Prof John Varcoe trained at the University of Exeter, receiving a BSc degree in 1995 and PhD in 2000). He then held post-doctoral positions at the University of Surrey (1999-2006). He was appointed Lecturer at the University of Surrey in August 2006, Reader in April 2011 and Professor of Materials Chemistry in April 2013. He was Faculty Researcher of the Year in 2010 and was awarded an EPSRC Leadership Fellowship (2010-2015).
Areas of specialism
University roles and responsibilities
- Director of Research (Chemistry)
- Faculty Research and Enterprise Committee
- Fire Marshal AZ Building
Affiliations and memberships
In the media
His research interests are the development of polymer electrolytes, ionomers, and catalysts for fuel cells, alkaline water electrolysers, carbon dioxide electrolyser systems, redox flow batteries, and reverse electrodialysis systems. More specific interests include the use of alkaline anion-exchange membranes (AAEM) and ionomers (AEI) in electrochemical energy technologies, the interface between polymer electrolytes and catalysts, and the use of hydrogen from ammonia cracking in fuel cells. He is co-manager of the EPSRC funded SE-regional Raman Microscopy Facility.
Next generation anion-exchange membranes (AEM) with covalently-bound antiradical functions for enhanced durability (2020 - 2023 Value £674K). A 3.5 year partnership with Newcastle University along with the support of two industrial partners (fuel cell and water electrolyser components)
SELECTCO2 Selective Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 to High Value Chemicals (Jan 2020 - Dec 2022): A 9 partner consortium led by DTU Physics
Surrey: Prof Robert Slade (Academic), Dr Dan Whelligan (Academic), Dr Carol Crean (Adademic), Dr Qiong Cai (Academic), Dr Judy Lee (Academic), Dr Rachida Bance-Soualhi (Research Fellow), Ihtasam Salam (PhD student), Mona Sweilam (PhD student), Rachael Smith (PhD student), Sutthima Sriprasertsuk (PhD Student)
United Kingdom: University of Edinburgh (Dr Maria-Chiara Ferrari and Prof Stefano Brandani), University College London (Dr Dan Brett and Dr Paul Shearing), STFC/University of Oxford (Prof William David and Dr Thomas Wood), Newcastle University (Prof Keith Scott and Dr Mohamed Mamlouk), Swansea University (Dr Paolo Bertoncello's group).
International: University of Science and Technology of China (Hefei, China, Prof Tongwen Xu), Wuhan University (China, Prof Lin Zhuang), General Research Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals, Beijing (Dr Rong Zeng), University of South Carolina (USA, Prof William Mustain), Colorado School of Mines (Golden, CO, USA, Prof Andrew Herring), NREL (Golden, CO, USA, Dr Bryan Pivovar), Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Malaysia (Prof Mohammed Nasef), Universidad Autonoma Madrid (Spain, Prof Pilar Ocón), ICCOM CNR (Florence, Italy, Dr Hamish Miller), KTH (Stockholm, Sweden, Prof Rakel Lindström), Max Planck Institute (Stuttgart, German, Prof Kreuer), SINTEF (Trondheim, Norway, Dr Alejandro Barnett), Technion (Haifa, Israel, Prof Dario Dekel).
