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Mr Tianru Li

Postgraduate Research Student

Academic and research departments


W. Cerny, Joshua D. Simon, TIANRU LI, A Drlica-Wagner, A.B Pace, C. E Martınez-Vazquez, A. H. Riley, B. Mutlu-Pakdil, S Mau, P. S. Ferguson, DENIS ERKAL, Ricardo R. Muñoz, C. R Bom, J. L. Carlin, D. Carollo, Y. Choi, A. P. Ji, D Martınez-Delgado, V Manwadkar, A. E Miller, NOELIA ESTELLA DONATA NOEL, Joanna D Sakowska, D. J. Sand, G. S. Stringfellow, E. J. Tollerud, AK Vivas, Julio A. Carballo-Bello, D. Hernandez-Lang, DEBORAH JAMES, J. L. Nilo Castellon, K. A. G Olsen, A. Zenteno (2022)Pegasus IV: Discovery and Spectroscopic Confirmation of an Ultra-Faint Dwarf Galaxy in the Constellation Pegasus

We report the discovery of Pegasus IV, an ultra-faint dwarf galaxy found in archival data from the Dark Energy Camera processed by the DECam Local Volume Exploration Survey. Pegasus IV is a compact, ultra-faint stellar system ($r_{1/2} = 41^{+8}_{-6}$ pc; $M_V = -4.25 \pm 0.2$ mag) located at a heliocentric distance of $90^{+4}_{-6}$ kpc. Based on spectra of seven non-variable member stars observed with Magellan/IMACS, we confidently resolve Pegasus IV's velocity dispersion, measuring $\sigma_{v} = 3.3^{+1.7}_{-1.1} \text{ km s}^{-1}$ (after excluding three velocity outliers); this implies a mass-to-light ratio of $M_{1/2}/L_{V,1/2} = 167^{+224}_{-99} M_{\odot}/L_{\odot}$ for the system. From the five stars with the highest signal-to-noise spectra, we also measure a systemic metallicity of $\rm [Fe/H] = -2.67^{+0.25}_{-0.29}$ dex, making Pegasus IV one of the most metal-poor ultra-faint dwarfs. We tentatively resolve a non-zero metallicity dispersion for the system. These measurements provide strong evidence that Pegasus IV is a dark-matter-dominated dwarf galaxy, rather than a star cluster. We measure Pegasus IV's proper motion using data from Gaia Early Data Release 3, finding ($\mu_{\alpha*}, \mu_{\delta}) = (0.33\pm 0.07, -0.21 \pm 0.08) \text{ mas yr}^{-1}$. When combined with our measured systemic velocity, this proper motion suggests that Pegasus IV is on an elliptical, retrograde orbit, and is currently near its orbital apocenter. Lastly, we identify three potential RR Lyrae variable stars within Pegasus IV, including one candidate member located more than ten half-light radii away from the system's centroid. The discovery of yet another ultra-faint dwarf galaxy strongly suggests that the census of Milky Way satellites is still incomplete, even within 100 kpc.

A Drlica-Wagner, Jeffrey L Carlin, David L Nidever, P. S. Ferguson, N Kuropatkin, M. Adamów, W. Cerny, Yumi Choi, J Esteves, C. E. Martínez-Vázquez, S Mau, A. E Miller, B. Mutlu-Pakdil, E Neilsen, K Olsen, A.B Pace, A. H. Riley, Joanna D Sakowska, DJ Sand, L. Santana-Silva, EJ Tollerud, D Tucker, AK Vivas, E Zaborowski, A. Zenteno, T Abbott, S Allam, K Bechtol, C Bell, Eric F. Bell, P Bilaji, C. R Bom, Julio A. Carballo-Bello, D. Crnojević, Maria-Rosa L. Cioni, A Diaz-Ocampo, T. L de Boer, DENIS ERKAL, RA Gruendl, D. Hernandez-Lang, ASHLEY KATE HUGHES, DEBORAH JAMES, L Johnson, TIANRU LI, Y.-Y. Mao, D Martinez-Delgado, POL MASSANA ZAPATA, M. McNanna, R Morgan, E. O. Nadler, NED Noël, A. Palmese, AHG Peter, ES Rykoff, JLG Sanchez, N. Shipp, Joshua D. Simon, A Smercina, M Soares-Santos, G Stringfellow, K. Tavangar, Roeland van der Marel, Alistair Walker, RH Wechsler, J. Wu, B Yanny, MF Fitzpatrick, Luan Huang, A Jacques, R Nikutta, AMY SCOTT (2021)The DECam Local Volume Exploration Survey: Overview and First Data Release, In: The Astrophysical journal. Supplement series256(2) IOP Publishing

The DECam Local Volume Exploration survey (DELVE) is a 126-night survey program on the 4 m Blanco Telescope at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile. DELVE seeks to understand the characteristics of faint satellite galaxies and other resolved stellar substructures over a range of environments in the Local Volume. DELVE will combine new DECam observations with archival DECam data to cover ~15,000 deg2 of high Galactic latitude (|b| > 10°) southern sky to a 5σ depth of g, r, i, z ~ 23.5 mag. In addition, DELVE will cover a region of ~2200 deg2 around the Magellanic Clouds to a depth of g, r, i ~ 24.5 mag and an area of ~135 deg2 around four Magellanic analogs to a depth of g, i ~ 25.5 mag. Here, we present an overview of the DELVE program and progress to date. Furthermore, we also summarize the first DELVE public data release (DELVE DR1), which provides point-source and automatic aperture photometry for ~520 million astronomical sources covering ~5000 deg2 of the southern sky to a 5σ point-source depth of g = 24.3 mag, r = 23.9 mag, i = 23.3 mag, and z = 22.8 mag. DELVE DR1 is publicly available via the NOIRLab Astro Data Lab science platform.