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Professor Stuart Carmichael

Professor of Veterinary Sciences



Stuart Carmichael graduated from University of Glasgow in 1978 and worked within the Surgery Faculty, University of Glasgow as a lecturer in orthopaedic surgery until 1990. During this period he completed a masters degree and was successful at obtaining the RCVS Diploma in Small Animal Orthopaedics in 1987, the first RCVS Orthopaedic Diploma to be awarded by examination in UK. He moved to private referral practice in London in 1990 before being appointed as Senior Lecturer and Director of the Queen Mother Hospital for Animals at the Royal Veterinary College from 1991 to 1996. In 1996 he rejoined the Veterinary Faculty at the University of Glasgow, initially as Director of the Small Animal Hospital and Senior Lecturer in Orthopaedics at Glasgow before being appointed as Professor of Veterinary Clinical Studies. He served as Associate Dean for Clinical Studies in the Veterinary Faculty from 2006. In 2009 he joined Vets Now Ltd. as National Hospital Director and was involved in establishing the new Vets Now Referral Service and opening the new VN Referrals Hospital in Glasgow in 2010, followed by the VN Swindon Hospital in 2011. He is an RCVS Diplomate in Orthopaedics and RCVS recognised Specialist. He was awarded the BSAVA Simon Award in 1996 and has contributed to over 70 peer reviewed publications and a number of book chapters. He joined the team at Fitzpatrick Referrals in Feb 2012 and is currently Managing Director of the newly formed FitzClinic Ltd (Fitzpatrick Referrals Oncology and Soft Tissue) and Fitzpatrick Learning Academy. He is also current Chair of the Board of Trustees of the International Cat Care Charity and was appointed to the post of Professor of Veterinary Science at the University of Surrey in 2013. In 2013 he formed a company to develop systems to manage osteoarthritis in animals (AIM.OASYS Ltd.) which is his current research and clinical interest… and passion.

My publications


  • Griffiths, I.R., Duncan, I.D., Carmichael, S. and Henderson, S. (1980). Canine Giant Axonal Neuropathy. In Animal Models of Neurological Disease. ed. F.C. Rose & P.O. Behan. p.103 Pub Pitman Medical.
  • Griffiths, I.R., Duncan, I.D., McCulloch, M. and Carmichael, S. (1980). Further studies of CNS in Canine Giant Axonal Neuropathy. Neuropathy and Applied Neurobiology 6, 421.
  • Bennett, D., Carmichael, S. and Griffiths, I.R. (1981). Discospondylitis in the dog. J.S.A.P. 22, 539.
  • Renton, J.P., Munro, C.D., Heathcote, R.H. and Carmichael, S. (1981). Some Aspects of the Aetiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Infertility in the bitch. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 61, 289.
  • Carmichael, S., Griffiths, I.R. (1981). Brachial Plexus Tumours in 7 dogs. Vet. Record. 108, 435.
  • Carmichael, S. and Griffiths, I.R. (1981). A Case of Isolated Trigeminal Neuropathy in a Dog. Vet. Record 109, 280-282.
  • Duncan, I.D., Griffiths, I.R., Carmichael, S. and Henderson, S. (1981) Inherited Giant Axonal Neuropathy, Muscle and Nerve, 4, 223.
  • Griffiths, I.R., Kelly, P.A.T., Carmichael, S., McCulloch, M. and Waterson, M. (1981). The Relationship of Glucose Utilisation and Morphological Change in the Visual System in Hexacarbon Neuropathy. Brain Res. 222, 447-451.
  • Carmichael, S., Griffiths, I.R. and Harvey, M.J.A. (1983). Familial Cerebellar Ataxia with Hydrocephalus in Bull Mastiffs. Vet. Record 112, 354.
  • Griffiths, I.R., Carmichael, S. and Mayer, S. (1983) Polyradiculoneuritis in a Dog Presenting as Neuritis of the Cauda Equina. Vet. Record 112, 360.
  • Carmichael, S., Wheeler, S.J. and Vaughan, L.C. (1989) Single condylar fractures of the distal femur in the dog. JSAP 30 500.
