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Professor Gavin Hilson

Professor and Chair of Sustainability in Business
+44 (0)1483 686326
24 MS 02


Areas of specialism

The social and environmental impacts of artisanal and small-scale mining; The extractive industries and development; Sub-Saharan Africa

My qualifications

Imperial College London
Masters of Arts
University of Toronto
BSc (Honours)
University of Toronto
The Higher Education Academy, UK

Previous roles

2007 - 2012
Reader in Environment and Development
The University of Reading
2006 - 2007
Lecturer in Development Studies
The University of Manchester
2004 - 2005
Lecturer in Environmental Planning
Cardiff University


Research interests

Research projects


Postgraduate research supervision

My publications


HILSON GAVIN MICHAEL, SAUERWEIN TITUS JAN, Cardoso Estrela (2021)Small-Scale Mining, Rural Resilience and the Sustainable Development Goals in Sub-Saharan Africa, In: Handbook of Sustainable Politics and Economics of Natural Resources Edward Elgar Publishing
Hilson Gavin (2020)The Africa Mining Vision: a manifesto for more inclusive extractive industry-led development?, In: Revue Canadienne d'études du développement41(3)pp. 417-431 Routledge
Hilson GM, McQuilken JT (2014)Four decades of support for artisanal and small-scale mining in sub-Saharan Africa: A critical review, In: The Extractive Industries and Society1(1)pp. 104-118 Elsevier
Maconachie R, Hilson G (2013)Editorial introduction: the extractive industries, community development and livelihood change in developing countries, In: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT JOURNAL48(3)pp. 347-359 OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Hilson Gavin, Hilson A, Mcquilken James (2016)Ethical minerals: Fairer trade for whom?, In: Resources Policy49pp. 232-247 Elsevier
Hilson GM (2003)Environmental Management in the Small-Scale Mining Industry, In: Journal of Cleaner Production11(2)pp. 91-227
Hilson GM (2012)Poverty Traps in Small-Scale Mining Communities: The Case of Sub-Saharan Africa, In: Canadian Journal of Development Studies33(2)pp. 180-197 Taylor and Francis
Hilson GM, Maconachie R (2011)Safeguarding Livelihoods or Exacerbating Poverty?: Artisanal Mining and Formalization in West Africa, In: Natural Resources Forum35(4)pp. 293-303 John Wiley and Sons
Hilson Gavin, Amankwah Richard, Ofori-Sarpong Grace (2013)Going for Gold: Transitional Livelihoods in Northern Ghana, In: Journal of Modern African Studies51(1)pp. 109-137 Cambridge Journals
Hilson Gavin, Laing T (2017)Gold Mining, Indigenous Land Claims and Conflict in Guyana’s Hinterland, In: Journal of Rural Studies50pp. 172-187 Elsevier
Hilson Gavin, Hilson Abigail, Siwale Agatha, Maconachie Roy (2018)Female faces in informal ‘spaces’: Women and artisanal and small-scale mining in sub-Saharan Africa, In: Africa Journal of Management4(3)pp. 306-346 Taylor & Francis
Hilson GM, Maconachie R (2009)The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: Panacea or White Elephant for Sub-Saharan Africa?, In: Richards J (eds.), Mining, Society, and a Sustainable World Springer
Hilson GM (2008)Mining and Rural Development: The Trajectory of Diamond Production in Ghana, In: Vlassenroot K, Bockstael SV (eds.), Artisanal Diamond Mining Academia Pr Scientific Pub
Hilson Gavin, Hu Yanfei, Kumah Cynthia Locating Female ‘Voices’ in the Minamata Convention on Mercury in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Ghana, In: Environmental Science and Policy107pp. 123-136 Elsevier
Hilson Abigail, Hilson Gavin, Dauda Suleman (2019)Corporate Social Responsibility at African mines: Linking the past to the present, In: Journal of Environmental Management241pp. 340-352 Elsevier
Hilson GM (2011)Artisanal Mining, Smallholder Farming and Livelihood Diversification in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa, In: The Journal of International Development23(8)pp. 1031-1150 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Hilson GM, Clifford MJ (2010)Small-Scale Mining, Mercury and Environmental Health: Challenges and Ways Forward in Rural Ghana, In: Hilson GM, Clifford MJ (eds.), The International Journal of Environment and Pollution41(3-4)pp. 185-325
Hilson GM, Van Bockstael G (2011)Diamond Mining, Rice Farming and a "Maggi Cube": A Viable Poverty Alleviation Strategy in Rural Liberia, In: Journal of International Development23(8)pp. 1042-1053 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Hilson Gavin, Hilson A, Maconachie R (2017)Opportunity or necessity? Conceptualizing entrepreneurship at African small-scale mines, In: Technological Forecasting and Social Change131pp. 286-302 Elsevier
