviour change is regarded as the policy option of choice by government. But do individualistic
perspectives dominant in psychology deflect attention from the larger social, environmental, economic and
political context? Does the current emphasis on coercive behaviour change strategies raise ethical issues
concerning psychological interventions and the role of psychologists? Is the way research is currently
framed on climate change awareness and concern telling us more about the problems of research
methodologies rather than the problems of the environment and society? This paper critically and
constructively addresses these questions and suggests a broader agenda for psychology's contribution to tackling the problem of climate change mitigation, adaptation and suffering.
Uzzell David, Räthzel Nora (2012) Local Place and Global Space: Solidarity Across Borders and the Question of the Environment, In: Räthzel Nora, Uzzell David (eds.), Trade Unions in the Green Economy: Working for the Environment Routledge
The globalisation of work division and global Climate Change are closely linked through the process of economically driven globalisation. In principle, trade unions are best equipped to challenge the destructive results of these globalising processes: they organise workers across national divides and within national borders, being simultaneously local and global. However, a closer look at labour policies in countries of the global North and the global South reveals that historical power relations reproduce themselves in the relationships between unions of the global North and the global South. These power relations influence the ways in which unions in the North and South perceive climate change and climate change measures. The authors show that there are nevertheless ways in which unions of the North and the South are learning from each other and from environmental movements exploring alternative models of development.
Uzzell D, Räthzel N (2007) Transformative sustainability, transforming policy research,
Uzzell D (2010) Critical Comments for Critical Times: Questioning Psychology?s Contribution to a Sustainable Society, In: Mira RG, Marcote PV (eds.), Sostenibilidad, Valores y Cultura Ambiental pp. 113-126 Ediciones Pirámide, S.A.
Uzzell D (2010) How Can Psychology Contribute to the Sustainable Workplace?,
Uzzell D, Räthzel N (2007) Scrutinizing the bill: the need for transformative environmental education,
Uzzell D (2006) Conflict on the route to sustainable development,
Uzzell D (2005) Planning for Emergency Behaviours,
Acuña-Rivera M, Uzzell D, Brown J (2011) Percepción de desorden, riesgo y seguridad: La influencia del método, Psyecology 2 (2) pp. 115-126 Fundacion Infancia y Aprendizaje
De acuerdo con varios estudios, la evaluación de incivilidades físicas y sociales de los lugares forma parte del proceso mediante el cual la gente estima su nivel de seguridad. El estudio que aquí se presenta investiga si tal supuesto se mantiene cuando a la gente se le permite expresar lo que piensa de un lugar antes de evaluar el nivel de desorden físico y social del mismo. En primer lugar, los participantes debían escribir sus impresiones sobre tres vecindarios con distintos niveles de desorden, y después evaluar mediante un cuestionario que tan desordenados e inseguros les parecían. El análisis cualitativo mostró que aun cuando los participantes mencionaron el desorden físico del lugar, sólo algunos de ellos hicieron referencia a cuestiones de crimen e inseguridad. El análisis cuantitativo reveló que mientras mas desordenado se evaluaba un lugar mayor inseguridad se percibía. Las conclusiones sugieren que, por un lado, la percepción de desorden de un lugar no siempre evoca respuestas de inseguridad y, por el otro, que la relación encontrada entre desorden e inseguridad puede deberse al método de investigación utilizado.
Uzzell DL, Moser G, Rabinovich EP, Ornstein SW (2005) Psicologia E Ambiente: O Papel Da Psicologia Ambiental No Estudo Das Questões Ambientais, Psicologia USP 16 (1/2) pp. 15-17
Uzzell D (2012) History, Collective Memory and Memorializing the Past,
The School of Tourism?s Visitor Research Forum took place at the St Lucia campus on 18th January 2012, and provided the opportunity for those working in visitor research in museums, zoos, botanic gardens, national parks, heritage sites and ecotourism settings to come together around the theme Interpreting our Heritage and Understanding our Visitors.

The one-day conference featured presentations by Professor David Uzzell from the University of Surrey, a W. James Whyte Visiting Research Fellow at the UQ School of Tourism.

