Roi Cohen-Kadosh

Professor Roi Cohen Kadosh

Head of School of Psychology and Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience
30 AD 04
Katherine Woodberry
01483 689877

Academic and research departments

Brain and Behaviour research group, School of Psychology.


Areas of specialism

Brain Stimulation; Cognitive Training; Cognitive Learning; Mathematical Cognition; Sustained Attention; Plasticity

My qualifications

BA, Behavioral Sciences
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
PhD (direct track, summa cum laude), Neuropsychology
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Previous roles

2015 - 2021
Full Professor
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford
2015 - 2021
Senior Research Fellow
Jesus College, Oxford
Cognite Neurotechnology Ltd
Cohen Kadosh Consultancy Ltd
2012 - 2015
University Research Lecturer
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford
2009 - 2014
Wellcome Trust Rsearch Career Development Fellow
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford
2007 - 2009
Marie Curie Intra European Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London


Research interests

Indicators of esteem


    Postgraduate research supervision



    Scientific Publications

    1.     Sheffield, J., Ramerpresad, S., Brem, A-K.,  Mansfield, K., Orhan, U., Dillard, M., McKanna, J., Plessow, F., Thompson, T., Santarnecchi, E., Pascual-Leone, A., Pavel, M., Mathan, S., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (in press). Blinding efficacy and adverse events following repeated transcranial alternating current, direct current, and random noise stimulation. Cortex

    2.     Westwood, S., Criaud, M., Lam, S.-L., Lukito, S., Wallace-Hanlon, S., Kowalczyk, O.S., Kostara, A., Mathew, J., Agbedjro, D., Wexler, B. E., Cohen Kadosh, R., Asherson, P., Rubia, K. (in press). Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with cognitive training in adolescent boys with ADHD: a double-blind, randomised, sham-controlled trial. Psychological Medicine. 10.1017/s0033291721001859.

    3.     Zacharopoulos, G., Sella, F., Cohen Kadosh, K., Emir, U., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (in press). The effect of parietal glutamate/GABA balance on test anxiety levels in early childhood in a cross-sectional and longitudinal study. Cerebral Cortex

    4.     Antal, A., Luber, B., Brem, A.-K.,  Bikson, M., Brunoni, A.R., Cohen Kadosh, R., Dubljevic, V., Fecteau, S., Ferreri, F., Flöel, A., Hallett, M., Hamilton, R.H., Herrmann, C.S., Lavidor, M., Loo, C., Lustenberger, C., Machado, S., Miniussi, C., Moliadze, V., Nitsche, M.A., Rossi, S., Rossini, P.M., Santarnecchi, E., Seeck, M., Thut, G., Turi, Z., Ugawa, Y., Venkatasubramanian, G., Wenderoth, N., Wexler, A., Ziemann, U., & Paulus, W. (2022). Non-invasive brain stimulation and neuroenhancement. Clinical Neurophysiology Practice, 7, 146-165.

    5.     Dakwar-Kawar, O., Berger, I., Barzilay, S., Grossman, E. S., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Nahum, M. (2022). Examining the Effect of Transcranial Electrical Stimulation and Cognitive Training on Processing Speed in Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study. Front Hum Neurosci, 16.

    6.     Garcia-Sanz, S., Ghotme, K. A., Hedmont, D., Arévalo-Jaimes, M. Y., Cohen Kadosh, R., Serra-Grabulos, & J. M., Redolar-Ripoll, D. (2022). Use of transcranial magnetic stimulation for studying the neural basis of numerical cognition: a systematic review. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 369, 109485

    7.     Sarkar, A., Nithyanand, D., Sella, F., Sarkar, R., Mäkelä, I., Cohen Kadosh, R., Elliot, A., & Thompson, J. M. (2022). Knowledge of wealth shapes social impressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 28, 205-236

    8.     van Bueren, N.E.R., Van der Ven, S.H.G, Roelofs, K., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Kroesbergen, E.H. (2022). Predicting Math Ability using Working Memory, Number Sense, and Neurophysiology in Children and Adults. Brain Sciences, 12, 550

    9.     Wongupparaj, P., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2022). Relating mathematical abilities to numerical skills and executive functions in informal and formal schooling. BMC Psychology. 10, 27

    10.  Westwood, S., Bozhilova, N., Criaud, M., Lam, S.-L., Lukito, S., Wallace-Hanlon, S., Kowalczyk, O.S., Kostara, A., Mathew, J., Wexler, B. E., Cohen Kadosh, R., Asherson, P., Rubia, K. (2022). The effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with cognitive training on EEG spectral power in adolescent boys with ADHD: A double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial. IBRO Neuroscience Reports, 12, 55-64.

    11.  Berger, I., Dakwar-Kawar, O., Grossman, E. S., Nahum, M., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). Scaffolding the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Brain Using Transcranial Direct Current and Random Noise Stimulation: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Neurophysiology, 132, 699-707.

    12.  Brambilla, M., Dinkelbach, L., Bigler, A., Williams, J., Zokaei, N., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Brem, A.-K. (2021). The effect of transcranial random noise stimulation on cognitive training outcome in healthy aging. Frontiers in Neurology, 12.

