Yu Xiong

Professor Yu Xiong

Associate Vice-President (External Engagement); Chair Professor of Business Analytics; Director, Surrey Academy for Blockchain and Metaverse Applications


University roles and responsibilities

  • Associate Vice President (External Engagement)
  • Associate Dean International(University wide role, 2020-2022)
  • Member of University External Engagement Leadership Group(EELG)
  • Director, Centre for Innovation and Commercialization(within the University Researh and Innovation Division)
  • Member of the University International League Table Advisory Group (ILTAG)
  • Director, Surrey Academy for Blockchain and Metaverse Applications
  • Director, Surrey Centre for Innovation and Commercialization



Postgraduate research supervision

Postgraduate research supervision



Jiang, S.,Li, Y.,  Lu, Q., Hong, Y., Guan, D., Xiong, Y., Wang, S., 2021,  Policy Assessments for the Carbon Emission Flows and Sustainability of Bitcoin Blockchain Operation in China, Nature Communication 12, 1938 (2021),  (Impact Factor: 12.121,  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22256-3 ).

L Yimeng, Y Xiong, F Mariuzzo, XIA Senmao, 2021, The underexplored impacts of online consumer reviews: Pricing and new product design strategies in the O2O supply chain, International Journal of Production Economicshttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2021.108148

Chaudhuri, A., Fernandes, K., Priya, P., Xiong, Y., 2021, Optimal pricing strategies for Manufacturing-as-a Service platforms to ensure business sustainability, International Journal of Production Economics (ABS 3* https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2021.108065)

Xiong, Y., Xia, S., Wang X., 2021, Artificial intelligence and business applications, an introduction, International Journal of Technology Managementhttps://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.2020.112615

Jin, M., Zhang, X., Xiong, Y., Zhou, Y., 2021, Implications of Green Optimism upon Sustainable Supply Chain Management,  European Journal of Operational Research(ABS 4*, Forth Coming)

Highlights of 2020 publications:

Zhang, F., Chen, H., Xiong, Y., Wei, Y.,  Liu, M., 2020 Managing collecting or remarketing channels: Different choice for cannibalisation in remanufacturing outsourcing, International Journal of Production Research( ABS 3*, doi: 10.1080/00207543.2020.1797205)

Nie, J., Shi, C., Xiong, Y., Xia, S., Liang, J., 2020, Downside of a carbon tax for environment: Impact of information sharing, Advances in Climate Change Research, doi: 10.1016/j.accre.2020.06.006

Huang, H.,  Xiong, Y., Zhou, Y.,2020,  A larger pie or a larger slice? Contract negotiation in a closed-loop supply chain with remanufacturing, Computers & Industrial Engineering (DOI: j.cie.2020.106377)

Jin, M., Xiong, Y., Zhou, Y., 2020,  Less is More: Consumer Education in a Closed-Loop Supply Chain with Remanufacturing, OMEGA: International Journal of Management Science (ABS 3*, doi: 10.1016/j.omega.2020.102259)

Yang, Y., Jia, F., Chen, L., Wang, Y., Xiong, Y., 2020, Adoption timing of OHSAS 18001 and firm performance: An institutional theory perspective, International Journal of Production Economics(ABS 3*).

Xia, S., Xiong, Y., Zhang, M., Cornford, J., Liu, Y., Lim, K., 2020, Reducing the Resource Acquisition Costs for Returnee Entrepreneurs: Role of Chinese National Science Parks, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, DOI: 10.1108/IJEBR-04-2019-0202

Jin, M., Xiong, Y., Zhou, Y., 2020, The entry of third-party remanufacturers and its impact on original equipment manufacturers in a two-period game-theoretic model, Journal of Cleaner Production(ABS 2*)

Jia F., Caniato, F,. Chen,  L., Moretto,A., Milano, P., Xiong, Y., 2020, The role of digital transformation to empower Supply Chain Finance: Current Research Status and Future Research Directions, International Journal of Operations & Production Management(ABS 4* Guest Editor)

Yan, J., Xiong, Y., 2020, Unpacking the impact of innovation ambidexterity on export performance: Microfoundations and infrastructure investment, International Business Review(ABS 3* https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2020.101766

Zhang, P., Xiong, Y., Zhou, Y., 2020, The Dark Sides of Environmental Requirement in A Supply Chain with Information Asymmetry,  Computers & Industrial Engineering, DOI: 10.1016/j.cie.2020.107087


