Dr Mark J. Whiting

Senior Lecturer in Metallic Materials, Director of the MSc in Advanced Materials


Research Interests

  • Additive Manufacture of Metals and Alloys
  • Physical and chemical processes that occur at metal/metal and metal/ceramic interfaces.
  • Monofilament reinforced titanium composites
  • The role of interfaces in phase transformations.
  • Electron microscopy as a tool for studying interfaces and microstructure. In particular electron diffraction in both TEM and SEM (EBSD).

Key Topic Areas

  • Additive manufacture of structural alloys. Especially Laser Sintering and Wire Arc Additive Manufacture of light alloys.
  • The nature and behaviour of glass/ceramic-to-metal seal interfaces.
  • The microstructure and manufacture of titanium matrix composites.
  • The role of phase transformations and interfaces in advanced commercial manufacturing processes.
  • Thermal contact conductance of turbo-machinery alloys.

Research Collaborations

Industrial partners and sponsors include:

  • Archer Technicoat (ATL)
  • AWE
  • Corewire
  • Lockheed Martin UK
  • NPL
  • Rolls-Royce
  • Surrey Space Centre
  • TWI

Professional Activities

Professional Activities

• Variously Chairman, Secretary and Member, Materials Section Committee, Royal Microscopical Society (2001 - 2014).• Electron Microscopy Standards Committee, BSI (2007 - 2010).• Structure of Materials Committee, Institute of Materials (1998 - 2007).

Current Research Programmes

  • Developing and exploiting plasma focused ion beam (P-FIB) and EBSD as tools for materials characterisationAdditive manufacture of high-strength aluminium alloys by arc processes
  • Additive manufacture of alloys for aerospace and nuclear applications
  • Optimising the manufacture of titanium matrix composites
  • Development of a new process for SiC monofilament production
  • The development of novel commercial processes for the rapid deposition of protective coatings
  • Nanoindentation as a tool for microstructure-property evaluation

My publications


Yates P, Mallinson C, Mallinson P, Whiting MJ and Yeomans JA. (2017) 'An Investigation into the Nature of the Oxide Layer Formed on Kovar (Fe-29Ni-17Co) Wires Following Oxidation in Air at 700 °C and 800 °C'. Oxidation of Metals, forthcoming (2017).doi: 10.1007/s11085-017-9772-y

Whiting MJ. (2017) 'Is it a Ceramic? Is it Graphene? No it's Vibranium' pp.93‒110 in The Secret Science of Superheroes (Eds: M. Lorch and A. Miah), London: Royal Society of Chemistry, forthcoming.ISBN 978-1-78262-487-5

De Bono D, London T, Baker MA and Whiting MJ. (2017) 'A robust inverse analysis method to estimate the local tensile properties of heterogeneous materials from nano-indentation data'. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 123 (4), 162-176.doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2017.02.006Full text is available at http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/813583/Rix MV, Baker MA, Whiting MJ, Durman RP and Shatwell RA. (2017) 'An Improved Silicon Carbide Monofilament for the Reinforcement of Metal Matrix Composites', pp.317‒324 in Proceedings of the 3rd Pan American Materials Congress, Springer International Publishing.doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-52132-9_31

Parker SR, Whiting MJ and Yeomans JA. (2017) 'Control of carbon content in WC-Co hardmetal by heat treatment in reducing atmospheres containing methane'. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 66 (8), pp. 204-210.doi: 10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2017.02.009Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/813632/

Staff MT, Fernie JA, Mallinson PM, Whiting MJ and Yeomans JA. (2016) 'Fabrication of a Glass-Ceramic-to-Metal Seal between Ti-6Al-4V and a Strontium Boroaluminate Glass'. International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, 13 (5), pp. 956‒965. doi: 10.1111/ijac.12535 Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/810251/

Gopal V, Whiting MJ, Chew JW, Mills S. (2013) 'Thermal contact conductance and its dependence on load cycling'. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 66, pp. 444450.doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.06.061Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/802290/

Gopal V, Whiting MJ, Chew JW, Mills S. (2012) 'Finite element analysis as a tool for calculating the thermal contact conductance for a machined surface'. Amer Soc Mechanical Engineers Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, 2012, VOL 1, Rio Grande, PR: ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference (SHTC), pp. 643650.