    13.  Fassi, L., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). How some brain stimulation studies fail to evaluate blinding adequately. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 137, 452-453.

    14.  Lazzaro, G., Battisti, A., Varuzza, C., Celestini, L., Pani, P., Costanzo, F., Vicari, S., Cohen Kadosh, R., Menghini, D. (2021). Boosting numerical cognition in children and adolescents with mathematical learning disabilities by a brain-based intervention: a study protocol for a randomized, sham-controlled clinical trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, 10969

    15.  Lipka, R., Ahlers, E.-C., Reed, T. L., Karstens, M. I., Nguyen, V., Bajbouj, M., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). Resolving Heterogeneity in Transcranial Electrical Stimulation Efficacy for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Experimental Neurology, 337, 113586 (Special issue: Precision Psychiatry).

    16.  Saban, W., Raz, G., Grabner, R. H., Gabay, S., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). Primitive visual channels have a causal role in cognitive transfer. Scientific Reports 11, 8759

    17.  Sanchez-Leon, C.A., Sanchez-Lopez, A., Gomez-Climent, M.A., Cordones, I., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Marquez-Ruiz, J. (2021). Impact of chronic transcranial Random Noise Stimulation (tRNS) on GABAergic and glutamatergic activity markers in the prefrontal cortex of juvenile mice. Progress in Brain Research, 264, 323-341 (Special issue: Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) in neurodevelopmental disorders).

    18.  Santos, F. H., Mosbacher, J. A., Menghini, D., Rubia, K., Grabner, R. H., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). Effects of transcranial stimulation in developmental neurocognitive disorders: A critical appraisal. Progress in Brain Research, 264, 1-40 (Special issue: Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) in neurodevelopmental disorders).

    19.  Sella, F., Raz, G., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). When randomisation is not good enough: Matching groups in intervention studies. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 28, 2085–2093

    20.  van Bueren, N., Reed, T., Nguyen, V., Sheffield, J., van der Ven, S., Osborne, M., Kroesbergen, E., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). Personalized Brain Stimulation for Effective Neurointervention Across Participants. PLoS Computational Biology, 17, e1008886

    21.  Zacharopoulos, G., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). Predicting working memory capacity based on glutamatergic concentration and its modulation of functional connectivity. Neuroscience, 457, 12-19.

    22.  Zacharopoulos, G., Emir, U., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). The cross-sectional interplay between neurochemical profile and brain connectivity. Human Brain Mapping, 42, 2722–2733.

    23.  Zacharopoulos, G., Sella, F., Cohen Kadosh, K., Hartwright, C., Emir, U., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). Predicting learning and achievement using GABA and glutamate concentrations in human development. PLoS Biology 19, e3001325

    24.  Zacharopoulos, G., Sella, F., Emir, U., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). The relation between parietal GABA concentration and numerical skills. Scientific Reports 11, 17656.

    25.   Zacharopoulos, G., Sella, F., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). The impact of a lack of mathematical education on brain development and future attainment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 118, e2013155118.

    26.  Cui, J., Xiao, R., Ma, M., Yuan, L., Cohen Kodash, R., & Zhou, X. (2020). Children skilled in mental abacus show enhanced non-symbolic number sense. Current Psychology. doi:10.1007/s12144-020-00717-0

    27.   Karstens, M. I., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2020). Targeting neuronal correlates of executive function in ADHD using brain stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 131, 1142-1143

    28.  Peng, W., Zhan, Y., Jiang, Y., Nan, W., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Wan, F. (2020). Individual variation in alpha neurofeedback training efficacy predicts pain modulation. Neuroimage: Clinical, 28, 102454.

    29.  Sella, F., Lucangeli, D., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Zorzi, M. (2020). Making sense of number words and Arabic digits: does order count more? Child Development, 91, 1456-1470.

    30.  Yang, L.-Y., Zhang, W., Wang, W., Yang, Z., Wang, H., Deng, Z.-D., Li, C., Qiu, B., Zhang, D.-R., Cohen Kadosh, R., Li, H., & Zhang, X. (2020). Neural and psychological predictors of cognitive enhancement and impairment from neurostimulation. Advanced Science, 7, 1902863.

    31.  Zacharopoulos, G., Klingberg, T., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2020). Structural variation within the left globus pallidus is associated with task-switching, not stimulus updating or distractor filtering. Cognitive Neuroscience 11, 229-238.

    32.  Zacharopoulos, G., Klingberg, T., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2020). Cortical surface area of the left frontal pole is associated with visuospatial working memory capacity. Neuropsychologia, 143, 107486.

    33.  Almquist, J., Mathan, S., Brem, A.-K., Plessow, F., McKanna, J., Santarnecchi, E., Pascual-Leone, A., Cohen Kadosh, R., Pavel, M., Yeung, N. (2019). FAST: A novel, executive function-based approach to cognitive enhancement. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13.

    34.  Clayton, M. S., Yeung, N., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2019). Electrical stimulation of alpha oscillations stabilises performance on visual attention tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 148, 203-220.