Shangrong Jiang, Yuze Li, Quanying Lu, Yongmiao Hong, Dabo Guan, Yu Xiong, Shouyang Wang (2021)Policy assessments for the carbon emission flows and sustainability of Bitcoin blockchain operation in China, In: Nature communications12(1)1938pp. 1938-1938 Nature Publishing Group UK

The growing energy consumption and associated carbon emission of Bitcoin mining could potentially undermine global sustainable efforts. By investigating carbon emission flows of Bitcoin blockchain operation in China with a simulation-based Bitcoin blockchain carbon emission model, we find that without any policy interventions, the annual energy consumption of the Bitcoin blockchain in China is expected to peak in 2024 at 296.59 Twh and generate 130.50 million metric tons of carbon emission correspondingly. Internationally, this emission output would exceed the total annualized greenhouse gas emission output of the Czech Republic and Qatar. Domestically, it ranks in the top 10 among 182 cities and 42 industrial sectors in China. In this work, we show that moving away from the current punitive carbon tax policy to a site regulation policy which induces changes in the energy consumption structure of the mining activities is more effective in limiting carbon emission of Bitcoin blockchain operation. The growing energy consumption and carbon emissions of Bitcoin mining could potentially undermine global sustainability efforts. Here, the authors show the annual energy consumption of the Bitcoin blockchain in China is expected to peak in 2024 at 296.59 Twh and generate 130.50 million metric tons of carbon emissions.

Yang Yang, Fu Jia, Lujie Chen, Yichuan Wang, Yu Xiong (2020)Adoption timing of OHSAS 18001 and firm performance: An institutional theory perspective, In: International Journal of Production Economics231107870 Elsevier

Previous studies have shed light on the effects of the adoption of OHSAS (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series) 18,001 certification on performance. One important factor that has been neglected so far is the adoption timing. The question of whether early OHSAS 18001 adopters achieve better financial performance and operational performance than do late adopters (or vice versa) remains unanswered. We develop hypotheses and then analyze the secondary longitudinal data of listed Chinese manufacturing firms by employing a rigorous event study approach and performing regressions. The results indicate that early adopters enjoy significantly greater performance gains than do late adopters and this can be explained by institutional theory. We find that early adopters of OHSAS 18001 certification motivated by normative pressure realize additional financial performance from the second year to the fourth year after adoption, and the early adopter advantages of improved labor productivity can at least last in the medium term, but late adopters motivated by coercive and mimetic pressure only benefit in the preparation year. Moreover, early adoption is more favorable to firms with high labor intensity and low internationalization level. Thus, this study extends research in understanding the effects of OHSAS 18001 on firm performance and suggest new insights to the implementation of occupational health and safety practices.

Minyue Jin, Xueqing Zhang, Yu Xiong, Yu Zhou (2021)Implications of green optimism upon sustainable supply chain management, In: European journal of operational research295(1)pp. 131-139 Elsevier B.V

•Green optimism is optimistic bias about consumer environmental awareness.•We investigate the impacts of green optimism on sustainable supply chain management.•We find green optimism might discourage investment in green product development.•The retailer can benefit from green optimism, but the manufacturer cannot.•Green optimism might be detrimental to firms, consumers, and the environment. In recent years, managers have increasingly integrated sustainability into their business models. However, they might overestimate the premium that average consumers are willing to pay for the environment. In this paper, we formulate a game-theoretical model that illustrates the impacts of green optimism which refers to managers’ optimistic bias about consumer environmental awareness. We consider a sustainable supply chain in which one manufacturer invests in green product development and sells the green product through one retailer. Each firm within the supply chain is operated by one manager who is either realistic or optimistic. Contrary to conventional wisdom, we find that managers’ optimistic bias might discourage investment in green product development. We also find that green optimism is always detrimental to the upstream manufacturer, but might be beneficial to the downstream retailer. Surprisingly, under certain conditions, green optimism can be detrimental to all stakeholders, i.e., firms in the supply chain, consumers, and the environment. This study suggests an interesting link between supply chain management and human resource management; that is, within a sustainable supply chain those managers who are optimistic about the future of green business might be an obstacle to the success of green business.