Indicators of esteem
Key Conference Speeches:
- Keynote speech (opening session E4) at EUROMAT 2019 in Stockholm, Sweden (Sept 2019)
- Two invited talks (sessions IO5 and IO6) at the 235th ECS meeting in Dallas, TX USA (May 2019)
- Invited talk at the 19th Solid State Proton Conductors meeting in Stowe, Vermont USA (Sept 2018)
- Opening invited talk at the 6th international seminar on green energy conversion in Koumi Japan (Sept 2017)
- Invited talk at the 18th Solid State Proton Conductors meeting in Oslo Norway (Sept 2016)
- Invited talk at the 2016 Spring Materials Research Society Meeting in Phoenix USA (March 2016)
- Invited talk at the 7th International Fuel Cell Workshop 2015 in Kofu Japan (August 2015)
- Keynote talk at the 18th National Conference on Electrochemistry in Harbin China (August 2015)
- Invited talk at the ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion & Storage in Glasgow UK (July 2015)
- Invited lectures at the EMEA Workshops on ion–exchange membranes in Bad Zwischenahn Germany (June 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019)
- Keynote talk delivered to the 1st International Symposium of Polymer Ecomaterials in Changchun China (Aug 2012)
- Keynote talk at the American Chemical Society's 242nd National Meeting in Denver, Colorado USA (August 2011) in the Fuel Cell Chemistry and Operation Session
- Keynote talk at the Royal Society of Chemistry’s Materials Chemistry 10 (MC10) conference in Manchester UK (July 2011)
- Plenary session lecture "Anion-Exchange Polymers and Non-platinum Catalysts for Alkaline Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells" in Symposium B7 (Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 10) at the 218 Electrochemical Society Meeting (October 2010)
- 2016: University Health and Safety Champion Award (2015-2016)
- 2010: EPSRC Leadership Fellowship (2010-2015)
- 2010: Faculty Researcher of the Year (University of Surrey)
- 1997: Lovis Rydon Memorial Prize for best second year Ph.D. performance (University of Exeter)
- 1995: Fisons Prize for best third year results (University of Exeter)
- 1995: White Knight Prize for best inorganic third year project (University of Exeter)
- 1994: Beecham Prize for best second year results (University of Exeter)
- 1993: Dean’s Commendation for outstanding first year performance (University of Exeter)
CHE1034 Chemistry of the Environment (Renewable Energy)
CHE1044 Principals of Analytical Chemistry (Electrochemistry)
CHE2038 Materials Chemistry: Fundamentals to Application [Module Leader]
CHE3046 Topics in Analytical Chemistry (Electrochemistry)
CHE3065 Polymer Chemistry, Engineering and Technology [Module Leader]
CHEM028 Advanced Topics in Analytical Chemistry (Electrochemistry)
CHE3047 BSc Research Project
CHEM029 MChem Research Project
Prof Varcoe's lecture notes and handout will be on SurreyLearn (available in the relevant Semester)
See Google Scholar Profile for a full list of publications and citations
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9898-0235
All of the below where Surrey is lead affiliation are CC-BY Open Access
INVITED REVIEW: J. R. Varcoe, P. Atanassov, D. R. Dekel, A. M. Herring, M. A. Hickner, P. A. Kohl, A. R. Kucernak, W. E. Mustain, K. Nijmeijer, K. Scott, T. Xu, L. Zhuang, "Anion-exchange membranes in electrochemical energy systems",Energy Environ. Sci., 7, 3135 (2014).
F. Foglia, Q. Berrod, A. J. Clancy, K. Smith, G. Gebel, V. García Sakai, M. Appel, J.-M. Zanotti, M. Tyagi, N. Mahmoudi, T. S. Miller, J. R. Varcoe, A. P. Periasamy, D. J. L. Brett, P. R. Shearing, S. Lyonnard, P. F. McMillan, "Disentangling water, ion and polymer dynamics in an anion exchange membrane",Nature Mater., 21, 555 (2022).
R. Bance-Soualhi, M. Choolaei, S. A. Franklin, T. R. Willson, J. Lee, D. K. Whelligan, C. Crean, J. R. Varcoe, "Radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes for reverse electrodialysis: a comparison of N,N,N',N'-tetramethylhexane-1,6-diamine crosslinking (amination stage) and divinylbenzene crosslinking (grafting stage)",J. Mater. Chem. A, 9, 22025 (2021). [A spreadsheet containing the data used to plot the figures in this article can be found at DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.14686875]
H. Adabi, A. Shakouri, N. U. Hassan, J. R. Varcoe, B. Zulevi, A. Serov, J. R. Regalbuto, W. E. Mustain, "High-performing commercial Fe–N–C cathode electrocatalyst for anion-exchange membrane fuel cells",Nature Energy, 6, 834 (2021).
H. A. Miller, M. V. Pagliaro, M. Bellini, F. Bartoli, L. Wang, I. Salam, J. R. Varcoe, F. Vizza, "Integration of a Pd-CeO2/C Anode with Pt and Pt-Free Cathode Catalysts in High Power Density Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells",ACS Appl. Energy Mater., 3, 10209 (2020).