    35.  Harty, S., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2019). Suboptimal engagement of high-level cortical regions predicts random noise-related gains in sustained attention. Psychological Science, 30, 1318-1332.

    36.  Krause, B., Dresler, M., Looi, C. Y., Sarkar, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2019). Neuroenhancement of High-Level Cognition: Evidence for homeostatic constraints of non-invasive brain stimulation. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 3, 388-395.

    37.  Popescu, T., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2019). Drawing the boundaries of expertise: who is a mathematician? Cortex, 117, 421-424.

    38.  Popescu, T. Sader, E., Schaer, M., Thomas, A., Terhune, D. B., Dowker, A., Mars, R. B., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2019). The brain-structural correlates of mathematical expertise. Cortex, 114, 140-150. (Special issue: Architecture of Mathematical Cognition)

    39.  Brem, A.-K., Almquist, J. N.-F., Mansfield, K., Plessow, F., Sella, F., Santarnecchi, E., Orhan, U., McKanna, J., Pavel, M., Santosh, M., Yeung, N., Pascual-Leone, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). Modulating fluid intelligence performance through combined cognitive training and brain stimulation. Neuropsychologia, 118, 107-114.

    40.  Clayton, M. S., Yeung, N., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). The effects of 10 Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation on audiovisual task switching. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 12(67) (Special issue: Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Effects on Cognition and Brain Activity: Positive Lessons from Negative Findings)

    41.  Clayton, M., Yeung, N., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). The many characters of visual alpha oscillations. European Journal of Neuroscience (Special issue: Neural Oscillations), 48, 2498-2508.

    42.  Faundez, V., De Toma, I., Bardoni, B., Bartesaghi, R., Nizetic, D., de la Torre, R., Cohen Kadosh, R., Herault, Y., Dierssen, M. & Potier, M.-C. (2018). Translating molecular advances in Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome into therapies. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 28, 675-690.

    43.  Frank, B. Harty, S., Kluge, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). Learning while multitasking: Short and long-term benefits of brain stimulation. Ergonomics, 61, 1454-1463.

    44.  Hartwright, C. E., Looi, C. Y., Sella, F., Inuggi, A., Santos, F. H., González-Salinas, C., Santos, J. M. G., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Fuentes, L. J. (2018). The neurocognitive architecture of individual differences in math anxiety in typical children. Scientific Reports, 8, 8500.

    45.  Krause, B., Looi, C. Y., Dresler, M., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). The neurochemistry of mathematical genius: reduced frontal excitation/inhibition balance in an expert calculator. Neuroscience, 392, 252-257.

    46.  Sella, F., Blakey, R., Bang, D., Bahrami, B., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). Who Gains More: Experts or Novices? The Benefits of Interaction under Numerical Uncertainty. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44, 1228-1239.

    47.  Sella, F., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). What expertise can tell about mathematical learning and cognition? Mind, Brain and Education, 12, 186-192.

    48.  Reed, T., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) mechanisms and its effects on cortical excitability and connectivity. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 41, 1123-1130 (Special issue: Synaptic Dysfunction and Brain Circuitries in Inborn Errors of Metabolism).

    49.  Cohen Kadosh, R., & Sella, F. (2017). Connecting social and cognitive embodiment—A new way to tailor educational programs? American Educational Research Journal, 54, 368S-372S

    50.  Gebuis, T., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Gevers, W. (2017). Why try saving the ANS? An alternative proposal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, 23-24.

    51.  Harty, S., Sella, F., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2017). Mind the Brain: The mediating and moderating role of neurophysiology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 21, 2-5.

    52.  Harty, S., Sella, F., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2017). Transcranial electrical stimulation and behavioral change: The intermediary influence of the brain. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11 (Special issue: Revisiting the Effectiveness of Transcranial Direct Current Brain Stimulation for Cognition: Evidence, Challenges, and Open Questions)

    53.  Looi, C. Y., Lim, J., Sella, F., Lolliot, S., Duta, M., Avramenko, A. A. & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2017). Transcranial random noise stimulation and cognitive training to improve learning and cognition of the atypically developing brain: A pilot study. Scientific Reports, 7:4633

    54.  Schroeder, P. A., Dresler, T., Bahnmueller, J., Artemenko, C., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Nuerk, H.-C. (2017). Cognitive enhancement of numerical and arithmetic capabilities: A mini-review of available transcranial electric stimulation studies. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 1, 39-47.

    55.  Zich, C., Harty, S., Kranczioch, C., Mansfield, K. L., Sella, F., Debener, S., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2017). Modulating hemispheric lateralization by brain stimulation yields gain in mental and physical activity. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 13430.

    56.  Arshad, Q., Nigmatullina, Y, Nigmatullin, R., Asavarut, P. Roberts, R. E., Cohen Kadosh, R., Bronstein, A. M. & Malhotra, P. A. (2016). Bidirectional modulation of numerical magnitude. Cerebral Cortex, 26, 2311-2324.