Yu Zhou, Yu Xiong, Minyue Jin (2020)Less is more: Consumer education in a closed-loop supply chain with remanufacturing, In: Omega Elsevier

Different stakeholders are educating consumers about the benefits of remanufacturing. By increasing the number of consumers who are willing to purchase remanufactured products, consumer education has been expected to facilitate the advancement of the remanufacturing sector. We formally validate the condition under which consumer education is indeed beneficial from a social planner's perspective. We develop a game-theoretical model to examine the implications of consumer education upon a closed-loop supply chain consisting of one manufacturer and one supplier. The manufacturer can perform remanufacturing at the component level. The direct effect of consumer education is that more consumers are willing to pay for the remanufactured product. Although the optimal remanufactured product quantity, in general, increases in the presence of consumer education, surprisingly, our analysis identifies a consumer education paradox, that is, as more consumers are willing to pay for the remanufactured product, the manufacturer switches the choice from remanufacturing to no remanufacturing. Moreover, consumer education could be detrimental to the supply chain, consumers, and the environment because of the paradox. Fortunately, temperate consumer education might be all-around desirable if and only if ex-ante few consumers are willing to purchase remanufactured products; that is, from the social planner's perspective, temperate consumer education should be conducted to foster the remanufacturing sector in its infancy.

Minyue Jin, Baoyong Li, Yu Xiong, Ratula Chakraborty, Yu Zhou (2023)Implications of coproduction technology on waste management: Who can benefit from the coproduct made of leftover materials?, In: European journal of operational research307(3)1248pp. 1248-1259 Elsevier B.V

•Coproducts made of leftover materials are strongly attractive to green consumers.•Coproduction technology can be adopted by one OEM or one CM.•The raw material cost has non-monotone impacts on the optimal coproduction strategy.•The fraction of the green customer segment has non-monotone impacts on the CM’s profit.•The adoption of coproduction technology may make the environment worse off. In recent years, coproduction technology has been developed and adopted by many third-party coproduct manufacturers (CMs). Coproducts made of leftover materials from traditional manufacturing are strongly attractive to green consumers who are willing to pay a price premium for environmental protection. However, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) might hesitate to adopt coproduction technology because the coproduct cannibalizes the sales of their traditional products. In this paper, we develop a game-theoretical model to investigate the economic and environmental implications of coproduction that can be leveraged by one OEM or one CM. We find that, from the OEM’s perspective, the dominant strategy can be OEM coproduction, CM coproduction, or No coproduction, which is contingent on the demand from green consumers and the supply of raw materials. We also find that the size of green consumers and the unit cost of raw materials have non-monotone impacts on the CM’s profit. Interestingly, an enlarging size of green consumers might hurt the CM, while an increasing cost of raw materials might benefit the CM. Although coproduction recovers the value of leftover materials, the adoption of coproduction technology increases the total material consumption and the total material waste when the unit cost of raw materials is sufficiently high, making the environment worse off.

Kiran Jude Fernandes, Simon Milewski, Atanu Chaudhuri, Yu Xiong (2022)Contextualising the role of external partnerships to innovate the core and enabling processes of an organisation: A resource and knowledge-based view, In: Journal of business research144pp. 146-162 Elsevier Inc

The knowledge-based view (KBV) theory argues that organisations gain a competitive advantage by adopting strategies to capitalise on their knowledge resources, e.g., organisational culture, managerial decision-making and innovative new processes. Large organisations partner with external technology suppliers to develop such technology-driven processes. However, within the context of large organisations, there remains a lack of insight into the motivation and structures of how and why large organisations collaborate with external partners to create such technology-driven processes. To explore the identified problem of understanding the collaborating mechanisms that contribute to technology-driven process innovation in large manufacturing organisations, we analyse and develop inductive concepts using multiple data points. Our research illustrates that external technology partners act as a mediating influence in process-innovation projects by contributing to the capabilities or capacity of an organisation.

