Radar and Remote Sensing

Key information

Start date: 15 November 2021

Attendance dates:

November 2021: 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

Time commitment: 5 days


Stag Hill campus, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH

Contact details:


This course will go through radar equations, waveforms, the Doppler effect, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and antenna, propagation and radar applications to name a few.

Who is this course for?

This course is aimed at graduates working or planning to work in the radar field or a practising engineer wishing to extend their knowledge of modern radar.

Good course, provided good overview of radar systems and was delivered very well… Felt well looked after with good food and help whenever needed.

Comment from previous student

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this course, you will have:

  • Understanding of the interactions of radiation with the earth's surface and atmosphere and be able to use this knowledge to approach the design of new sensors and address specific problems.
  • Knowledge of remote sensing instrumentation, and radar in particular.
  • Understanding and basic interpretation skills of remote sensing products.
  • Capability of analysing the requirements for some relevant application in remote sensing.

Course content

Please note that we reserve the right to alter the syllabus. Any major changes will be notified to delegates before the course starts.

The radar equations

  • The Radar concept
  • The physics of EM waves and interaction with matter
  • Radar configurations (monostatic vs. bistatic, continuous wave vs. pulsed wave, non-coherent vs.coherent)
  • Radar ambiguities
  • Basic Radar Functions
  • Radar equation
  • Noise and Signal-to-Noise ratio.

RCS and the Doppler effect

  • RCS definition
  • Scattering regimes
  • High frequency scattering
  • RCS of simple targets
  • Doppler phenomenology
  • Doppler shift.

Introduction to synthetic aperture radar (SAR/ISAR)

  • Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) fundamentals
  • Image formation and interpretation
  • Conventional stripmap mode and spotlight mode SAR systems
  • Concept of inverse SAR (ISAR) imaging.

Introduction to SAR processing

  • SAR fundamentals (recap)
  • SAR gallery
  • SAR vs optical
  • SAR distortions (layover, foreshortening, shadow)
  • Azimuth ambiguities
  • Doppler effects
  • Polarimetric SAR
  • Calibration fundamentals
  • SAR products and main acquisition parameters
  • TerraSAR-X and Sentinel database
  • ENVI and SNAP introduction.

Antennas, propagation and radar applications

  • Antenna principles and designs
  • Aperture antennas
  • Sidelobes
  • Polarisation characteristics
  • Broadband antennas
  • Propagation, reflections, refraction, diffraction, scattering etc
  • Atmospheric and surface effects
  • Natural target resonances and target identification
  • Principles of bistatic and passive radar
  • Air traffic secondary radar and ADS-B
  • Ground penetrating radar
  • High-frequency (HF) and over-the-horizon (OTH) radar.

Waveforms, tracking, recognition, and phased arrays

  • Pulse compression
  • Ambiguity functions
  • High resolution and low probability of intercept (LPI) radar systems
  • Non-cooperative target recognition
  • Range profile and the Doppler signature
  • Monopulse tracking
  • Track-while-scan
  • Active and passive phased arrays
  • Adaptive beam forming, DF and nulling.

Radar processing and EW

  • Radar clutter fundamentals
  • Statistical clutter models and their application
  • Constant false-alarm-rate (CFAR) detection
  • Moving-target indications and detection (MTI/MTD)
  • Airborne pulse doppler techniques (DPCA and STAP) etc
  • Active and passive electronic counter measures (EA)
  • Electronic protection (EP).

Airborne and space-borne radar systems and space-based radar

  • SAR range equation
  • Examples of different space-borne SAR systems
  • Scatterometers
  • Altimeters
  • SAR Interferometry
  • Overview of past and current in-service airborne radar surveillance systems
  • SAR techniques and applications.

Learning and teaching methods

Learning and teaching methods include the following:

  • Lectures
  • Tutorials
  • Class discussions.


There is no assessment for those who take this as an individual short course.

Course leader

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Dr Raffaella Guida

Reader in Satellite Remote Sensing

Course contributors

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Dr Glen Davidson

Course lecturer

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Dr Pasquale Iervolino

Course lecturer

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Malcolm Stevens

Course lecturer

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Professor Mike Underhill

Course lecturer

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Professor Simon Watts

Course lecturer

Entry requirements

There are no prerequisites required to do this course. A good knowledge of Maths will be required. If you require any further information on this please contact Barbara Steel in the CE Office. 

Recognition of prior learning

This is a technical course and goes into some depth so you are expected to have an engineering or science background.

Fees and funding

Price per person:


IET/IEET members: Bookings made before 8 Nov 2021


Early bird rate: Bookings made before 8 Nov 2021


Standard rate: Bookings made after 8 Nov 2021

What these fees include

Tuition, catering including lunches, tea and coffee. Course notes will be provided in PDF format.

How to apply

Payment can be accepted by purchase order, credit card or bank transfer.

Please note that we do not charge VAT as we are an educational establishment.

Payments will be accepted subject to availability. If making payment by credit card, please forward the transaction receipt by email to Barbara Steel.

Apply now

Terms and conditions

When you accept an offer of a place at the University of Surrey, you are agreeing to comply with our policies and regulations and our terms and conditions. You are also confirming you have read and understood our privacy notice.

  • Cancellations notified in writing ten working days before the event; we charge a cancellation fee of 35 per cent of the standard rate. If we have already received payment we refund 65 per cent of the full fee.
  • Cancellations within 10 working days before the event; We charge these at the full rate and do not give refunds.
  • If no written notice of cancellation is received, no refund can be made.
  • The University of Surrey reserves the right to cancel any event. In this case, the full fee will be refunded unless a mutually convenient transfer can be arranged. Details of event changes or cancellations are available by phoning +44 (0)1483 686040.
  • Delegates can make a provisional registration for a course by telephone or email. However bookings are only acknowledged formally once payment has been received.
  • Substitutions from the same company may be made following consultation with the Continuing Education Manager.
  • The University reserves the right to cancel any course on the grounds of insufficient numbers or for other reasons beyond our control. In this case the full fee will be refunded unless a mutually convenient transfer can be arranged.
  • Registrations cannot be accepted without a valid purchase order, credit card payment or cheque.
  • Proof of payment.
  • Registrations must come with a valid purchase order, credit card payment or cheque.


This online prospectus has been prepared and published in advance of the commencement of the course. The University of Surrey has used its reasonable efforts to ensure that the information is accurate at the time of publishing, but changes (for example to course content or additional costs) may occur given the interval between publishing and commencement of the course. It is therefore very important to check this website for any updates before you apply for a course with us. Read more.