Dr Jane Iles
Dr Iles is the Joint Programme Director on the Surrey PsychD Clinical Psychology Programme, with responsibility for oversight of the clinical and research elements of the course.
Jane's career as a Research Psychologist has focused on perinatal mental health in mothers and fathers, and the well-being of the family. Jane has been involved in conducting and supervising research which explores a wide range of parental mental health difficulties in the perinatal period, potential links between parental mental health and child outcomes, and early years interventions. Stemming from her PhD, Jane's main focus of research has been on parental experiences of birth trauma. Jane completed her PhD at the University of Sheffield (in association with the University of York) exploring the roles of attachment and perceived social support on symptoms of postnatal depression and posttraumatic stress after childbirth, in both mothers and fathers. This has formed a priority focus area for Jane's research since, with more recent work looking at understanding experiences within couples, and how we can develop preventative information or resources to mitigate against birth trauma.
Jane was a co-author on the NHS England & Improvement Good Practice Guide for provision of support for families of mothers accessing perinatal mental health services in England: https://www.england.nhs.uk/publication/involving-and-supporting-partners-and-other-family-members-in-specialist-perinatal-mental-health-services-good-practice-guide/
Jane is a supervisor and trainer for an attachment-based video-feedback parenting intervention (VIPP-SD: Video feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting, using sensitive discipline). She has developed and adapted a new version of this programme for use with two-parent families, and has trained and supervised health professionals in delivery of both these versions of VIPP. Jane has been involved in a number of research studies looking at the effectiveness of VIPP in different NHS populations, including perinatal services and under 5's.
Jane is a Clinical Psychologist by background, and has worked clinically with children, young people and families in NHS services.
Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) Registration
Teaching and Departmental Duties
Jane is an Associate Professor and Joint Programme Director on the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology. She teaches on a number of units on the Clinical Psychology Doctoral Training Programme, including sessions on Attachment, Perinatal Mental Health and Personal and Professional Development.
- Jane was a co-author on the NHS England & Improvement Good Practice Guide for provision of support for families of mothers accessing perinatal mental health services: https://www.england.nhs.uk/publication/involving-and-supporting-partners-and-other-family-members-in-specialist-perinatal-mental-health-services-good-practice-guide/
- Supporting Video Animation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NvIrf4pK-1A
This study aimed to understand the relationship between paternal depression, parenting behavior and child developmental outcomes during the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID) pandemic. In addition, the paternal experience of the pandemic, such as the impact of lockdowns, was explored. Fathers of children aged 6–11 years old ( n = 87) were recruited for an online cross-sectional survey. Data was collected through questionnaires and open-ended comments. Regression analysis indicated a higher level of self-reported depressive symptomology in fathers more severely impacted by the pandemic across financial, familial and health domains. Further, COVID-19 impact, but not paternal depression, was linked to fewer authoritative parenting behaviors, characterized as lower warmth and responsiveness. Paternal pandemic impact and depression symptoms were independently predictive of child cognitive scores, and both were associated with emotional and behavioral outcomes. A content analysis of open-ended responses from fathers noted that concerns for their children, work and mental health were most prevalent during the pandemic. However, several responders also reported no change or positive facets of lockdowns related to the pandemic. These finds are discussed in the context of a possible behavioural mechanism of action accounting for the effect of these factors on child development. Clinical implications include targeted interventions for at risk groups as well as psychoeducation for fathers that acknowledge difference in paternal coping and support seeking.
Poor mental health in the postnatal period is experienced by high numbers of parents, with a high associated cost to society, however accessing therapeutic support during this time is complicated by parenting commitments. This has been further compounded by the covid-19 pandemic, where access to traditional therapy has been impacted. A lack of access to support for poor mental health in this period can have long term impacts on both the parents and their child. E-Health provides a potential solution to parents accessing support during this period by providing a convenient and flexible intervention which overcomes the barriers of traditional face-to-face therapy. However, without investigating the acceptability of such support for parents, it is not possible to predict uptake and consequent effectiveness. The current review synthesizes data available on acceptability of e-Health interventions in the post-natal period, finding that parents valued e-Health interventions however considerations must be made to certain, key areas impacting the acceptability of these interventions for parents. An element of therapist support and individualised content was preferred, along with a smooth user experience. Parents valued that e-Health fit into their routines and provided anonymity in their interactions. Further research needs to be completed into acceptability for minority social and ethnic groups where access and preference may differ.
