Dr Ines Violante

Lecturer in Psychological Neuroscience
+44 (0)1483 686892
Fri 11am - 1pm (1st semester); Please email (2nd semester)

Academic and research departments

School of Psychology.


Areas of specialism

Neuroscience; Neuromodulation; Imaging; fMRI; Brain Stimulation


Research interests

Research projects

Research collaborations

Indicators of esteem

  • Research Grants

    2019 - 2021: Dynamic modulation of brain states using brain stimulation and neuroadaptive Bayesian optimization. BBSRC (PI)

    2018 - 2019: Developing a measure of conscious level with electroencephalography and transcranial electrical stimulation. Imperial Confidence in Concept (Co-PI)

    2016 - 2017: Tailored non-invasive brain stimulation for rehabilitation of TBI using real-time time fMRI. NIHR Imperial Biomedical Research Centre (PI)

    2014 - 2018: Stimulating brain network oscillations to improve attention after traumatic brain injury. Wellcome Trust (Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellow)


    Honours, Awards and Fellowships

    2013   Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowship

    2014   Finalist Young Investigator Award, World  Molecular Imaging Conference, Seoul, South Korea

    2013   Best Scientific Article - Clinical Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra

    2012   Certificate of Merit Award, ESMRMB 29th Annuak Scientific Meeting

    2012   Trainee Abstract Travel Award, Organization for Human Brain Mapping

    2011   Best Scientific Poster, 3rd Annual Meeting, IBILI, Portugal

    2009   International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine and Biology Travel Award

    2008   International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine and Biology Travel Award

    2008   European Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine and Biology Travel Award

    2008   PhD Fellowship, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology

    2006   Erasmus Student Fellowship


Postgraduate research supervision

Postgraduate research supervision

My teaching

My publications



Cogdell-Brooke L, Stampacchia S, Jefferies E, Violante IR, Thompson HE. Consistently inconsistent: Multimodal episodic deficits in semantic aphasia. Neuropsychologia (2020)

Fagerholm, ED, Moran, RJ, Violante, IR, Leech R, Friston KJ. Dynamic causal modelling of phase-amplitude interactions. NeuroImage (2020) 208: 116452


Li LM, Violante IR, Zimmerman K, Leech R, Hampshire A, Patel M, Opitz A, McArthur D, Jolly A, Carmichael DW, Sharp DJ. Traumatic axonal injury influences the cognitive effect of non-invasive brain stimulation. Brain (2019) 142:3280-3293

Lorenz R, Simmons LE, Monti RP, Arthur JL, Limal S, Laakso I, Leech R, Violante IR. Efficiently searching through large tACS parameter spaces using closed-loop Bayesian optimization. Brain Stimulation (2019) 12:1484-1489

Hampshire A, Daws RE, Neves ID, Soreq E, Sandrone S, Violante IR. Probing cortical and sub-cortical contributions to instruction-based learning: Regional specialisation and global network dynamics. NeuroImage (2019) 192:88-100

Li LM, Violante IR, Leech R, Hampshire A, Opitz A, McArthur D, Carmichael DW, Sharp DJ. Cognitive enhancement with Salience Network electrical stimulation is influenced by network structural connectivity. NeuroImage (2019) 185:425-433

Li LM, Violante IR, Leech R, Ross E, Hampshire A, Opitz A, Rothwell JC, Carmichael DW, Sharp DJ. Brain state and polarity dependent modulation of brain networks by transcranial direct current stimulation. Hum Brain Mapp. (2019) 40(3):904-915



Lorenz R, Violante IR, Monti RP, Montana G, Hampshire A, Leech R. Dissociating frontoparietal brain networks with neuroadaptive Bayesian optimization. Nature Communications (2018) 26;9(1):1227. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-03657-3.

Silva G, Duarte IC, Bernardino I, Marques T, Violante IR, Castelo-Branco M. Oscillatory motor patterning is impaired in neurofibromatosis type 1: a behavioural, EEG and fMRI study. J Neurodev Disord. (2018) 22;10(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s11689-018-9230-4.

Carvalho Pereira A, Violante IR, Mouga S, Oliveira G, Castelo-Branco M. Medial Frontal Lobe Neurochemistry in Autism Spectrum Disorder is Marked by Reduced N-Acetylaspartate and Unchanged Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid and Glutamate + Glutamine Levels. J Autism Dev Disord. (2018) 48(5):1467-1482. doi: 10.1007/s10803-017-3406-8.

d’Almeida OC, Violante IR, Quendera B, Castelo-Branco M. Mitochondrial pathophysiology beyond the retinal ganglion cell: occipital GABA is decreased in autosomal dominant optic neuropathy. Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (2018) 256(12),2341-2348.



Violante IR, Li LM, Carmichael DW, Lorenz R, Leech R, Hampshire A, Rothwell JC, Sharp DJ. Externally induced frontoparietal synchronization modulates network dynamics and enhances working memory performance. eLife (2017), Mar 14;6. pii: e22001. doi: 10.7554/eLife.22001.