    57.  Arshad, Q., Nigmatullina, Y., Roberts, R. E., Goga, U., Pikovsky, M., Khan, S., Lobo R., Flury, A. S., Pettorossi, V. E., Cohen Kadosh, R., Malhotra, P. A., & Bronstein, A. M. (2016). Perceived state of self during motion can differentially modulate numerical magnitude allocation. European Journal of Neuroscience, 44, 2369-2374.

    58.  Gebuis, T., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Gevers, W. (2016). Sensory-integration system rather than approximate number system underlies numerosity processing: A critical review. Acta Psychologica, 171, 17-35.

    59.  Looi, C. Y., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2016). Brain stimulation, mathematical and numerical training: Contribution of core and non-core skills. Progress in Brain Research, 27, 353-388.

    60.  Looi, C. Y., Duta, M., Brem, A.-K., Huber, S., Nuerk, H.-C., Cohen Kadosh, R. (2016). Combining brain stimulation and video game to promote long-term transfer of learning and cognitive enhancement. Scientific Reports, 6, 22003.

    61.  Popescu, T., Krause, B., Terhune, D. B., Twose, O., Page, T., Humphreys, G. W., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2016). Transcranial random noise stimulation mitigates increased difficulty in an arithmetic learning task. Neuropsychologia, 81, 255-264.

    62.  Santarnecchi, E., Muller, T., Rossi, S., Sarkar, A., Polizzotto, N. R., Rossi, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2016). Individual differences and specificity of prefrontal gamma frequency-tACS on fluid intelligence capabilities. Cortex, 75, 33-43.

    63.  Sarkar, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2016). Transcranial Electrical Stimulation and Numerical Cognition. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 41-58.

    64.  Sella, F., Sader, E., Lolliot, S., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2016). Basic and advanced numerical performances relate to mathematical expertise but are fully mediated by visuospatial skills. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42, 1458-1472.

    -Highlighted by the American Psychological Association (APA) as an exciting experiment in experimental psychology

    65.  Cohen Kadosh, K., Krause, B., King, A. J., Near, J., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2015). Linking GABA and glutamate levels to cognitive skill acquisition during development. Human Brain Mapping, 36, 4334-4345.

    -Nominated for the Human Brain Mapping Editor's Choice Award for papers published in 2015

    66.  Maslen, H., Douglas, T., Cohen Kadosh, R., Levy, N., & Savulescu, J. (2015). The regulation of cognitive enhancement devices: Refining Maslen et al’s model. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 2.

    67.  Terhune, D. B., Murray, E., Near, J., Stagg, C. J., Cowey, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2015).  Phosphene perception relates to visual cortex glutamate levels and covaries with atypical visuospatial awareness. Cerebral Cortex, 25, 4341-4350

    68.  Santarnecchi, E., Brem, A.-K., Levenbaum, E., Thompson, T., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Pascual-Leone, A. (2015). Enhancing Cognition using Transcranial Electrical Stimulation. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 4, 171-178

    69.  Clayton, M., Yeung, N., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2015). The Roles of Cortical Oscillations in Sustained Attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19, 188-195.

    70.  Cohen Kadosh, R. (2015). Modulating and Enhancing Cognition using Brain Stimulation: Science and Fiction. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 27, 141-163.

    71.  Maslen, H., Douglas, T., Cohen Kadosh, R., Levy, N., & Savulescu, J. (2015). Do-it-yourself brain stimulation: a regulatory model. Journal of Medical Ethics, 41, 413-414.

    72.  Pina, V., Castillo Moreno, A., Cohen Kadosh, R. & Fuentes, L. J. (2015). Intentional and Automatic Numerical Processing as Predictors of Mathematical Abilities in Primary School Children. Frontiers in Psychology, 6.

    73.  Terhune, D. B., Song, M., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2015). Transcranial alternating current stimulation reveals atypical 40Hz phosphene thresholds in synaesthesia. Cortex, 63, 267-270.

    74.  Banissy, M. J., Jonas, C., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Synesthesia: an introduction. Frontiers in Psychology, 5

    75.  Battleday, R. M., Muller, T., Clayton, M. S., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Mapping the mechanisms of transcranial alternating current stimulation: a pathway from network effects to cognition. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 5 (special issue: Non-Invasive brain stimulation: From neuro-enhancement to cognitive rehabilitation)

    76.  Hale, J., Thompson, J., Morgan, H., Cappelletti, M., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Better Together? The Cognitive Advantages of Synaesthesia for Time, Numbers and Space. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 31, 545-564.

    77.  Iuculano, T. & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Preliminary evidence for performance enhancement following parietal lobe stimulation in developmental dyscalculia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8 (Special issue: Perspectives in neuroscience of special education).

    78.  Klein, E., Moeller, K., Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, U., Kremser, C., Starke, M., Cohen Kadosh, R., Pupp-Peglow, U., Schocke, M., & Kaufmann, L. (2014). Processing of intentional and automatic number magnitudes in children born prematurely - Evidence from fMRI. Developmental Neuropsychology, 39, 342-64.

    79.  Krause, B. & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Not all brains are created equal: The relevance of individual differences in responsiveness to transcranial electrical stimulation. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 8 (Special issue: Augmentation of brain function: Facts, fiction and controversy).