Ying Xu, Liukai Wang, Yu Xiong, Maolin Wang, Xinru Xie (2023)Does digital transformation foster corporate social responsibility? Evidence from Chinese mining industry, In: Journal of environmental management344118646pp. 118646-118646 Elsevier Ltd

Mining activities induce some social problems, such as polluted environments, the destruction of aquatic live, which have long been debated by scholars and practitioners. To mitigate this problem, underpinning dynamic capability view, our study explores whether the digital transformation (DT) affects corporate social responsibility (CSR) by using 1308 Chinese mining A-shared listed firms from 2010 to 2021, and how the potential relationship is moderated by environmental uncertainty (EU) and supply chain concentration (SCC). Applying fixed effects regressions, we find that DT fosters CSR in the mining industry, but CSR performance is weakened when DT processed at higher EU and SCC respectively. Our findings enrich the literature on CSR of mining industry and highlight that DT is an important driver that shapes CSR practice. •A multidimensional measure of mining firmsdigitalizationis established by using text mining methods .•Digitalization positively impacts corporate social resposibility (CSR) in Chinese mining industry.•High environmental uncertainty weakens the CSR implications of digitalization in Chinese mining industry.•High supply chain concentration weakens the CSR implications of digitalization in Chinese mining industry.

Feng Zhang, Hong Chen, Yu Xiong, Wei Yan, Meilian Liu (2020)Managing collecting or remarketing channels: different choice for cannibalisation in remanufacturing outsourcing, In: International Journal of Production Researchpp. 1-16 Taylor and Francis

Cannibalisation is still a concern for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) when they outsource remanufacturing operations to the authorised remanufacturers (ARs). In dealing with the cannibalisation in remanufacturing outsourcing, many OEMs (such as Sun, Apple, Hewlett Packard, Bosch Tools, and Gateway) use core collecting or remanufactured product remarketing. Motivated by examples from industry, we develop two models in which an OEM produces new products but outsources remanufacturing operations to a AR. The two potential strategies for dealing with the cannibalisation from remanufacturing outsourcing are: (1) collecting used cores from consumers, or (2) remarketing all remanufactured products to consumers. Among other results, we find that minimising cannibalisation problems does not equate with maximising profits. In particular, if the collection cost coefficient is not pronounced, the aggressive response by the OEM can effectively minimise the cannibalisation problems, but will reduce the profitability for the OEM on the other hand. Further, as the collection cost coefficient is moderate, remarketing remanufactured products can secure Pareto improvements. As such, we suggest that, practising managers should combine the cannibalisation problems of remanufacturing with the costs of collecting used cores.

Pan Zhang, Da Zhao, Zhi Qiao, Yu Xiong, Jiamin Liang (2023)Information sharing for competing manufacturers: The strategic analysis of environmental innovation, In: Journal of cleaner production404136884 Elsevier Ltd

This paper aims to study the strategic effects of manufacturers' environmental innovation on supply chain information sharing. We develop a game-theoretic model including two manufacturers and one retailer who possesses superior demand information, and mainly investigate two cases that one or both of the manufacturers conduct environmental innovation (i.e., cases O or T). Our analysis shows that after the manufacturers conduct environmental innovation, the retailer may fully or partially share demand information for free. Moreover, the retailer is more willing to share information voluntarily in case T, comparing to case O. If manufacturers' competition is more intense, the retailer is more (less) likely to share information fully in case O (case T). Under certain conditions, the retailer can be incentivized to share information through designing a side payment from manufacturers. In addition, the side payment from one of the manufacturers can benefit the rival and supply chain in most cases, but there are exceptions. After providing incentives, non-information sharing is less likely to occur in case T, comparing to case O. Besides, the retailer's preferred modes of information sharing cannot benefit both manufacturers simultaneously in case O, but it can in case T. Our main conclusions are still valid when considering carbon tax which can facilitate information sharing.

Yu Zhou, Shuangqi Yan, Gendao Li, Yu Xiong, Zhibin Lin (2023)The impact of consumer skepticism on blockchain-enabled sustainability disclosure in a supply chain, In: Transportation research. Part E, Logistics and transportation review179103323
Stelvia Matos, Eric Viardot, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Frank W. Geels, Yu Xiong (2022)Innovation and climate change: A review and introduction to the special issue, In: Technovation117102612 Elsevier

While innovation is expected to play a major role in decarbonization, the development and diffusion of low-carbon technologies are too slow in most sectors and countries to stabilize the climate. In this introductory paper to a Special Issue on "Innovation and climate change", we review selected innovation studies literature, reflect on historical trends and insights, and cast light on future research on innovation and climate change. To set the stage for this Special Issue we present an analysis of key research topics, most influential papers and innovation journals, highlighting contributions across four interrelated themes: fostering climate action, shaping policy, promoting experimentation and learning, and examining effectiveness. While past studies and this special issue made significant contributions, we suggest that research on innovation have not sufficiently engaged with three important topics: i) blending behavioural change with technological innovation; ii) the socio-technical drivers of accelerated low-carbon transitions, and iii) the role of digital technologies as new venues of solutions to managerial challenges in addressing climate change. The nexus of climate change and innovation calls for different disciplines and coevolutionary views, as opposed to a traditional disciplinary focused approach. It also may require the need for broader, more inclusive and interdisciplinary research teams.