Uzzell David, Räthzel N, Garciá-Mira R, Dumitru A (2016) Global challenges for environmental psychology: the place of labour and production, In: Fleury-Bahi G, Pol E, Navarro O (eds.), Handbook of Environmental Psychology and Quality of Life Research Springer
Almost thirty years ago, Harold Proshansky argued that if environmental psychology was to survive, it needed to ?strengthen itself as a social institution?. While we can find much evidence to suggest that environmental psychology has achieved this, in so doing it has tended to concentrate on changes to individual consumption behaviours and lifestyles, rather than focusing on the everyday lives and conditions which frame the actions of individuals and communities. People live, work, and act in cooperation with others and this cooperation is shaped by and shapes individual and collective identities and actions. One of the central places where people act collectively is the workplace. Two case studies are presented. The first employed backcasting scenarios to explore employees? visions for an alternative, sustainable future and involved scenario development by creating visions for the future, defining strategic pathways to reach them, providing feedback on how policy measures would function in a simulated environment and asking participants to suggest corrections to their initial proposals and the model design. The second case study reports on an international study of the role of trade unions in contributing to environmentally sustainable production and curbing the damaging effects of climate change. It sets this in a global context, because the causes and consequences of climate change have to be seen in such terms. This then leads to the final part of the chapter, which raises important issues about the ?production? of environmental psychology and North-South relationships.
Uzzell D (2009) How people use and misuse buildings: Introductory comments,
Garcia Mira R, Uzzell D, Real Deus JE, Romay Martinez J (2005) Housing, Space and Quality of Life, Ashgate
Nigbur D, Lyons E, Uzzell D (2010) Attitudes, norms, identity and environmental behaviour: Using an expanded theory of planned behaviour to predict participation in a kerbside recycling programme, British Journal of Social Psychology 49 (2) pp. 259-284 British Psychologicla Society
In an effort to contribute to greater understanding of norms and identity in the theory of planned behaviour, an extended model was used to predict residential kerbside recycling, with self-identity, personal norms, neighbourhood identification, and injunctive and descriptive social norms as additional predictors. Data from a field study (N =527) using questionnaire measures of predictor variables and an observational measure of recycling behaviour supported the theory. Intentions predicted behaviour, while attitudes, perceived control, and the personal norm predicted intention to recycle. The interaction between neighbourhood identification and injunctive social norms in turn predicted personal norms. Self-identity and the descriptive social norm significantly added to the original theory in predicting intentions as well as behaviour directly. A replication survey on the self-reported recycling behaviours of a random residential sample (N =264) supported the model obtained previously. These findings offer a useful extension of the theory of planned behaviour and some practicable suggestions for pro-recycling interventions. It may be productive to appeal to self-identity by making people feel like recyclers, and to stimulate both injunctive and descriptive norms in the neighbourhood.
Uzzell D, Ballantyne R (2007) Heritage that hurts: interpretation in a post-modern world, In: Fairclough G, Harrison R, Jameson J, Schofield J (eds.), The Cultural Heritage Reader pp. 502-513 Routledge
Uzzell D, Räthzel N (2011) Why do individuals seem to be so unwilling to change their behavior when they readily accept that global climate change will affect us?, One Million Climate Jobs Campaign
Uzzell D (2011) Obituary: Gabriel Moser 24 March 1944?21 April 2011, Journal of Environmental Psychology 31 (3) pp. 272-273 Elsevier
Uzzell D (2005) And passions just like mine, Interpretation 10 (3) pp. 3-4
Rathzel N, Uzzell D (2009) Changing relations in global environmental change, Global Environmental Change 19 (3) pp. 326-335 ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Pepper M, Jackson T, Uzzell D (2011) An Examination of Christianity and Socially Conscious and Frugal Consumer behaviors, Environment and Behavior 43 (2) pp. 274-290 Sage Publications
In recent years, the potential of religions for fostering more sustainable consumer behaviors on the part of their adherents has often been invoked. This article provides an overview of research on Christianity and ecologically conscious, socially conscious, and frugal consumer behaviors. Previous research has focused mainly on ecologically conscious consumer behavior, reporting mixed findings, depending on the religion measures that are used. In an extension to this body of work, a U.K.-based survey examining religious influences on socially conscious and frugal consumer behaviors is reported. Weak positive relationships between general religion measures (dispositional religiousness, spirituality, religious service attendance, and Christian identification) and both types of consumer behavior were obtained, suggesting that religion does indeed foster sustainable consumer behaviors, albeit marginally. However, attempts to distinguish among consumer behaviors by means of God concepts were largely unfruitful. Future research needs to investigate the influence of specific religious beliefs about consumerism, wealth, and social justice on consumer behavior. An increased focus on action research would also be valuable.
Räthzel N, Uzzell D (2009) A Collective Response to Climate Change: the Role of Trade Unions, Pabst Science Publishers
The emphasis by governments - in both research and policies - on arresting climate change and
encouraging sustainable consumption has largely focussed on individual consumers who are
seen to be responsible for the insatiable growth in demand for carbon generating consumer
goods and services. In contrast to producers (e.g., individual companies to global corporations),
consumers are fragmented and disorganised as a group; there is no consumer voice to counter
the power of corporations that drive rather than respond to the market. Consumer associations
are usually interested only in the quality, prices and variety of goods, not their sustainability.
Trade union members are one collectivity that are consumers, but also part of the production
process. They are highly organised, have a local, national and international presence, are integrated
into the social fabric of societies and may be the only collectivity that have the resources
and power to challenge corporations. This paper will report on interviews with senior trade
union officials at national and international levels concerning their policies in respect of working
conditions and environmental issues in the context of globalisation where corporations relocate
work to the countries of the South because they can profit from lower wages, poorer
working conditions and unregulated environmental degradation.
Uzzell DL (2004) A psicologia ambiental como uma chave para mudar atitudes e ações para com a sustentabilidade (Environmental Psychology as a Key to Changing Attitudes and Actions Towards Sustainability), In: Tassara ETO, Rabinovich EP, Guedes MC (eds.), Psicologia e Ambiente pp. 363-388 EDUC / Fapesp / Capes
Uzzell David (2015) Professor Terence Lee, MA, PhD (Cantab), FBPsS; 1923-2014 (obituary), PSYCHOLOGIST 28 (6) pp. 435-435 BRITISH PSYCHOLOGICAL SOC
Terence (Terry) Lee was not the first psychologist to see the importance of taking psychology out of the laboratory and putting it into the service of society in a practical way, but he was arguably the first in the UK to see the potential application of psychology to the problems of urban planning and the environment. Internationally, he was one of the first researchers to formulate a coherent, theoretically-led, research based analysis of how people make sense of their physical environment - a contribution which is due greater recognition. His contribution and foresight profoundly influenced the development of environmental psychology, and the lives of many who have worked in this field.
Uzzell D, Moser G (2006) Environment and quality of life, EUROPEAN REVIEW OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-REVUE EUROPEENNE DE PSYCHOLOGIE APPLIQUEE 56 (1) pp. 1-4 ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER
Uzzell DL (2005) Questioning Methods in Interdisciplinary Environmental Psychology Research and Practice, Psicologia USP 16 (1/2) pp. 185-199
García Mira R, Real Deus JE, Uzzell DL, Blanco Martinez G, Losada. D (2005) Exploring Cognitive Representations of Citizens in Areas Affected by the 'Prestige' Disaster, In: Martens B, Keul AG (eds.), Designing Social Innovation: Planning, Building, Evaluating pp. 137-145 Hogrefe and Huber
Uzzell David (2015) The Time of Place, In: Sørensen MLS, Viejo Rose D (eds.), War and Cultural Heritage: Biographies of Places pp. 251-260 Cambridge University Press
Murtagh N, Gatersleben B, Cowen L, Uzzell D (2015) Does perception of automation undermine pro-environmental behaviour? Findings from three everyday settings, Journal of Environmental Psychology
The global deployment of technology to aid mitigation of climate change has great potential but the realisation of much of this potential depends on behavioural response. A culturally pervasive reliance on and belief in technology raises the risk that dependence on technology will hamper human actions of mitigation. Theory suggests that ?green? behaviour may be undermined by automated technology but empirical investigation has been lacking. We examined the effect of the prospect of automation on three everyday behaviours with environmental impact. Based on evidence from observational and experimental studies, we demonstrated that the prospect of automation can undermine even simple actions for sustainability. Further, we examined the process by which automated technology influences behaviour and suggest that automation may impair personal responsibility for action.