J. C. Douglin, J. R. Varcoe, D. R. Dekel, "A high-temperature anion-exchange membrane fuel cell",J. Power Sources Adv., 5, 100023 (2020).
X. Peng, D. Kulkarni, Y. Huang, T. J. Omasta, B. Ng, Y. Zheng, L. Wang, J. M. LaManna, D. S. Hussey, J. R. Varcoe, I. V. Zenyuk, W. E. Mustain, "Using operando techniques to understand and design high performance and stable alkaline membrane fuel cells",Nature Commun., 11, 3561 (2020).
Y. Zheng, T. J. Omasta, X. Peng, L. Wang, J. R. Varcoe, B. S. Pivovar, W. E. Mustain, "Quantifying and elucidating the effect of CO2 on the thermodynamics, kinetics and charge transport of AEMFCs",Energy Environ. Sci., 12, 2806 (2019).
T. R. Willson, I. Hamerton, J. R. Varcoe, R. Bance-Soualhi, "Radiation-grafted cation-exchange membranes: an initial ex situ feasibility study into their potential use in reverse electrodialysis",Sustainable Energy Fuels, 3, 1682 (2019).
L. Wang, X. Peng, W. E. Mustain, J. R. Varcoe, "Radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes: the switch from low- to high-density polyethylene leads to remarkably enhanced fuel cell performance",Energy Environ. Sci., 12, 1575 (2019). [Raw data (CC-BY) is available at DOI: 10.15126/surreydata.8050274]
X. Peng, T. J. Omasta, E. Magliocca, L. Wang, J. R. Varcoe, W. E. Mustain, "N‐doped Carbon CoOx Nanohybrids: The First Precious Metal Free Cathode to Achieve 1.0 W/cm2 Peak Power and 100 h Life in Anion‐Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells"Angew. Chem. Intl. Ed., 58, 1046 (2019).
A. L. Gonçalves Biancolli, D. Herranz, L. Wang, G. Stehlikova, R. Bance-Soualhi, J. Ponce-Gonzalez, P. Ocon, E. A. Ticianelli, D. K. Whelligan, J. R. Varcoe, E. I. Santiago, "ETFE-based anion-exchange membrane ionomer powders for alkaline membrane fuel cells: a first performance comparison of head-group chemistry",J. Mater. Chem. A, 6, 24330 (2018).
L. Wang, M. Bellini, H. A. Miller, J. R. Varcoe, "A high conductivity ultrathin anion-exchange membrane with 500+ h alkali stability for use in alkaline membrane fuel cells that can achieve 2 W per square cm at 80 degC",J. Mater. Chem. A, 6, 15404 (2018).
J. Ponce-Gonzalez, J. R. Varcoe, D. K. Whelligan, "Commercial monomer availability leading to missed opportunities? Anion-exchange membranes made from meta-vinylbenzyl chloride exhibit an alkali stability enhancement",ACS Appl. Energy Mater., 1, 1883 (2018).
T. J. Omasta, A. M. Park, J. M. LaManna, Y. Zhang, X. Peng, L. Wang, D. L. Jacobson, J. R. Varcoe, D. S. Hussey, B. S. Pivovar, W. E. Mustain, "Beyond Catalysis and Membranes: Visualizing and Solving the Challenge of Electrode Water Accumulation and Flooding in AEMFCs",Energy Environ. Sci., 11, 551 (2018).
J. Ponce-Gonzalez, I. Ouachan, J. R. Varcoe, D. K. Whelligan, "Radiation-induced grafting of a butyl-spacer styrenic monomer onto ETFE: the synthesis of the most alkali stable radiation-grafted anion-exchange membrane to date",J. Mater. Chem. A, 6, 823 (2018).
L. Wang, J. J. Brink, Y. Liu, A. M. Herring, J. Ponce-Gonzalez, D. K. Whelligan, J. R. Varcoe, "Non-fluorinated pre-irradiation-grafted (peroxidated) LDPE-based anion-exchange membranes with high performance and stability",Energy Environ. Sci., 10, 2154 (2017).
L. Wang, E. Maggliocca, E. L. Cunningham, W. E. Mustain, S. D. Poynton, R. Escudero-Cid, M. M. Nasef, J. Ponce-Gonzalez, R. Bance-Souahli, R. C. T. Slade, D. K. Whelligan, J. R. Varcoe, "An optimised synthesis of high performance radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes",Green Chem., 19, 831 (2017).