Hilson GM, Okoh G (2011)Poverty and Livelihood Diversification: Exploring the Linkages Between Smallholder Farming and Artisanal Mining in Rural Ghana, In: Journal of International Development23(8)pp. 1100-1014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Hilson G, Yakovleva N (2006)Strained relations: a critical assessment of the mining conflict in Prestea, Ghana, In: Hilson GM (eds.), Small-scale Mining, Rural Subsistence and Poverty in West Africapp. 241-251 Practical Action Pub
Hirons M, Hilson G, Asase A, Hodson ME (2014)Mining in a changing climate: what scope for forestry-based legacies?, In: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION84pp. 430-438 ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Hilson GM, McQuilken J (2016)Moving overseas? Critical reflections on the implementation of Latin American ethical gold schemes in Sub-Saharan Africa, In: Deonandan K (eds.), Mining in Latin America: Critical Approaches to the New Extraction(10)pp. 184-210 Routledge
Hilson GM, Kamlongera P (2011)Poverty Alleviation in rural Malawi: Is There a Role for Artisanal Mining?, In: Journal of Eastern African Studies5(1)pp. 42-69 Taylor & Francis
Hilson GM, Clifford MJ (2010)Small-Scale Gold Mining, the Environment and Human Health: An Introduction to the Ghana Case, In: International Journal of Environment and Pollution41(3-4)pp. 185-194 Inderscience Publishers
Hilson Gavin, Sauerwein Titus, Owen John Large and artisanal scale mine development: The case for autonomous co-existence, In: World Development Elsevier
Hilson GM, Maconachie R (2011)Artisanal Gold Mining: A New Frontier in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone?, In: Journal of Development Studies47(4)pp. 595-616 Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Hilson GM, Ackah-Baidoo A (2011)Can Microcredit Services Alleviate Hardship in African Small-Scale Mining Communities, In: World Development39(7)pp. 1191-1203 Elsevier
Hilson GM (2010)Challenges with Eradicating Child Labour in the Artisanal Mining Sector: Experiences from Northern Ghana, In: Journal of Community Practice: organizing, planning, development and change41(3)pp. 445-473 Wiley
Hilson Gavin, Goumandakoye Halima, Diallo Penda (2019)Formalizing Artisanal Mining ‘Spaces’ in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Niger, In: Land Use Policy80pp. 259-268 Elsevier
Hilson GM, Banchirigah SM (2010)De-Agrarianization, Re-Agrarianization and Local Economic Development: Re-Orienting Livelihoods in African Artisanal Mining Communities, In: Policy Sciences: an international journal devoted to the improvement of policy making43(2)pp. 157-180 SpringerLink
Hilson GM, Carstens J (2009)Mining, Grievance and Conflict in Rural Tanzania, In: International Development Planning Review31(3)pp. 301-326 Liverpool University Press
Hilson GM, Banchirigah SM (2009)Are Alternate Livelihood Projects Alleviating Poverty in Mining Communities? Experiences from Ghana, In: Journal of Development Studies45(2)pp. 172-196 Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Maconachie R, Hilson G (2016)Re-Thinking the Child Labor "Problem" in Rural sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Sierra Leone's Half Shovels, In: WORLD DEVELOPMENT78pp. 136-147 PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Hilson GM (2011)'A Conflict of Interest'? A Critical Examination of Artisanal/Large-scale Miner Relations in Sub-Saharan Africa, In: Botchway FN (eds.), Natural Resource Investment and Africa's Development Edward Elgar Publishing
Hilson GM, Hilson AE, Adu-Darko E (2014)Chinese Participation in Ghana's Informal Gold Mining Economy: Drivers, Implications and Clarifications, In: Journal of Rural Studies
Hilson Gavin, Hilson Abigail, Maconachie Roy, Mcquilken James, Goumandakoye Halima (2017)Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) in Sub-Saharan Africa: Re-conceptualizing Formalization and ‘Illegal’ Activity, In: Geoforum83pp. 80-90 Elsevier
Hilson GM (2012)Fair Trade Gold:Prospects for Africa's Artisanal Miners, In: Reed AM, Reed D, Utting P (eds.), Business Regulation and Non-State Actors(20) Routledge
Hilson Gavin, Zolnikov Tara Rava, Ramirez Ortiz Daisy, Kumah Cynthia (2018)Formalizing Artisanal Gold Mining under the Minamata Convention: Previewing the Challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa, In: Environmental Science and Policy85pp. 123-131 Elsevier
Hilson GM, Maconachie E (2009)Good Governance and the Extractive Industries in Sub-Saharan Africa, In: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review30(1)pp. 52-100 Taylor and Francis