Stancioiu O, Speller G, Uzzell D (2007) Public space: everybody's, nobody's or mine? A case study of M?n?_tur, Cluj in post-communist Romania,
Uzzell D, Moser G (2009) Introduction: Environmental psychology on the move, JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 29 (3) pp. 307-308 ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Gatersleben B, Uzzell D (2007) Affective appraisals of the daily commute - Comparing perceptions of drivers, cyclists, walkers, and users of public transport, ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR 39 (3) pp. 416-431 SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Uzzell D (2006) Interpreting our heritage: A theoretical interpretation, In: Smith L (eds.), Cultural Heritage: Critical Concepts in Media and Cultural Studies Routledge
Uzzell D, Rathzel N (2009) Transforming environmental psychology, JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 29 (3) pp. 340-350 ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Uzzell D, Pol E, Badenas D (2002) Place identification, social cohesion, and environmental sustainability, Environment and Behavior 34 (1) pp. 26-53 Sage
In the study reported in this article the roles of social cohesion, residential satisfaction, and place identification are examined for their effect on place-related social identity and its consequential impact on attitudes to environmental sustainability. Two neighborhoods in Guildford, Surrey, England were selected on the basis of their social histories, housing types, and socioeconomic composition. Ninety residents in each neighborhood were sampled. Research methods included cognitive mapping and a questionnaire survey. A structural equation model was used to analyze the covariances between the different factors. The results show clear differences between the two neighborhoods in terms of residential satisfaction, with only some differences in terms of identification and social cohesion and sustainability. Conclusions are drawn that suggest an important relationship between identity and sustainability behavior that is suggestive for future research.
Over the past decade the problem of climate change has become a prominent theme in policy, academia and civil society organisations. Various approaches to the problem have been suggested and developed, each of which draws upon certain intellectual traditions, contains particular assumptions and is subject to critique. Through presentations and discussion, this workshop seeks to reflect upon the logics, strengths and limitations of the dominant discourses and approaches linked to tackling climate change. Speakers at the workshop include: Elizabeth Shove, Professor of Sociology at Lancaster University- Sustainable Practices David Uzzell, Professor of Environmental Psychology, University of Surrey - Unsustainable Behaviours Kirsten Reeves, Centre of Expertise on Influencing Behavior, DEFRA. Dr. Kersty Hobson, Senior Research Fellow into the Social and Cultural Contexts of Environmental Change at Oxford University. - Informing and deliberating about climate change: impacts, discourses and some methodological limitations to researching public responses Joanne Swaffield, Newcastle University- Can ?Climate Champions? Save the Planet? A Critical Reflection on Neoliberal Social Change Luke Dilley, Newcastle University- Governing (Environmental) Conduct: Rationalities, Techniques and Technologies
Uzzell D, Jackson T, Pepper M (2006) Environmentalism in churches: attitudes and behaviours of UK Christians,
Romice O, Uzzell D (2005) Community Design Studio: a Collaboration of Architects and Psychologists, CEBE Transactions 2 (1) pp. 73-88
Räthzel N, Uzzell D (2011) Trade Unions and Climate Change: The Jobs versus Environment Dilemma, Global Environmental Change Part A 21 (4) pp. 1215-1223 Elsevier
Trade unions are actively engaging with the climate change agenda and formulating climate change policies. Although governments are placing considerable effort on changing consumer behaviour, arguably the most significant impacts on climate change will be through changes in production. Even changes in consumption will have consequences for production. Changes in production will affect workers through the loss of jobs, the changing of jobs, and the creation of new jobs. The jobs versus environment dilemma is a significant issue affecting workers worldwide. In this paper we focus on the ways in which international trade unions are conceptualising the relationship between jobs and the environment, which provide the point of departure from which climate change policies can be formulated. Extended interviews were conducted with senior policy makers in national and international trade unions. On the basis of their responses, four discourses of trade union engagement with climate change are discussed: ?technological fix?, ?social transformation?, ?mutual interests? and ?social movement? discourses, which were theorised in the context of the different international histories and models of trade unionism. All discourses imply a re-invention of unions as social movements but do not see nature as a partner in human development.
Uzzell David (2013) Greening the office and job satisfaction, In: Rioux L, Le Roy J, Rubens L, Le Conte J (eds.), Le confort au travail : que nous apprend la psychologie environnementale? pp. 61-81 Les Presses de L'Université Laval
Marcu A, Barnett J, Brodzinska M, Uzzell D (2009) Risk perceptions of zoonoses in text vs. images: The impact of the social representations of animals, ESA
Lay appraisals of risk rely not so much on perceptions of risk per se as on the social representations of the risks at stake (Joffe,
2003). In the case of zoonoses, i.e. diseases which can be transmitted from animals to humans, perceptions of risk may be anchored
in the social representations of animals and in the social practices that put humans at risk from animals. The animals' perceived
utility to humans, their status in the human culture, and the wider ideology of speciesism (Singer, 1990) can influence the
perceptions of risk of zoonoses. The present research investigated how people perceived danger and risk of zoonoses from animals,
and explored whether presenting animals in images vs. text would influence the perceptions of risk. A card-sorting task was adopted,
its open-ended format allowing the researchers to explore the reasoning behind the sorting of the elements. 25 target animals,
including insects, mammals, and arachnids, were represented in both text and image cards, but separately. 12 participants were
allocated to one of the two conditions, and completed 3 free and 3 structured sorts, the latter asking them to sort the animals in terms
of their dangerousness, their likelihood of transmitting disease, and the emotions that they aroused in the participants. The results
provide a pictorial representation of the extent to which the elements were viewed as similar or as different to each other. In both the
danger and the disease sorts, the insects and the arachnids were grouped together and separately from the mammals, regardless of the
study condition. The animals' perceived likelihood to transmit disease was underpinned by their categorization as dirty and as
scavenger in the free sorts. More animals were perceived as likely to transmit disease in the image than in the text condition. In this
talk we will reflect on the implications of using text vs. images in relation to the research on risk of zoonoses. We will discuss the
results in relation to the social and ideological contexts in which the social representations of animals and the risk of zoonoses are
constructed.
Uzzell D (2008) Challenging Assumptions in the Psychology of Climate Change, InPsych, Bulletin of the Australian Psychological Society 30 (4) pp. 10-13
Uzzell D (2010) Collective solutions to a global problem, The Psychologist 23 (11)
Durrant A, Taylor AS, Frohlich David, Sellen A, Uzzell David (2009) Photo Displays and Intergenerational Relationships in the Family Home, HCI 2009 ? People and Computers XXIII ? Celebrating people and technology pp. 10-19
In this paper we describe a design-orientated field study in which we deploy a novel digital display device to explore the potential integration of teenage and family photo displays at home, as well as the value of situated photo display technologies for intergenerational expression. This exploration is deemed timely given the contemporary take-up of digital capture devices by teenagers and the unprecedented volume of photographic content that teens generate. Findings support integration and the display of photos on a standalone device, as well as demonstrating the interventional efficacy of the design as a resource for provoking reflection on the research subject. We also draw upon the theoretical concept of Dialogism to understand how our design mediates intergenerational relationships and interaction aesthetics relating to the notion of ?constructive conflict?.
O'Brien L, Marcu A, Marzano M, Barnett J, Quine CP, Uzzell D (2012) Situating risk in the context of a woodland visit: a case study on Lyme Borreliosis, Scottish Forestry 66 (4) pp. 14-24 The Royal Scottish Forestry Society