Sliwinska M, Violante IR, Wise R, Leech R, Devlin J, Geranmayeh F, Hampshire A. Stimulating domain-general neural networks improves vocabulary learning. Journal of Neuroscience (2017), 3857-16; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3857-16.2017

Gonçalves J, Violante IR, Sereno J, Leitão R, Cai Y, Abrunhosa A, Silva AP, Silva A, Castelo- Branco M. Testing the excitation/inhibition imbalance hypothesis in a mouse model of the autism spectrum disorder: in vivo neurospectroscopy and molecular evidence for regional phenotypes. Mol Autism. (2017) Sep 19;8:47. doi: 10.1186/s13229-017-0166-4. eCollection 2017.

Datta G, Violante IR, Scott G, Zimmerman K, Santos-Ribeiro A, Rabiner EA, Gunn RN, Malik O, Ciccarelli O, Nicholas R, Matthews PM. Translocator positron-emission tomography and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging of brain glial cell activation in multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal (2017) 23(11):1469-1478.



Violante IR, Ribeiro MJ, Patricio M, Bernardino I, Rebola J, Abrunhosa AJ, Ferreira N, Castelo-Branco M. GABA deficiency in NF1: a multimodal [11C]-Flumazenil and spectroscopy study. Neurology (2016) 87(9):897-904

Silva G, Ribeiro MJ, Costa GN, Violante IR, Ramos F, Saraiva J, Castelo-Branco M. Peripheral Attentional Targets under Covert Attention Lead to Paradoxically Enhanced Alpha Desynchronization in Neurofibromatosis Type 1. PLoS One (2016) 11(2):e0148600. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148600.

Lorenz R, Monti RP, Violante IR, Anagnostopoulos C, Faisal AA, Montana G, Leech R. The Automatic Neuroscientist: A framework for optimizing experimental design with closed-loop real-time fMRI. Neuroimage (2016) 129:320-34.



Ribeiro MJ, Violante IR, Bernardino I, Edden RAE, Castelo-Branco M. Abnormal relationship between GABA, neurophysiology and impulsive behavior in neurofibromatosis type 1. Cortex (2015) 64:194-208.



Violante IR, Ribeiro MJ, Edden RAE, Guimarães P, Bernardino I, Rebola J, Cunha G, Silva E, Castelo-Branco M. GABA deficit in the visual cortex of patients with NF1: genotype-phenotype correlations and functional impact. Brain 136:3 (2013) 918-25.

Violante IR, Ribeiro MJ, Silva E, Castelo-Branco M. Gyrification, cortical and subcortical morphometry in Neurofibromatosis type 1: an uneven profile of developmental abnormalities. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 5:3 (2013) doi: 10.1186/1866-1955-5-3.



Violante IR, Ribeiro MJ, Cunha G, Bernardino I, Duarte JV, Ramos F, Saraiva J, Silva E, Castelo-Branco M. Abnormal brain activation in neurofibromatosis type 1: a link between visual processing and the default mode network. PLoS One. 7:6 (2012) e38785.

Duarte JV, Ribeiro MJ, Violante IR, Cunha G, Silva E, Castelo-Branco M. Multivariate Pattern Analysis Reveals Subtle Brain Anomalies Relevant to the Cognitive Phenotype in Neurofibromatosis Type 1. Human Brain Mapping (2012) doi: 10.1002/hbm.22161

Ribeiro MJ, Violante IR, Bernardino I, Ramos F, Saraiva J, Reviriego P, Upadhyaya M, Silva ED, Castelo-Branco M. Abnormal achromatic and chromatic contrast sensitivity in neurofibromatosis type 1. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 53:1 (2012) 287-293.


2007 - 2011

Delgado TC, Violante IR, Nieto-Charques L, Cerdan S. Neuroglial metabolic compartmentation underlying leptin deficiency in the obese ob/ob mice as detected by magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy methods. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 31:12 (2011) 2257-2266.

Rodrigues TB, Violante IR, Cerdan S. Unambiguous assignment of the H3S and H3R deuterations of cerebral (2-13C) glutamate by 13C NMR at 18.8 Tesla. Magn Reson Med. 63:4 (2010) 1088-1091.

Violante IR, Anastasovska J, Sanchez-Canon GJ, Rodrigues TB, Righi V, Nieto-Charques L, Parkinson JR, Bloom SR, Bell JD, Cerdan S. Cerebral activation by fasting induces lactate accumulation in the hypothalamus. Magn Reson Med. 62:2 (2009) 279-283.

Ramirez BG, Rodrigues TB, Violante IR, Cruz F, Fonseca LL, Ballesteros P, Castro MM, Garcia-Martin ML, Cerdan S. Kinetic properties of the redox switch/redox coupling mechanism as determined in primary cultures of cortical neurons and astrocytes from rat brain. J Neurosci Res. 85:15 (2007) 3244-3253.


Conference Papers

Lorenz R, Monti RP, Hampshire A, Koush Y, Anagnostopoulos C, Faisal A, Sharp D, Montana G, Leech R, Violante IR. Towards tailoring non-invasive brain stimulation using real-time fMRI and Bayesian optimization. (2016) 6th International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging (PRNI) - Best Paper Award

Lorenz R, Monti RP, Violante IR, Faisal A, Anagnostopoulos C, Leech R, Montana G. Stopping criteria for boosting automatic experimental design using real-time fMRI with Bayesian optimization. (2015) 5th NIPS Workshop on Machine Learning and Interpretation in Neuroimaging: Beyond the Scanner