Wei Li, Zhi Liu, Senmao Xia, Ji Yan, Yu Xiong, Georgia Sakka, Rebecca Yu Li (2022)How can emerging-market SMEs domestically benefit from their performance in developed countries? Empirical evidence from China, In: Journal of business research142200pp. 200-210 Elsevier

Many small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from emerging economies consider entry into developed markets as a way to promote home country performance. Nevertheless, the extant literature aiming at large companies are not applicable to SMEs, and it is unclear how SMEs with a weak resource basis can improve their domestic performance through overseas venturing. This study leverages a resource-based view on data from 377 Chinese SMEs with operations in developed nations. The findings reveal that emerging-market firms' overseas performance (both financial and non-financial) is positively related to their home country performance, with the technological learning and demonstration effect playing mediating roles. The relationship between host country performance and technological learning is positively moderated by firms' resource integration capability. This study is among the first to identify the mechanism through which emerging-market SMEs' operations in developed countries affects their home country performance. The findings are helpful in guiding emergingmarket SMEs' internationalization.

Item representation holds significant importance in recommendation systems, which encompasses domains such as news, retail, and videos. Retrieval and ranking models utilise item representation to capture the user-item relationship based on user behaviours. While existing representation learning methods primarily focus on optimising item-based mechanisms, such as attention and sequential modelling. However, these methods lack a modelling mechanism to directly reflect user interests within the learned item representations. Consequently, these methods may be less effective in capturing user interests indirectly. To address this challenge, we propose a novel Interest-aware Capsule network (IaCN) recommendation model, a model-agnostic framework that directly learns interest-oriented item representations. IaCN serves as an auxiliary task, enabling the joint learning of both item-based and interest-based representations. This framework adopts existing recommendation models without requiring substantial redesign. We evaluate the proposed approach on benchmark datasets, exploring various scenarios involving different deep neural networks, behaviour sequence lengths, and joint learning ratios of interest-oriented item representations. Experimental results demonstrate significant performance enhancements across diverse recommendation models, validating the effectiveness of our approach.

Qin Li, Yu Wang, Yu Xiong, Shu Zhang, Yu Zhou (2023)Machine learning-based optimisation in a two-echelon logistics network for the dry port operation in China, In: International journal of systems science. Operations & logistics10(1)2252321 Taylor & Francis

Efforts of creating economic recovery after the COVID-19 pandemic stipulate international logistics demands in the countries and regions affected by China's Belt and Road initiative. Considering the increasing number of small and middle-sized enterprises, there is a great challenge to make transportation plans for the hub port, dry ports, and related enterprises. We investigate a two-echelon vehicle routing problem with simultaneous pickups and deliveries. On one hand, freights are transported from a central depot to multiple satellites, then distributed from the satellites to customers. On the other hand, freights collected from the customers will be loaded at the satellites, then transported back to the depot. We model the problem as mixed integer programming and propose a machine learning-based hybrid algorithm to solve the problem. Our hybrid algorithm comprises a K-Nearest Neighbour algorithm and an Adaptive Large Neighbourhood Search heuristic. We apply our modelling and solution approach to a real case based on the online digital platform 'Inland Port Cloud Wharf' in China, which matches international demands of commodities with domestic supplies. Our computational experiments based on a practical case study show the efficiency of our KNN_ALNS algorithm in optimising networks with multimodal coordination and addressing real-world logistics complexities.

Yimeng Li, Yu Xiong, Yu Zhou (2023)Dynamic pricing strategies: Uniform or discrimination for multi-channel retailing under platform-based supply chain competition, In: Journal of business research166114087 Elsevier Inc

Most retailers have implemented multi-channel retailing strategies with the development of the platform economy. The existing literature ignores the effects of the complex competition between the strong-brand and weak-brand platform-based supply chains applying multi-channel retailing and consumers’ cross-brand-channel behavior on dynamic pricing (uniform vs. discrimination pricing). This study discusses the pricing dilemma in a more complex competition and fills the gap by modeling a 2*2 dynamic pricing Nash game between two multi-channel retailing supply chains. Our results show that when the competitor chooses uniform or discrimination pricing, the retailers should apply the same pricing strategy as the competitor. In addition, we find that uniform pricing vs. uniform pricing and discrimination pricing vs. discrimination pricing are Nash equilibrium results. Our analysis suggests that the scenario uniform vs. uniform pricing brings the highest profits to both supply chains and the strong-brand retailer but not to the weak-brand retailer.