Research shows that people value woodlands for relaxation and as a place to have contact with nature. Yet woodlands can also involve exposure to a variety of risks. In this study the way in which people consider issues of risk in environments generally associated with a range of positive values was explored with visitors to a woodland in South East England. A walk through the woods taking photographs, focus group discussions and questionnaires were the methods used in this research with four groups of people from a range of ages. We focused on the positive and negative aspects of woodlands and discussed risks that might be encountered in this environment before focusing specifically on Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease) as an example of a specific risk. Those involved in the research understood that there are potential risks that may have an impact on their use of woodlands. However, they did not passively accept information on risks but generated their own understanding based on the development of what they considered to be ?common sense? approaches to dealing with risk. The way in which people value woodlands is something they take into consideration when discussing risks that might be encountered on a woodland visit. In relation to Lyme borreliosis, participants favour taking action after their woodland visit (e.g. looking for ticks or a rash), rather than beforehand, so as not to detract from their woodland experience. Communication about these risks should be simple and concise and take into account the values, behaviours and practices that people typically undertake in these environments.
Raethzel N, Uzzell D (2009) Transformative environmental education: a collective rehearsal for reality, ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION RESEARCH 15 (3) pp. 263-277 ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Uzzell D (2008) People-environment relationships in a digital world, JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL AND PLANNING RESEARCH 25 (2) pp. 94-105 LOCKE SCIENCE PUBL CO INC
Bonnes M, Uzzell D, Carrus G, Kelay T (2007) Inhabitants' and experts' assessments of environmental quality for urban sustainability, JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ISSUES 63 (1) pp. 59-78 BLACKWELL PUBLISHING
Marcu A, Uzzell D, Barnett J (2011) Making sense of unfamiliar risks in the countryside: The case of Lyme disease, Health and Place 17 (3) pp. 843-850 Elsevier
The focus of this paper is on how popular representations of the countryside provide countryside users with a discursive framework to make sense of unfamiliar countryside-based risks, taking Lyme disease as an example. Sixty-six semi-structured interviews were conducted with 82 visitors in Richmond Park, New Forest, and Exmoor National Park in the UK. The data were analysed using thematic analysis and was informed by social representations theory. The analysis indicated that a lay understanding of the risk of Lyme disease was filtered by place-attachment and the social representations of the countryside. Lyme disease was not understood primarily as a risk to health, but was instead constructed as a risk to the social and restorative practices in the context of the countryside. The findings suggest that advice about zoonoses such as Lyme disease is unlikely to cause panic, and that it should focus on the least intrusive preventative measures.
Nigbur D, Lyons E, Uzzell D, Muckle R (2005) The Surrey Scholar Research Project in Waste Recycling 2003-2004, Report to Guildford Borough Council.
Pepper M, Jackson T, Uzzell D (2006) Christianity and Consumerism: Views from the Pews,
Uzzell D, Jones E (2000) The development of a process-based methodology for assessing the visual impact of buildings, Journal of Architectural and Planning Research 17 (4) pp. 330-343
Commissioned by the Building Research Establishment (BRE), the objective of the study was to assess the feasibility of identifying criteria that can be used to assess the visual impact of buildings in a manner that is not only acceptable and meaningful to developers and architects, but also to a broader audience that includes, amongst others, the public. The first stage of the research involved an extensive review of the literature and consultation with experts in both Europe and the United States in order to identify a comprehensive set of criteria that should be included in a visual assessment methodology. The second stage "tested" these criteria through interviews with developers, consultants, architects, planners, conservationists, and members of the public. It was concluded that although there are some differences between the various groups there are sufficient areas of overlap to make a visual assessment methodology feasible. However it is suggested that such a methodology should be process-oriented focusing on how rather than just whether criteria have been integrated into building planning and design.
Most of the conceptual and empirical approaches that have investigated the effects that physical design and social factors have in people?s perception of safety in residential neighbourhoods (Newman 1972, 1996; Taylor and Harrel, 1996; Skogan, 1990; Van Beek Gert, 2004) do not consider risk perception as a key component of place evaluation, which is believed to significantly account for perceived safety. Research findings suggest that disorder is more strongly related to risk perception and that the latter is a better predictor of fear of crime and perceived safety in residential neighbourhoods. It seems that perceived risk is one of several important components in explaining fear (Ferraro, 1995; Jackson, 2002; Wilcox and Land 1996). A study with 120 students from a British University, was conducted to explore the role that risk perception might have in the (dis)order and perceived safety relationship. Three photographs from a deprived place in England were used. A panoramic view of The Actual Place, with no people, was taken at daytime. By modifying its physical features, two variations of the place using a computer design programme were created: A Degraded Place and an Improved Place. A questionnaire was also developed in order to measure perceived physical and social disorder, risk perception and perceived safety. Results showed that photo manipulations made to the actual place did work as they created three places with significantly different levels of physical and social (dis)order. Only few significant differences by gender were found. Using multiple regression, it was found that risk perception is a better and stronger predictor of perceived safety than perceived (dis)order, especially in the degraded and the actual places. Overall, it seems that the level of degradation is important in providing cues about the place and people living there, although there are other psycho-social factors that make people think about how vulnerable they are, their ability to face the risk and the disposition they might have to accept or reject the risk. Risk perception, as an intuitive and a subjective evaluation of the hazard, helps people to predict the level of danger they may face, and as a consequence, accept or reject the danger.
Young Stephen, Uzzell David (2016) The Young Generations' Conceptualisation of Cultural Tourism: Colonial Heritage Attractions in South Korea, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 21 (12) pp. 1324-1342 Taylor & Francis
This study investigates how the younger generation conceptualise cultural heritage attractions associated with modern history in contemporary South Korea. Particular attention in this study is given to heritage attractions built in the Japanese colonising past. By analysing data obtained through a Multiple Sorting Procedure, this study identifies the underlying facets of heritage attractions the younger generation consider to be important when appreciating the heritage attractions. In particular, this study examines the socio-psychological properties and meanings that the heritage attractions communicate with respect to young Koreans? sense of national identity. This study found that a wide range of constructs emerged in understanding cultural heritage attractions. Social and political meanings embedded in the heritage attractions become a key determinant in appreciating heritage attractions with respect to a sense of national identity. Three broad types of heritage attractions in present-day South Korean society are identified. These findings from South Korean suggest invaluable messages that can inform our understanding of, and planning regenerating negative-natured heritage attractions for tourism in contemporary society.
Uzzell David (2010) Psychology and climate change: collective solutions to a global problem, British Academy Review 16 pp. 15-16 British Academy
On 23 September 2010, in his Joint British Academy/British Psychological Society Lecture, Professor David Uzzell argued that behaviour-change approaches to climate change need to take account of the societal context that gives rise to the values and attitudes that drive our behaviours. As consumers, our preferences and actions ? and as a consequence our greenhouse gas emissions and the impact we have on the environment ? are shaped by the products and oppor tunities we are offered, which create new desires and preferences. In the following extract, Professor Uzzell looks at the societal forces influencing our practices and identities as workers.
Moser G, Uzzell David (2007) Environmental Psychology, In: Baumeister RF, Vohs KD (eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology 1 pp. 302-306 SAGE Publications
Uzzell David (2014) Reflection 2: Where is the change in sustainability transitions?, The Role of Civil Society in Sustainability Transitions, Proceedings from the Pressure Cooker Workshop #1 pp. 17-18
Murtagh Niamh, Gatersleben Birgitta, Cowen Laura, Uzzell David (2015) Does perception of automation undermine pro-environmental
behaviour? Findings from three everyday settings,
Journal of Environmental Psychology 42 pp. 139-148 Elsevier
The global deployment of technology to aid mitigation of climate change has great potential but the realisation of much of this potential depends on behavioural response. A culturally pervasive reliance on and belief in technology raises the risk that dependence on technology will hamper human actions of mitigation. Theory suggests that ?green? behaviour may be undermined by automated technology but empirical investigation has been lacking. We examined the effect of automation on three everyday behaviours with environmental impact. Based on evidence from observational and experimental studies, we demonstrated that the prospect of automation can undermine even simple actions for sustainability. Further, we examined the process by which automated technology influences behaviour and found that automation may impair personal responsibility for action.