J. Ponce-Gonzalez, D. K. Whelligan, L. Wang, R. Bance-Soualhi, Y. Wang, Y. Peng, H. Peng, D. C. Apperley, H. N. Sarode, T. P. Pandey, A. G. Divekar, S. Seifert, A. M. Herring, L. Zhuang, J. R. Varcoe, "High performance aliphatic-heterocyclic benzyl-quaternary ammonium radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes",Energy Environ. Sci., 9, 3724 (2016).
Other showcased publications:
K. Aggarwal, N. Gjineci, A. Kaushansky, S. Bsoul, J. C. Douglin, S. Li, I. Salam, S. Aharonovich, J. R. Varcoe, D. R. Dekel, C. E. Diesendruck, "Isoindolinium Groups as Stable Anion Conductors for Anion- Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers",ACS Mater. Au, 2, 367 (2022)
S. Haj-Bsoul, J. R. Varcoe, D. R. Dekel, "Measuring the alkaline stability of anion-exchange membranes",J. Electroanal. Chem., 908, 116112 (2022).
J. C. Douglin, R. K. Singh, S. Haj-Bsoul, S. Li, J. Biemolt, N. Yan, J. R. Varcoe, G. Rothenburg, D. R. Dekel, "A high-temperature anion-exchange membrane fuel cell with a critical raw material-free cathode",Chem. Eng. J. Adv., 8, 100153 (2021).
J. Zhang, Y. He, K. Zhang, X. Liang, R. Bance-Soualhi, Y. Zhu, X. Ge, M. A. Shehzad, W. Yu, Z. Ge, L. Wu, J. R. Varcoe, T. W. Xu, "Cation–dipole interaction that creates ordered ion channels in an anion exchange membrane for fast OH− conduction", AIChE J., 67, e17133 (2021).
R. Ren, X. Wang, H. Chen, H. A. Miller, I. Salam, J. R. Varcoe, L. Wu, Y. Chen, H.-G. Liao, E. Liu, F. Bartoli, F. Vizza, Q. Jia, Q. He, "Reshaping the Cathodic Catalyst Layer for Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: From Heterogeneous Catalysis to Homogeneous Catalysis",Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 60, 4049 (2021).
Y. Zheng, G. Huang, M. Mandal, J. R. Varcoe, P. A. Kohl, W. E. Mustain, "Editors’ Choice—Power-Generating Electrochemical CO2 Scrubbing from Air Enabling Practical AEMFC Application",J. Electrochem. Soc., 168, 024504 (2021).
K. M. Meek, C. M> Reed, B. Pivovar, K.-D. Kreuer, J. R. Varcoe, R. Bance-Soualhi, "The alkali degradation of LDPE-based radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes studied using different ex situ methods",RSC Adv., 10, 36467 (2020).
J. Muller, A. Zhegur, U. Krewer, J. R. Varcoe, D. R. Dekel, "A practical ex-situ technique to measure the chemical stability of anion-exchange membranes under conditions simulating fuel cell environment",ACS Mater. Lett., 2, 168 (2020).
M. N. Sweilam, S. F. Cordery,S. Totti, E. G. Velliou, P. Campagnolo, J. R. Varcoe, M. Begoña Delgado-Charro, C. Crean, "Textile-based non-invasive lithium drug monitoring: A proof-of-concept study for wearable sensing",Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 150, 111897 (2020).
X. Liang, M. A. Shehzad, Y. Zhu, L. Wang, X. Ge, J. Zhang, Z. Yang, L. Wu, J. R. Varcoe, T. Xu, "Ionomer Cross-linking Immobilization of Catalyst Nanoparticles for High Performance Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cell",Chemistry of Materials, 31, 7812 (2019).
M. Wang, H. Zhang, G. Thirunavukkarasu, I. Salam, J. R. Varcoe, P. Mardle, X. Li, S. Mu, S. Du, "Ionic liquid-modified microporous ZnCoNC-based electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells",ACS Energy Lett., 4, 2104 (2019).
