Radar and Remote Sensing

This course will go through radar equations, waveforms, the Doppler effect, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and antenna, propagation and radar applications to name a few.


University of Surrey


Mon 16 - Fri 20 November 2020

Number of days

Five weekdays

Hours of study

9am - 5pm

Who is this course for?

This popular course, which is regularly updated, has been especially designed for:

  • Graduates with engineering/science backgrounds working or planning to work in the radar field
  • Practising engineers wishing to extend their knowledge of modern radar

Please be aware that this is a technical course and goes into some depth.

Course details

Please note that we reserve the right to alter the syllabus. Any major changes will be notified to delegates before the course starts.

Day one

The radar equations


  • The Radar concept
  • The physics of EM waves and interaction with matter
  • Radar configurations (monostatic vs. bistatic, continuous wave vs. pulsed wave, nocoherent vs.coherent)
  • Radar ambiguities
  • Basic Radar Functions
  • Radar equation
  • Noise and Signal-to-Noise ratio

RCS and the Doppler effect

  • RCS definition
  • Scattering regimes
  • High frequency scattering
  • RCS of simple targets
  • Doppler phenomenology
  • Doppler shift

Introduction to synthetic aperture radar (SAR/ISAR)

  • Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) fundamentals
  • Image formation and interpretation
  • Conventional stripmap mode and spotlight mode SAR systems
  • Concept of inverse SAR (ISAR) imaging

Introduction to SAR processing

  • SAR fundamentals (recap)
  • SAR gallery
  • SAR vs optical
  • SAR distortions (layover, foreshortening, shadow)
  • Azimuth ambiguities
  • Doppler effects
  • Polarimetric SAR
  • Calibration fundamentals
  • SAR products and main acquisition parameters
  • TerraSAR-X and Sentinel database
  • ENVI and SNAP introduction

Day two

Antennas, propagation and radar applications

  • Antenna principles and designs
  • Aperture antennas
  • Sidelobes
  • Polarisation characteristics
  • Broadband antennas
  • Propagation, reflections, refraction, diffraction, scattering etc
  • Atmospheric and surface effects
  • Natural target resonances and target identification
  • Principles of bistatic and passive radar
  • Air traffic secondary radar and ADS-B
  • Ground penetrating radar
  • High-frequency (HF) and over-the-horizon (OTH) radar

Day three

Waveforms, tracking, recognition, and phased arrays

  • Pulse compression
  • Ambiguity functions
  • High resolution and low probability of intercept (LPI) radar systems
  • Non-cooperative target recognition
  • Range profile and the Doppler signature
  • Monopulse tracking
  • Track-while-scan
  • Active and passive phased arrays
  • Adaptive beam forming, DF and nulling

Day four

Radar processing and EW

  • Radar clutter fundamentals
  • Statistical clutter models and their application
  • Constant false-alarm-rate (CFAR) detection
  • Moving-target indications and detection (MTI/MTD)
  • Airborne pulse doppler techniques (DPCA and STAP) etc
  • Active and passive electronic counter measures (EA)
  • Electronic protection (EP)

Day five

Airborne and Space-borne Radar SystemsSpace-based radar

  • SAR range equation
  • Examples of different space-borne SAR systems
  • Scatterometers
  • Altimeters
  • SAR Interferometry
  • Overview of past and current in-service airborne radar surveillance systems
  • SAR Techniques and Applications
  • Professor Mike Underhill  - Underhill Research
  • Professor Simon Watts
  • Dr Andy Stove
  • Dr Glen Davidson
  • Dr Rafaella Guida - University of Surrey
  • Pasquale Lerlovino - University of Surrey.


Price per person includes lunch, refreshments and course notes which will be provided on USB sticks and on Dropbox:

Non IET members

  • £1,950 - Standard rate
  • £1,850 - Early bird rate for payment before 16 October 2020

For IET Members (proof of membership needed)

  • £1,950 - Standard rate
  • £1,750 - Early bird rate for payment before 16 October 2020

How to apply

Payment can be accepted by purchase order, credit card or bank transfer on our online store.

Please note that we do not charge VAT as we are an educational establishment.

Payments will be accepted subject to availability. If making payment by credit card, please forward the transaction receipt by email to Barbara Steel.

Mon 16 - Fri 20 Nov 2020

Terms and conditions

  • Cancellations notified in writing ten working days before the event; we charge a cancellation fee of 35 per cent of the standard rate. If we have already received payment we refund 65 per cent of the full fee.
  • Cancellations within 10 working days before the event; We charge these at the full rate and do not give refunds.
  • If no written notice of cancellation is received, no refund can be made.
  • The University of Surrey reserves the right to cancel any event. In this case, the full fee will be refunded unless a mutually convenient transfer can be arranged. Details of event changes or cancellations are available by phoning +44 (0)1483 686040.
  • Delegates can make a provisional registration for a course by telephone or email. However bookings are only acknowledged formally once payment has been received.
  • Substitutions from the same company may be made following consultation with the Continuing Education Manager.
  • The University reserves the right to cancel any course on the grounds of insufficient numbers or for other reasons beyond our control. In this case the full fee will be refunded unless a mutually convenient transfer can be arranged.
  • Registrations cannot be accepted without a valid purchase order, credit card payment or cheque.
  • Proof of payment.
  • Registrations must come with a valid purchase order, credit card payment or cheque.

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Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
University of Surrey