Harriet Tenenbaum

Dr Harriet Tenenbaum

Reader in Developmental Psychology
PhD, University of California, Santa Cruz
+44 (0)1483 689442
35 AD 02


Research interests

I am interested in what children can learn from everyday interactions from others, such as parents, peers, and teachers.  These  interactions support children's understanding of diverse topics. My research focuses specifically on how children learn about social issues (e.g., discrimination and rights), emotion, and scientific topics.


Social and Personality Development and Developmental 2

Departmental duties

Director of Research

Athena SWAN Committee Member

Journal Editorship

I am a  co-editor of the British Journal of Developmental Psychology.

Current Grant: https://www.cvs-project.eu/partners.php?fbclid=IwAR1bzuEb7DmxRr-gJ3UKxQy87GhrwI1CP_iBKrHEjwugByxQcxOtj9DqW4Y


Research interests

Research projects

My publications



Aznar, A., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (in press). Gender comparisons in mother-child emotion talk: A meta-analysis. Sex Roles.

Hirst, S., Hepper, E., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (in press). Attachment dimensions and forgiveness of others: A meta-analysis. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.

Gilles, J. K., Elisha, I., Ruck, M. R., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Willenberg, I. (in press). Does situation matter in conceptions of children's nurturance and self-determination rights? An examination of South African children's and mothers' perspectives. International Journal of Children’s Rights.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Leman, P. J., Aznar, A., Duthie, R., & Killen, M. (2018). Young people’s reasoning about exclusion in novel groups. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 175, 1-16.

Alsamih, M., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2018). Saudi Arabian children's reasoning about religion-based exclusion. British Journal of Developmental Psychology.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Capelos, T., Lorimer, J., & Stocks, T. (2018). Positive thinking elevates tolerance: Experimental effects of happiness on adolescents’ attitudes towards asylum seekers. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Robnett. R. D., Wertheimer, M., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2018). Does a woman’s marital surname choice influence perceptions of her husband? An analysis focusing on gender-typed traits and relationship power dynamics. Sex Roles.

Fidalgo, A. M., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Aznar, A. (2018). Are there gender differences in emotion comprehension? Analysis of the Test of Emotion Comprehension. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27, 1065-1074.

Strohmeier, D., Barrett, M. D., Bora, C., Caravita, S., Donghi, E., Dragoti E., Fife-Schaw, C. R., Gómez-López, M., Kapéter, E., Mazzone, A., Rama R., Roşeanu G., Ortega-Ruiz, R., Steiner H., Trip, S., Tenenbaum, H. R., Urhane, D., &Viejo, C. (2017). Young people’s engagement with the European Union: The importance of visions and worries for the future of Europe. Journal of Psychology / Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 225, 313-325

Tenenbaum, H. R., Leman, P. J., & Aznar, A. (2017). Children’s reasoning about peer and school segregation in a diverse society Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 358-365.

To, C., Tenenbaum, H. R., and Hogh, H. (2017). Secondary school students’ reasoning about evolution. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 54, 247-273.

Lindell, A. K., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Aznar, A. (2017). Left cheek bias for emotion perception, but not expression, is established in children aged 3 – 7 years. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 22, 17-30.

To, C., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Wormald, D. (2016). What do parents and children talk about at a natural history museum? Curator, 59, 369-385.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Hohenstein, J. M. (2016). Parent-child talk about the origins of living things. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 150: 314-329.

Aznar, A., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2016). Parent-child positive touch: Gender, age, and task differences. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 40, 317-333.

Tenenbaum, H. R., To, C., Wormald, D., Pegram, E. (2015). Changes and stability in reasoning after a field trip to a natural history museum. Science Education, 99, 1073-1091.

Aznar, A., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2015). Gender differences in parent-child emotion talk. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33,148-155.

Willenberg, I. A., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Ruck, M. D. (2014). “It’s not like in apartheid”: South African children’s knowledge of their rights. International Journal of Children’s Rights, 22, 446–466.

Van Herwegen, J., Aznar, A., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2014). The use of emotions in narratives in Williams Syndrome. Journal of Communication Disorders, 50, 1-7.

Ruck, M. D., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2014). Does moral and social conventional reasoning predict British young people’s judgments about the rights of asylum-seeker youth? Journal of Social Issues, 70, 47-62, DOI: 10.1111/josi.12046.

