Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Automatic
Identification System (AIS) datasets are studied to simulate
the expected performance from NovaSAR-1. Specifically,
data association techniques are quantitatively compared
by performing a series of Monte Carlo tests. The evaluation
has been carried out using a satellite-based AIS dataset acquired
from the English Channel on 07 June 2016, and SAR
ship detections are simulated by reckoning the AIS dataset
forward in time along a geodesic on a WGS84 reference ellipsoid.
Accurate data association is achieved using an m-best
multidimensional assignment technique, which is consistent
with being used in an operational environment, especially in
high-density shipping areas.