    80.  Maslen, H., Douglas, T., Cohen Kadosh, R., Levy, N., & Savulescu, J. (2014). The regulation of cognitive enhancement devices: extending the medical model. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 1, 68-93.

    81.  Maslen, H., Earp, B. D., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Savulescu, J. (2014). Brain stimulation for ‘enhancement’ in children: An ethical analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8 (special issue: The safety and efficacy of noninvasive brain stimulation in development and neurodevelopmental disorders)

    82.  Sarkar, A., Dowker, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Cognitive Enhancement or Cognitive Cost: Trait-specific Outcomes of Brain Stimulation in the Case of Mathematics Anxiety. The Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 16605-16610.

    83.  Terhune, D. B., Russo, S., Near, J., Stagg, C. J., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). GABA Predicts Time Perception. The Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 4364-4370.

    84.  Terhune, D. B., Song, S. M., Duta, M., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Probing the neurochemical basis of synaesthesia using psychophysics. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8 (Special issue: Developing synaesthesia).

    85.  Cappelletti, M., Gessaroli, E., Hithersay, R., Mitolo, M., Didino, D., Kanai, R., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Walsh, V. (2013). Transfer of cognitive training across magnitude dimensions achieved with concurrent brain stimulation of the parietal lobe. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 14899-14907.

    -Accompanying Journal Club by Chick, C. F. (2014). Basic mechanisms of numerical processing: Cross-modal number comparisons and symbolic versus nonsymbolic numerosity in the intraparietal sulcus. The Journal of Neuroscience 34, 1567-1569.

    86.  Cohen Kadosh, K., Johnson, M. H., Dick, F., Cohen Kadosh., R., & Blakemore, S.-J. (2013). Effects of age, task performance and structural brain development on face processing. Cerebral Cortex, 23, 1630-1642.

    87.  Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). Using transcranial electrical stimulation to enhance cognitive functions in the typical and atypical brain. Translational Neuroscience, 4, 20-33.

    88.  *Cohen Kadosh, R., *Dowker, A., *Heine, A., *Kaufmann, L., & *Kucian, K. (2013). Interventions for improving numerical abilities: Present and future. Trends in Neuroscience and Education, 2, 85-93. Asterisk indicates an equal contribution

    89.  Cohen Kadosh, R., & Elliot, P. (2013). Neuroscience: Brain stimulation has a long history. Nature, 500, 529.

    90.  Gebuis, T., Gevers, W. & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Topographic representation of high-level cognition: Numerosity or sensory processing? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18, 1-3.

    91.  Gertner, L., Henik, A., Reznik, D., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). Implications of number-space synesthesia on the automaticity of numerical processing. Cortex, 49, 1352-1362.

    92.  Iuculano, T., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). The mental cost of cognitive enhancement. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 4482-4486.

    -Article is amongst the highest ever scored in this prestigious journal (ranked #16 according to Altmetric), and is ranked 1st when compared to articles with similar age.

    93.  Krause, B., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). Can transcranial electrical stimulation improve learning difficulties in atypical brain development? A future possibility for cognitive training. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 6, 176-194.

    -Commentary by Reiner, P. B. (2013). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 6, 195-196.

    94.  Krause, B., Márquez-Ruiz, J., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). The effect of transcranial direct current stimulation: a role for cortical excitation/inhibition balance? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7. (Special issue: open questions on the mechanisms of neuromodulation with applied and endogenous electric fields).

    95.  Maslen, H., Savulescu, J., Douglas, T., Levy, N., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). Regulating cognitive enhancement devices. The Lancet, 382, 938-939.

    96.  Snowball, A., Tachtsidis, I., Popescu, T., Thompson, J., Delazer, M., Zamarian, L., Zhu, T., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). Long-term enhancement of brain function and cognition using cognitive training and brain stimulation. Current Biology, 23, 987-992.

    -This article has received extensive media coverage including in Science and Nature, and is amongst the highest ever scored in this prestigious journal (ranked #9 according to Altmetric).

    97.  Terhune, D. B., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). Modulating cognitive control in major depression with transcranial electrical stimulation. Biological Psychiatry, 73, 595-596.

    98.  Terhune, D. B., Rothen, N., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). Correcting misconceptions about synaesthesia. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 103, 1-2.

    99.  Terhune, D. B., Wudarczyk. O., Kochuparampil, P. R., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). Enhanced dimension-specific visual working memory in grapheme-color synesthesia.Cognition, 129, 123-137.

    100.        Thompson, J. M., Nuerk, H.-C., Moeller, K., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013). The link between mental rotation ability and basic numerical representations. Acta Psychologica, 144, 324-331.

    101.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Bien, N., & Sack, A. T. (2012). Automatic and intentional number processing both rely on intact right parietal cortex: A combined fMRI and neuronavigated TMS study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6. (Special issue: advances in cognitive neuroscience of numerical and mathematical processing).

    102.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Gertner, L., & Terhune, D. B. (2012). Exceptional abilities in the spatial representation of numbers and time: Insights from synaesthesia. The Neuroscientist, 18, 208-215.

