Dr Charlotte McCarroll is the programme lead for years 1 and 2 of the University's veterinary degree - BVMSci. She is an active and passionate teacher of physiology and biochemistry utilising innovative techniques based on latest pedagogical evidence. She is active in research in the subject areas of veterinary education, equity, diversity and inclusion within the veterinary profession, and in cardiovascular physiology.
Charlotte graduated from the University of Glasgow in 2008 with distinction before embarking upon a rotating small animal medicine and surgery internship at the University of Liverpool. During her time at Liverpool she developed a passion for research and teaching which led her to return to Glasgow where she was awarded her Masters in 2010 and her PhD in 2013.
Her academic achievements have been focused on cardiac calcium handling, excitation-contraction coupling and cardiac arrhythmias in human ischaemia-reperfusion injury as well as the effects of Trypanosoma brucei infection on cardiac calcium handling.
Having been out of clinics focusing on physiological and medical research for ten years Charlotte returned to small animal clinical practice in Berkshire for a time to update her practical knowledge of the veterinary profession.
Charlotte was appointed as a new teaching fellow in preclinical sciences and veterinary education at Surrey in 2019 to combine her extensive knowledge of physiology with her recent clinical practical knowledge to help provide a comprehensive and well-rounded experience for Surrey vet students.
Charlotte is a keen award-winning advocate for diversity and inclusion within STEM and the veterinary profession. She has sat on the Athena SWAN committee at Glasgow, spoken at public events and volunteered for several LGBT+ in STEM and LGBT+ inclusion in sport organisations.
University roles and responsibilities
- Programme Lead Years 1-2 of BVMSci Programme
- Section Head of Veterinary Sciences
IntroductionRecent research showed that 29% of respondents in a survey of veterinary professionals reported experiencing self-described discrimination in their workplaces. Senior colleagues and clients were responsible for discriminatory behaviors. As part of their training, veterinary students are expected to undertake extra-mural study (EMS) within these same workplaces and are likely to be vulnerable to discrimination from senior colleagues and clients. This study's objectives were to identify and characterize the pattern of perceived discriminatory behaviors (i.e., belief of being treated unfairly) that veterinary students encounter while seeing practice and explore students' attitudes toward discrimination. MethodsStudents at British and Irish veterinary schools who undertook some clinical EMS completed a survey of closed and open questions as part of a cross-sectional study. Demographic data and experiences of discrimination with details of incidents and reporting were collected, alongside respondent attitudes. Quantitative data were analyzed using Pearson's chi-squared analysis to analyse respondents' characteristics and their experiences of discriminatory behaviors and subsequent reporting. Qualitative content analysis was used for open-question data. ResultsOf the 403 respondents, 36.0% had perceived behavior they believed was discriminatory. The most frequent form of discrimination was based on gender (38.0%), followed by ethnicity (15.7%). There were significant associations between respondents' experience of discriminatory behaviors and the following characteristics: age (p = 0.0096), disability (p < 0.00001), race/ethnicity (p < 0.0001), gender/sex (p = 0.018), and LGBTQ+ status (p = 0.001). Supervising veterinarians were the most commonly reported perpetrators of discriminatory behaviors (39.3%) compared with clients (36.4%). Only 13.9% of respondents who experienced discrimination reported the event(s). Respondents with a disability were the least likely to agree with the statement that professional bodies are doing enough to tackle discrimination (p < 0.0001). Most respondents agreed that sexism is still an issue (74.4%), but men were more likely to disagree (p = 0.004). Most respondents felt that ethnic diversity needed to be increased (96.3%). DiscussionDiscriminatory behavior is a problem for students seeing practice, especially those with one or more protected characteristics (as defined by the UK Equality Act 2010). Improved education would need to include perspectives from minority groups to help remove discriminatory behavior from veterinary practice.
McCarroll CS, He W, Foote K, Bradley A, Mcglynn K, Vidler F, Nixon C, Nather K, Fattah C, Riddell A, Bowman P, Elliott EB, Bell M, Hawksby C, MacKenzie SM, Morrison LJ, Terry A, Blyth K, Smith GL, McBride MW, Kubin T, Braun T, Nicklin SA, Cameron ER, Loughrey CM. (2018)
Fattah C, Nather K, McCarroll CS, Hortigon-Vinagre MP, Zamora V, Flores-Munoz M, McArthur L, Zentilin L, Giacca M, Touyz RM, Smith GL, Loughrey CM, Nicklin SA. (2016)
J Am Coll Cardiol.68(24):2652-2666
Ross PD, Guy J, Selfridge J, Kamal B, Bahey N, Tanner KE, Gillingwater TH, Jones RA, Loughrey CM, McCarroll CS, Bailey ME, Bird A, Cobb S. (2016)
Hum Mol Genet. 25(20):4389-4404
McCarroll CS, Rossor CL, Morrison LR, Morrison LJ, Loughrey CM. (2015)
PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 9(5):e0003811.
Elliott EB, McCarroll D, Hasumi H, Welsh CE, Panissidi AA, Jones NG, Rossor CL, Tait A, Smith GL, Mottram JC, Morrison LJ, Loughrey CM. (2013)
Cardiovasc Res. 100(2):325-35.
Burrow R, McCarroll D, Baker M, Darby P, McConnell F, Cripps P. (2012)
Vet Rec. 170(1):20