Yeadon AD, Wakeham SJ, Brown HL, Thwaites MJ, Whiting MJ, Baker MA. (2011) 'Remote plasma sputtering of indium tin oxide thin films for large area flexible electronics'. Thin Solid Films, 520 (4) pp. 12071211.doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2011.07.072Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/7587/

Barber, D. K., Jenkins, S. N., Whiting, M. J. and Baker, M. A., Investigation of the nickel/emissive oxide interface in thermionic emitters, Surf. Interface Anal. 36, 1190-1194 (2004).

Barber, D. K., Jenkins, S. N., Whiting, M. J. and Baker, M. A., Interfacial Studies of Double Carbonate Thermionic Oxide Cathodes over Accelerated Operational Life, in Proceedings of the 5th International Vacuum Electron Source Conference, pp. 108-110 (2004).

Jenkins S. N., Barber D. K., Whiting M. J. and Baker, M. A., Preliminary result on the chemical characterisation of the cathode nickel-emissive layer interface in oxide cathodes, Applied Surface Science 215, 78-86 (2003).

Whiting, M. J., Stolojon, V., Rattana, A., and Watts, J. F., Direct observation and characterisation of the oxide nanostructured interface resulting from organosilane pre-treatment of aluminium, in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 734, 27-32 Warrendale: MRS (2003).

Stolojan, V., Whiting, M. J., Goringe, M. J., Kelly, M. J. and Silva, S. R. P. Electron energy loss line spectral and TEM analysis of heterojunctions in Proc MSM2003, IoP Conf. Ser. 180, 41-44 (2003).

Arvanitis, A., Diplas, S., Tsakiropoulos, P., Watts, J. F., Whiting, M. J., and Matthew, J. A. D., An Experimental Study of Bonding and Crystal Structure Modifications in MoSi2 and MoSi2 + x%Al (x = 10 to 40 at% Al) via Auger Parameter Changes and Charge Transfer Calculations, Acta Materialia, 49(6) pp1063-1078 (2001).

Arvantis, A., Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., A study of the oxidation behaviour of Mo-Si-Al intermetallic alloys at low, intermediate and high temperatures in structural intermetallics, eds: Hemker, K. J. Dimiduk, D. M., Darolia, R., Inui, H., Larsen, J. M., Sikka, V. K., Thomas, M. and Whittengerger, J. D., TMS, Warrendale, pp.561-570, ISBN 0-87339-511-5 (2001).

Whiting, M. J., A reappraisal of kinetic data for the growth of pearlite in high purity Fe-C eutectoid alloys, Scripta Materialia, 43, 969 (2000).

Arvanitis, A., Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., Microstructural studies of Mo-Si-Al alloys, in Intermetallics and Superalloys in EUROMAT99, eds: Morris, D. G., Naka, S. and Caron, P., Wiley-VCH, 10, 345-349, ISBN-3-527-30192-5 (2000).

Coomber, E., Whiting, M. J and Tsakiropoulos, P., Eutectoid decomposition in three Ti-Co alloys, MRS proceedings, in Nucleation and Growth Processes in Materials, eds: Gonis, A., Turchi, P. E. A. and Ardell, A. J., MRS Symposium Proceedings, 580, 93-98, ISBN 1-55899-488-2 (2000).

Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., Morphological Evolution of Lamellar Structures: The Cu-Al Eutectoid, Acta Materialia, 45, 2027 (1997).

Whiting, M. J. and Ogin, S. L., Dislocation Wall Structures Near a Stress Concentration in Fatigued Copper Polycrystals, Scripta Materialia, 36, 763 (1997).

Chrysanthou, A., Jenkins, R. C., Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., A study of the Combustion Synthesis of MoSi2 and MoSi2-Matrix composites, Journal of Materials Science, 31, 4221 (1996).

Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., Process/Microstructure Studies of Mo(Si,Al)2 and Nb(Si,Al)2 Intermetallics, p.129 in Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials IV, Editors: Srivatsan, T. S. and Moore, J. J., TMS, 1996.

Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., The Ledge Mechanism of Pearlite Growth, Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia 32, 1965 (1995).

Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., The Ledge Growth Mechanism of Pearlite: Growth Velocity of Ferrous Pearlite, Materials Science and Technology 11 (8), 717 (1995).

Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., An Appraisal of Recent Work on the Role of Crystallography in Ferrous and Non-ferrous Pearlite, Materials Science and Technology 11 (10), 977 (1995).

Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., The Ledge Mechanism of Pearlite Growth: Some thoughts on the Solution to the Kinetic Problem, Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia 30, 1031 (1994).

Whiting, M. J. and Tsakiropoulos, P., On the Ledge Mechanism of Pearlite Growth: The Cu-Al Lamellar Eutectoid, Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia 29, 401 (1993).