Sulyman Abdulkareem

Dr Sulyman Abdulkareem

Postgraduate Research Student in Network Intrusion Detection


My research project


Sulyman Age Abdulkareem, Chuan Heng Foh, Francois Carrez, Klaus Moessner (2022)FI-PCA for IoT Network Intrusion Detection, In: 2022 International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications (ISNCC)pp. 1-6 IEEE

Intrusion detection systems (IDS) protect networks by continuously monitoring data flow and taking immediate action when anomalies are detected. However, due to redundancy and significant network data correlation, classical IDS have shortcomings such as poor detection rates and high computational complexity. This paper proposes a novel feature selection and extraction technique (FI-PCA). Feature Importance (FI) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) are used to preprocess the network dataset (PCA). FI identifies the most important features in the data, while PCA is used to reduce dimensionality and denoise the data. In order to detect anomalies, we employ three single classifiers: Decision Tree (DT), Naive Bayes and Logistic Regression. Preliminary results, however, show that these classifiers have achieved average classification metric scores. On this basis, we use the Stack Ensemble Learning Classifier (ELC) method of combining single classifiers to improve the classifier's performance further. Experimental results on varied feature dimensions of an IoT (Bot-IoT) dataset indicate that our proposed technique combined with the Stack ELC can maintain the same level of classification performance for reduced dataset features. A comparison of our result with state-of-the-art classifiers' classification performance shows that our classifier is superior in terms of accuracy and detection rate. At the same time, a remarkable decrease is recorded for both training and test time.

Sulyman Age Abdulkareem, Chuan Heng Foh, Francois Carrez, Klaus Moessner (2022)SMOTE-Stack for Network Intrusion Detection in an IoT Environment, In: 2022 27TH IEEE SYMPOSIUM ON COMPUTERS AND COMMUNICATIONS (IEEE ISCC 2022)2022- IEEE

In recent years, there has been a notable surge in the Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Increasingly, IoT devices are being attacked. Network intrusion detection is a tool to detect any presence of malicious activities in a network. Machine learning (ML) techniques are increasingly used for classifying network traffic. However, results from state-of-the-art studies have shown that training ML classifiers with imbalanced datasets affect their classification performance, resulting in network categories with fewer training instances getting classified wrongly. This study presents a Stack ensemble ML classifier for network intrusion detection in an IoT network using the Bot-IoT dataset for the classifier evaluation. According to preliminary results, the classifier showed lower metric scores for minority network categories. We applied Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE) to address the class imbalance. Follow-up experiment results for the SMOTE-Stack outclassed Stack and other state-of-the-art classifiers.