Liukai Wang, Min Li, Weiqing Wang, Yu Gong, Yu Xiong (2023)Green innovation output in the supply chain network with environmental information disclosure: An empirical analysis of Chinese listed firms, In: International journal of production economics256108745 Elsevier B.V

Supply chain networks affect the ability of firms to obtain resources, and to meet the requirements of sustainable development, firms further seek green innovation from supply chain networks. Based on this context, we construct a supply chain network system, explore the influence of supply chain network power and network cohesion on corporate green innovation output, and discuss the potential moderating effect of corporate environmental information disclosure. We use an empirical sample comprising 1048 A-share listed firms in China from 2012 to 2019 to construct a supply chain network for focal firms. We also develop the focal firms' environmental information disclosure index via the environmental information revealed in the firms' annual and corporate social responsibility reports. Negative binomial model regression is adopted to analyse how supply chain network structures affect green innovation output. Our results show that both the network power and cohesion of the supply chain network positively influence corporate green innovation output, but the interaction of network power and cohesion negatively affects corporate green innovation, which suggests that excessive green knowledge and information can overload focal firms and reduce the efficiency of knowledge and information search. Furthermore, the empirical results indicate that environmental information disclosure positively moderates the relationship between network power and green innovation output as well as that between network cohesion and green innovation output. By analysing the factors influencing corporate green innovation output from a network perspective, we provide new guidance for sustainable corporate development.

Ji Yan, Zihao Yu, Kiran Fernandes, Yu Xiong (2023)Dual networks: how does knowledge network embeddedness affect firms' supply chain learning?, In: International journal of operations & production management43(8)pp. 1277-1303 Emerald Group Publishing

PurposeTo explore the mechanism that shapes firms' supply chain learning (SCL) practices, this study examines the relationship between firms' knowledge network embeddedness and their SCL practice in a supply chain network, as well as the moderating role of supply chain network cohesion in this relationship.Design/methodology/approachUsing patent application data and supply chain partner information from 869 listed firms between 2011 and 2020 in China, this study uses fixed-effect regression models to reduce endogeneity problems by controlling for individual heterogeneity effects that cannot be observed over time.FindingsFirms' knowledge network embeddedness has an inverted U-shaped effect on their SCL, and this non-linear relationship is conditional on supply chain network cohesion, which strengthens (weakens) the positive (negative) effect of knowledge network embeddedness on SCL.Practical implicationsThe findings show that managers can reconcile the downsides of knowledge network embeddedness on SCL by fostering greater supply chain network cohesion.Originality/valueDrawing from the network pluralism perspective, this study contributes to supply chain literature by extending the research context of the antecedents of SCL from a single-network setting to a dual-network setting. It extends the network pluralism perspective by showing that not only positive effects but also negative effects of network embeddedness can transfer from one network to another.

Junbin Wang, Xiaowei Dong, Yu Xiong, Umair Tanveer, Changping Zhao (2023)What configurations of structures facilitate supply chain learning? A supply chain network and complexity perspective, In: International journal of operations & production management43(8)pp. 1304-1328 Emerald Group Publishing

Purpose - This study explores how factors arising from supply chain (SC) network and complexity work together in supply chain learning (SCL) behavior.Design/methodology/approach - Fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis, which is an emerging configurational analysis method, was adopted to examine the complex combination of five influencing factors. The data were collected using a two-stage survey. First, the authors selected seven typical firms with an awareness of SCL. Second, questionnaires were sent to the partners of the seven selected firms, and 156 valid questionnaires were obtained from 76 firms.Findings - Drawing on emergent insights from the initiative, the authors find that multiple configurations of SC network and complexity lead to high SCL. Specifically, weak ties are necessary conditions of such learning, while strong ties are also conducive to this. Moreover, a moderate SC complexity is conducive to SCL.Practical implications - This study enriches the understanding of SCL and provides new insights for SC management practitioners to take measures to improve it.Originality/value - This study addresses the lack of in-depth understanding of the antecedent conditions of SCL in the literature. It establishes an integrated and comprehensive theoretical framework of such learning based on contingency theory. Additionally, this study incorporates ambidextrous SCL (i.e. creation capability and dispersion capacity). An overall prototype of SCL capability is proposed on SC network and complexity theory.