    103.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Levy, N., O'Shea, J., Shea, N., & Savulescu, J. (2012). The Neuroethics of Non-invasive Brain Stimulation. Current Biology, 22, R108-R111.

    -Highlighted in the Faculty of 1000 by Buckingham, G. & Goodale, M. (2012).

    -Article in the top 5% of all articles ranked by attention according to Altmetric

    104.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Terhune, D. B. (2012). Redefining synaesthesia? British Journal of Psychology, 103, 20-23

    105.        Moeller, K., Klein, E., Nuerk, H.-C., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2012). A unitary or multiple representations of numerical magnitude? - The case of structure in symbolic and non-symbolic quantities. Frontiers in Psychology, 3.

    106.        Terhune, D. B., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2012). The emerging neuroscience of hypnosis. Cortex, 48, 382-386.

    107.        Cohen Kadosh, K., Cohen Kadosh, R., Dick, F., & Johnson, M. H. (2011). Developmental Changes in Effective Connectivity in the Emerging Core Face Network. Cerebral Cortex, 21, 1389-1394.

    108.        Cohen Kadosh, K., Walsh, V., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2011). Investigating face-property specific processing in the right OFA. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience,6, 58-65.

    109.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Bahrami, B., Walsh, V., Butterworth, B., Popescu, T. and Price, C. J. (2011). Specialisation in the human brain: the case of numbers. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5:62.

    110.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Gevers, W., & Notebaert, W. (2011). Sequential analysis of the numerical Stroop effect reveals response suppression. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37, 1243-1249.

    111.        Terhune, D. B., Tai, S., Cowey, A., Popescu, T., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2011). Enhanced cortical excitability in grapheme-colour synaesthesia and its modulation. Current Biology, 21, 2006-2009.

    -“Highlight” article by Flight, M. H. (2012). Perception: Excitability modulates synaesthesia. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 13, 2.

    -Article in the top 5% of all articles ranked by attention according to Altmetric

    112.        Cohen Kadosh, K., Henson, R. N. A., Cohen Kadosh, R., Johnson, M. H., & Dick, F. (2010). Task-Dependent Activation of Face-Sensitive Cortex: An fMRI Adaptation Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 903-917.

    113.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Muggleton, N., Silvanto, J., Walsh, V. (2010). Double Dissociation of Format-Dependent and Number-Specific Neurons in Human Parietal Cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 20, 2166-2171.

    114.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Soskic, S., Iuculano, T., Kanai, R., & Walsh, V. (2010). Modulating Neuronal Activity Produces Specific and Long Lasting Changes in Numerical Competence. Current Biology, 20, 2016-2020.

    -Accompanying Dispatch by Lepage, J.-F., and Théoret, H. (2010). Numerical Processing: Stimulating Numbers. Current Biology, 20, R975-R977.

    -“Research Highlights” (2010) Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 11, 790.

    -Highlighted in the Faculty of 1000 by Crinion, J. & Hillis, A. (2010).

    -Article is amongst the highest ever scored in this prestigious journal and is ranked 1st when compared to articles with similar age according to Altmetric.

    115.        Gevers, W., Imbo, I., Cohen Kadosh, R., Fias, W., & Hartsuiker, R. J. (2010). Bidirectionality in Synesthesia: Evidence from a Multiplication Verification Task. Experimental Psychology, 57, 178-184.

    116.        Banissy, M. J., Cohen Kadosh, R., Maus, G., Walsh, V., Ward, J. (2009). Prevalence, Characteristics and a Neurocognitive Model of Mirror-Touch Synaesthesia. Experimental Brain Research, 198, 261-272.

    117.        *Cohen Kadosh, R., Henik, A., Catena, A., Walsh, V. & *Fuentes, L. (2009). Induced Cross-Modal Synesthetic Experience without Abnormal Neuronal Connections. Psychological Science, 20, 258-265. Asterisk indicates an equal contribution

    118.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Henik, A., & Walsh, V. (2009). Synaesthesia: Learned or Lost? Developmental Science, 12, 484-491.

    119.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Walsh, V. (2009). Numerical Representation in the Parietal Lobes: Abstract or not Abstract? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 313-373.

    120.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Walsh, V. (2009). Numerical Cognition: Reading Numbers from the Brain. Current Biology, 19, R898-R899.

    121.        Gebuis, T., Cohen Kadosh, R., de Haan, E., & Henik, A. (2009). Automatic Quantity Processing in 5-Year Olds and Adults. Cognitive Processing, 10, 133-142.

    122.        Gertner, L., Henik, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2009). When 9 is not on the Right: Implications from Number-Form Synaesthesia. Consciousness and Cognition, 18, 366-374.

    123.        Sack, A. T., Cohen Kadosh, R., Schuhmann, T., Moerel, M., Walsh, V., & Goebel, R. (2009). Optimizing Functional Accuracy of TMS in Cognitive Studies: A Comparison of Methods. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21, 207-221.

    124.        Tzelgov, J., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2009). From Automaticity to Control in Bilinguals. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 455.

    125.        Cohen Kadosh, R. (2008). Numerical Representation: Abstract or Non-Abstract? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61, 1160-1168.