This paper presents results of a project aimed at investigating the ways in which trade unions in the ?Global North? and the ?Global South? respond to the dual challenge of a globalising work division and globalising environmental degradation, and whether and under what conditions trade unions perceive and address these issues as connected. While globalising corporations are forming new international relations of power, trade unions are lagging behind in unifying their efforts to counter globalised environmental destruction.
Räthzel N, Uzzell David (2014) Environmental engagements of trade unions and the North-South divide, Mouvements 80 (4) pp. 106-110
Räthzel N, Uzzell David (2016) Gewerkschaftliche Umweltpolitik im Kontext des Nord-Süd Konflikts und die Oikos Perspektive [trans: Trade Union environmental policy in the context of the North-South conflict and the Oikos perspective], In: Barth T, Jochum G, Littig B (eds.), Arbeit und Natur. Sozialwissenschaftliche Perspektiven im Dialog. Work and nature. Social science perspectives in dialogue pp. 153-171 Campus
Gatersleben Birgitta, White Emma, Abrahamse W, Jackson Timothy, Uzzell David (2010) Values and sustainable lifestyles, Architectural Science Review 53 (1) pp. 37-50 Routledge, Taylor & Francis
With ever-increasing concerns about the consequences of climate change, households are an important focus for change. There is increasing pressure on households to change lifestyles and adopt behaviours that require less energy and natural resources. At the same time, retailers and producers of consumer goods aim to persuade people to consume more through commercial advertisements. Social science research examining sustainable behaviours often fails to examine the relative influence of both environmental concern and materialism simultaneously. Moreover, most of this research focuses on explaining or promoting behaviours with pro-environmental intent, thereby ignoring many consumer behaviours that may have a significant environmental impact. This article aims to address some of these shortcomings by examining the relationships between materialistic and environmental values and different consumer behaviours. Survey data from 194 individuals from 99 households were analysed. The findings show that quite a number of people express both relatively high levels of environmental concern and relatively high levels of materialism simultaneously. Moreover, materialism and environmental concern appear to be related to different types of behaviours. This raises important questions for the promotion of sustainable lifestyles, which may need to address not only environmental concerns but also materialistic concerns.
Räthzel Nora, Uzzell David (2017) Environmental Policies and The Reproduction of Business as Usual: How Does It Work?, Capitalism Nature Socialism pp. 1-19 Taylor & Francis
This paper aims to advance knowledge about corporate environmentalism by
using new concepts and methods. We broaden the concept of the firm as
?differentiated composite actor? by including not only managers but workers
and unionists as actors. We descend into the ?hidden abode of production?
using Lefebvre?s concept of ?everyday life? to explore the barriers environmental
policies experience in this sphere. We base our explorations on life-history
interviews to understand how the imaginaries of production are embedded in
people?s self-conceptions. We identify seven barriers to the implementation of
environmental practices: deficient regulations, collusion between controller and
controlled, de-prioritisation, hierarchism, compartmentalisation, specialisation,
and social unsustainability. A ?necessity discourse,? legitimating the priority of
efficiency and product quality over environmental sustainability, subjugates
alternative sustainable practices. The paper concludes with a discussion of the
results in the light of previous investigations, suggesting that the concept of the
everyday could enrich future research.
Uzzell David (2018) Labour?s hidden soul: religion at the intersection of labour and the environment, Environmental Values White Horse Press
This study examines the intersection of individual life-histories, organisational histories and societal histories and reveals how religion, in several different expressions, serves to provide a connection between justice for workers and justice for the environment in the work of trade unionists. The trade union movement is generally seen as secular, and thus in our life history interviews religion as a backdrop to labour activists? formation was unexpected. Religion becomes manifest in various ways, partly through experiences in the present or at formative periods in unionists? lives, but also through its cultural embeddedness in language and collective memory. In this way it serves to provide subtle influences on beliefs, concepts of social justice and daily action.
Murtagh N, Gatersleben Birgitta, Uzzell David (2018) Workplace Energy Use Feedback in Context, In: Wells V, Gregory-Smith D, Manika D (eds.), Research Handbook on Employee Pro-Environmental Behaviour: Part IV Employee environmental behaviour, feedback and technology pp. 349-368 Edward Elgar
Räthzel Nora, Cock Jacklyn, Uzzell David (2018) Beyond the nature-labour divide: trade union responses to climate change in South Africa, Globalizations 15 (4) pp. 504-519 Taylor & Francis
We present the life histories of two environmentally engaged unionists in South Africa, who were decisive for formulating the environmental programmes of their respective trade unions. Their experiences of participating in the resistance against apartheid in universities and factories taught them the necessity to connect different struggles and equipped them with the knowledge and ability to connect the fight for workers? rights with the fight against environmental degradation. Both activists experienced the difficulty of integrating ?the environment? politically and practically into a trade union agenda. The labour movement has traditionally experienced nature as a place outside of work to be enjoyed for recreation. While nature constitutes an indispensable condition for labour, it has been privately appropriated by Capital. For environmental policies to form an integral part of union agendas, nature needs to be wrestled away from its appropriation by Capital and understood as an inseparable ally of labour.
Stevis Dimitris, Uzzell David, Räthzel Nora (2018) The labour-nature relationship: varieties of labour environmentalism, Globalizations 15 (4) pp. 439-453 Taylor & Francis
This special issue is a contribution to environmental labour studies, which aims to investigate the practices and theories that integrate labour and nature, by focusing on labour environmentalism. While nature is privately appropriated and exploited by Capital, workers? organizations tend to construct nature as labour?s other, a place to enjoy or a place to be protected from destruction at best. In the following introductory article to this special issue, we present our view of what environmental labour studies are investigating and might investigate in the future and the place of labour environmentalism within this broader agenda. We also suggest an analytical framework to evaluate the depth, breadth, and level of the agency of the variations of labour environmentalism. We suggest that environmental labour studies can be a way of studying not only the intersections between social and environmental justice, climate change and working conditions but can also contribute to building a bridge between environmental theory and practice.
Uzzell David (2017) Working at the Interface of Personal Histories and Societal Conditions, In: Ilin C, Lobont F (eds.), Transitions to sustainable societies: Designing research and policies for changing lifestyles and communities Editura Universitätii de Vest din Timisoara
Räthzel N, Lundström R, Uzzell David (2015) Disconnected Spaces: introducing environmental perspectives into the trade union agenda top-down and bottom-up, Environmental Sociology 1 (3) pp. 166-176
This article compares how visions for integrating environmental issues into the union agenda are articulated from two different positions in the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO). The article is based on an analysis of ?life history interviews? and directs attention to the biographical circumstances under which individuals are able to work with environmental
issues in unions. The analysis shows that the conditions for integrating environmental issues are weakened by the
hierarchical culture of the organisation and by high levels of institutionalisation. LO furthermore lacks routines for mobilising the interests of environmental enthusiasts, and being positioned at headquarters hampers the abilities of union officials to mobilise environmental interests among members. Comparing the experiences from Sweden with the case of Comisiones Obreras (CCOO) in Spain shows that success depends on a relationship between individual engagement and political. Union transformation is contingent on developing issues that connect the immediate interests of workers with their long-term interests as citizens, such that a new workers? identity can develop and lead to practices that overcome the ?metabolic rift?.
Poor work privacy represents a frequently reported issue in open office environments,yet relatively little is known about its consequences. In addition, prior research has limitations including weak operationalisations and measures of privacy. Therefore, this thesis developed a new work privacy measure and examined the adverse effects of poor work privacy on workers? well-being. The roles of coping appraisal and contextual factors in this relationship
were explored to inform future preventative steps.

