A polarisation insensitive transparent metasurface with two pass bands and two stop bands is proposed for 5G outdoor to indoor (O2I) coverage enhancement. Genetic Algorithm (GA) has been applied in order to provide the structural geometry of the unit cell for this metasurface. The proposed periodic structure consists of a unit cell design consisting of five stacked transparent patterned layers of Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) coated on Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) substrates. The proposed transmission metasurface can be easily mounted on conventional glass windows to assist the O2I 4G/5G signals for the n7 and n78 of the 5G new radio (5G-NR), as well as shielding the 2.4/5 GHz WiFi signals from penetrating outside the building thereby enhancing the security.
A metasurface-based thin flat lens operating at millimeter wave frequencies is presented. The three-layered Huygen Metalens indicates collimating/focusing of broadband frequencies from 60 to 74 GHz, with a gain enhancement of 22.5 dBi at a central frequency of 69 GHz while fed by a dipole antenna. The metasurface transmission performance is designed and simulated by numerical and analytical approaches. By integrating multilayered 1-bit Huygens unit cells, the metasurface produced 180 0 phase coverage with constant high amplitude. The proposed design comprised of 50 × 50 unilcells, creating an area of 75 × 75mm 2. The dipole antenna is applied to illuminate the proposed metasurface where the distance between the feeder and metalens is 27 mm. The result shows that the proposed metalens antenna achieves a maximum gain of 25 dBi at 69GHz GHz. The unique features of the proposed lightweight metalens will be widely used in wireless communication system for mmW wave frequencies.