CAROLINE: Creating A Network on Female Pioneers
An ESRC IAA project, funded through the Impact Exploration Fund, is being led by Dr Simona Guerra a Senior Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the University of Surrey.
Dr Guerra’s project, ‘CAROLINE’ (Creating A Network On Female Pioneers) aims to develop and consolidate a network of EU officials and experts, around the life of the European female pioneers to promote their presence and relevance in the history of European integration. The network will provide opportunities for exhibitions, talks, podcasts and support towards gender policy promotion.
Simona’s current research at the University of Surrey is exploring the lack of women in the history of European integration. Textbooks and the narrative on the early stages of the European integration process still seem to downplay the role of women, in particular during the early years (Milosevic 2018).
There is much literature about the Founding Fathers and main (male) politician of the early years of EU studies, but very little reference exists to women, who are often considered irrelevant in the politics of the past.
Dr Guerra says about the project; "There is a problematic deficit in European studies that does not seem to be justified. It is recognized and acknowledged, and, still, we continue to learn the history and politics of the EU in the same way, by repeating and transmitting the same bias. It is up to us, as researchers, to get to know the work of these women, as makers and shapers of European integration, and to write about them."
This is critical and it matters, as ‘what we choose to acknowledge about the past matters’ (Carr and Lipscomb, 2021, p. 10). If we do not write about these women, they are not there. ‘[If w]e don’t look for them. Then we don’t find them. And they deserve to be found.’ (Moland, 2023) The writer selects and identifies what is to be told, that further needs to be consistently interrogated and reinterpreted (Carr and Lipscomb, 2021).
CAROLINE addresses the structural lack of women’s representation in what is often called ‘his-story’ whilst also bringing these women to light through expert reviews of original documentation of their political activities at the European Parliament Archive.
Dr Guerra seeks to create more interest and debates around these women as pioneers of European democracy and integration, so to increase young women’s interest and general knowledge about the EU, while influencing how we, as scholars, talk and teach students about the European Union.
Dr Simona Guerra
Senior Lecturer in Comparative Politics
Since I was awarded my PhD (January 2009), I have established myself as a scholar and an expert in the field of Euroscepticism and European Studies. My dedication to high-quality and path-breaking research is demonstrated by my success in obtaining funded research grants (about 1,510,606.06 Euros).
This is supported by the numerous invited talks at the international level, by governmental/EU institutions, as keynote speaker/speaker at roundtables, as at the ECPR (with former Polish President and Nobel laureate Lech Wałęsa), UACES, and PSA. Further, at a rather junior stage I have become the first author of the chapter on public opinion and EU integration in the most used (OUP) textbook on the EU.
In 2013 I published my first monograph, with Palgrave, and co-edited a Special Issue of the Journal of Common Market Studies. Both were well received, among my publications, a book edited (and co-written) with a colleague (M. Caiani) on Euroscepticism, Democracy and The Media (Palgrave, European Sociology) (h 81), an articlepublished in the Journal of Communist and Postcommunist Studies (h 80), my monograph (h 50), and further articles on the Journal of Common Market Studies (h 29) and Perspectives on European Politics and Society (h 24) (see: Harzing, Publish or Perish 8.9).
I have also been the Co-Chief Editor of JCER, Journal of Contemporary European Research (2012-2017). While editor, it became a Q2 (SCImago) journal in 2014 (it was a Q3 journal in 2013, and Q4 in 2012, it had no previous ranking). I have just completed my office as founding Co-Chief Editor of the first GOA journal of the ECPR, Political Research Exchange (PRX) (2017-2023), that started publishing from 2019. Since then, PRX published five volumes with over 250,000 downloads across over 175 countries; in 2020 it was Indexed DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals; in 2021 Indexed by Scopus; Web of Science Emerging Sources Citation Index; in 2022 we recorded more than 50% submissions with female lead authors and in 2022, PRX achieved its first Impact Factor and Q1 Citescore, 2.4.
I was elected as a UACES Committee Member & Trustee in 2010 (2010–2013), and further co-opted till 2017. In 2021 I was elected as board member of the IPSA RC03 on European Unification, focusing on the study of European integration. My international visibility has resulted in my work as reviewer (for journals, publishers, British/international grant schemes - ESRC, Leverhulme, and in Belgium, Switzerland, Czechia, Poland, Croatia), examiner, research fellow, and visiting professor across Europe and at the EU institutions.