    126.        Cohen Kadosh, R. (2008). The Laterality Effect: Myth or Truth? Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 350-354.

    127.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Brodsky, W., Levin, M., & Henik, A. (2008). Mental Representation: What Can Pitch Tell Us About The Distance Effect? Cortex (Special issue on Numbers, Space, and Action), 44, 470-477.

    128.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Cohen Kadosh, K., & Henik, A. (2008). When Brightness Counts: The Neuronal Correlate of Numerical-Luminance Interference. Cerebral Cortex, 18, 337-343.

    129.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Cohen Kadosh, K., Henik, A., & Linden, D. (2008). Processing Conflicting Information: Facilitation, Interference, and Functional Connectivity. Neuropsychologia, 46, 2872-2879.

    130.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Henik, A., & Rubinsten, O. (2008). Are Arabic and Verbal Numbers Processed in Different Ways? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 34, 1377-1391.

    131.        *Cohen Kadosh, R., *Lammertyn, J., & *Izard, V. (2008). Are Numbers Special? An Overview of Chronometric, Neuroimaging, Developmental and Comparative Studies of Magnitude Representation. Progress in Neurobiology, 84, 132-147. Asterisk indicates an equal contribution

    -This paper has been selected as a Top Cited Article in the journal Progress in Neurobiology during the period 2008-2010

    132.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Tzelgov, J., & Henik, A. (2008). A Colorful Walk on the Mental Number Line: Striving for the Right Direction. Cognition, 106, 564-567.

    133.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Tzelgov, J., & Henik, A. (2008). A Synesthetic Walk on the Mental Number Line: The Size Effect. Cognition, 106, 548-557.

    134.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Walsh, V. (2008). From Magnitude to Natural Numbers: A Developmental Neurocognitive Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31, 647-648.

    135.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Walsh, V. (2008). Synaesthesia and Cortical Connections: Cause or Correlation? Trends in Neurosciences, 31, 549-550.

    136.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Cohen Kadosh, K., & Henik, A. (2007). The Neuronal Correlate of Bi-directional Synaesthesia: A Combined ERP and fMRI Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 2050-2059.

    137.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Cohen Kadosh, K., Kaas, A., Henik, A., & Goebel, R. (2007). Notation-Dependent and -Independent Representations of Numbers in the Parietal Lobes.  Neuron, 53, 307-314.

    -Accompanying Preview by Ansari, D. (2007). Does the Parietal Cortex Distinguish between "10," "Ten," and Ten Dots? Neuron, 53, 165-167.

    -“Highlight” article by Welberg, L. (2007). What Counts? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8, 168.

    138.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Cohen Kadosh, K., Linden, D., Gevers, W., Berger, A., & Henik, A. (2007). The Brain Locus of Interaction between Number and Size: A Combined Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Event-Related Potential Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 957-970.

    139.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Cohen Kadosh, K., Schumann, T., Kaas, A., Goebel, R., Henik, A., & Sack, A. T. (2007). Virtual Dyscalculia Induced by Parietal Lobe TMS Impairs Automatic Magnitude Processing. Current Biology, 17, 689-693.

    140.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Henik, A. (2007). Can Synaesthesia Research Inform Cognitive Science? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11, 177-184.

    141.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Henik, A., & Rubinsten, O. (2007). The Effect of Orientation on Number Word Processing. Acta Psychologica, 124, 370-381.

    142.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Henik, A., & Walsh, V. (2007). Small is Bright and Big is Dark in Synaesthesia. Current Biology, 17, R834-R835.

    143.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Walsh, V. (2007). Dyscalculia. Current Biology, 17, R946-R947.

    144.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Walsh, V., & Henik, A. (2007). Selecting Between Intelligent Options. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 155.

    145.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Henik, A. (2006). A Common Representation for Semantic and Physical Properties: A Cognitive-Anatomical Approach. Experimental Psychology, 53, 87-94.

    146.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Henik, A. (2006). Color Congruity Effect: Where Do Colors and Numbers Interact in Synesthesia? Cortex (Special issue on Synesthesia), 42, 259-263.

    147.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Henik, A. (2006). When a Line is a Number: Color Yields Magnitude Information in a Digit-Color Synesthete. Neuroscience (rapid report), 137, 3-5.

    148.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Walsh, V. (2006). Cognitive Neuroscience: Rewired or Crosswired Brains? Current Biology, 16, R962-R963.

    149.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Henik, A., Rubinsten, O., Mohr, H., Dori, H., Van de Ven, V., Zorzi, M., Hendler, T., Goebel, R., & Linden, D. (2005). Are Numbers Special? The Comparison Systems of the Human Brain Investigated by fMRI. Neuropsychologia, 43, 1238-1248.

    150.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Sagiv, N., Linden, D. E. J., Robertson, L. C., Elinger, G., & Henik, A. (2005). When Blue is Larger than Red: Colors Influence Numerical Cognition in Synesthesia. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 1766-1773.



    151.        Looi, C. Y., Thompson, J., Krause, B., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). The Neuroscience of Mathematical Cognition and Learning. An Expert Paper produced on the request of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Paris.