Aznar, A., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2013). Spanish parents’ emotion talk and their children’s understanding of emotion. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00670.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Ruck, M. D. (2012). British adolescents' and young adults' understanding and reasoning about the religious and non-religious rights of asylum-seeker youth. Child Development, 83, 1102-1115.

Møller, S. J., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2011). Danish majority children’s reasoning about exclusion based on gender and ethnicity. Child Development, 82, 520-532.

Alfieri, L., Brooks, P. J., Aldrich, N. J., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2011). Does discovery-based instruction enhance learning?, Journal of Educational Psychology, 103, 1-18.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Ford, S., & Alkhedairy, B. (2011). Telling stories: Gender differences in peers’ emotion talk and communication style, British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 29, 707-721.

Ruck, M. D., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Willenberg, I. (2011). South African mixed-race children’s and mothers’ judgments and reasoning about children’s nurturance and self-determination rights. Social Development, 20, 517-535.

Leman, P. J., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2011). Practising gender: Children’s relationships and the development of gendered behaviour and beliefs.  British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 29, 153-157.

Aldrich, N. J., Tenenbaum, H. R., Brooks, P. J., Harrison, K., & Sines, J. (2011). Perspective-taking in children's narratives about jealousy, British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 29, 86-109.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Prior, J., Dowling, C., & Frost, R. E. (2010). Supporting parent-child conversations in a history museum. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 80, 241-254.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Hill, D. B., Joseph, N., & Roche, E.  (2010). "It's a boy because he's painting a picture": Age differences in children's conventional and unconventional gender schemas. British Journal of Psychology,101, 137-154.

Tenenbaum, H. R. (2009). “You’d Be Good at that”: Gender patterns in parent-child talk about courses. Social Development, 18, 447-463.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Callanan, M. A. (2008). Parents’ science talk to their children in Mexican-descent families residing in the United States. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 32, 1-12.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Alfieri, L., Brooks, P. J., & Dunne, G. (2008). The role of explanatory conversations in children’s emotion understanding. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 26, 249-263.

Frisina, P.G., Borod, J. C., Foldi, N.S., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2008). Depression in Parkinson’s disease: Health risks, etiology, and treatment options. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 4.

Frisina, P. G., Tenenbaum, H. R., Borod, J. C., & Foldi, N. (2008). A meta-analytic study of the effects of TCAs, SSRIs, and MAOs on the health outcomes of Parkinson’s disease patients. The International Journal of Neuroscience, 5, 667-682.

Rappolt-Schlichtmann, G., Tenenbaum, H. R., Koepke, M., & Fischer, K. W. (2007). Transient and robust knowledge: Contextual support and the dynamics of children’s reasoning about density.  Mind, Brain, and Education, 1, 98-108.

Ruck, M. D., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Sines, J. (2007). Brief report: British adolescents’ views about the rights of asylum-seeking children. Journal of Adolescence, 30, 687-693.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Ruck, M. D. (2007). Do teachers hold different expectations for ethnic minority than for European-American children?: A meta-analysis. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99, 253-273.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Porche, M. V., Snow, C. E., Ross, S., & Tabors, P. (2007). Maternal and child predictors of low-income children’s educational attainment, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 28, 227-238.

Aldrich, N. J., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2006). Anger, sadness, and frustration: Gendered patterns in early adolescents’ and their parents’ emotion talk. Sex Roles, 55, (11-12), 775-785.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Snow, C. E., Roach, K., & Kurland, B. (2005). Talking and reading science: Longitudinal data on sex differences in mother-child conversations in low-income families. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 26, 1-19.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Visscher, P., Pons, F., & Harris, P. L. (2004). Emotional understanding in Quechua children from an agro-pastoralist village. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28, 471-478.

Tenenbaum, H. R.,  Rappolt-Schlichtmann, G., & Zanger, V. V. (2004). Children’s learning about water in a museum and a classroom. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 19, 40-58.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Leaper, C. (2003). Parent-child conversations about science: Socialization of

gender inequities. Developmental Psychology, 39, 34-47.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Leaper, C. (2002). Are Parents' Gender Schemas Related to their Children's Gender-Related Cognitions?:  A Meta Analysis. Developmental Psychology, 38, 615-630.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Callanan, M., Alba-Speyer, C., & Sandoval, L. (2002). The Role of Educational Background, Activity, and Past Experiences in Mexican-descent Families' Science Conversations. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 24, 225-248.