I further hold several teaching awards, from students at the University of Nottingham, Loughborough University and the University of Leicester, as Best Personal Tutor, Best Lecturer, Best Support Staff, Best Practice in Inclusive Learning and Teaching, and Best Implementer of Students’ Feedback.
My current project is investigating the presence and work of the early women of the European Assembly (1952-1969) thanks to the interest and support from the European Parliament and internal funding (ESRC and A&H IAA grants) and working on the Oxford Handbook of Polish Politics (OUP) with Katarzyna Walecka and Fernando Casal Bertoa.
I am interested in supervising research projects examining the process of European integration, attitudes towards the European Union, or women in the early (1950s and 1960s) stages of the European integration process.
Previous visiting positions include: Unitelma La Sapienza in Rome (2014-15), University of Sussex (2015-16), London School of Economics (2017), University of Zagreb (2018), Carlos III, in Madrid (2019), International Chair at ULB (2022),Visiting Professor at the College of Europe (Bruges campus, 2020-22), and Visiting Chair at Sapienza University in Rome (2023).
Below my previous appointments:
- Visiting Professor, La Sapienza, Rome (May-June 2023);
- International Chair , ULB, Brussels (May-June 2022);
- Acting Head of School, University of Leicester (July 2018-January 2019);
- Deputy Head of School, University of Leicester (April 2017-August 2019);
- Associate Professor, University of Leicester (September 2016-June 2020);
- Senior Lecturer in Politics, University of Leicester (April–September 2016);
- Associate Professor, 14/C3, by direct appointment of an Italian citizen currently working abroad, Scuola di Studi Internazionale and the Dipartimento di Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale, University of Trento (art. 15 comma 6, D.R.n.563, 29.10.2013), January 2016, declined;
- Lecturer in Politics, University of Leicester (May 2012-April 2016);
- Lecturer in Politics, Loughborough University (September 2010-May 2012);
- Teaching Fellow, University of Nottingham (September 2008-August 2010);
- Research Associate, Cardiff University (April-September 2008);
- Graduate Associate Tutor, Sussex European Institute, University of Sussex (January 2005-June 2007).
Further, I have been guest lecturer for the Politics Summer School jointly organized by Canterbury Christ Church University and the Centre International de Formation Européen; for the MYEULINK project at the University of Nottingham, Malaysia Campus; and the MA in European Studies, at the Università of Siena.
Silvia Waleska Diaz Blanco, European Parliament Research Service (EPRS)
EU! Radio interview with Dr Simona Guerra: https://euradio.fr/emission/2jLK-ideas-on-europe/JPYx-nilde-iotti-european-among-eurosceptics
LSE Blog by Dr Simona Guerra: https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2023/03/08/nilde-iotti-and-european-democracy/
EU! Radio interview with Dr Simona Guerra: https://euradio.fr/emission/2jLK-ideas-on-europe/9yMO-kate-strobel-pionniere-de-la-construction-europeenne-simona-guerra?page=10
Article on Nilde Lotti: Courtesy of European Union https://european-union.europa.eu/principles-countries-history/history-eu/eu-pioneers/nilde-iotti_en
CAROLINE is already achieving the following short-term impact:
- On Yesterday’s EU Women for Today’s EU Studies – under review
- An introduction to European female pioneers - under review
-Talks on the first 12 women of European integration (already agreed: University of Luxembourg, 20 April 2023; John Cabot University, Rome, 31 May 2023)
-Contribution/Summary of the work done for the European Parliament Research Service
-Possible organization of an exhibition
-Two further papers that, with the first two manuscripts, will provide the main structure for a monograph submission
In the long term, through the CAROLINE Network, Dr Guerra hopes to influence how the EU presents itself through printed collateral available within the EU building, pages on the EU websites, contributions to podcasts on the great speeches that made Europe, and publications within the institutions themselves.
The network will organise talks and workshops, and will pursue a funding grant to ignite long term impact on how we learn and talk about our past in Europe, drawing attention to women as pioneers of European democracy and integration.
Dr Guerra hopes to engage young women in politics, and inspire a change in the way women socialise, study and research with the EU, through new chapters on the female pioneers in textbooks and the promotion of her book which she hopes will be translated and available across the EU member states.