    152.        Maslen, H., Douglas, T., Cohen Kadosh, R., Levy, N., & Savulescu, J. (2014). The regulation of cognitive enhancement devices (Policy Paper).


    Book Chapters

    153.        Kucian K., & Cohen Kadosh R. (2021) Neurocognitive Interventions to Foster Mathematical Learning. In: Danesi M. (eds) Handbook of Cognitive Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

    154.        Salehinejad, M. A., Vicario, C. M., Vila-Rodriguez, F., Cohe Kadosh, R., & Nitsche, M. A. (2021). tDCS in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. In Brunoni, A. R., Nitsche, M. A. & Loo, C. K. (Eds.), Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Clinical Principles and Management (pp. 283-312). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

    155.        van Bueren, N., Kroesbergen, E.H., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2021). Neurocognitive mechanisms of numerical intervention studies: The case of brain stimulation. In Fias, W., & Henik, A. (Eds.), Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition. Academic Press,

    156.        Thompson, J. M. & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2019).  A Tutorial for Transcranial Magnetic and Electrical Stimulations in Cognitive Psychology. In Spieler, D. & Schumacher, E. (Eds.). New Methods in Cognitive Psychology. New York: Routledge

    157.        Sella, F., Hartwright, C., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2018). The Neurocognitive bases of numerical cognition. In Phelps, L., Davachi, L., Serences, J. Ghetti, S., Thompson-Schill, S., & Wagenmakers, E. J. (Ed.). The Stevens’ Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, New York: John Wiley & Son

    158.        Looi, C.Y. & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2017). Dyscalculia. In Hopkins, B., Geangu E., & Linkenauger, S. (Eds.). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Child Development (pp 664-669, 2nd Edition). Cambridge University Press

    159.        Terhune, D. B., Luke, D. P., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2017). The induction of synaesthesia in non-synaesthetes. In O. Deroy (Ed.), Sensory blending: On synaesthesia and related phenomena (pp. 215-247). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

    160.        Gevers, W., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Gebuis, T. (2016). The sensory integration theory: an alternative to the Approximate Number System. In Henik, A. (Ed.). Continuous Issues in Numerical Cognition (pp. 405-418), Elsevier.

    161.        Harty, S., Brem, A.-K., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2016). Neurocognitive effects of tDCS in the healthy brain. In Brunoni, A. R., Nitsch, M. A., & Loo, C. (Ed.). Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Clinical Principles and Management (pp 103-141), Cham: Springer.

    162.        Sarkar, A., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2016). Transcranial Electrical Stimulation and the Enhancement of Numerical Cognition (pp. 245-296). In Berch, D., Geary, D. C., & Mann Koepke, K. (Eds.). Development of Mathematical Cognition. San Diego:  Academic Press.

    163.        Cohen Kadosh, R. (2015). Navigator for the Neuroscience of Numerical Cognition. In R. Cohen Kadosh, & A. Dowker (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition (pp. 445-455). New York: Oxford University Press

    164.        Looi, C. Y., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2015). The Use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Cognitive Enhancement. In Knafo, S. (Ed.). Cognitive Enhancement (pp. 307-341). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

    165.        Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). The Future Usage and Challenges of Brain Stimulation. In R. Cohen Kadosh (Ed.) The Stimulated Brain (pp. 523-538). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

    166.        Krause, B., Looi, C. Y., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Transcranial electrical stimulation to enhance cognitive abilities in the atypically developing brain. In R. Cohen Kadosh (ed.) The Stimulated Brain (pp. 455-483). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

    167.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Henik, A. (2013). Numbers, synaesthesia, and directionality. In Simner, J. & Hubbard, E. M. (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Synaesthesia (pp. 103-122), New York: Oxford University Press.

    168.        Terhune, D. B., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2012). Synaesthesias. In Blom, J. D., & Sommer, I. (Eds.) Hallucinations. Research and Practice (pp. 91-104), New York, Springer.

    169.        Cohen Kadosh, R. & Gertner, L. (2011). Synaesthesia: Gluing Together Time, Number and Space. In Dehaene, S. & Brannon, E. (Eds.) Space, Time and Number in the Brain, Attention & Performance XXIV (pp. 123-132). London: Elsevier.

    170.        Cohen Kadosh, R. (2009). Neurocognitive causes of numerical difficulties/disorders. In Encyclopedia of Language and Literacy Development (pp. 1-8). London, ON: Canadian Language and Literacy Research Network.



    Edited Books

    171.        Cohen Kadosh, R., Krauel, K., Zaehle, T. (2021). Non-invasive brain stimulation  (NIBS) in neurodevelopmental disorders. Elsevier

    172.        Banissy, M., Cohen Kadosh, R., & Jonas, C. (2015). Synaesthesia. Lausanne: Frontiers Media.

    173.        Cohen Kadosh, R., & Dowker, A. (2015). The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition. New York: Oxford University Press.

    174.        Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). The Stimulated Brain: Cognitive Enhancement Using Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation. Amsterdam: Academic Press. This book won the 39th Annual PROSE Award (an honourable mention in the Biomedicine & Neuroscience category).