Study 1 (n = 30) qualitatively explored different scenarios of poor work privacy in an open-plan office context for the development of a new measure of privacy fit. Three
dimensions of poor work privacy have been identified: acoustical and visual stimulation,interruptions, and confidentiality.

Study 2 quantitatively tested (2.A n = 195) and confirmed (2.B n = 109) the factor structure of the new privacy fit measure in two open-plan office worker samples. Four dimensions were identified: conversation confidentiality, task confidentiality, visual/acoustical stimulation, and interruptions. The measure concluded with 12 items, good
model fit, reliability, and construct validity.

Study 3 (n = 220) employed the newly developed measure and quantitatively examined stress-related consequences of poor privacy fit in an open-plan office worker sample. Poor
privacy fit was associated with dissatisfaction, stress, and fatigue. Coping appraisal was found to mediate these relationships.

Study 4 (n = 61) quantitatively demonstrated in a longitudinal study that a move to an activity-based office influenced workers? privacy fit, coping appraisal, and stress-related outcomes (satisfaction, stress, and fatigue).
Study 5 (n = 22) qualitatively explored contextual factors in the activity-based Office that support or hinder privacy fit. Four factors were identified: the physical environment (e.g. variety of settings) and the social environment (e.g. social norms), the job (e.g. role conflict), and the self (e.g. self-awareness).

