View our publications.

Below is a selection of publications related to DCD from current and previous lab members. For a more exhaustive list, please consult each researcher's profile.


Gentle, J., Shakur, A., Ivanova, M., & Gilligan-Lee, K. (2024). Navigation abilities and spatial anxiety in individuals with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD/Dyspraxia). Research in Developmental Disabilities, 146, 104672.
Mayes, W. P., Gentle, J., Ivanova, M., & Violante, I. R. (2024). Audio-visual multisensory integration and haptic perception are altered in adults with developmental coordination disorder. Human Movement Science, 93, 103180.
Martel, M., Finos, L., Bahmad, S., Koun, E., Salemme, R., Sonié, S., Fourneret, P., Schmitz, C., & Roy, A. C. (2023). Motor deficits in autism differ from that of developmental coordination disorder. Autism, 13623613231171980.
Morris, B., Ogden, J., & Gentle, J. (2023). Experiences of adult siblings of those with developmental coordination disorder (DCD): A qualitative study. Current Psychology, 42(14), 11995–12006.
Sinani, C., K. Wilmut, K., Mierzwinski, M., Williams, J., Licari, M., Purcell, C., Gentle, J., Wood, G. (2023). The Impact of Developmental Coordination Disorder in the UK. In: DCD-UK 2023.
Martel, M., Boulenger, V., Koun, E., Finos, L., Farnè, A., & Roy, A. C. (2022). Body schema plasticity is altered in Developmental Coordination Disorder. Neuropsychologia, 166, 108136.
Gentle, J., Brady, D., Woodger, N., Croston, S., & Leonard, H. C. (2021). Driving Skills of Individuals With and Without Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD/Dyspraxia). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 15.
Mayes, W., Gentle, J., Parisi, I., Dixon, L., van Velzen, J., & Violante, I. (2021). Top-down Inhibitory Motor Control Is Preserved in Adults with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Developmental Neuropsychology, 46(6), 409–424.
Gentle, J., Shaheen, A., Tunstall, D., & Hegarty, P. (2020). Perceptions of coordinated movement. Human Movement Science, 74, 102711.

Omer, S., Jijon, A.M., & Leonard, H.C. (2019). Research Review: Internalizing symptoms in Developmental Coordination Disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines, 60(6), 606–621.

Simpson, A., Al Ruwaili, R., Jolley, R., Leonard, H., Geeraert, N., & Riggs, K. J. (2019). Fine Motor Control Underlies the Association Between Response Inhibition and Drawing Skill in Early Development. Child development, 90(3), 911–923.

Sumner, E., Leonard, H.C., & Hill, E.L. (in press). Comparing attention to socially-relevant stimuli in autism spectrum disorders and developmental coordination disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,

Pile, V., Lau, J. Y., Topor, M., Hedderly, T., & Robinson, S. (2018). Interoceptive Accuracy in Youth with Tic Disorders: Exploring Links with Premonitory Urge, Anxiety and Quality of Life. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48(10), 3474–3482.

Pile, V., Robinson, S., Roberts, E., Topor, M., Hedderly, T., & Lau, J. Y. (2018). Reduced specificity of autobiographical memories in young people with tic disorders. Comprehensive psychiatry83, 31-37.

Pile, V., Robinson, S., Topor, M., Hedderly, T., & Lau, J. Y. (2018). Attention bias for social threat in youth with tic disorders: Links with tic severity and social anxiety. Child Neuropsychology, 25(3), 394–409.

Bernardi, M., Leonard, H.C., Hill, E.L., Botting, N., & Henry, L.A. (2018). Executive functions in children with developmental coordination disorder: a 2‐year follow‐up study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 60, 306-313. 

Messer, D.J., Bernardi, M., Botting, N., Hill, E.L., Nash, G., Leonard, H.C., & Henry, L.A. (2018). Individual differences and their contribution to the factor structure of executive functioning in children. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01179. 

Wilmut, K., Gentle, J., & Barnett, A. (2017). Gait symmetry in individuals with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 60, 107-114. 

Gentle, J., Wilmut, K., & Barnett, A. (2016) Adaptations to walking on an uneven terrain for individuals with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder. Human Movement Science, 49, 346-353.

Leonard, H.C., & Hill, E.L. (2016). Brief Report: The role of older siblings in infant motor development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 152, 318-326.

Sumner, E., Leonard, H.C., & Hill, E.L. (2016). Overlapping phenotypes in autism spectrum disorder and developmental coordination disorder: A cross-syndrome comparison of motor and social skills. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46, 2609-2620. 

Leonard, H.C. (2016). The impact of poor motor skills on perceptual, social and cognitive development: The case of Developmental Coordination Disorder. Frontiers in Psychology7:311, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00311. 

Waszczuk, M., Leonard, H.C., Hill, E.L., Rowe, R., & Gregory, A.M(2016). Coordination difficulty and internalising symptoms in adults: A twin/sibling study. Psychiatry Research, 239, 1-8. 

Bernardi, M., Leonard, H.C., Hill, E.L., & Henry, L.A. (2016). Brief Report: Response inhibition and processing speed in children with motor difficulties and developmental coordination disorder. Child Neuropsychology, 22, 627-634. 

Leonard, H.C., Bernardi, M., Hill, E.L., & Henry, L.A. (2015). Executive functioning, motor difficulties and developmental coordination disorder. Developmental Neuropsychology, 40, 201-215. 

Leonard, H.C., & Hill, E.L. (2015). Executive difficulties in developmental coordination disorder: Methodological issues and future directions. Current Developmental Disorders Reports, 2, 141-149. 

Leonard, H.C., Bedford, R., Pickles, A., Hill, E.L., & the BASIS Team (2015). Predicting the rate of language development from early motor skills in at-risk infants who develop autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 13, 15-24. 

Leonard, H.C., & Hill, E.L. (2014). The impact of motor development on typical and atypical social cognition and language: A systematic review. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 19, 163-170. 

Pratt, M.L., Leonard, H.C., Adeyinka, H., & Hill, E.L. (2014). The effect of motor load on executive functioning in developmental coordination disorder. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35, 1579-1587. 

Leonard, H.C., Bedford, R., Charman, T., Elsabbagh, M., Johnson, M.H., Hill, E.L., & The BASIS Team (2014). Motor development in children at-risk of autism: A follow-up study of infant siblings. Autism, 18, 281-291. 

Leonard, H.C., Elsabbagh, M., Hill, E.L., & The BASIS Team (2014). Early and persistent motor difficulties in infants at-risk of developing Autism Spectrum Disorder: A prospective study. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 11, 18-35. 

Other articles

Bedford, R., & Leonard, H.C. (2016). Walking and talking. The relationship between motor milestones and language development. Psychology Today

Leonard, H.C. (2015). Early motor skills may affect language developmentThe Conversation