Chris Askew

Dr Chris Askew

D.Phil, M.Res, B.A.
+44 (0)1483 682907
45 AC 05
Office hours Tues 11-12; Tues 3-4 (term time) or email for meeting



I research child and adult psychopathology. My research currently focuses on two main areas:

  • investigating the mechanisms involved in the development of emotions such as fear, anxiety and disgust in children and adults
  • identifying early interventions that could be used to increase resilience and prevent or reverse fear and anxiety from developing in children and adults

Associate editor for Journal of Experimental Psychopathology.



Research methods and statistics director

I am module convenor and lecturer for the following modules:

  • PSY1020: Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis
  • PSY1032: Further Statistics and Critical Thinking
  • PSYM094: Statistics and Data Analysis for the MSc in Psychology

And also contribute lectures to the following modules:

  • PSY3065: Dissertation Workshops
  • PSYM132 Mental Health Across the Lifespan



2012 – 2015 ESRC Research Grant (£261,619). The Role of Vicarious Learning in Preventing and Treating Children's Fears. ES/J0075 1X/1. Principal investigator (PI) with Prof Andy Field, University of Sussex, as Co-Investigator (CI).

2002 – 2006 ESRC 1+3 Studentship (Approx. £60,000). PTA-030-2002-01619.


PhD Supervision

I supervise research investigating the causes, maintenance and prevention of fear and anxiety disorders in children and adults. I am also interested in methods early intervention and increasing resilience in fear development.

Current students:

Valerie Ciavarini Azzi 

Chris Belcher

Sean Gonzalez

Lily Krause (Trainee Clinical Psychologist)

Charlotte Mills 


Media links

'Society Now: ESRC Research Making an Impact', Summer 2016, Issue 25, p.7

BBC Focus magazine:

Kingston magazine:

My publications



El-Khodary, B., Samara, M., & Askew, C. (2020). Traumatic Events and PTSD among Palestinian Children and Adolescents: The Effect of Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 

Reynolds, G., & Askew, C. (2019). Effects of Vicarious Disgust Learning on the Development of Fear, Disgust and Attentional Biases in Children. Emotion, 19, 1268-1283

Reynolds, G., Wasely, D., Dunne, G. & Askew, C. (2018). A comparison of positive vicarious learning and verbal information for reducing vicariously learned fear. Cognition & Emotion, 32, 1166-1177.

Reynolds, G., Field, A. P. & Askew, C. (2018). Reductions in children’s vicariously learnt avoidance and heart rate responses using positive modeling. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 47, 555-568. FULL TEXT

Dunne, G. & Askew, C. (2018). Vicarious Learning and Reduction of Fear in Children via Adult and Child Models. Emotion, 18, 528-534.

Reynolds, G., Field, A. P., & Askew, C. (2017). Learning to Fear a Second-order Stimulus Following Vicarious Learning. Cognition & Emotion, 31, 572-579. FULL TEXT

Dunne, G., Reynolds, G, & Askew, C. (2017). Stimulus Fear-Relevance and the Speed, Magnitude, and Robustness of Vicariously Learned Fear. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 95, 1-18.

Askew, C., Reynolds, G., Fielding-Smith, S., & Field, A. P. (2016). Inhibition of vicariously learned fear in children using positive modeling and prior exposure. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 125, 279-291. FULL TEXT

Askew, C., Hagel, A. & Morgan, J. (2015). Vicarious learning of children's social anxiety-related fear beliefs and emotional Stroop bias. Emotion, 15, 501-510.

Reynolds, G., Field, A. P., & Askew, C. (2015). Preventing the development of observationally learnt fears in children by devaluing the model's negative response. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43, 1355-1367. FULL TEXT

Askew, C., Cakir, K., Poldsam, L., & Reynolds, G. (2014). The Effect of Disgust and Fear Modeling on Children’s Disgust and Fear for Animals. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 123, 566-577. FULL TEXT

Reynolds, G, Field, A. P. & Askew, C. (2014). Effect of Vicarious Fear Learning on Children's Heart Rate Responses and Attentional Bias for Novel Animals. Emotion, 14, 995-1006. FULL TEXT

Askew, C., Dunne, G., Ozdil, Z., Reynolds, G., & Field, A. P. (2013). Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears. Emotion, 13, 915-925.

Dunne, G. & Askew, C. (2013). Vicarious learning and un-learning of fear in children via mother and stranger models. Emotion, 13, 974-980.

Askew, C. & Field, A. P. (2008). The vicarious learning pathway to fear 40 years on. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 1249-1265.

Askew, C., Kessock-Philip, H. & Field, A. P. (2008). Interactions between the indirect pathways to fear in children: what happens when verbal threat information and vicarious learning combine? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 491-505.

Field, A. P., Lascelles, K. R. R., Lester, K. J., Askew, C. & Davey, G. C. L. (2008). Evaluative conditioning: missing, presumed dead. Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 64, 46-64.

Askew, C. & Field, A. P. (2007). Vicarious learning and the development of fears during childhood. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 2616-2627.


Reynolds, G., Askew, C., & Field, A. P. (2018). Behavioral Inhibition and the Associative Learning of Fear. In K. Pérez-Edgar & N. A. Fox (Eds.) Behavioral Inhibition: Integrating Theory, Research, and Clinical Perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.