Caiting Wang, Liukai Wang, Weiqing Wang, Yu Xiong, Cheng Du (2023)Does carbon emission trading policy promote the corporate technological innovation? Empirical evidence from China's high-carbon industries, In: Journal of cleaner production411137286 Elsevier Ltd

Global warming can be solved with carbon trading. When carbon emissions become a commodity, it can be a powerful motivator for companies to optimize production capacity and innovate technologically. The goal of this paper is to examine the way in which China's carbon emissions trading policy (CET) influences firm technological innovation in seven pilot regions, using a sample of firms in eight high-carbon industries. We employ difference-in-difference (DID) as well as DID-based propensity score matching (PSM-DID) models to investigate the influence of China's carbon emission policy on firms' technological innovation by using 4745 observations of 749 A-share listed firms in eight high-carbon industries in mainland China from 2007 to 2021. According to the findings, China's CET policy significantly boosts firms' technological innovation, and this beneficial effect persists even after a series of robustness tests that change the policy's implementation year and the technological innovation measure. Further analysis shows that this positive effect is heterogeneous across high-carbon industries and firms with different ownership. In addition, based on the external governance perspective, we find that CET policy performs better in firms in high-carbon industries with a sizable portion of ownership held by institutional investors. This study suggests the effectiveness of CET policy in promoting firms' technological innovation, confirms empirical evidence for Porter's hypothesis, and provides a basis for Chinese firms to achieve their emission reduction targets by improving technological innovation.

Yu Zhou, Xiang Gao, Suyuan Luo, Yu Xiong, Niangyue Ye (2022)Anti-Counterfeiting in a retail Platform: A Game-Theoretic approach, In: Transportation research. Part E, Logistics and transportation review165102839 Elsevier Ltd

•This is the first analytical paper which studies anti-counterfeiting in a retail platform under dual-channel competition.•This work is the first one focusing on the incentives for the platform and the manufacturer to invest in anti-counterfeiting technology under dual-channel competition.•We uncover that the payoff of anti-counterfeiting in the retail platform is not always positive and anti-counterfeiting may harm consumer surplus and social welfare. The retail platform has developed rapidly, but the problem of fake products has also become increasingly severe. This paper investigates the impact of anti-counterfeiting in a retail platform and the incentives for the platform and the manufacturer to invest in anti-counterfeiting technology by using a game-theoretic model. We consider that the product can be sold directly by the manufacturer, or indirectly through a reseller on the platform. The reseller might also sell fake products, but the platform and the manufacturer can use anti-counterfeiting technology to fight against the fakes. Our analysis shows that the payoff of anti-counterfeiting in the retail platform is not always positive. Specifically, when the production valuation is low, the anti-counterfeiting payoff for the platform (the manufacturer) is negative if the proportion of fakes is sufficiently low (high). We also find that anti-counterfeiting may harm consumer surplus and social welfare. In addition, if the investment cost of anti-counterfeiting is high, at most one firm, either the platform or the manufacturer, has the incentive to invest in anti-counterfeiting contingent on the relative valuation on the platform’s services. Finally, with the investment in anti-counterfeiting, the platform should provide better services than before for surviving in the market.

Yu Xiong, Senmao Xia (2020)Mechanisms behind China's innovation achievements: A Multi-level View, In: Technovation94-95102123 Elsevier

The aim of this special issue was to investigate the mechanisms behind China’s innovation ecosystem by focusing on the key participants within it: firms, research institutes, governments and intermediaries, supply-chain systems and so forth. There were interesting threads connecting research on innovation participants throughout the submitted papers. Briefly, the following topics were addressed: 1. evaluation of China’s innovation performance at a regional level and recognition of successful practices as well as problem issues; 2. the influence at a micro level of uniquely Chinese factors on firms’ innovation performance - for instance, how has the regulatory context (e.g., state ownership, industry policy) shaped corporate innovation activities? 3. the relative importance of government and industry support mechanisms; 4. the roles of Chinese state research institutes and the significance of their network positions (e.g. structural hole and centrality) on innovation performance.

Additional publications