This thesis developed a new measure of work privacy and confirmed that privacy fit has an impact on workers? well-being. The thesis demonstrated the methodological benefit of
considering individuals? appraisal, and the importance of contextual factors in privacy regulation.

Uzzell David (2015) Obituary: Terry Lee, Journal of Environmental Psychology 44 pp. 160-161 Elsevier
Terence (Terry) Lee was not the first psychologist to see the importance of taking psychology out of the laboratory and putting it into the service of society, but he was arguably the first in the UK to see the potential application of psychology to the problems of urban planning and the environment. His contribution and foresight influenced profoundly the development of environmental psychology in the UK and overseas, and the lives of many who have worked in this field.
Uzzell David (2014) Le flâneur-chercher: la vie et l?Suvre de Gabriel Moser, In: Marchand D, Depeau S, Weiss K (eds.), L?individu au risqué de l?environnement pp. 349-359 In Press
The flâneur is, as Baudelaire asserted, someone who walks the city in order to experience it
(Benjamin, 1983, 50). It seems highly appropriate to begin this appreciation of Gabriel Moser?s work
by reference to Baudelaire?s observations on the flâneur because they reflect some of the essential
qualities that made Gabriel the environmental psychologist he was, not least of which his way of
being in the world and his passions. Those who spent time with Gabriel walking through any city was
aware that they were in the presence of an environmental psychologist who was fascinated by the
world around him, alert to the minutiae of the street scene and everyday life, and always observing,
interpreting and trying to make sense out of what he experienced. I write ?experienced?, because
Gabriel?s appreciation was multi-modal, and not limited to just what he could see.
In this essay, I want to talk about Gabriel Moser as a flâneur drawing on three slightly different
interpretations of the concept. I also want to embed the life and work of Gabriel Moser into the
historical and cultural context of Paris. Paris was very important to Gabriel for his work, for his
relationships and the way he was in the world.
Räthzel Nora, Uzzell David, Flipo Fabrice (2014) L'engagement écologique des syndicats au prisme de la division Nord-Sud, Mouvements 80 pp. 105-110

Peu de gens savent que les syndicats se sont engagés sur les questions écologiques, notamment ces dix dernières années. Historiquement les mouvements ouvriers des pays industrialisés ont vu la nature sous deux angles : soit comme un espace de récréation, soit comme un espace à préserver afin de protéger la santé et la sécurité des travailleurs. Dans les deux cas la nature est l?Autre du travail : elle est vue comme un lieu extérieur à la société et au processus de production.