  • Pead, M.J. and Carmichael, S. (1989) Treatment of a Severely Comminuted Fracture in a Rabbit using a K.E. Apparatus. JSAP 30 579.
  • Carmichael, S (1989) Safe radiography. Chemical restraint to assist radiographic positioning. JSAP 30 1989, p270-271.
  • Carmichael, S. (1989) The Un-united Anconeal Process in the Dog. Vet. Practice Nurse 1 (1989) 8-9.
  • Carmichael, S. (1989) Proximal Inter-tarsal sub-luxation. Vet. Practice Nurse 1, .3 16-17.
  • Carmichael, S. (1990) Management of the Lame Dog. Vet. Annual 30,233.
  • Miller, A., Carmichael, S., Anderson, T.J. and Brown, I. (1990) Dislocation of the Radial Carpal Bone in Four Dogs. JSAP 31 147.
  • Anderson T.J., Carmichael S., Miller, A. (1990) Intercondylar Humeral Fractures in the Dog. 20 cases. JSAP 31 437.
  • Carmichael, S. (1991) The External Fixator in Small Animal Orthopaedics. JSAP 32, 486- 493.
  • Carmichael, S. (1992) New Advances in the Management of Growth Plate Injuries. Vet. Annual 32.
  • Langley-Hobbs S., Carmichael S. and McCartney W. (1996) Use of the External Fixator in the repair of Femoral Fractures in Cats. JSAP 37, 95-101.
  • Langley Hobbs S., Carmichael S., Pead M.J.and Torrington A. M. (1996) Management of antebrachial deformity with shortening secondary to synostosis in a dog. JSAP 37, 359-363.
  • Ness M., Abercromby R.H , May C., Turner B.M. and Carmichael S. (1996) A Survey of Orthopaedic Conditions in Small Animal Veterinary Practice in Britain. V.C.O.T. 6, 43-52.
  • Langley-Hobbs S. and Carmichael S. (1996) Management of a Caudolateral Radial Head Luxation in a five-month-old Shih Tzu. V.C.O.T. 9, 186-189.
  • Langley Hobbs S., Carmichael S., Lamb C.R, Bjornson S.and Day M. (1997) Polyostotic lymphoma in a young dog: case report and literature review. JSAP 38, 412-416.
  • Langley Hobbs S., Carmichael S. and McCartney W. T. (1997) The use of the External Fixator in Humeral Fractures in 11 cats. JSAP 38,280-285.
  • Queeen J., Bennett D., Carmichael S., Gibson N., Li A., Payne Johnstone C.E.and Kelly D. (1998) Metaphyseal Osteopathy in Cats. Vet Record 142, 159-162.
  • Rusbridge C., Wheeler S.J., Torrington A.M., Pead M.J. and Carmichael S. (1998) A Comparison between ventral decompression and vertebral distraction for management of cervical spondylomyelopathy in Doberman pinchers. JSAP 39,425-431.
  • Gibson N., Carmichael S., Li A., Reid S.W. J., Owen M. and Bennett D. (1999) Value of direct smears in the diagnosis of canine joint disease. Vet Record. 144, 463-465.
  • Li A, Bennett D., Gibbs C., Carmichael S., Gibson N., Owen M., Butterworth S.J. and Denny H.R. (2000) Radial carpal bone fractures in 15 Dogs. JSAP 41, 74-79.
  • Rusbridge C.,Wheeler S.J., Lamb C.R., Page R.R., Carmichael S., Brearly M.J., and Bjornson A.P. (1999) Vertebral Plasma Cell Tumours in 8 Dogs. J Vet Intern Med, 19: 126-133.
  • Normand E., Gibson N.R., Taylor D.J., Carmichael S. and Reid S.W.J. (2000) Bacterial Sensitivities and Multiple Drug Resistance in a Small Animal Teaching Hospital. Vet Record 146, 151-155.
  • Li A., Gibson N.R., Carmichael S. and Bennett D. (1999) Thirteen pancarpal arthrodeses in eleven dogs using a custom-made 2.7/3.5mm Hybrid Dynamic Compression Plate. VCOT 12,102-107.