Crowley, K., Callanan, M.A., Tenenbaum, H.R., & Allen, E. (2001). Parents explain more often to boys than to girls during shared scientific thinking. Psychological Science, 12, 258-261.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Crosby, F. J., & Gliner, M. D. (2001). Mentoring relationships in graduate school. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 59, 326-341.

Leaper, C., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Shaffer, T. G.  (1999).  Communication patterns of African-American girls and boys from low-income, urban backgrounds. Child Development, 70, 1489-1503.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Leaper, C. (1998). Mothers' and fathers' responses to their Mexican-descent child: A sequential analysis.  First Language, 18, 129-147.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Leaper, C. (1997). Mothers' and fathers' questions to their child in Mexican-descent families: Moderators of cognitive demand during play. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 19, 318-332.



Leman, P. J., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (Eds.) (2014). Gender and Relationships. Routledge: Psych Press.



Tenenbaum, H. R & Aznar, A. (2017). Diferencias de género en la expresión emocional en la infancia. [Gender differences in emotion expression in early childhood]. In Marta Giménez-Dasí and L. Quintanilla. Desarrollo Emocional en la Infancia Temprana: Debates Actuales y Retos Futuros. [Emotional Development in Early Childhood: Current Debates and Future Challenges]. Pirámide.

Aznar, A., Tenenbaum, H. R., & Ruck, M. D. (2017). Bullying of religious minorities and asylum seekers.  In H. Cowie and C. Meyers (Eds). School Bullying and Mental Health: Risks, Intervention and Prevention. Routledge.

Ruck, M. D., Peterson-Badali, M., Elisha, E. M., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2017). Children’s voices about children’s rights: Thoughts from developmental psychology. In M. D. Ruck (Ed). The Handbook of Children’s Rights. Routledge.

Leman, P. J. & Tenenbaum, H. (2017). Communication in children’s and adolescents’ social groups, in A. Rutland, D. Nesdale, & C. S. Brown (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Group Processes in Children and Adolescents. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Leaper, C., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2016). Gender socialization in childhood. In K. Nadal. The Sage Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Leman, P. J., Aznar, A., & To, C. (2016). Studying children’s conversation. In J. Van Herwegen and J. Prior (Eds.), Developmental Methods. Oxford: Psychology Press.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & May, D. (2014). Gender in parent-child relationships. In P. J. Leman & H. R. Tenenbaum (Eds), Gender Development. Oxford: Psychology Press.

Leman, P. J. & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2014). Introduction. In P. J. Leman & H. R. Tenenbaum (Eds). Gender Development. Oxford, UK: Psychology Press.

Tenenbaum, H. R., Aznar, A., & Leman, P.J. (2014). Gender differences in language development. In P. J. Brooks & V. Kempe (Eds.),  Encyclopaedia of Language Development. Sage.

Tenenbaum, H. R. (2013). Editorial. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 83, 1-2.

Joshi, L. H. with Rosen, G., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2011). Raising Children: The Primary Years. Prentice Hall Life.

Roberts, R., Bećirević, M., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2007). Children and war: Making sense of Iraq. (pp. 170-180). In R. Roberts (Ed.), Just War: Psychology, Terrorism, and Iraq. PCCS Books: Ross-on-Wye.

Tenenbaum, H. R., & Aldrich, N. (2005). Gender Differences. In N. A. Salkind (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Human Development. Volume 2, 557-563.

Callanan, M. A., Alba-Speyer, C., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2000). Linking home and school through children’s questions that followed family science workshops (Research Brief No. 8). Santa Cruz, CA and Washington, DC: Center for Research on Education, Diversity, and Excellence.



Cowie, H., Jones, F., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (in press). Emily is Being Bullied, What can she do? London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.



Tenenbaum, H. R., & Hill. D. B. (2006). [Review of Brain Gender]. M. Hines. Oxford, UK: Oxford Press. Feminism and Psychology, 16, 495-501.

 Thompson, R. B. & Tenenbaum, H. (2002). [Review of Culturally Speaking: Managing Rapport Through Talk Across Cultures] H. Spencer-Oatey (Ed.). London, England and New York, NY:  Continuum Press (2000).  Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 21, 183-187.