Dr Jane Iles

Dr Jane Iles

Programme Director, PsychD Clinical Psychology Programme. Associate Professor. Clinical Psychologist
PhD, PsychD
+44 (0)1483 689432
26 AC 05





Rosie Attard, Jane Iles, Rose-Marie Satherley (2022)How acceptable do parents experiencing mental health challenges find e-Health interventions for mental health in the postnatal period: a systematic review, In: BMC pregnancy and childbirth22(1)pp. 1-763 Springer Nature

Poor mental health in the postnatal period is experienced by high numbers of parents, with a high associated cost to society, however accessing therapeutic support during this time is complicated by parenting commitments. This has been further compounded by the covid-19 pandemic, where access to traditional therapy has been impacted. A lack of access to support for poor mental health in this period can have long term impacts on both the parents and their child. E-Health provides a potential solution to parents accessing support during this period by providing a convenient and flexible intervention which overcomes the barriers of traditional face-to-face therapy. However, without investigating the acceptability of such support for parents, it is not possible to predict uptake and consequent effectiveness. The current review synthesizes data available on acceptability of e-Health interventions in the post-natal period, finding that parents valued e-Health interventions however considerations must be made to certain, key areas impacting the acceptability of these interventions for parents. An element of therapist support and individualised content was preferred, along with a smooth user experience. Parents valued that e-Health fit into their routines and provided anonymity in their interactions. Further research needs to be completed into acceptability for minority social and ethnic groups where access and preference may differ.

Joshua Paul Roberts, Rose-Marie Satherley, Jane Iles (2022)It’s time to talk fathers: The impact of paternal depression on parenting style and child development during the COVID-19 pandemic, In: Frontiers in psychology13pp. 1044664-1044664 Frontiers Media S.A

This study aimed to understand the relationship between paternal depression, parenting behavior and child developmental outcomes during the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID) pandemic. In addition, the paternal experience of the pandemic, such as the impact of lockdowns, was explored. Fathers of children aged 6–11 years old ( n = 87) were recruited for an online cross-sectional survey. Data was collected through questionnaires and open-ended comments. Regression analysis indicated a higher level of self-reported depressive symptomology in fathers more severely impacted by the pandemic across financial, familial and health domains. Further, COVID-19 impact, but not paternal depression, was linked to fewer authoritative parenting behaviors, characterized as lower warmth and responsiveness. Paternal pandemic impact and depression symptoms were independently predictive of child cognitive scores, and both were associated with emotional and behavioral outcomes. A content analysis of open-ended responses from fathers noted that concerns for their children, work and mental health were most prevalent during the pandemic. However, several responders also reported no change or positive facets of lockdowns related to the pandemic. These finds are discussed in the context of a possible behavioural mechanism of action accounting for the effect of these factors on child development. Clinical implications include targeted interventions for at risk groups as well as psychoeducation for fathers that acknowledge difference in paternal coping and support seeking.

Rosie Attard, Jane Iles, Florence Bristow, Rose-Marie Satherley (2022)An interpretative phenomenological analysis of the experience of couples’ recovery from the psychological symptoms of trauma following traumatic childbirth, In: BMC pregnancy and childbirth22(1)798 Springer Nature

Globally, a large proportion of birthing mothers, and a to a lesser extent their partners, experience birth trauma each year, and yet access to adequate post-natal trauma support is rarely available. Untreated birth trauma has been shown to negatively impact the family in terms of the parents' relationship with one another, and long-term negative consequences for the child. Despite a drive towards integrating mental health support into maternity services and a call to provide mental health support for couples rather than solely the birthing mother, there is little research exploring what birthing couples find helpful in recovery from birth trauma. The current research interviewed six couples using an Interpretative Phenomenological Approach in order to explore their understanding of what supported their recovery from birth trauma. Four themes were identified: 'We need validation', 'Feeling paper thin', 'This is a system failure' and 'Birth trauma is always going to be a part of you'. The data describes an understanding of parents' feelings of vulnerability and loss of trust in services to provide support following birth trauma. Further, parents' need for validation and repositioning of control away from healthcare professionals when considering the availability and knowledge of the support options available is discussed. Clinical implications for supporting parents following birth trauma are explored, including an identified need for trauma informed care communication training for all healthcare professionals involved in maternity care, and the requirement for sources of therapeutic support external from the parent dyad in order to maintain the couples' interpersonal relationship.

JANE ILES, Nicola Hopkins, Rose-Marie Satherley (2023)The Experience of Raising Girls with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review of Qualitative Research Studies, In: Review journal of autism and developmental disorders Springer

Autistic females often present differently to autistic males, which can lead to difficulties obtaining a diagnosis and subsequent support. Parenting an autistic daughter has been linked to additional parenting stress compared to parenting an autistic son. However, research in this area is limited. A systematic review was undertaken to synthesise qualitative studies on parental experiences of raising autistic females. Nine studies met the inclusion criteria and thematic synthesis was completed. Six themes were created. The analysis found issues with diagnosis and differences in lived experience compared to autistic males can present significant challenges. Parents can struggle with a range of negative emotions or feel overwhelmed. However, studies also found benefits to parenting an autistic daughter, such as increased confidence in parenting.

Kirsten Barnicot, MORGAN WELSH, Sarah Kalwarowsky, Eloise Stevens, JANE ILES, Jennie Parker, Maddalena Miele, Tara Lawn, Laura O'Hanlon, Sushma Sundaresh, Ola Ojala, Paul Bassett, CHRISTINA J JONES, Paul Ramchandani, Mike Crawford (2022)Video feedback parent-infant intervention for mothers experiencing enduring difficulties in managing emotions and relationships: A randomised controlled feasibility trial, In: Br J Clin Psychol Wiley

Objectives: Parents experiencing mental health difficulties consistent with " personality disorder " , often related to a history of complex trauma, may face increased challenges in parent– child relationships and child socioemotional development. There are no published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating perinatal parent– child interventions for this population. We evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of undertaking an RCT of the video feedback intervention for positive parenting adapted for perinatal mental health (VIPP-PMH). Design: Feasibility study incorporating a pilot RCT. Methods: Mothers with enduring difficulties in managing emotions and relationships, consistent with a " personality disorder " , and their 6-to 36-month old infants were randomly allocated to receive six sessions of VIPP-PMH (n = 20) or usual care alone (n = 14). Results: 76% of eligible mothers consented to participate. Intervention uptake and completion rates were 95% (≥1 VIPP-PMH session) and 70% (6 sessions), respectively. Follow-up rates were 85% at month 5 and 65% at month

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