  • McCartney W.T., and Carmichael S. (2000) Talar neck fractures in 5 cats. JSAP 42, 204-206.
  • Normand, E. H., Gibson, N. R., Reid, S. W. J., Carmichael, S. and Taylor, D. J. (2000) Antimicrobial-resistance trends in bacterial isolates from companion-animal community practice in the UK. Preventative Veterinary Medicine 46, 267-278.
  • Lewis D.D., Cross AR, Carmichael S. and Anderson M.A. (2001) Recent Advances in External Skeletal fixation. JSAP 42, 103-112.
  • Stork C.K., Gibson N.R., Owen M.R., Li A., Schwartz T., Bennett D. and Carmichael S. (2001) Radiographic features of a lateral extracapsular wire suture in the canine cruciate deficient stifle. JSAP 42, 487- 490.
  • Clements D.N., Carmichael S. (2003) Fracture of the lesser tuberosity of the humerus in a dog. Veterinary Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 16,112-115.
  • Clements D.N., Gemmill, T., Corr S.A., Bennett D. and Carmichael S. (2003) Fracture of the proximal tibial epiphysis and tuberosity in 10 dogs. Journal of Small Animal Practice 44, 355-358.
  • Gemmill TJ and Carmichael S (2003) Repair of a ruptured patella ligament using a fascial graft. JSAP 44, 456-459.
  • Gemmill TJ, Cave TA, Clements DN, Clarke SP, Bennett D and Carmichael S (2003) Treatment of canine and feline diaphyseal radial and tibial fractures with external skeletal frames of low stiffness. JSAP 45; 85-91.
  • Abu-Serriah MM, Ayoub AF, Odell E, Carmichael S and Wray D (2004) A minimally invasive novel design of vascular-pedicle bone segment for experimental studies of reconstruction of mandibular defects. Brit J Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 42,236-240.
  • Clements D.N., Gemmill, T.J, Clarke S.P., Bennett D. and Carmichael S. (2004) Compensatory Humeral Overgrowth Associated with Antebrachial Shortening in Six Dogs. Veterinary Record 154, 531-532.
  • Clements, D.N., Gear, R.N.A., Tattersall, J., Carmichael, S., and Bennett D. (2004) Retrospective analysis of 39 cases of canine type 1 idiopathic immune mediated polyarthritis. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 224, 1323-1327.
  • Clements, D.N., Owen, M.R., Carmichael, S. and Reid, S. (2005) Kinematic analysis of the gait of 10 labrador retrievers on a treadmill. Veterinary Record 156; 478-481.
  • Owen MR, Langley Hobbs SJ, Moores A.P.,Bennett D. and Carmichael S (2004). Mandibular fracture repair in dogs and cats using epoxy resin and Acrylic External Skeletal fixation. VCOT ; 17: 189-197.
  • Owen MR, Richards J, Clements DN, Drew ST, Bennett D and Carmichael S (2004) Kinematics of the elbow and stifle joints in Greyhounds during treadmill trotting - An investigation of familiarisation. VCOT 17, 141-145.
  • Clements DN, Mosley J, Owen MR, Carmichael S and Bennett D (2005) A Retrospective study of bacterial arthritis in 32 dogs. JSAP 46; 171-176.
  • Gemmill TJ, Clarke SP and Carmichael S (2005) Carpal agenesis in a Domestic Short Haired cat. VCOT 17, 163-166.
  • Gemmill TJ, Mellor DJ, Clements DN, Clarke SP, Farrell M, Bennett D and Carmichael S (2005) Evaluation of elbow joint surface incongruency in dogs suffering coronoid process fragmentation using reconstructed computed tomography. JSAP 46, 327-333.
  • Clarke SP, Mellor D, Clements DN, Gemmill TJ , Farrell M., Carmichael S. and Bennett D (2005) Prevelance of radiographic signs of degenerative joint disease in a hospital population of cats. Vet Record 157 (25): 793-799.