M. Bellini, M. V. Pagliaro, A. Lenarda, P. Fornasiero, M. Marelli, C. Evangelisti, M. Innocenti, Q. Jia, S. Mukerjee, J. Jankovic, L. Wang, J. R. Varcoe, C. B. Krishnamurthy, I. Grinberg, E. Davydova, D. R. Dekel, H. A. Miller, F. Vizza, "Palladium−Ceria Catalysts with Enhanced Alkaline Hydrogen Oxidation Activity for Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells",ACS Appl. Energy Mater., 2, 4999 (2019).
R. E. Smith, S. Totti, E. Velliou, P. Campagnolo, S. M. Hingley-Wilson, N. I. Ward, J. R. Varcoe, C. Crean, "Development of a novel highly conductive and flexible cotton yarn for wearable pH sensor technology",Sensors Actuators B: Chem., 287, 338 (2019).
Y. Zhu, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. A. Shehzad, L. Wang, X. Ge, Y. He, L. Wu, J. R. Varcoe, T. Xu, "Beneficial use of rotatable-spacer side-chains in alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells",Energy Environ. Sci., 11, 3472 (2018).
M.N. Sweilam, J.R. Varcoe, C. Crean, "Fabrication and Optimization of Fiber-Based Lithium Sensor: A Step towards Wearable Sensors for Lithium Drug Monitoring in Interstitial Fluid",ACS Sensors, 3, 1802 (2018).
Y. Zheng, U. Ash, R. P. Pandey, A. G. Ozioko, J. Ponce-González, M. Handl, T. Weissbach, J. R. Varcoe, S. Holdcroft, M. W. Liberatore, R. Hiesgen, D. R. Dekel, "Water Uptake Study of Anion Exchange Membranes",Macromolecules, 51, 3264 (2018).
W.H. Lee, C.Crean, J. R. Varcoe, R. Bance-Soualhi, "A Raman spectro-microscopic investigation of ETFE-based radiation-grafted anion-exchange membrane",RSC Adv., 7, 47726 (2017).
Y. Lu, L. Wang, K. Preuss, M. Qiao, M.-M. Titirici, J. R. Varcoe, Q. Cai, "Halloysite-derived nitrogen-doped carbon electrocatalysts for anion exchange membrane fuel cells",J. Power Sources, 372, 82 (2017).
T. J. Omasta, L. Wang, X. Peng, C. A. Lewis, J. R. Varcoe, W. E. Mustain, "Importance of balancing membrane and electrode water in anion exchange membrane fuel cells",J. Power Sources, 375, 205 (2018).
J. R. Varcoe featured in W. Germer, "International experts meet in Germany to discuss trends in anion exchange membranes",Fuel Cell Bulletin, volume 2014, Issue 10, pp. 12-15.
T. P. Pandey, A. M. Maes, H. N. Sarode, B. D Peters, S. Lavinia, Ki Vezzu, Y. Yang, S. Poynton, J. R. Varcoe, S. Seifert, M. Liberatore, V. Di Noto, A. Herring, "Interplay between water uptake, ion interactions, and conductivity in an e-beam grafted poly(ethylene-co-tetrafluoroethylene) anion exchange membrane",Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 4367 (2015).
A. Ong, K. K. Inglis, D. K. Whelligan, S. Murphy, J. R. Varcoe, "Effect of cationic molecules on the oxygen reduction reaction on fuel cell grade Pt/C (20%wt) catalyst in potassium hydroxide (aq, 1 mol dm-3)",Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 12135 (2015).
S. D. Poynton, R. C. T. Slade, T. Omasta, W. E. Mustain, R. Escudero Cid, P. Ocón, J. R. Varcoe, "Preparation of radiation-grafted powders for use as anion exchange ionomers in alkaline polymer electrolyte fuel cells",J. Mater. Chem. A, 2, 5124 (2014).
C. A. Hancock, A. Ong, P. R. Slater, J. R. Varcoe, "Development of CaMn1-xRuxO3-y (x = 0 and 0.15) oxygen reduction catalysts for use in low temperature electrochemical devices containing alkaline electrolytes: Ex situ testing using the rotating ring-disk electrode voltammetry method.",J. Mater. Chem. A, 2, 3047 (2014).