Globally, a large proportion of birthing mothers, and a to a lesser extent their partners, experience birth trauma each year, and yet access to adequate post-natal trauma support is rarely available. Untreated birth trauma has been shown to negatively impact the family in terms of the parents' relationship with one another, and long-term negative consequences for the child. Despite a drive towards integrating mental health support into maternity services and a call to provide mental health support for couples rather than solely the birthing mother, there is little research exploring what birthing couples find helpful in recovery from birth trauma. The current research interviewed six couples using an Interpretative Phenomenological Approach in order to explore their understanding of what supported their recovery from birth trauma. Four themes were identified: 'We need validation', 'Feeling paper thin', 'This is a system failure' and 'Birth trauma is always going to be a part of you'. The data describes an understanding of parents' feelings of vulnerability and loss of trust in services to provide support following birth trauma. Further, parents' need for validation and repositioning of control away from healthcare professionals when considering the availability and knowledge of the support options available is discussed. Clinical implications for supporting parents following birth trauma are explored, including an identified need for trauma informed care communication training for all healthcare professionals involved in maternity care, and the requirement for sources of therapeutic support external from the parent dyad in order to maintain the couples' interpersonal relationship.
Objectives: Parents experiencing mental health difficulties consistent with " personality disorder " , often related to a history of complex trauma, may face increased challenges in parent– child relationships and child socioemotional development. There are no published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating perinatal parent– child interventions for this population. We evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of undertaking an RCT of the video feedback intervention for positive parenting adapted for perinatal mental health (VIPP-PMH). Design: Feasibility study incorporating a pilot RCT. Methods: Mothers with enduring difficulties in managing emotions and relationships, consistent with a " personality disorder " , and their 6-to 36-month old infants were randomly allocated to receive six sessions of VIPP-PMH (n = 20) or usual care alone (n = 14). Results: 76% of eligible mothers consented to participate. Intervention uptake and completion rates were 95% (≥1 VIPP-PMH session) and 70% (6 sessions), respectively. Follow-up rates were 85% at month 5 and 65% at month
- Barnicot, K., Parker, J., Kalwarowsky, S., Stevens, E., Iles, J., Ramchandani, P., & Crawford, M. (2023). Mother and clinician experiences of a trial of a video feedback parent–infant intervention for mothers experiencing difficulties consistent with ‘personality disorder’: A qualitative interview study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 00, 1– 19. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12453
- Roberts, J.P., Satherley, R., & Iles, J. (2022). It’s time to talk fathers: The impact of paternal depression on parenting style and child development during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology.
- Attard, R., Iles, J., Satherley, R., & Bristow, F (2022). An interpretative phenomenological analysis of the experience of couples’ recovery from the psychological symptoms of trauma following traumatic childbirth. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 22, 798.
- Attard, R., Iles, J., & Satherley, R. (2022). How acceptable do parents experiencing mental health challenges find e-Health interventions for mental health in the postnatal period: A systematic review. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 22, 763.
- Barnicot, K., Welsh, M., Kalwarowsky, S., Stevens, E., Iles, J., et al. (2022). Video feedback parent-infant intervention for mothers experiencing enduring difficulties in managing emotions and relationships: A randomised controlled feasibility trial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61 (4).
- Darwin, Z., Domoney, J., Iles, J., et al. (2021). NHS England & Innovation Good Practice Guide: https://www.england.nhs.uk/publication/involving-and-supporting-partners-and-other-family-members-in-specialist-perinatal-mental-health-services-good-practice-guide/
- Hopkins, N., Iles, J., & Satherley, R (under review). The experience of raising girls with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a systematic review of qualitative research studies.
- Patel, J., Smith, R., O’Farrelly, C., Iles, J., et al., (2021). Assessing behaviour in children aged 12-24 months using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, Infancy, 26 (5)
- O'Farrelly, C., Barker, B., Watt, H., Babalis, D., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M., Byford, S., Gangouli, P., Grimas, E., Iles, J., et al. (2021). A video-feedback parenting intervention to prevent enduring behaviour problems in at-risk children aged 12-36 months: the Healthy Start, Happy Start RCT. Health Technol Assess 2021;25(29).