  • Clarke SP and Carmichael S (2006) Treatment of distal diaphyseal fractures using hybrid external skeletal fixation in 3 dogs. Journal of Small Animal Practice 47 (2) 98-103.
  • Gemmill T.J., Bennett D. and Carmichael S (2006) Chronic disruption of the lateral collateral complex of the carpus in two dogs. Vet Rec 158; 25-26.
  • Abu-Serriah M, Ayoub A, Wray D, Milne N, Carmichael S and Boyd J (2006) Contour and volume assessment of repairing mandibular osteoperiosteal continuity defects in sheep using recombinant human osteogenic protein 1 Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery 34,162-167.
  • Gemmill T.J., Hammond G, Mellor D, Sullivan M, Bennett D and Carmichael S. (2006) Use of reconstructed computed tomography for assessment of joint spaces in the canine elbow. JSAP 47, 66-74.
  • Carmichael S. (2006) Putting theory into practice - best practice management for osteoarthritis. EJCAP 16, 27-31.
  • Farrell M, Clements D.N., Mellor D, Gemmill TJ, Clarke SP, Arnott JL, Bennett D and Carmichael S. (2007) Retrospective evaluation of the long-term outcome of non-surgical management of clinical hip dysplasia: 74 cases (1991-2004). Vet Rec 14 ; 506-511.
  • Farrell M, Draffan D, Gemmill T, Mellor D, and Carmichael S (2007) In Vitro Validation of a Technique for Assessment of Canine and Feline Elbow Joint Collateral ligament Integrity and Description of a New Method for Collateral Ligament Prosthetic Replacement. Vet Surgery 36; 386-394.
  • Clarke, SP, Jermyn, K and Carmichael, S. (2007) Avulsion of triceps tendon insertion in a cat. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology Vol 20, (3) 245-247.
  • Draffan D, Carrera I, Carmichael S, Heller J and Hammond G (2009) Radiographic analysis of trochlear notch sclerosis in the diagnosis of osteoarthritis secondary to medial coronoid diseases. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology.22;.7-15.
  • Farrell M. Thomson D.G. and Carmichael S (2009) Surgical management of traumatic elbow luxation in two cats using circumferential suture prosthesis. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 22; 66-69.
  • Draffan D, Clements D, Heller J, Bennett D and Carmichael S. (2009) The role of Computed Tomography in the classification and management of pelvic fractures. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 22; 190-197.
  • Marshall W. M., Bockstahler B, Hulse D and Carmichael S (2009) Osteoarthritis and obesity - a review: current understanding of their relationship and the benefit of obesity treatment and prevention in the dog Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 22: 339-345.
  • Farrell M, Calvo I. Clarke S.P., Barron R, Courcier E and Carmichael S. (2009) Ex vivo evaluation of Tibial Plateau Osteotomy on the Proximal Tibial Soft tissue Envelope with and without the use of Protective Gauze Sponges Veterinary Surgery 38: 636-644.
  • Calvo I, Farrell M, Chase D, Aisa J, Rayward R and Carmichael S (2009) Carpal arthrodesis in cats. Veterinary Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 22; 498-504.
  • Marshall WG, Farrell M, Chase D, Carmichael S (2010) Maxillomandibular circular external skeletal fixation for repair of bilateral fractures of the caudal aspect of the mandible in a dog. Veterinary Surgery 39: 765-770.
  • Marshall WG, Mullen D, DeMeyer G, Baert K, Carmichael S (2010) The effect of weight loss on lameness in obese dogs with osteoarthritis. Veterinary Research Communications 34: 241-153.
  • Corr SA, Draffan D, Kulendra E, Carmichael S, Broadbelt D (2010) Retrospective study of Achilles mechanism disruption in 45 dogs. Veterinary Record 167; 407-411.
  • Farrell M, Trevail T, Marshall WG, Yeadon R, Carmichael S (2011) Computed tomographic documentation of the natural progression of humeral intracondylar fissure in a working Cocker Spaniel. Veterinary Surgery 40; 966-971.
  • Carmichael S. (2011) Clinical use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs); The current position. European Journal of Companion Animal Practice 21; 1-7.