Dr Joshua Andresen
Joshua (JD, Yale; PhD, Northwestern) is an international lawyer working in national security and human rights law. His areas of expertise range from the law of armed conflict and international human rights law to anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism, including sanctions compliance and the regulation of cryptocurrencies and exchanges. Joshua’s recent writing has focused on legal questions that arise in modern conflict and counterterrorism operations due to power asymmetries, the geography of the battlespace, and technological developments, with influential pieces appearing in the Yale Journal of International Law, the Harvard National Security Journal, and an anthology by Oxford University Press. Given the practical focus of his work, Joshua has been called upon to advise states, provide expert opinions for international tribunals, and contribute to the work of UN Special Rapporteurs.
Prior to Surrey, Joshua was Senior Policy Advisor for Europe, Russia, and Central Asia in the Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. He was also an Attorney-Adviser at the U.S. Department of State, where he worked in the Office of the Legal Adviser for African and Near Eastern Affairs and in the Office of the Legal Adviser for United Nations Affairs. Joshua’s work at the State Department was supported by a Robina Human Rights Post-Doctoral Fellowship from Yale Law School. Joshua’s international law and human rights experience includes work at the Court of Justice of the European Union, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and the High Court of Bombay. While in law school, Joshua also worked to defend people facing the death penalty with the Southern Center for Human Rights and the Equal Justice Initiative. Prior to his law and policy work, Joshua was Associate Professor of Philosophy at the American University of Beirut.
Joshua's research focuses on legal questions raised by contemporary armed conflict and counterterrorism operations. Among the questions Joshua's work engages are how the laws of armed conflict should be reconfigured for military operations today; under what circumstances International Human Rights Law, rather than International Humanitarian Law, should govern counterterrorism operations; whether civilian protections in armed conflict are adequate and effective; whether a more permissive or more restrictive law of armed conflict today is in states' national security interests; and whether procedural and justiciability barriers should prevent judicial review of military activity in U.S. courts.
International Humanitarian Law, Public Law 1 - Constitutional Law, Criminal Law
Postgraduate research supervision
Joshua is happy to consider supervising PhDs in national security and human rights law including (but not limited to):
- Critical evaluations of the law of armed conflict
- Law of armed conflict litigation
- Human rights issues and litigation arising out of armed conflict
- Anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) regulation
- Cryptocurrency and exchange (VA and VASP) regulation
- National and international security issues arising from climate change
- Critical engagements with the revisionist school of just war theory
Director of PhD Admissions
University roles and responsibilities
Andresen J. (2020) ‘Fighting Terrorism under All Applicable Law’, forthcoming in Using Law to Fight Terror, Oxford University Press. ssrn.com/abstract=3191831
Andresen J. (2020) 'The Paradox of Precision and the Weapons Review Regime', forthcoming in The Philosophical Journal of Conflict and Violence. ssrn.com/abstract=3349876
Andresen J. (2019) 'China’s Military and the Belt and Road Initiative: A View From the Outside', The Chinese Journal of Global Governance, 5, (2019), pp. 122-135. https://brill.com/view/journals/cjgg/5/2/article-p122_2.xml
Andresen J. (2017) ‘Putting Lethal Force on the Table: How Drones Change the Alternative Space of War and Counterterrorism’, Harvard National Security Journal, 8(2), pp. 426-472. ssrn.com/abstract=2811938
Andresen J. (2016) ‘Due Process of War in the Age of Drones’, Yale Journal of International Law, 41(1), pp. 155-188. Winner of the Edward D. Robbins Memorial Prize at Yale Law School. ssrn.com/abstract=2574914
Andresen J. (2016) ‘Transparency, Review, and Relief: The Far Reaching Implications of the Kunduz Report’, in Just Security (May 13, 2016, 3:41pm). www.justsecurity.org/31056/transparency-kunduz-report/
Andresen J. (2015) ‘Challenging the Perplexity over Jus in Bello Proportionality’, European Journal of Legal Studies, 7(2), pp. 19-35. ssrn.com/abstract=2574817
Andresen J. (2013) (contributing author) Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms While Countering Terrorism, U.N. Doc. A/68/389 (Sept. 18, 2013). unsrct-drones.com/report/63