(A lot of people know that unions are committed to environmental issues, especially in the last decade. Historically, workers' movements in industrialized countries have seen nature from two angles: either as a recreation area or as a space to preserve in order to protect the health and safety of workers. In both cases, nature is the Other of work: it is seen as a place outside society and the process of production.)

Roppola Tiina, Packer Jan, Uzzell David, Ballantyne Roy (2019) Nested assemblages: migrants, war heritage, informal learning and national identities, International Journal of Heritage Studies pp. 1-19 Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
This article examines relations between Anzac heritage and Australian national identity, among migrant visitors to the Australian War Memorial (AWM). What meaning could a story derived from Australian involvement in the First World War have to migrants who moved to Australia after the Second World War? Participants in qualitative interviews were eleven first-generation Australians, whose countries of birth were England, Greece, Ireland, New Zealand, Philippines, Scotland, South Africa and Sri Lanka, with parental countries of birth extending to Austria, Germany, India and Japan. Drawing on sociomaterial assemblage theory, the findings illustrate the concept of nested assemblages. At increasing scalar levels, the migrants form visitor-AWM assemblages, they may (or may not) feel part of a national Anzac heritage assemblage, and as migrants they are entangled in multiple national assemblages concurrently. Assemblages pertaining to family, faith, learning and memorialising were additional networks at play. Mapping interrelations amongst these assemblages showed migrants as actively gathering and interpreting heritage, sometimes as the enactment of national identity and at other times as the performance of informal, lifelong learning. The findings have importance to institutions seeking to be responsive to diverse and changing populations, particularly those wrestling with tensions around national identity.
Uzzell David, Räthzel Nora (2018) Border Crossing and the Logics of Space: A Case Study in Pro-Environmental Practices, Frontiers in Psychology 9 2096 pp. 1-13
We investigate whether and how workers in a transnational oil corporation carry practices, meanings, and identities between the places of work and home, focusing on environmental and health and safety practices, in order to understand the larger question, how can environmentally relevant practices be generalized in society at large? Our theoretical starting point is that societal institutions function according to different logics (Thornton et al., 2012) and the borders (Clark, 2000) between these institutions create affordances and constraints on the transfer of practices between these places. By connecting their theoretical ideas, we suggest that these provide an alternative critique and explanatory account of the transfer of environmental practices between home and work than a ?spillover? approach. We employ life history interviews to explore the development and complexity of the causes, justifications, and legitimations of people?s actions, social relationships, and the structural constraints which govern relationships between these spaces. While Clark?s concepts of permeable, strong, or blended borders are useful heuristic tools, people may simultaneously strengthen, transgress, or blend the borders between work and home in terms of practices, meanings, identities, or institutional logics. Individuals have to be understood as creators of the border crossing process, which is why their life histories and the ways in which their identities and their attachments to places (i.e., institutions) are shaped by the logics of these places are important. For environmental practices to travel from work to home, they need to become embedded in a company culture that allows their integration into workers? identities.
Packer Jan, Ballantyne Roy, Uzzell David (2019) Interpreting war heritage: Impacts of Anzac museum and battlefield visits on Australians' understanding of national identity, Annals of Tourism Research 76 pp. 105-116 Elsevier
The Anzac story, originally associated with the 1915 battle of Gallipoli, is considered an important part of Australia's national identity, and for many Australians has come to represent a number of the collective values of the nation. This research, undertaken in Australia and Turkey, explores the impact of a visit to the Australian War Memorial (660 participants) or Gallipoli battlefields (282 participants) on visitors' national identity and broadly-defined learning outcomes. Findings indicate that a visit to either site had some impact on national identity, but other learning outcomes were stronger. It is concluded that war heritage interpretation has the potential to evoke inclusive rather than exclusive responses, facilitating reconciliation rather than highlighting division.
Marcu A, Barnett J, Uzzell David, Vasileiou K, O'Connell S (2013) Experience of Lyme disease and preferences for precautions: a cross-sectional survey of UK patients, BMC Public Health 13 (481) pp. 1-7 BMC

Background

Lyme disease (LD) is a tick-borne zoonosis currently affecting approximately 1000 people annually in the UK (confirmed through serological diagnosis) although it is estimated that the real figures may be as high as 3000 cases. It is important to know what factors may predict correct appraisal of LD symptoms and how the experience of LD might predict preferences for future precautionary actions.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey was conducted with early LD patients via the Lyme Borreliosis Unit at the Health Protection Agency. One hundred and thirty participants completed measures of awareness of having been bitten by ticks, knowledge of ticks and LD, interpretation of LD symptoms, suspicions of having LD prior to seeing the General Practitioner (GP), and preferences for precautionary actions during future countryside visits. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to identify key predictors of awareness of having been bitten by ticks and of having LD. t-tests assessed differences between groups of participants on suspicions of having LD and preferences for future precautions. Pearson correlations examined relationships between measures of preferences for precautions and frequency of countryside use, knowledge of ticks and LD, and intentions to avoid the countryside in the future.

Results

73.8% of participants (n = 96) reported a skin rash as the reason for seeking medical help, and 44.1% (n = 64) suspected they had LD before seeing the GP. Participants reporting a direct event in realizing they had been bitten by ticks (seeing a tick on skin or seeing a skin rash and linking it to tick bites) were more likely to suspect they had LD before seeing the doctor. Participants distinguished between taking precautions against tick bites during vs. after countryside visits, largely preferring the latter. Also, the more frequently participants visited the countryside, the less likely they were to endorse during-visit precautions.

Conclusions

The results suggest that the risk of LD is set in the context of the restorative benefits of countryside practices, and that it may be counterproductive to overemphasize pre- or during-visit precautions. Simultaneously, having experienced LD is not associated with any withdrawal from countryside.