My research project


Swapnil Bhosale, Sauradip Nag, Diptesh Kanojia, Jiankang Deng, Xiatian Zhu (2023)DiffSED: Sound Event Detection with Denoising Diffusion, In: arXiv.org Cornell University Library, arXiv.org

Sound Event Detection (SED) aims to predict the temporal boundaries of all the events of interest and their class labels, given an unconstrained audio sample. Taking either the splitand-classify (i.e., frame-level) strategy or the more principled event-level modeling approach, all existing methods consider the SED problem from the discriminative learning perspective. In this work, we reformulate the SED problem by taking a generative learning perspective. Specifically, we aim to generate sound temporal boundaries from noisy proposals in a denoising diffusion process, conditioned on a target audio sample. During training, our model learns to reverse the noising process by converting noisy latent queries to the groundtruth versions in the elegant Transformer decoder framework. Doing so enables the model generate accurate event boundaries from even noisy queries during inference. Extensive experiments on the Urban-SED and EPIC-Sounds datasets demonstrate that our model significantly outperforms existing alternatives, with 40+% faster convergence in training.

Swapnil Bhosale, Abhra Chaudhuri, Alex Williams, Divyank Tiwari, Anjan Dutta, Xiatian Zhu, Pushpak Bhattacharyya, Diptesh Kanojia (2023)Sarcasm in Sight and Sound: Benchmarking and Expansion to Improve Multimodal Sarcasm Detection, In: arXiv.org Cornell University Library, arXiv.org

The introduction of the MUStARD dataset, and its emotion recognition extension MUStARD++, have identified sarcasm to be a multi-modal phenomenon -- expressed not only in natural language text, but also through manners of speech (like tonality and intonation) and visual cues (facial expression). With this work, we aim to perform a rigorous benchmarking of the MUStARD++ dataset by considering state-of-the-art language, speech, and visual encoders, for fully utilizing the totality of the multi-modal richness that it has to offer, achieving a 2\% improvement in macro-F1 over the existing benchmark. Additionally, to cure the imbalance in the `sarcasm type' category in MUStARD++, we propose an extension, which we call \emph{MUStARD++ Balanced}, benchmarking the same with instances from the extension split across both train and test sets, achieving a further 2.4\% macro-F1 boost. The new clips were taken from a novel source -- the TV show, House MD, which adds to the diversity of the dataset, and were manually annotated by multiple annotators with substantial inter-annotator agreement in terms of Cohen's kappa and Krippendorf's alpha. Our code, extended data, and SOTA benchmark models are made public.

Swapnil Bhosale, Haosen Yang, Diptesh Kanojia, Xiatian Zhu (2023)Leveraging Foundation models for Unsupervised Audio-Visual Segmentation, In: arXiv.org Cornell University Library, arXiv.org

Audio-Visual Segmentation (AVS) aims to precisely outline audible objects in a visual scene at the pixel level. Existing AVS methods require fine-grained annotations of audio-mask pairs in supervised learning fashion. This limits their scalability since it is time consuming and tedious to acquire such cross-modality pixel level labels. To overcome this obstacle, in this work we introduce unsupervised audio-visual segmentation with no need for task-specific data annotations and model training. For tackling this newly proposed problem, we formulate a novel Cross-Modality Semantic Filtering (CMSF) approach to accurately associate the underlying audio-mask pairs by leveraging the off-the-shelf multi-modal foundation models (e.g., detection [1], open-world segmentation [2] and multi-modal alignment [3]). Guiding the proposal generation by either audio or visual cues, we design two training-free variants: AT-GDINO-SAM and OWOD-BIND. Extensive experiments on the AVS-Bench dataset show that our unsupervised approach can perform well in comparison to prior art supervised counterparts across complex scenarios with multiple auditory objects. Particularly, in situations where existing supervised AVS methods struggle with overlapping foreground objects, our models still excel in accurately segmenting overlapped auditory objects. Our code will be publicly released.