- O’Farrelly, C., Watt, H., Babalis, B., Bakermans-Kranenberg, M., Barker, B., Byford, S., Ganguli, P., Grimas, E., Iles, J., et al., (2021). A brief home-based parenting intervention (VIPP-SD) to prevent enduring behaviour problems in young children: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial. JAMA Paediatrics
- Siew, J., Iles, J., Domoney, J., Bristow, F., Darwin, Z.J., & Sethna, V (2020). The applicability and performance of tools used to assess the father-offspring relationship in relation to parental psychopathology and offspring outcomes. Frontiers in Psychiatry (Psychopathology).
- Darwin, Z.J., Domoney, J., Iles, J., Bristow, F, Siew, J & Sethna, V (2020). Assessing the mental health of fathers, other co-parents and partners in the perinatal period: Mixed methods evidence synthesis. Frontiers in Psychiatry (Mood and Anxiety Disorders).
- Lambregtse-van den Berg, M.P., Tiemeier, H., Verhulst, F.C., Jaddoe, V., Tindall, E., Vlachos, H., Aumayer, K., Iles, J., & Ramchandani, P.G (2018). Early childhood aggressive behaviour: negative interactions with paternal antisocial behaviour and maternal postpartum depressive symptoms across two international cohorts. European Psychiatry
- Sethna, V., Murray, L., Edmondson, O., Iles, J., & Ramchandani, P.G. (2018). Depression and playfulness in fathers and young infants: a matched design comparison study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 229.
- Ramchandani, P., O’Farrelly, C., Babalis, D., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M., Byford, S., Grimas, E.S.R., Iles, J.E, et al (2017). Preventing enduring behavioural problems in young children through early psychological intervention: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 18 (1)
- Iles, J., Rosan, C., Wilkinson, E., & Ramchandani, P. (2017) Adapting and developing a video-feedback intervention for co-parents of infants at risk of externalising behaviour problems (VIPP-Co): A feasibility study. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 22 (3).
- Domoney, J., Iles, J., & Ramchandani, P (2017). Fathers in the perinatal period: should we be taking their mental health into account? Transforming Infant Wellbeing: Research, policy and practice for the first 1001 critical days, Routledge (book chapter)
- Barker, B., Iles, J., & Ramchandani, P. (2017). Fathers, fathering and child psychopathology. Current Opinion in Psychology, 15.
- Sethna, V., Perry, E., Domoney, J., Iles, J., Psychogiou, L., Rowbotham, N., Stein, A., Murray, L., Ramchandani, P.G (2017). Father-child interactions at 3-months and 2 years: contributions to children’s cognitive development at 2 years. Infant Mental Health Journal, 38 (3).
- Domoney, J., Iles, J., O’Farrelly, C., Sanger, C., Kellet., P. (2015). Bringing the relationship to life: the power of video-feedback approaches. Journal of Health Visiting, 3 (7)
- Madden, V., Domoney, J., Aumer, K., Sethna, V., Iles, J., et al. (2015). Intergenerational transmission of parenting: findings from a UK longitudinal study. European Journal of Public Health.
- Iles, J., & Pote, H. (2015). Postnatal posttraumatic stress: A grounded theory model of first time mother’s experiences. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology.
- Sanger, C., Iles, J., Andrew, C.S., & Ramchandani, P.G. (2014). Associations between postnatal maternal depression and psychological outcomes in adolescent offspring: a systematic review. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 18(2), 147-62.
- Ramchandani, P.G., & Iles, J. (2014). Getting Fathers into Parenting Programmes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry (a commentary)
- Domoney, J., Iles, J., & Ramchandani, P.G. (2014). Paternal depression in the postnatal period: reflections on current knowledge and practice. International Journal of Birth and Parent Education, 3.
- Iles, J., Spiby, H., & Slade, P. (2014). Modification and preliminary use of the five-minute speech sample in the postpartum: associations with postnatal depression and posttraumatic stress. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 17 (5).
- Iles, J., Slade, P., & Spiby, H. (2011). Posttraumatic stress and postnatal depression in couples after childbirth: the roles of partner support and attachment. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 520-530.
- McDonald, S., Slade, P., Spiby, H., & Iles, J. (2011). Posttraumatic stress symptoms, parenting stress and mother-child relationships following childbirth and at two years postpartum. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 32, 141-146.
- Ramchandani, P.G., Psychogiou, L., Vlachos, H., Iles, J., Sethna, V., Netsi, E., Lodder, A. (2011). Paternal depression: an examination of its links with father, child and family functioning in the postnatal period. Depression and Anxiety, 28(6), 471-477.
- Carroll, J.M., & Iles, J.E. (2006). An assessment of anxiety levels in dyslexic students in higher education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 651-662.